The Mexican-American War and the Media, 1845-1848

London Times | Martinsburg Gazette | Niles' Register | Richmond Enquirer | Richmond Whig | Related Links
VT Image Montage | VT Digital Archives | Carl Nebel prints | Sam Chamberlain water colors | Maps | The Aztec Club of 1847
Descendants of Mexican War Veterans | U.S. Army Chronology | PBS Timeline | U.S. Army History
Chronological | Memoirs | U.S. Army Center | The Naval War | Intelligence Activities
Lt. Emory's Journal | Foreign Policy | Presidential speeches | Congressional Debates | DMWV Documents | Historical Text Archive
Transcription Teams | Project Specialists
Site Map

January-June 1847

January-June 1845 July-December 1845 January-June 1846 July-December 1846
January-June 1847 July-December 1847 January-June 1848 July-December 1848


RE47v43n71p1c2, January 1, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Tuesday, Dec. 29th, 1846. Bills passed concerning the volunteers.

RE47v43n71p1c3, January 1, 1847: From the Pennsylvanian. THE MESSAGE.
Commentary on the President's message.

RE47v43n71p1c5, January 1, 1847: THE AUGUSTA VOLUNTEERS.
Results of the meeting of the Augusta Volunteers held in Richmond. Signed, D.A. Stofer

RE47v43n71p1c6, January 1, 1847: Correspondence of the New York Mirror
Merits of newly promoted Captain Wallace.

RE47v43n71p1c7, January 1, 1847: PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS.
Pennsylvania volunteers departed in front of immense crowds.

RE47v43n71p1c6, January 1, 1847: COURT SQUARE, Dec. 18, 1846.
Congratulations to a young Virginian who spoke well at a meeting. Signed Charles L. Woodbury

RE47v43n71p2c1, January 1, 1847: Still harping on my daughter
"Richmond Whig continues its work of defaming the Tenth Legion."

RE47v43n71p3c1, January 1, 1847: Report of the Secretary of the Navy.

RE47v43n71p4, January 1, 1847: Wreck of the Brig 'Somers' GREAT LOSS OF LIFE

RE47v43n71p4c5, January 1, 1847: COMMODORE STEWART
Letter from Charles Stewart to the editors of the Pennsylvanian refuting a past quote

RE47v43n72p1c1, January 5, 1847: COLONEL OF THE LOUISIANA REGIMENT
Maj. Louis F. De Russy elected Colonel of the Louisiana Regiment of Volunteers

RE47v43n72p1c1, January 5, 1847: ENTHUSIASM OF THE COUNTRY
Pennsylvania and Mississippi have each already filled up the requisition for a second regiment of volunteers.

RE47v43n72p1c1, January 5, 1847: Correspondence of the Journal of Commerce.
Monterey, Sep 19th, 1846. Author elected magistrate of the area, and thinks the area requires a new judicial system. Signed W.C.

RE47v43n72p1c2, January 5, 1847: Correspondence of the N.O. Picayune, Havana, 12/13/46
Capt. Araujo remains, rumors circulate that Mexico has sold two Men-of-war to the French.

RE47v43n72p1c2, January 5, 1847: LATER FROM THE ARMY.
From the New Orleans Picayune, Dec. 25. Reports learned from the arrival of the Massachusetts. News from Tampico

RE47v43n72p1c5, January 5, 1847: THE WAR DUTY ON TEA AND COFFEE
Argument in favor of a tax on tea and coffee to support the war. Unsigned.

RE47v43n72p1c5, January 5, 1847: LATER FROM THE SOUTH
Picayune disputes reports in Galveston News that Col. Riley was recently surrounded by 5,000 Mexicans under Gen. Urrea.

RE47v43n72p1c6, January 5, 1847: Untitled
News from departing troops, speeches delivered, meetings held.

RE47v43n72p1c6, January 5, 1847: ROCKINGHAM VOLUNTEERS
Currently under formation

RE47v43n72p1c6, January 5, 1847: Mr. Bayly's SPEECH
In the future Mr. Bayly will mostly likely respond to the sketch of him in the Union, that speech will be printed in the Enquirer.

RE47v43n72p1c7, January 5, 1847: MILITARY MOVEMENTS
Steamer Alabama left New Orleans for the Rio Grande with companies

RE47v43n72p2c1, January 5, 1847: LATER FROM THE ARMY
From the N. Orleans Mercury, Dec. 28th Steamer Fashion arrived from Brazos Santiago with reports from the Army

RE47v43n72p1c1, January 5, 1847: THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE
From the Wheeling Argus.

RE47v43n72p1c2, January 5, 1847: THE MEXICAN WAR
During War the Enquirer has attempted to be impartial, but is impossible considering the Whig actions

RE47v43n72p1c3, January 5, 1847: Battalion of Volunteers reached Old Point, one man drowned insteamer accident.

RE47v43n72p1c3, January 5, 1847: Trial of Edgar Barziza, member of Capt. Scott's Volunteers, postponed.

RE47v43n72p1c3, January 5, 1847: MORE VOLUNTEERS.
Glad to here second company from Petersburg completed in a few days.

RE47v43n73p1c4, January 8, 1847: MORE "AID AND COMFORT"
Commentary on a Whig article in the Hagerstown News angry that a celebrated citizen would waste his talents on the war.

RE47v43n73p1c5, January 8, 1847: DEATH OF A GREAT MAN
Brigadier General Thomas L. Hamer, reknowned lawyer of Ohio, died in Camp at Monterey.

RE47v43n73p1c5, January 8, 1847: Monterey, Mexico, Dec. 10, 1846
Letter concerning the death of Gen. Hamer

RE47v43n73p1c5, January 8, 1847: Headquarters, Army of Occupation
Letter concerning the death of Gen. Hamer

RE47v43n73p1c5, January 8, 1847: Reply to the Whig reply to the Enquirer's remarks on the Whig remarks about the Tenth Legion.

RE47v43n73p1c6, January 8, 1847: Eight swords to each of the officers of the two Richmond Companies of Volunteers.

RE47v43n73p1c7, January 8, 1847: Untitled
Remarks from the Baltimore Patriot and the Union on what should be done about the war.

Government dispatched two officers to the Pacific.

RE47v43n73p2c2, January 8, 1847: A MODERN JOAN D'ARC
Thrilling narrative of Mrs. Chase, the heroic wife of our consul at Tampico.

RE47v43n73p2c4, January 8, 1847: Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun, Washington, Jan. 5, 1847.
The recommendation of Secretary of War to create ten more regiments will probably not occur.

RE47v43n73p4c1, January 8, 1847: THE EVENTS OF THE PAST YEAR
List of events of the past year in chronological order.

RE47v43n73p4c1, January 8, 1847: NEWS FROM THE WEST
N.Y.Herald reports that a party of our troops in Santa Fe lost five hundred horses, and in return captured sixty-eight Indians of the Appache nation.

RE47v43n73p4c3, January 8, 1847: INCREASE OF THE ARMY
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States from the President of the United States. Read in the Senate.

RE47v43n74p1c3, January 12, 1847: TERRIBLE ARM OF OFFENCE AND DEFENCE
Capt. Walker is unable to get 1000 revolving pistols for his rifle regiment because of the high demand. Capt. Brown reports Santa Anna is within 4 days of Saltillo with 15,000 troops. Other news.

RE47v43n74p1c6, January 12, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer.
Report of a Democratic meeting in Lynchburg.

RE47v43n74p1c7, January 12, 1847: INTERESTING CORRESPONDENCE
Robert Greenhow presents Col. Hamtramck with four copies of his History of Oregon and California.

RE47v43n74p2c1, January 12, 1847: Commentary on the Whig supposition that the majority of the Virginia volunteers are Whigs.

RE47v43n74p2c1, January 12, 1847: Events of a dinner in Rocky Mount held on behalf of a newly appointed Major of the Virginia regiment of volunteers

RE47v43n74p2c1, January 12, 1847: The company of volunteers raised in Norfolk was not accepted by the Executive because Virginia's complement has already been made up.

RE47v43n74p2c2, January 12, 1847: All patriots deeply regret the question of slavery introduced into the discussions of Congress; it is premature.

RE47v43n74p2c2, January 12, 1847: BRIGADIER GENERAL
Enquirer endorses the views that a Virginian should lead the brigade formed by VA, SC, and NC. Letter signed, ROANOKE.

RE47v43n74p2c3, January 12, 1847: Reported in Raleigh Standard a Cherokee chief gives thanks to NC House of Commons for voting him 300 acres.

RE47v43n74p2c3, January 12, 1847: Much to our disappointment, no later news from the South, the mail having failed three times.

RE47v43n74p2c3, January 12, 1847: Extract of  letter from a member of Capt. Scott's company of volunteers to his father. Written from Fortress Monroe.

RE47v43n74p2c4, January 12, 1847: HONOR TO THE BRAVE
Citizens planning to present a sword to Lieut. Col. Fremont.

RE47v43n74p2c4, January 12, 1847: DR. C.J.F. Bohannan, of Richmond, appointed by President as Surgeon of the first regiment of VA volunteers.

RE47v43n74p2c6, January 12, 1847: THE CAPITULATION OF MONTEREY
Narrative of the siege and capture of Monterey printed in the Portsmouth Tribune, written by an editor of that paper who commands a company of the Ohio Volunteers

RE47v43n74p4c1, January 12, 1847: ARRIVAL OF THE VIRGINIA AND EMPRESARIO.
From the N.O. Picayune, Jan 21. Santa Anna within three days march of Saltillo; letters from Mr. Lumsden will report on events at Tampico.

RE47v43n74p4c1, January 12, 1847: Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune.
Series of letters signed, F.A.L. Dated, Dec 19, 23, and 25. Concerning troops arriving and leaving, Americanization of Tampico, and some of the orders by Adjt. Gen. R.P. Hammond.

RE47v43n74p4c2, January 12, 1847: FROM TAMPICO
Letter to Gen. Taylor stating Mexican congress declared they wouldn't consider peace until the Americans had vacated their territory.

RE47v43n74p4c2, January 12, 1847: For the Enquirer
Refuting that a tariff the Enquirer supported has increased the price of salt. Signed, Telemachus.

RE47v43n74p4c2, January 12, 1847: FURTHER NEWS FROM NEW MEXICO
Rumored defeat of sixty dragoons by the Navajo Indians.

RE47v43n74p4c3, January 12, 1847: THE GULF SQUADRON AND PENSACOLA DRY DOCK
The gulf squadron needs a dry dock closer than Norfolk. Pensacola would be a good place.

RE47v43n74p4c3, January 12, 1847: Petersburg makes arrangements for creation of a second company of Petersburg Mexican Volunteers.

RE47v43n74p4c4, January 12, 1847:  No News 
didn't receive a Union, or Intelligencer, so can't give a full report of events in Congress, but Messrs, Archer, and Crittenden came out in favor of the war.

RE47v43n74p4c4, January 12, 1847: Reports of a case concerning an "infant" between the ages of twenty and twenty-one, who enlisted as a volunteer against the wishes of his father.

RE47v43n74p4c4, January 12, 1847: Quote from the Union supported by the Enquirer including suggestions for congress to handle the war.

RE47v43n74p4c4, January 12, 1847: Resolutions by the city council of Richmond, presenting of swords.

RE47v43n75p1c6, January 15, 1847: MORE "AID AND COMFORT"
In the Massachusetts legislature, a resolution to appropriate funds to the support of the Mass. Volunteers turned into a forum for discussion of the war. Includes discussion by the Boston Times.

RE47v43n75p1c6, January 15, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Tuesday Jan. 12-Wednesday, Jan. 13. Sen. and House of Delegates, speakers include Mr. Bocock & Mr. Harvey.

RE47v43n75p1c3, January 15, 1847: CLOTHING FOR THE VOLUNTEERS
A letter signed JNO. F. Hamtramck, THOS. B. RANDOLPH, and J.A. EARLY, asking for supplies for the volunteers, addressed to WM. Smith, Gov. of Virginia. And a letter signed W.M Smith addressed to the General Assembly of VA, asking for more supplies.

RE47v43n75p1c4, January 15, 1847: INTERESTING FROM CAMPEACHY
Troops to Campeachy to compel Gov. of Merida to succumb to pronouncement of Campeachy.

From N.O. Times, reports regarding the advance of Santa Anna have been premature; there was some cause for the rumor. Troop movements. 500 troops have taken quiet possession of Victoria.

RE47v43n75p2c1, January 15, 1847: LATEST FROM MONTEREY
Gen Taylor on the move to Victoria. Santa Anna planning to attack Saltillo and have the Mexicans of that location rise up simultaneously.

RE47v43n75p2c2, January 15, 1847: Speech of Mr. Bedinger in vindication of the Mexican war.

RE47v43n75p2c4, January 15, 1847: Twenty-Ninth Congress. Sec. Sess. Wednesday, Jan.13.
Senate didn't begin until 1 PM because of the funeral of Judge Pennybacker.
House of Representatives, comments by Mr. Bocock and Mr. Floyd

RE47v43n75p2c4, January 15, 1847: THE NEWS FROM THE ARMY
More on Gen. Worth being deceived. Reports of the advance of Santa Anna upon Saltillo untrue. Includes comments from the Union.

RE47v43n75p2c5, January 15, 1847: HONORS TO THE DEAD
Citizens of Richmond unite in prayers for the officers reported dead, delivered to N.O.

RE47v43n75p2c5, January 15, 1847: Gen. Butler's command extends to all the posts from Monterey to Camargo.

RE47v43n75p2c5, January 15, 1847: CAPT. W.B. ARCHER'S COMPANY
Presented to the Governor

RE47v43n75p2c7, January 15, 1847: N.O. Picayune contains Mexican account of transaction at Los Angeles in California.

RE47v43n75p4c1, January 15, 1847: STILL LATER-HIGHLY IMPORTANT NEWS!
Advances of Santa Anna with a large force upon Saltillo.

RE47v43n75p4c1, January 15, 1847: Correspondence of the N.O. Picayune
Tampico, Dec. 23, Mexican congress decided the war shall not cease.

RE47v43n75p4c1, January 15, 1847: Reports from the Picayune
Santa Anna should be successful at Saltillo; the plan is for Gen. Gonzales to attack Tampico.

RE47v43n75p4c1, January 15, 1847: Correspondence of N.O. Delta
Dec. 11, U.S. Army of Invasion, Monterey. Mexicans advancing to Saltillo. Questioning how the Mexican soldiers stay supplied.

RE47v43n75p4c2, January 15, 1847: Twenty-Ninth Congress, 2nd. Session. Monday, Jan. 11-12.
Bill to raise additional forces. Speech on Tuesday by Mr. Archer.

RE47v43n75p4c4, January 15, 1847: NEWS FROM THE SEAT OF WAR!
Knowing the anxiety of the public in regard to rumors of war at Saltillo, the Enquirer has attempted to collate the intelligence accounts in the N.O. papers received yesterday.

RE47v43n75p4c4, January 15, 1847: LATER FROM MEXICO.
Reports that Mexican congress had decreed to continue the war until the Americans left were premature. The Congress had not acted.

RE47v43n75p4c5, January 15, 1847: Letter received from the Picayune from the army indicates Santa Anna had left for the capital and not Saltillo.

RE47v43n75p4c5, January 15, 1847: Bill to increase army passed. Officers of the S.C. regiment.

RE47v43n75p4c5, January 15, 1847: Words from the Union on what Congress should do.

RE47v43n76p1c2, January 19, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
House of Delegates Mr. Daniel speaking. Friday Jan. 15. Sat Jan16, Mr. Bocock and Mr. Patrick.

RE47v43n76p1c4, January 19, 1847: Commentary on Mr. Hunter's election to the Senate.

RE47v43n76p1c4, January 19, 1847: LATER FROM MEXICO
Congress should cease squabbling and bring the war to a speedy close.   News from the Union, Mexican Congress exasperated.

RE47v43n76p1c4, January 19, 1847: Congress has received a map of Mexico, Texas, and parts of United States, including California
Published by S.C. Hayes of Philadelphia.

RE47v43n76p1c4, January 19, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer
The Enquirer should print the applicants for field appointments, signed Quaester. The Enquirer replied those records are sealed.

RE47v43n76p1c7, January 19, 1847: APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT
Filling vacancies created by death, and appointment of more surgeons.

RE47v43n76p1c7, January 19, 1847: Letter to a member of the Senate printed by the Union, from Matamoras, Jan. 1.
Unsigned. Movements of army.

RE47v43n76p1c7, January 19, 1847: JAMES A. SEDDON OF VIRGINIA
Praise by the N.O. Jeffersonian on the speech delivered in Congress on Dec. 10 by Seddon.

RE47v43n76p3c1, January 19, 1847: THE MONTGOMERY VOLUNTEERS
Arrived at Lynchburg, received honors. Lists officers.

RE47v43n76p3c3, January 19, 1847: FROM THE U.S. CALIFORNIA EXPEDITION.
IMPORTANT FROM SOUTH AMERICA. News from Alto California and news of war between Brazil and Argentine.

RE47v43n76p4c1, January 19, 1847: THE NATIONAL FINANCES.
Excellent article found in the Charleston Evening News. Supports slight duty on tea and coffee.

Probably formed too late to be accepted.

RE47v43n76p4c2, January 19, 1847: For the Enquirer.
Congratulations to cadets of Virginia Military Institute for responding to call for volunteers.

RE47v43n76p4c4, January 19, 1847: Twenty-Ninth Congress. Second Session.
Thursday Jan. 14th, Vice president appeared. Bill for construction of floating dry docks.

RE47v43n77p1c5, January 22, 1847: A GALLANT VIRGINIAN
Narrative of Lieut. Col. Jno. Garland's actions at the battle of Monterey.

RE47v43n77p1c6, January 22, 1847: John W. Stevenson's remarks at the monument to the memory of Major Barbour

RE47v43n77p2c1, January 22, 1847: A VOICE FROM CASTLE HILL
Article discussing the Whig candidate for congress, Mr. Wm. L. Goggin.

RE47v43n77p2c2, January 22, 1847: Lieut. Col. John Garland also appointed Military Governor of Monterey.

RE47v43n77p2c3, January 22, 1847: INDIAN BATTLE
Battle between Sioux and Omaha Indians, sixty Omaha killed.

RE47v43n77p2c3, January 22, 1847: CAPTAINS IN THE VIRGINIA REGIMENT
Response to articles in the Whig papers unhappy with the distribution of rank in the army.

RE47v43n77p2c7, January 22, 1847: RUMORS IN WASHINGTON
Gen. Taylor recalled to Washington; Ulua not to be attacked. Ultimatum of Mexico

RE47v43n77p1c5, January 22, 1847: From the Houston (Texas) Register, Dec 21
Future base of operations will be Tampico

RE47v43n77p3c3, January 22, 1847: General Orders, No. 2
War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, Jan. 8, 1847. Order to encourage enlistments in the regular army.

RE47v43n77p4c1, January 22, 1847: THE POLICY OF THE SOUTH
Congress should not allow discussion of slavery to enter into wartime decisions.

RE47v43n77p4c2, January 22, 1847: LOUISIANA
Annual message of Gov. Isaac Johnson, of Louisiana, largely concerns Mexico.

RE47v43n77p4c3, January 22, 1847: Secretary of War to Adjutant General of Massachusettes
Regiment must be ready for embarkation by 15th of this month.

RE47v43n77p4c3, January 22, 1847: News from the Yucatan, from the N.O. Commercial Times.

RE47v43n77p4c3, January 22, 1847: MEXICO
Article from the Picayune concerning the administration of Mexico

RE47v43n77p4c2, January 22, 1847: VISIT OF COL. HAMTRAMCK
Petersburg Republican reports on visit by that colonel.

RE47v43n77p4c2, January 22, 1847: Reuben Davis, elected Col. of regiment of Mississippi Volunteers.

RE47v43n77p4c7, January 22, 1847: IMPORTANT IF TRUE
Gen. Taylor will remain at Tampico, and Gen. Scott will go there and assume command of 7,000 of Taylor's troops.

RE47v43n78p1c1, January 26, 1847: Twenty-Ninth Congress. 2nd Session.
Jan. 21-23. Numerous petitions from Pennsylvania.

RE47v43n78p1c3, January 26, 1847: Every arrival form Mexico goes to prove the Whigs wrong in their predictions.

RE47v43n78p1c3, January 26, 1847: The Legislature of N.C. appropriated $10,000 to the equipment of their regiment of volunteers.

RE47v43n78p1c4, January 26, 1847: Reports of Gen. Taylor being recalled are untrue

RE47v43n78p1c4, January 26, 1847: New York legislature voted against appropriations for their soldiers.
This is not surprising.

RE47v43n78p2c7, January 26, 1847: For the Enquirer,
Appointment of Capt. Carrington. Signed Amicus. Dated Jan. 25.

RE47v43n78p2c7, January 26, 1847: For the Enquirer, BRIGADIER GENERAL
Writer hopes Maj. Walter Gwynn, will be appointed to command the VA, NC, and SC, regiments.

RE47v43n78p2c6, January 26, 1847: A confidential letter from Gen. Taylor will be published soon.

RE47v43n78p2c6, January 26, 1847: A SOLDIER'S LIFE
Extract of a letter from a member of Captain Scott's Company, who embarked for the war.

RE47v43n78p3c1, January 26, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO
From the Baltimore Sun, Santa Anna demands funds from Mexican congress.

RE47v43n78p4c7, January 26, 1847: Reports on mischievous effects of Whig politicians, letter from Cuba.

RE47v43n78p4c7, January 26, 1847: To the editors of the Enquirer, signed A VIRGINIAN
The name of "the Colonel - the 1st Regiment of Virginia Volunteers" should be shorter.

RE47v43n78p4c1, January 26, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA Jan. 20
Election of U.S. Senator. Mr. Woolfolk offers joint resolution

RE47v43n79p1c3, January 29, 1847: LATER FROM THE ARMY!
Picayune reporting, Gen. Scott at Brazos Santiago intending to meet Gen. Taylor at Tampico. Includes correspondence from the Picayune signed Alto.

RE47v43n79p1c1, January 29, 1847: LATER FROM THE ARMY.
Battle soon expected in the vicinity of Saltillo

RE47v43n79p1c2, January 29, 1847: WHIG PARTIZANSHIP
Correspondence from the Richmond Whig against Gen. Taylor

RE47v43n79p1c1, January 29, 1847: FROM MEXICO
Picayune reporting that the present administration of Mexico will not be able to withstand their embarrassments.

RE47v43n79p1c2, January 29, 1847: THE SAILING OF THE VOLUNTEERS
Virginia Volunteers sailed for Mexico on the Mayflower

RE47v43n79p1c3, January 29, 1847: Correspondence from the Picayune
Dispelling rumors that a battle had occurred at Saltillo

RE47v43n79p1c6, January 29, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO
N.O. Commercial Times reports that Mexican congress will not submit.

RE47v43n79p1c7, January 29, 1847: VERA CRUZ, ALVARADO
Mexicans not at all inconvenienced by the blockade at Vera Cruz. From N.O. Times

Incomprehensible leaving Vera Cruz in the possession of the enemy for so long. From N.O. Times

RE47v43n79p1c5, January 29, 1847: To the Editors of the Charleston Courier, St. Louis Hotel, N.O.
Troop movements in and out of Mexico through N.O. Signed ANON.

RE47v43n79p1c6, January 29, 1847: GEN. TAYLOR'S LETTER
Tomorrow Gen. Taylor's letter will be published. Extract from the Union regretting the publication in the New York Express of a private letter.

RE47v43n79p2c1, January 29, 1847: CONGRESSIONAL
U.S. Senate Jan. 25. Mr. Benton speaks.

RE47v43n79p2c3, January 29, 1847: LETTER FROM GEN. TAYLOR
Copied from N.Y. Express, dated Nov. 9 1846. Monterey, Mexico.

RE47v43n79p2c5, January 29, 1847: THE TRUE SPIRIT
Congratulations to the House for refusing to suspend the rules in order to allow resolutions to be introduced requesting the president withdraws all troops to the east of the Rio Grande.

RE47v43n79p1c6, January 29, 1847: Comments by Mr. Lewis in the Senate to show operation of the Tariff.

RE47v43n79p1c6, January 29, 1847: Bill to increase pay of army and volunteers passed.

RE47v43n79p1c5, January 29, 1847: THE "SINEWS OF WAR"
Loan Bill has passed both Houses of Congress; proves that repealing Tariff a good idea, contrary to Whig belief.

RE47v43n79p4c1, January 29, 1847: VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE
Thursday Jan. 21. Sixth Ballot

President Polk's message assailed by the whole English press.


RE47v43n80p1c1, February 2, 1847: THE ORIGIN OF THE WAR
Special order of the Day to consider the origin of the war. Introduction to Ridgely article.

RE47v43n80p1c2, February 2, 1847: For the Enquirer, "ORIGIN OF THE WAR-THE MESSAGE REVISED." 
Dated Jan. 6, 1847. Very long article on origin of the war. Signed Ridgly.

RE47v43n80p1c7, February 2, 1847: TRIBUTE TO FEMALE PATRIOTISM.
Ladies of Richmond intend presenting Mrs. Chase of Tampico, with a beautiful service of silver.

RE47v43n80p1c7, February 2, 1847: APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT
Appointments to Military service, Quartermasters, and Medical Department.

Massachusetts House of Representatives refused to appropriate funds for the volunteers of that state.

RE47v43n80p2c2, February 2, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer:
Asking questions of the Whig party in regards to their views on the war.

RE47v43n80p2c1, February 2, 1847: The Remains of Col. Watson.
Also brought back Lieut. Mills.

RE47v43n80p2c6, February 2, 1847: FROM SANTE FE
St. Joseph's Gazette publishes rumor that the Spaniards have poisoned the flour used by the troops. The St. Louis Reveille places no reliance in this rumor.

RE47v43n80p2c4, February 2, 1847: VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE Jan. 30th
Motion of Mr. Gresham

RE47v43n80p4c1, February 2, 1847: The Enquirer questions why each Whig General is attacked. Blames Gen. Gaines because he gave the letter for publication.

RE47v43n80p4c2, February 2, 1847: Court case in which a minor enrolled in a company of volunteers without parental permission.

RE47v43n80p4c1, February 2, 1847: From the Union, Petition from the People for additional Taxes to Support the honor of the country. Small tax on tea and coffee.

RE47v43n80p4c2, February 2, 1847: SENTIMENT ON THE TOP of the BLUE RIDGE
Rockfish Gap, VA.
Supports zealous prosecution of the war

RE47v43n80p4c3, February 2, 1847: TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session
Jan 28th SENATE  Memorial of D. V. Quenandon

RE47v43n80p4c6, February 2, 1847: NEWS FROM TAMPICO
Enquirer places little reliance in this news. Reported in the N. Orleans Delta that Gen. Urrea is observing Taylor's operations. Mexican papers speak of other troop movements. Includes correspondence signed CHAPPARRAL

RE47v43n80p4c5, February 2, 1847: LATER FROM THE ARMY
Mexican and American troop movements in Mexico.

RE47v43n80p1c1, February 2, 1847: Reports in the Norfolk Herald that resolutions for terminating the war were brought forth by Democrats is reported untrue by the Union, both are Whigs.

RE47v43n81p1c1, February 5, 1847: VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE
House of Delegates

RE47v43n81p1c2, February 5, 1847: Twenty-Ninth Congress. 2nd Session.
Senate, Feb.1-2. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. McClelland.

RE47v43n81p1c6, February 5, 1847: Whigs determined to make an issue between the Administration and Gen. Taylor

RE47v43n81p1c7, February 5, 1847: DEATH OF LIEUT. BOTTS
The enquirer regrets to hear of the death of the son of John Minor Botts.

RE47v43n81p2c1, February 5, 1847: Twenty-Ninth Congress. 2nd Session.

RE47v43n81p2c2, February 5, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43n81p2c5, February 5, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer, THE PRESIDENTS MESSAGE AND IT'S REVIEWERS.
Though criticism was expected, the Whig response has been extreme.

RE47v43n81p2c4, February 5, 1847: Union says that Gen. Gaines admits the letter of Gen. Taylor's was written to him.

RE47v43n81p4c2, February 5, 1847: The Tarboro Press prints a scathing article upon the gross injustice committed by the Whig Governor of the state in selection of the Field Officers of the N.C. Regimen of volunteers for Mexico.

RE47v43n81p4c2, February 5, 1847: MEXICAN PLAN OF THE WAR
La Patria, the Spanish paper in New Orleans publishes a supposed letter of Gen. La Vega containing a supposed plan for the war.

RE47v43n81p4c3, February 5, 1847: THE MEXICAN WAR, For the Enquirer,
Is this war justifiable? Rest of article answers its own question in the affirmative.

RE47v43n81p4c2, February 5, 1847: The Union comments on Sec. Of the Treasury's reply to the resolution of Mr. Cameron

RE47v43n81p4c4, February 5, 1847: MEXICAN PROPOSITION FOR PEACE
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun from Saltillo, Dec. 21, signed, D.

RE47v43n81p4c4, February 5, 1847: GENERAL TAYLOR FOR THE PRESIDENCY
Washington Fountain reports to have come from both houses of congress.

RE47v43n81p4c1, February 5, 1847: THE PEACE RUMOR
Union reports Mexico concluded to accept offer of Peace, Washington reports disagree

RE47v43n81p4c1, February 5, 1847: APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT

RE47v43n81p4c2, February 5, 1847: Capt. W.M. Robinson's company set out for Old Point

RE47v43n81p4c2, February 5, 1847: YUCATAN
Yucatanese have entirely thrown off the Mexican yoke. Report from N.O. Commercial Times.

RE47v43n81p4c5, February 5, 1847: Matamoras Flag received information that the rear guard of Col. May was cut off, in reconnoitering a pass.

RE47v43n82p1c1, February 9, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA Feb. 5-6th

RE47v43n82p1c3, February 9, 1847: THE VERMONT RESOLUTIONS
Resolutions passed in Vermont against the war, and against any new slave state being added.

RE47v43n82p1c4, February 9, 1847: AID AND COMFORT TO THE ENEMY
Article from the Philadelphia ledger on anti-war actions in Boston

RE47v43n82p1c7, February 9, 1847: For the Enquirer, FAULT-FINDERS.
Candidate in Bedford gave a speech virulently against the war, the administration, and the president.

RE47v43n82p2c1, February 9, 1847: Enquirer apologizes because they have no room to comment upon the Whig's efforts to prove the inconsistency between Democratic professions and principles.

RE47v43n82p2c4, February 9, 1847: HOUSE OF DELEGATES YESTERDAY
Resolution to give thanks to Gen. Taylor

RE47v43n82p2c5, February 9, 1847: To His Excellency, the President of the United States.
Signed, DEMOCRAT. Asking the president to appoint a Virginian Brigadier General.

RE47v43n82p4c3, February 9, 1847: THE PROSPECTS OF PEACE
To what terms Mexico should surrender.

RE47v43n82p4c4, February 9, 1847: Massachusetts's legislature has postponed indefinitely a vote of thanks to Gen. Taylor.

RE47v43n82p4c5, February 9, 1847: TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session

RE47v43n83p1c1, February 12, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Remarks by Mr. Bondurant

RE47v43n83p1c4, February 12, 1847: Enquirer prints from the times the remarks in the House of Delegates of Leake, and Lee, in support of the resolution of thanks to Gen. Taylor.

RE47v43n83p1c5, February 12, 1847:  Mysterious course of the Whig party upon the Mexican war. Article from the New York Express.

RE47v43n83p2c1, February 12, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO
Rumored assassination of Santa Anna. La Vega promoted.

RE47v43n83p2c1, February 12, 1847: Correspondence of the New Orleans Picayune.
U.S. SQUADRON, Anton Lizardo. Jan. 20. Opposition of Santa Anna to decree of Mexican Congress for the sale of church property.

RE47v43n83p2c2, February 12, 1847: Correspondence of the Delta
Charges against Lieut. S.R. Sturges by Lieut. Col. May.

RE47v43n83p2c4, February 12, 1847: TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session.
Mr. Cass speaks in favor of prosecution of the war.

RE47v43n83p2c5, February 12, 1847: Washington should be presenting an unbroken front, but very much distracted by obstacles

RE47v43n83p2c5, February 12, 1847: THE SCHEME UNVEILED
The opposition intends to abandon all idea of solid indemnity from Mexico, abandon California.

RE47v43n83p3c1, February 12, 1847: VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE
Feb. 11th. Mr. Wallace speaks.

RE47v43n83p4c1, February 12, 1847: NEWS FROM THE SOUTH
Reports that Santa Anna had been shot by his own troops my be untrue.

RE47v43n83p4c1, February 12, 1847: THE ARMY BILL
Bill to raise ten regiments may be defeated.

RE47v43n83p4c2, February 12, 1847: PEACE WITH MEXICO
Enquirer was much disappointed not receiving further details from inside city of Mexico. Prints the Bulletin article which puts doubt in the rumored assassination

RE47v43n83p4c1, February 12, 1847: Gov. Smith will visit Fortress Monroe

RE47v43n83p4c2, February 12, 1847: Correspondence of the Washington Union
N.Y. Feb 6th. News from the Yucatan that three American vessels of war took possession of the island of Carmen. Unconfirmed.

RE47v43n83p4c4, February 12, 1847: HIGHLY IMPORTANT!  From the Picayune, Feb 2nd
Letters from Anton Lizardo that report the Mexican congress authorized the sale of church lands to raise funds.

RE47v43n83p4c3, February 12, 1847: THE VERMONT RESOLUTIONS
To the editors of the Enquirer, signed John S. Gallaher, defending his abstaining from the vote on the Vermont resolutions

RE47v43n83p4c3, February 12, 1847: REMARKS OF MR. GALLAHER
Responding to the letter by Mr. Gallaher

RE47v43n83p4c4, February 12, 1847: LATE FROM THE RIO GRANDE
Troop movements, and Santa Anna's address.

RE47v43n83p4c5, February 12, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session

RE47v43n84p1c1, February 16, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session
Feb. 11th. Vice President laid before the senate a communication from Sam Houston

RE47v43n84p1c3, February 16, 1847: WAR ON THE LIBERTY OF THE PRESS
Editor of the Union expelled from Congress

RE47v43n84p1c4, February 16, 1847: DEMOCRATIC MEETING IN RICHMOND
Report of the democratic meeting, for the war, for the Tariff. Signed Joel B. Bragg

RE47v43n84p1c5, February 16, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43n84p2c1, February 16, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Feb.15th, Mr. Floyd from the committee on roads

RE47v43n84p2c4, February 16, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session
Resolution to change the hour of meeting to 11 adopted.

RE47v43n84p4c1, February 16, 1847: MEXICAN LETTERS OF MARQUE
News from London includes list of cases in which captures can be made.

RE47v43n84p4c3, February 16, 1847: THE TRUE POLICY
The only way to secure a speedy peace is to push on the war with utmost vigor

RE47v43n84p4c4, February 16, 1847: Swords presented to officers

RE47v43n84p4c3, February 16, 1847: New York Courier, Whig, against the proposition of Sen. Berrien to publicly declare the war not carried on in conquest.

RE47v43n85p1c1, February 19, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43n85p1c3, February 19, 1847: THE WILMOT PROVISO!
Madmen of the North have numbered the days of the glorious Union

RE47v43n85p1c6, February 19, 1847: PUBLIC MEETING IN RICHMOND
Convened to be against the expulsion of the editor of the Union from the Senate chamber. Signed John Rutherford

RE47v43n85p2c1, February 19, 1847: TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session

RE47v43n85p2c4, February 19, 1847: THE RICHMOND WHIG
Response to an article in the Whig against the Richmond Public meeting

RE47v43n85p2c4, February 19, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO
Arrival of Virginia Volunteers at Havana

RE47v43n85p2c5, February 19, 1847: THE WAR WITH MEXICO.
To the Editors of the Enquirer, Reviews the charge against the president of being the sole cause of the war. Signed, NUECES.

RE47v43n85p2c4, February 19, 1847: New Jersey Legislature voted swords to officers; Resolutions in the Illinois senate to outlaw slavery in any newly acquired territories rejected.

RE47v43n85p2c7, February 19, 1847: ADDITIONAL REVENUE BILL
Tax on Tea and coffee moving through congress.

RE47v43n85p4c1, February 19, 1847: MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT
Received from the President by the Senate. Covers prosecution of the war, organization of volunteers, and revenue. Signed James K. Polk

RE47v43n85p4c2, February 19, 1847: THE WILMOT PROVISO
Treachery of Southern and Western Federalizm

RE47v43n85p4c3, February 19, 1847: Correspondence of the New York Express on the condition and treatment of the Volunteers in Mexico

Gov. Smith's speech to the Volunteers during the presentation of the Flag to Col. Hamtramck

RE47v43n85p4c3, February 19, 1847: GENERAL WALLACE AND THE MEXICAN WAR
Coverage of an incident in the senate between the Whigs and General Wallace. General Wallace corrected the Whigs by saying it was not, 'Mr. Polk's War'.

RE47v43n85p4c5, February 19, 1847: For the Enquirer, "FIAT JUSTITIA, RUAT COELUM!" 
Defense of the appointment of the Surgeon to the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers. Signed, VINDEX, Response to the article signed, A JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRAT

RE47v43n85p4c5, February 19, 1847: Article from the Petersburg Republican
Value of the Volunteers

RE47v43n85p4c6, February 19, 1847: TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session.

RE47v43n86p1c3, February 22, 1847:  For the Enquirer. THE WAR WITH MEXICO
Review of the causes of the existing war with Mexico, signed AMICUS

RE47v43n86p1c5, February 22, 1847: DEMOCRATIC MEETING IN PETERSBURG
Report on the meeting, signed, J.E. COX

RE47v43n86p1c6, February 22, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43n86p2c1, February 22, 1847: STATE REPUBLICAN CONVENTION!
Resolutions that the war should be prosecuted with utmost vigor.

RE47v43n86p2c2, February 22, 1847: ANOTHER HUMBUG EXPLODED
Contrary to the Whig report that had our army remained at Corpus Cristi; all hostilities would have been avoided. Cites correspondence from N.O., one is signed, I.D. MARKS

RE47v43n86p2c2, February 22, 1847: THE SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE
In every direction people are against stopping vigorous prosecution of the war.

RE47v43n86p2c3, February 22, 1847: President has commissioned many officers, some are Virginians

RE47v43n86p2c5, February 22, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer,
Happy that Congress will be reconsidering the tax on tea and Coffee, signed AMICUS

RE47v43n86p2c6, February 22, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
HOUSE OF DELEGATES, Mr. Boak presents petition. Feb.20th

RE47v43n86p3c1, February 22, 1847: VERY INTERESTING FROM MEXICO LATEST
Includes extracts of a letter reporting ominous conditions in Mexico. Mexican Congress on the verge of another resolution

RE47v43n86p3c1, February 22, 1847: LATER FROM HAVANA AND YUCATAN
Troop movements, newly arrived packet brig brings no local news

RE47v43n86p3c2, February 22, 1847: INTERESTING FROM TAMPICO AND THE ARMY
Encampments of troops, possible capture of Col. May's rear guard

RE47v43n86p3c2, February 22, 1847: From the N.O. Picayune. SANTA ANNA
Reply of Santa Anna to the Mexican Congress

RE47v43n86p3c3, February 22, 1847: Col. Hamtramck, arrived at Fortress Monroe.

RE47v43n86p4c1, February 22, 1847: Correspondence of the Mobile Herald and Tribune
Anton Lizardo, Jan. 21. Mexican prisoners arrived there, rumor of the assassination of Santa Anna.

RE47v43n86p4c2, February 22, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session
Discussions on the size of Texas. SENATE Feb. 18th

RE47v43n86p4c3, February 22, 1847: Proceedings of meetings held throughout the war published in this paper prove the true spirit of Patriotism.

RE47v43n86p4c1, February 22, 1847: TEXAS
From N.O. Times. Many German emigrants arriving in Texas

RE47v43n86p4c1, February 22, 1847: FROM TEXAS
From Charleston Evening News. Large number of Indians, Lepan tribe, Apaches, taken up quarters within the limits of Texas

RE47v43n86p4c1, February 22, 1847: NAVAL
Yucatan pretends to be neutral

RE47v43n86p4c3, February 22, 1847: COURT OF APPEALS OF VIRGINIA
Appeal of the case in which a minor enlisted without the permission of his parent.

RE47v43n86p4c4, February 22, 1847: ON BOARD BARQUE MAY FLOWER
Extract of a letter from one of the volunteers of Capt. Archer's company to his father.

RE47v43n87p1c1, February 22, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS. 2nd SESSION
Feb.22nd SENATE, Vice President laid before the Senate a letter from John P. Heiss.

RE47v43n87p1c2, February 22, 1847: VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE

RE47v43n87p1c4, February 22, 1847: REPORTED BATTLE
Capture of Chihuahua. The people around Tampico so hostile they will not sell their beef to the army.

RE47v43n87p1c4, February 22, 1847: Tampico, Feb 6th.
Letter from Chihuahua, quartermaster inspecting wagons left at the post.

RE47v43n87p1c5, February 22, 1847: Appointments by the Gov of Virginia.
List of appointments

RE47v43n87p1c4, February 22, 1847: VERY INTERESTING FROM MEXICO
Four companies of Louisiana volunteers on board all saved.

RE47v43n87p1c3, February 22, 1847: THE CAUSE OF THE WAR
Cause was not the President's nets.

RE47v43n87p1c4, February 22, 1847: APPOINTMENT BY THE PRESIDENT
Highlights of the list

RE47v43n87p2c1, February 22, 1847: LATEST MEXICAN NEWS
From the N.O. Delta, Fighting at Tamascalitos. Letter from Santa Anna on the Sale of Church lands

RE47v43n87p2c1, February 22, 1847: LATER FROM VERA CRUZ
From the N.O. Picayune, Rumors of assassination of Santa Anna unfounded.
Gen. La Vega commandant general of Vera Cruz, other news from inside Mexico.

RE47v43n87p2c2, February 22, 1847: LATER FROM TAMPICO
From the N.O. Delta, Capt. Miller surround by a Mexican force from Tuspan.

RE47v43n87p2c2, February 22, 1847: IMPORTANT MEXICAN NEWS
Santa Anna still alive, confirmation of the great Battle of Chihuahua

RE47v43n87p2c3, February 22, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session.
Feb. 24th SENATE. Remarks on the three million bill

RE47v43n87p2c4, February 22, 1847: REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION!
Republican party news, resolutions in support of the war.

RE47v43n87p2c6, February 22, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer, Signed, VIRGINIANS
Upset a Pennsylvanian selected to lead the volunteers

RE47v43n87p2c7, February 22, 1847: RE-NOMINATION OF J.W. Jones
Meeting of Republicans of Chesterfield County.   Resolutions passed in support of the war.

RE47v43n87p3c1, February 22, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
HOUSE OF DELEGATES Feb. 26th. Mr. Robinson's resolution.

RE47v43n87p4c2, February 22, 1847: COLONEL HAMTRAMCK
Completed arrangements for the embarkation of his regiment

RE47v43n87p4c3, February 22, 1847: Extract of a letter from a distinguished republican,
Dated Richmond, Feb. 18th.
Condemning the Senate for expelling the editor of the Union

RE47v43n87p4c3, February 22, 1847: Enquirer is confident the Wilmot proviso will be defeated.

RE47v43n87p4c4, February 22, 1847: From the Warrenton Flag of '98
Condemning the Senate for expelling the editor of the Union

RE47v43n87p4c7, February 22, 1847: PUBLIC MEETING
Resolutions against expulsion of the editor of the union from the senate, resolutions supporting the war.

RE47v43n87p4c7, February 22, 1847: TREATMENT OF PRIVATEERS
British House of Commons, Mexican letters of marque


RE47v43n88p1c1, March 2, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Congress

RE47v43n88p1c3, March 2, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Message received from the House by Mr. Stephenson. Feb. 26th-27th

RE47v43n88p2c1, March 2, 1847: Response to Whig claims of injustice in the war.

RE47v43n88p2c3, March 2, 1847: TO THE EDITORS OF THE ENQUIRER,
J.C.Calhoun's actions have lost him many friends in this part of the country.

RE47v43n88p2c2, March 2, 1847: Enquirer upset over the loss of the proposition to place a tax on tea and coffee

RE47v43n88p2c1, March 2, 1847: Response to comments in yesterday's Whig about the president's appointment of four hundred officers

RE47v43n88p2c2, March 2, 1847: R.T.L. Beale selected for congress, rode on both sides of the Texas question.

RE47v43n88p2c3, March 2, 1847: For the Enquirer,
Against Calhoun, 'the monarch of South Carolina'

RE47v43n88p2c16, March 2, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Resolution allowing claimants of Revolutionary land bounty further times to present their claims.

Resolutions passed supporting the war, and Wm. G. Brown

RE47v43n88p2c5, March 2, 1847: Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun
Mexicans a treacherous, cunning people, must have Col. Benton to lead.

RE47v43n88p2c7, March 2, 1847: LATEST FROM TAMPICO
From the N.Orleans Commercial Times. Ondiaka burned, troop movements, Includes Correspondence.

RE47v43n88p4c1, March 2, 1847: AFFAIRS IN MEXICO
Deplorable condition of Mexican finances

RE47v43n88p4c2, March 2, 1847: Letter in the N.Orleans Commercial Times, Brazos Santiago, Feb 5.
Cassius M. Clay captured.

RE47v43n88p4c3, March 2, 1847: KING WILLIAM COUNTY
Public Meeting. Prepare for the upcoming battle against Whigs, Signed WM. P. Braxton

RE47v43n88p4c4, March 2, 1847: NELSON COUNTY
Meeting of Democratic Party, resolutions supporting the war, thanks to Shelton F. Leake

RE47v43n88p4c5, March 2, 1847: REPUBLICAN MEETING
Lynchburg republicans. Resolutions supporting the war and against the expulsion of the editor of the union from the senate.

RE47v43n88p4c5, March 2, 1847: NORFOLK CITY
Democratic Republican Party, resolutions passed against any attempt to prevent southerners from moving into any acquired territory with their property.

RE47v43n88p4c7, March 2, 1847: For the Enquirer,
Against factionalism within the party concerning disagreements over appointing Generals for the Army. Signed, WALKER'S CREEK

RE47v43n89p1c1, March 5, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session

RE47v43n89p1c4, March 5, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Motions from Missouri laid on the table

RE47v43n89p1c5, March 5, 1847: Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun
Message from the president laid on the table yesterday, most likely concerns Gen. Taylor

RE47v43n89p1c7, March 5, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer,
Enclosed is a letter responding to accusations that Capt Archer deserted, signed W.P.B, includes Letter signed, S.B.Downing.

Resolutions supporting the war and party solidarity.

RE47v43n89p2c3, March 5, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS 2nd Session.
Evening session march 2, March 3

RE47v43n89p2c4, March 5, 1847: INTERESTING FROM THE SOUTH
Due to the length of the Democratic proceedings, news from the south is condensed. List of Captured Americans, troop movements, includes an address by Santa Anna

RE47v43n89p2c5, March 5, 1847: Extract of a letter from officer of the navy from Vera Cruz to Tampico

RE47v43n89p2c5, March 5, 1847: For the Enquirer,
Criticism of John Calhoun's speech given in the Senate, signed, ALPHA

RE47v43n89p2c7, March 5, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Right of Way railroad discussion. March 3rd-4th

RE47v43n89p4c1, March 5, 1847: LATEST FROM SANTA FE
Trouble with Indians, cold.

RE47v43n89p4c1, March 5, 1847: Americans may have abandoned Carmen, in the Yucatan

RE47v43n89p4c2, March 5, 1847: Whig convention at Harrisonburg a failure

RE47v43n89p4c2, March 5, 1847: Description of the island of lobos

RE47v43n89p4c3, March 5, 1847: Gen. Armstrong will be given command of new regiments for Mexico

RE47v43n89p4c3, March 5, 1847: The Last of the Virginia Volunteers
Ship Sophia Walker departed from Hampton Roads on Monday for Point Isabel

RE47v43n89p4c6, March 5, 1847: INTERESTING REPORT
Whigs blame administration for advancing from Corpus Christi; report from committee on Foreign Affairs proves the president was acting on the advice of others.

RE47v43n89p4c5, March 5, 1847: DEMOCRATIC MEETING
Resolutions, including during a war Americans should not discuss the impropriety of its origins. Signed, Timberlake

RE47v43n89p4c5, March 5, 1847: NAVAL
U.S. ship departs for the Gulf

Carried stores for the gulf, lately chartered by the government

RE47v43i99p1c1, March 9, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
Much discussion on railroad right of way issue

RE47v43i99p1c4, March 9, 1847: Enquirer regrets congress did not create a tax on tea and coffee

RE47v43i99p1c4, March 9, 1847: Metaphysical politicians who contend that a war does not exist, that we are engaged in 'hostilities' only.

RE47v43i99p1c4, March 9, 1847: N.Y. Times article reporting that the Yucatan is again an independent republic

RE47v43i99p1c5, March 9, 1847: SEARCHING REVIEW OF MR. Calhoun's SPEECH
Reaction to the speech, Signed, AMELIA

RE47v43i99p1c6, March 9, 1847: For the Enquirer, LOOK TO THE SENATE
Fairfax should have a separate delegate. Signed, FAIRFAX

RE47v43i99p1c6, March 9, 1847: INFORMATION FROM THE ARMY
Santa Anna has moved to attack Saltillo

RE47v43i99p1c6, March 9, 1847: FROM THE ARMY
Santa Anna threatens Matamoros and Saltillo.

RE47v43i99p1c7, March 9, 1847: Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun
Government may avoid the three million dollar bill by completion of the war.

RE47v43i99p1c7, March 9, 1847: List of presidential appointees confirmed by congress

RE47v43i99p2c1, March 9, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM TAMPICO
Santa Anna withdrawn from Vera Cruz, Gen. Orders from Gen. Scott.

RE47v43i99p2c1, March 9, 1847: FROM THE BRASSOS
Gen. Scott left for Tampico; Gen. Worth will depart soon, captured Americans,

RE47v43i99p2c2, March 9, 1847: STILL LATER
Maj. Gen. Butler arrived from the Brazos with sick and injured troops. Vera Cruz must be speedily captured.

RE47v43i99p2c2, March 9, 1847: FROM THE ARMY IN NEW MEXICO
Col. Doniphan to Chihuahua, Trouble with Indians.

RE47v43i99p2c2, March 9, 1847: Gen. Worth promoted to Maj. General

RE47v43i99p2c3, March 9, 1847: Report from the New York Herald article detailing the plan of attack upon Vera Cruz

RE47v43i99p2c7, March 9, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43i99p4c1, March 9, 1847: TWENTY NINTH CONGRESS, 2nd Session

RE47v43i99p4c4, March 9, 1847: DEMOCRATIC MEETING IN POWHATAN
Purpose of reorganization of the party.

RE47v43i100p1c1, March 12, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43i100p1c1, March 12, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer,
ASPEN WALL, CHARLOTTED. Va. Signed, UNUS POPULI. Commentary on remarks of Mr. Bocock.

RE47v43i100p1c3, March 12, 1847: Lieut. Alfred Crozet, song of Col. Claude Crozet murdered by the enemy two miles outside Camargo.

RE47v43i100p1c6, March 12, 1847: Letters of Correspondence from the N.O. Delta, which give rumors of a battle between Taylor and Santa Anna. Signed, CHAPARRAL

RE47v43i100p1c7, March 12, 1847: Brazos Island, Feb. 13th
Gen. Scott's plan.

RE47v43i100p1c7, March 12, 1847: Brazos Santiago, Texas, Feb. 29th
Regiment of Virginia Volunteers arrived

RE47v43i100p1c7, March 12, 1847: ISLAND OF LOBOS
Includes correspondence of the New Orleans Times, Feb 16th
Three Mexicans arrested as spies.

RE47v43i100p2c1, March 12, 1847: MEXICAN NEWS
From the New Orleans, Delta, March 4. Mexican loss of the Battle of El Paso.

RE47v43i100p2c1, March 12, 1847: From the N.O. Picayune, FROM TAMPICO,
Letters from Mr. Lumsden, Signed F.A.L.
Rumors that Gen. Taylor is in a very tight place.

RE47v43i100p2c1, March 12, 1847: FROM MEXICO---THE ARMY
From the N.O. Delta, Gen. Taylor in Saltillo, Heat of weather, Signed, CHAPARRAL.

RE47v43i100p2c2, March 12, 1847: THE REPORTED BATTLE AT MONTEREY
N.O. Times. Rumors of battle.

RE47v43i100p2c2, March 12, 1847: GEN. BUTLER OF KENTUCKY
Sword to be presented on behalf of the people of Kentucky to Gen. Butler. N.O. Atlas

RE47v43i100p2c2, March 12, 1847: FROM THE ARMY
From the Washington Union, News from Gen. Wool and Gen. Taylor's camp, movement of troops.

RE47v43i100p2c3, March 12, 1847: REVENUE STEAMER POLK
Built by Virginians, article on the steamer's creation.

RE47v43i100p2c4, March 12, 1847: Graphic narrative of a brave Virginian
Letter from John Garland, Lieut. Col. Details of Fighting

RE47v43i100p2c5, March 12, 1847: Reports of the death of Lieut. Crozet may be unfounded

RE47v43i100p2c5, March 12, 1847: SURGEON TO THE VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS
Appointment by the President

From diseases not of a local character.

RE47v43i100p2c6, March 12, 1847: BROOKE COUNTY
Resolutions of confidence in President Polk, JOHN MILLER

RE47v43i100p2c6, March 12, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43i100p4c1, March 12, 1847: LATER FROM CAMPEACHY
Loss of the Steamer Tweed, sixty lives lost.

RE47v43i100p4c3, March 12, 1847: Volunteers arrived at the mouth of the Rio Grande

RE47v43i100p4c3, March 12, 1847: Enquirer hails the passage of the Three million bill.
Includes the three million bill

RE47v43i100p4c6, March 12, 1847: PUBLIC MEETING IN CHESTERFIELD
Resolutions in support of President Polk and the war.

RE47v43i100pc7, March 12, 1847: CAUTION!
Caution to the Democrats, the coming election demands vigilance. Signed, A SPARTAN

RE47v43i100p4c6, March 12, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer,
Signed, WASHINGTON. Thousands of applicants for commissions.

RE47v43i100p4c7, March 12, 1847: CAPTURE OF EL PASO
Revolution in Santa Fe by the Mexicans failed because of betrayal by Mexican women who reported on the leaders to American authorities.

RE47v43i92p1c1, March 16, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
SENATE, HOUSE OF DELEGATES, Mr. Mullen moves that Mr. Cox be added to the committee.

RE47v43i92p1c6, March 16, 1847: THE RECENT DISCOVERY
Mr. Calhoun has declared he was the author of the annexation of Texas, Includes Mr. Walker's reply

Portion of the list of presidential nominations to senate.

RE47v43i92p2c6, March 16, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO
New York Sun received news from Havana, distress of the Mexican army.

RE47v43i92p4c1, March 16, 1847: VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE, continued

RE47v43i92p4c4, March 16, 1847: PRIVATE ADVICES FROM MEXICO
Clergy in Mexico whose property is threatened has decided to show influence on the side of peace.

RE47v43i92p4c7, March 16, 1847: From the Union,
Introduction to two letters b Benton refusing appointment to the army includes reply from the president.

RE47v43i93p1c1, March 19, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
SENATE, HOUSE OF DELEGATES, March 16th-17th Presentation of Swords

RE47v43i93p1c4, March 19, 1847: POLITICAL DISCUSSIONS
Democrats pleased with Gen. Chapman's account of the stewardship.

RE47v43i93p1c6, March 19, 1847: LATER FROM VERA CRUZ
N.O. Bulletin reports, movements to Vera Cruz, abandoned by Mexicans.

Dated March 18th

RE47v43i93p2c6, March 19, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM NEW MEXICO
Mexican insurrections at Taos. Santa Fe had only 500 effective men.

RE47v43i93p2c7, March 19, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
SENATE March 17th, HOUSE OF DELEGATES, evening session.

RE47v43i93p4c1, March 19, 1847: LATER FROM TAMPICO
Two thousand troops sailed for Lobos, Gen. Scott in good health.

RE47v43i93p4c1, March 19, 1847: FROM GALVESTON
Indians giving much trouble

RE47v43i93p4c1, March 19, 1847: FROM HAVANA AND MEXICO
No news as to the loss of Tweed. No mention of the loss of Vera Cruz.

RE47v43i93p4c1, March 19, 1847: LATER FROM TAMPICO
Gen. Scott arrived, more troops to Lobos, Correspondence from the Picayune

RE47v43i93p4c1, March 19, 1847: PROCLAMATION OF SANTA ANNA
Success in spite of tremendous obstacles

RE47v43i93p4c2, March 19, 1847: THE TWEED
Those suspected on board the lost, Tweed.

RE47v43i93p4c3, March 19, 1847: NEWS FROM THE SOUTH
Gen. Taylor fatigued from Santa Anna's masterly inactivity. Vera Cruz believed to be abandoned. Va. Volunteers at the Rio Grande

RE47v43i93p4c4, March 19, 1847: Caleb Cushing expected in Richmond

RE47v43i93p4c7, March 19, 1847: For the Enquirer, to the Voters.
Vacancy will occur in this district. Signed MANY DEMOCRATS

RE47v43i94p1c1, March 23, 1847: FROM THE SEAT OF WAR
From the New Orleans Delta Extra, Battle fought between Taylor and Santa Anna
From the Matamoros Flag, perilous situation of Gen. Taylor's Army, spy shot

RE47v43i94p1c1, March 23, 1847: IMPORTANT FROM TAMPICO
From the Delta, continued, bombardments of Vera Cruz

RE47v43i94p1c1, March 23, 1847: MOUTH OF THE RIO GRANDE
Correspondence of the Delta
CAMARGO, Gen. Taylor attacked at Aqua Nueva
MONTEREY, troops were sent to assist Gen. Taylor, Signed D. da P.
MONTEREY, battle is daily expected between Gen. Taylor and Santa Anna Signed H.
MONTEREY, All sorts of reports of a battle at Aqua Nueva, signed, T.

RE47v43i94p1c2, March 23, 1847: STILL LATER
MONTEREY, Gen. Taylor fallen back to Saltillo

RE47v43i94p1c3, March 23, 1847: Union learns no official intelligence of a battle received from the war department.

RE47v43i94p1c4, March 23, 1847: EXCITING NEWS FROM THE ARMY
Summary of news from the Picayune. Estimation of troops on either side, estimation of strategy.

RE47v43i94p1c5, March 23, 1847: FROM THE BRAZOS STILL LATER
From the Delta, Gen. Taylor falling back towards Monterey, includes correspondence signed R.S. Gen. Taylor fallen back to Saltillo.

RE47v43i94p2c1, March 23, 1847: CALL FOR VOLUNTEERS
Letter from Samuel R. Curtis to the Gov. of Louisiana asking for ten thousand men.

RE47v43i94p2c1, March 23, 1847: FROM TAMPICO
Editorial correspondence of the Picayune,
TAMPICO, arrival of troops, Signed, F.A.L
FROM GALVESTON AND THE RIO GRANDE another company of volunteers formed at Matamoros

RE47v43i94p2c1, March 23, 1847: Correspondence of the Picayune
CAMARGO, Santa Anna sees Gen. Taylor left weak
FORT HARNEY, absence of authentic information, some very unpleasant rumors

RE47v43i94p2c3, March 23, 1847: Gen. Brooke willing to muster troops

RE47v43i94p2c3, March 23, 1847: NEWS FROM THE SOUTH
Analyses of how safe military posts on the Rio Grande are from enemy attack

RE47v43i94p2c4, March 23, 1847: STRANGE MYSTERY
From the N.O. Commercial Times, Captain Henrie reports he left Gen. Taylor on the 23rd and there was nothing unusual stirring

RE47v43i94p4c1, March 23, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA

RE47v43i94p4c4, March 23, 1847: VIRGINIA VOLUNTEERS
Will disembark at the Rio Grande and head for Monterey

RE47v43i94p4c4, March 23, 1847: N.Y. Journal of Commerce presents interesting facts
Three million bill will obtain a speedy peace.

RE47v43i94p4c5, March 23, 1847: Sorry to hear of unfavorable actions of the House of Delegates, not raising enough volunteers

RE47v43i94p4c7, March 23, 1847: NEW MEXICO FURTHER PARTICULARS
Danger in that country, revolutionaries. Mexican women married to Americans giving information.

RE47v43i94p4c7, March 23, 1847: LOSS OF THE TWEED
From the N.O. Bulletin, FROM YUCATAN, catastrophe appears to have caused intense feeling in the Mexicans.

RE47v43i95p1c4, March 26, 1847: No news by southern mail yesterday
From the Delta further intelligence on Col. Curtis request for volunteers, and Gen. La Vega ready to march with four thousand men.

RE47v43i95p1c5, March 26, 1847: Bill recognizing a state of war between Mexico and United States.

RE47v43i95p2c1, March 26, 1847: LATE FROM TAMPICO, From the Picayune
All troops headed south sailed for Tampico, Gen Taylor fallen back, Correspondence declaring Taylor has defeated Santa Anna's advance, rumors.

RE47v43i95p2c2, March 26, 1847: LATER FROM MEXICO
Proclamation by Mexican Gen. Valentin Canalizo
Revolutionary attempt in Mexico, Plan for new government.

RE47v43i95p2c2, March 26, 1847: TROOPS FOR MEXICO
Volunteers in Norfolk given word to immediately prepare for Mexico

History of Leake, why he is such a good candidate.

RE47v43i95p2c5, March 26, 1847: FROM THE SOUTH
Revolution in the city of Mexico

RE47v43i95p2c5, March 26, 1847: FOR THE ENQUIRER, To the Republicans of the Fourth Congressional District.
Struggle between republicanism and federalism. Signed SENEX

RE47v43i95p4c1, March 26, 1847: From the Southern mail new of victory by Gen. Taylor, Senate of Louisiana will be raising troops.

RE47v43i95p4c1, March 26, 1847: THE MEXICAN WAR
Response to Whig press reaction to war.

RE47v43i95p4c3, March 26, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer,
Excitement in New Orleans waiting to hear news.

RE47v43i95p4c4, March 26, 1847: Extract of a letter received by a Charleston resident from a member of the Palmetto Regiment, from the Isle of Lobos.
Will soon meet the troops under Gen. Scott.

RE47v43i95p4c4, March 26, 1847: GENERAL WORTH
BRAZOS, bound for Lobos

Taylor's Headquarters changed to Aqua Nueva, dated Feb. 7th
Gen. Wool arrival, dated Feb. 14th

RE47v43i95p4c4, March 26, 1847: LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA
HOUSE OF DELEGATES, March 22nd establishing free schools.

Fixing the responsibility, views on the troops

RE47v43i96p1c2, March 30, 1847: Nothing from the army by Saturday's Southern mail.
Indian troubles in California.

RE47v43i96p1c6, March 30, 1847: IMPORTANT NEWS!! 
Following includes all the reports by the southern mail, many conflicting views; we cannot believe the large amounts killed on both sides.

RE47v43i96p1c6, March 30, 1847: VICTORY!-VICTORY!-VICTORY!
Gen. Taylor has Whipped Santa Anna

RE47v43i96p1c7, March 30, 1847: From the Delta
Mouth of the Rio Grande, 4,000 Mexicans dead, Santa Anna driven back. Signed, S.

RE47v43i96p1c7, March 30, 1847: From the Picayune
Untold number of rumors circulating impossible to tell what happened.

RE47v43i96p1c7, March 30, 1847: New Orleans Atlas
FROM MEXICO, Gen. Taylor and Santa Anna have fought either three battles or one battle of three days.

Battle will be fought at Aqua Nueva, dated Feb. 24th

RE47v43i96p2c1, March 30, 1847: THE TENTH LEGION
Quote from the Rockingham Register, war is not at all unjust.

RE47v43i96p2c2, March 30, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer,
View of the events in the field and at home concerning the war in Mexico, signed, DAVEZAC.

RE47v43i96p2c4, March 30, 1847: For the Enquirer,
A Net Spread to Catch Calhoun's Birds. To Willoughby Newton. Accuses him of unfulfilled campaign promises.


RE47v43i96p4c1, March 30, 1847: "AID AND COMFORT"
Whig press professes to be shocked at the idea that attacking politicians and policies inspires Mexico.

RE47v43i96p4c1, March 30, 1847: THE REPORTED BATTLE
N.O. Courier publishes, Tampico, March 5th Gen. Taylor has had another battle with very small losses to himself, killing 400 Mexicans.

RE47v43i96p4c1, March 30, 1847: From the Republican,
Santa Anna's report to the ministry of war

RE47v43i96p4c1, March 30, 1847: Picayune reports overthrow of Vice President Farias

RE47v43i96p4c3, March 30, 1847: From the Washington Union, March 25 LATEST FROM GEN. TAYLOR'S ARMY. OFFICIAL AND AUTHENTIC.
Received from the war department, from Feb. 21 Aqua Nueva, New arrivals will relieve Matamoros. Co. Morgan's regiment will concentrate at Cerralvo.

RE47v43i96p4c3, March 30, 1847: From Gen. Towson.
Gen. Taylor has fallen back to Saltillo and will fight the battle from there.


RE47v43n98p3c1, April 6, 1847
Report of injury to General Taylor

RE47v43n98p3c1, April 6, 1847:THE FALL OF VERA CRUZ AND THE CASTLE
Leiutnent Chaddock heard from General Scott about the fighting at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n98p4c1, April 6, 1847:BATTLE OF BUENA VISTA
Report of the battle of Buena Vista

RE47v43n98p4c1, April 6, 1847:From the New Orelans Delta
Report of actions taken by Santa Anna

RE47v43n98p4c1, April 6, 1847:Monterey, Mexico, March 4, 1847
Extract of a letter dated Saltillo, Mexico, March 1, 1847

RE47v43n98p4c1, April 6, 1847:Late from Gen. Taylor
Lieutant Crittenden arrived with dispatches from General Taylor
Information about General Taylor's position

RE47v43n98p4c2, April 6, 1847:From the City of Mexico
Report from special correspondent at Anion Lizardo about Mexican affairs

RE47v43n98p4c2, April 6,1847:Republican Liberating Army
Letter from Santa Anna to General-in-chief

RE47v43n98p4c2, April 6, 1847: From the N.O. Delat, March 26. Colonel Yell
Colonel Yell was killed

RE47v43n98p4c2, April 6, 1847:Colonel Curtis adn General Urrea
Story about Gen. Urrea's defeat by Cols. Curtis and Drake

RE47v43n98p4c2, April 6, 1847:Items. From the Matamoras Flag of the 17th March
Information about attacks on a wagon train

RE47v43n98p4c3, April 6, 1847:North Carolina Regiment
Information about the position of the North Carolina Regiment

RE47v43n98p4c3, April 6, 1847:Virginia Regiment
Information about the position of the Virginia Regiment

RE47v43n98p4c3, April 6, 1847: Massachusetts Regiment
Information about the position of the Massachusetts Regiment

RE47v43n98p4c3, April 6, 1847: Mississippi Regiment
Information about the position of the Mississippi Regiment

RE47v43n98p1c1, April 6, 1847: Letter from the Secretary of Tresaury
Letter about tariff imposition in Mexico

RE47v43n98p1c2, April 6, 1847: Official Despatches. From our Squadron off Vera Cruz
Information about positions of troops and supplies

RE47v43n98p1c3, April 6, 1847: Offical Despatches. Squadron in the Gulf
Report of naval forces and guns in posession

RE47v43n98p1c3, April 6, 1847: Assistant Adjutant General's Office
List of those killed and wounded at Buena Vista

RE47v43n98p1c4, April 6, 1847: Memorandum of Facts transmittedto Washington from Vera Cruz and recieved last night
Report about the people and military in Oaxaca uprising againstthe governmentof Senor Arleaga

RE47v43n98p1c5, April 6, 1847: Hard Push
Opinoin about General Taylor

RE47v43n98p1c5, April 6, 1847:The Imbecility and Inefficiency of the Administration
Accusation about the reporting of Whig papers. Information about the landing at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n98p1c6, April 6, 1847
Editorial of the Union aboutthe letter of the President adn the report of the Secretary of Treasury about the military contributions raised in Mexico.
REvXLIIIi98p1c6, April 6, 1847: The Kentucky regiment an Incident at the Battle of Buena Vista
Report about the battle of Buena Vista

RE47v43n98p1c7, April 6, 1847: Battle of Buena Vista
Information about the battle of Buena Vista

RE47v43n98p1c7, April 6, 1847: Interesting From Mexico
Report about the uprising in Mexico city between the government and insurgents

RE47v43n98p2c1, April 6, 1847: Later from Brazos
Collection of reports about Santa Anna, Matamoras, Buena Vista, Women and the Virginia Regiment-information about positions, activities

RE47v43n98p2c1, April 6, 1847: Later from Vera Cruz
Information about position and activities of the troops at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n98p2c2, April 6, 1847: Battle of Buena Vista
Description of General Taylor's provision, battle of 23rd February, information about troop positions and those killed and wounded

RE47v43n98p2c3, April 6, 1847: Mexico
Report about the uprising in Mexico City and information about the activity of Gen. Vega' troops

RE47v43n98p2c4, April 6, 1847
Reply to comments made by a Whig newspaper

RE47v43n98p2c5, April 6, 1847: Interesting Rumors
Information about the City of Vera Cruz and Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa, also a reply to comments made by the Savannah Rep.

RE47v43n98p2c5, April 6, 1847
Information about the uprising in Mexico City

RE47v43n98p2c5, April 6, 1847
Letter from an officer in the Virginia Regiment

RE47v43n98p2c6, April 6, 1847
Extract from a letter from a member of Captain Scott's company of Virginia Volunteers

RE47v43n98p2c6, April 6, 1847:To the Republicans of Virginia
Rebute about the Texas Question and defense of Polk's actions to move troops below the Nuecess River

RE47v43n99p1c7, April 9, 1847: Later from Vera Cruz
Information about the seige at Vera Cruz, report about naval movements

RE47v43n99p1c7, April 9, 1847: Another Great Battle in New Mexico
Letter about the defeat of two thousand Mexicans

REvXlIIIi99p4c5, April 9, 1847: Naval Department, April 3d, 1847
Report that directions were sent to naval forces in the Pacific Ocean

RE47v43n99p4c5, April 9, 1847: Naval Department, April 3, 1847
Instructions about commerical activities

RE47v43n99p4c6, April 9, 1847: From our Army at Vera Cruz
Despatches recieved at the War Department

RE47v43n99p4c6, April 9, 1847: Headquarters of the Army
Information about naval activities

RE47v43n99p4c6, April 9,1847: Headquarters of the U.S. Army
Report of General Scott reciving a letter from the Consul of Spain residing Vera Cruz

RE47v43n99p4c7, April 9, 1847: U.S. Steamer Polk
Return of the Stearm Polk becuase of the discovery of a small leak-was headed for Mexico

RE47v43n99p4c4, April 9, 1847: Col. May
Report of a battle involving Col. May

RE47v43n100p2c1, April 13, 1874: Official Despatches
Information about troop movement

RE47v43n100p2c1, April 13, 1847:From Our Army at Vera Cruz
Report of activities at Vera Cruz-communication coming from the Governor of Vera Cruz
Information about hostitle activities at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c2, April 13, 1847: Headquarters of the Army of the U.S.
Report about the battle at Vera Cruz from Winfield Scott

RE47v43n100p2c2, April 13, 1847: Translation
Reponse to Winfield Scott by Juan Morales

RE47v43n100p2c2, April 13, 1847: Artillery Headquarters
Report about the battle at Vera Cruz from James Bankhead

REvXLIIII100p2c2, April 13, 1847: Aritllery Headquarters
Report about the battle of Vera Cruz from James Bankhead

RE47v43n100p2c2, April 13, 1847: Translation
Report about the battle of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: Headquarters of the U.S. Army
Update about the battle of Vera Cruz by Winfield Scott

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: United States Steamer Mississippi
Report about naval activities at Vera Cruz-cutting off of communications

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: Headquarters of the Army
Update about the battle of Vera Cruz-American flag over the castle of San Juan de Ulloa

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: Proposition for the appointment of Commissioners
Request by Consuls of England, France, Spain and Prussia to let the innocent families leave Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: Credentials of Commissioners on the part of the U. States
Plans for US commissioners to met with Vera Cruz comissioners to work out the surender of the city

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: Gen. Landero's leeter notifying appointment of Mexican Commisioners
Jose Juan de Landero names commissioners for the delegation to met with US commissioners

RE47v43n100p2c3, April 13, 1847: Headquarters of the Army
Instructions for the surrender of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c4, April 13, 1847: Six propositions from the Mexican Commissioners to the General-in-chief
List of demands from the Mexicans regarding the surrender of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c4, April 13, 1847: Headquarters of the Army
More demands from Scott to the Mexicans and encouraging the commissioners to met again to work out the surrender of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c4, April 13, 1847: Articles of capitulation fo the city of Vera Cruz and the castle of San Juan d'Ulloa
Terms of the surrender of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c5, April 13, 1847: From our Navy before Vera Cruz
Annoucing the arrival of US Steamer Mississippi at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c5, April 13, 1847: Flag ship Mississippi
Information about the naval activities outside of Vera Cruz

REvxLIIIi100p2c5, April 13, 1847: List of Killed and wounded of the detachment at the naval batteries on the 24th and 25th
list of killed and wounded in the naval batteries outside Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c5, April 13, 1847: United States ship Potomac
INformation about a naval battle involving the stateship Potomac

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: List of officers of the deatchment
List of officers in the detachment with J.H. Aulick of the stateship Potomac

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: list of killed
List of those killed in the battle involving the stateship Potomac

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: list of wounded
List of those wounded in the battle involving the stateship Potomac

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: United States Steamer Mississippi
Report from the Steamer Mississippi about the battle of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: list of officers engaged at the naval battery on the 25th March
List of offices engaged in the naval battery on the 25th of March

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: US Steamer Mississippi
Report of the loss of Steamer Hunter

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: United States Steamer Mississippi
Report about the ship facing a very bad northern

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: U.S. Flag Ship Mississippi
Report that Vera Cruz and the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa have been gained by the US

RE47v43n100p2c6, April 13, 1847: Within the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa
REport from M.C. Perry from inside the San Juan de Ulloa castle

REvXlIIIi98p4c4, April 16,1847:
Rebute to comments made about Mr. Sheddon's belief regarding the war with Mexico
Comments about Whig candidate Mr. Bott regarding his position on the war with Mexico
Comments about the Whigs and their belief dealing with the war

RE47v43n98p4c4, April 16, 1847: News from the Army
Details about the battle at Buena Vista taken from the New Orleans papers

RE47v43n98p4c5, April 16, 1847
N.O. published a list of those from Kentucky who died in the war

RE47v43n98p4c5, April 16, 1847: The storming of Vera Cruz
Correspondent from the N.O. writing about the landing at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n98p4c5, April 16, 1847: Important if True! Latest from Mexico
Extract from a letter about Santa Anna recommending to sue for peace

RE47v43n98p4c6, April 16, 1847:Very Interesting from Both Armies
Dispatches from General Taylor, list of dead and wounded, position of US forces and Santa Anna

RE47v43n98p4c6, April 16, 1847: From the Union Important Documents
From the President-said that because Mexico would not negotiate they should have to pay for the war

RE47v43n98p4c6, April 16, 1847: From Gen. Taylor's Camp
Report from Taylor about the movement of his troops

RE47v43n98p4c7, April 16, 1847: Translation-Summions of Santa Anna to General Taylor
Santa Anna asks Taylor to surrender

RE47v43n98p4c7, April 16, 1847: Headquarter Army of Occupation
Taylor rejects Santa Anna's offer to surrender

RE47v43n98p4c7, April 16, 1847: Headquarters Army of Occupation
Report of Taylor's troops at Agua Nueva-still holding position, exchange of prisioner agreement between Taylor and Santa Anna, list of
number of those killed and wounded on the US side.

RE47v43n98p4c7, April 16, 1847: Headquarters Army of Occupation
Update from Taylor that his troops still occupy thier position at Agua Nueva

RE47v43n100p1c7, April 13, 1847: Capture of Vera Cruz
Report ofthe capture of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p1c7, April 13, 1847: For the Enquirer
Opinion about comments made for the war

RE47v43n105p2c1, April 30,1847: The Federalists and the War
Opinion about the war with Mexico

RE47v43n105p2c1, April30, 1847: The 10 Peans of the Fanatics
Comments about a candidate, Mr. Botts, and his stance on the war with Mexico

RE47v43n105p2c2, April 30,1847
Intelligence information published in the N.O. papers

RE47v43n105p2c4, April 30,1847: Results of the War
Correspondent of the New York Herald lists the results of the war so far

RE47v43n105p2c5, April30, 1847: From the Union the Course of the Federalists Towards Gen. Taylor and the Mexican War
Comments about an article written in the "Boston Post"

RE47v43n105p2c5, April 30, 1847: From the Boston Post, April 21 The Mexican War
Report on the Massachusetts Lesgislature and its stanceon the war and Gen. Taylor

RE47v43n105p4c3, April 30, 1847
Comment about an excerpt from a federal sheet about Taylor and Santa Anna

RE47v43n105p4c3, April 30, 1847: Another Presidental Hero
Comments about Gen. Scott and the next presidential election

RE47v43n105p4c3, April 30, 1847
Comments about mistakes made by the Union regarding the war

RE47v43n105p4c4, April 30, 1847: The Causes of the War
Extract rom the Democratic Review about the justification of the war

RE47v43n105p4c5, April 30, 1847: Arrival of More Troops
Ancouncment of the arrival of more US troops headed for Point Isabel and Monterey

RE47v43n105p4c5, April 30, 1847: Prospects in California
Report about the insurrection in California

RE47v43n105p4c1, April 30, 1847: Later from Vera Cruz
Orders from Gen. Scott for the march-Gen. Twiggs and Gen. Quitman moved thier commands upon Jalapa

RE47v43n105p4c1, April 30, 1847: Two Days Later from Mexico
Resignation of Vice President Farias
Union of Santa Anna and the Church Party
Affairs at Vera Cruz and movement of troops

RE47v43n105p4c2, April 30, 1847: Progress of General Kearney-Battle of San Pasqual
Letter from a man with General Kearney describing the encounters of the General and his men as they moved through California

April 30, 1847 not legible

RE47v43n105p1c6, April 30, 1847
Annoucement of a death in the war

RE47v43n104p3c1, April 27, 1847: Volunteers Wanted
AD requesting volunteers to go and fight in the war

RE47v43n104p3c1, April 27, 1847: Late and Important from Mexico
Annoucement of new of the capitulation at Mexico
Santa Anna's address to his men
Preparations to meet Gen. Scott at the National Bridge
Santa Anna to take command

RE47v43n104p4c5, April 27, 1847: From the New Orleans Tropic'
Comments about the political views of Gen. Jackson regarding the war

RE47v43n104p4c6, April 27, 1847: From Vera Cruz
Report about the actions of Gen. Scott at Vera Cruz

RE47v43n104p4c6, April 27, 1847: From the Capital
Report about the end to the conflict in Mexico City

RE47v43n104p4c6, April 27, 1847: From the Union's Balitmore Correspondent, April 22 Important from California
Report of the naval activities in California-information on battle

RE47v43n104p4c1, April 27, 1847: Letter from General Taylor
Private letter to General E. G. W. Butler from General Taylor giving information about troop movement

RE47v43n104p4c2, April 27, 1847: Gen. Taylor-Mexican Banditti
Order from General Taylor referring to a Mexican banditti on the private adn public property on the route from Camargo to Monterey

REvXLiiii104p4c3, April 27, 1847: Capture of Alvardo-Return of General Quitman to Vera Cruz
Letter to the Secretary of Navy from commodore Perry about Perry and Scotts' plans to take Alvarado

RE47v43n104p4c3, April 27, 1847: from the N.O. Tropic
Information about the troops with Taylor and Wool and their positions

RE47v43n104p4c4, April 27, 1847
Comment about the war and aquiring territory and what should happen to that territory in regards to the slavery question

RE47v43n103p2c5, April 23, 1847: Fruits of the War
Comments about Whig beliefs on the war and an extract from the New Orleans Picayune which speaks about the future of the acquired land

RE47v43n103p2c6, April 23, 1847:
Extract from the Sun about an illumination in Baltimore created in honor of the men fighting in Mexico

RE47v43n103p2c6, April 23, 1847: The Late Col. Clay
Letter from General Taylor to Elon H. Clay about the death of his son

RE47v43n103p4c5, April 23, 1847
Comment about why the Philadelphia Spirit did not illuminate thier ofice on account of General Taylor's victory

RE47v43n103p4c6, April 23, 1847: The Battle of Buena Vista
Comments about a column from the N.O. Bulletin about the war-information about the conduct of the Indiana and Arkansas
volunteers, information about other regiments as well-Kentucky, Mississippi

RE47v43n103p4c6, April 23, 1847: Battle of Buena Vista
Report on first of the enemy at Buena Vista and a story about the Mississippi Regiment

RE47v43n103p4c6, April 23, 1847: Correspondece of the N.O. Tropic-the way General Taylor inspires his soldiers
Report on General Taylors actions during the battle

RE47v43n103p4c6, April 23, 1847: Whipped without Knowing it
Story about the conduct of the Mississippi Regiment during the battle at Buena Vista

RE47v43n103p4c6, April 23, 1847: Correspondence of the New York Sun
Report about Santa Anna-leaving his men and returning to Mexico City which is in the middle of a rebellion

RE47v43n104p1c4, April 27, 1847
Extract from the New Orleans Delta about the Whig nomination of General Taylor for President

RE47v43n104p1c6, April 27, 1847: Later from California
Report that information has been gained from file published at Monterey and Upper California-mention of insurgence.

RE47v43n104p1c6, April 27, 1847: Correspondence of the Journal of Commerce
Report that war in California is over

RE47v43n104p1c6, April 27, 1847: From the California of Jan 23
Comments on how those in California want to become part of the US, report on US naval activity

RE47v43n104p1c6, April 27, 1847: From the California of Jan 23
Arrival of the US Ship Independence

RE47v43n104p1c6, April 27, 1847: New from the Seas of War
Report on the conflict near the PUeblo de los Angles between US forces under the command of Com. Stockton and California forces under
the command of Gen. Flores

RE47v43n104p1c7, April 27, 1847: Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the territory of California
Letter from Commodore Stockton about the battle that took place on the march to Pueblo.

RE47v43n104p2c5, April 27, 1847: To Arms! To Arms!
Annoucement that two more companies of volunteers have been called to serve in Mexico

RE47v43n104p2c6, April 27, 1847: Guns
Report of the number of cannon capture by US forces in Mexico and where they were taken

RE47v43n104p4c7, April 27, 1847: The Clergy in Favor of Peace
Report from the NY Sun's correspondent that the clergy in Mexico favor peace and are willing to give up territory to gain it, they wish the
army dissolved and a guarantee that the laws and constitution will remain in place.

RE47v43n103p4c7, April 23, 1847: From the New York Heral
Report that Trist has left for Mexico with important dispatches

RE47v43n103p4c3, April 23, 1847: Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun
Prospects of Peace, Revenues of the Mexican tarriff, Santa Anna's boundary change, Col. Price's Victories, National Salute and Illumination

RE47v43n103p4c3, April 23, 1847
Report about Secretary Walker's system of military contributions, comments about how the loss of the castle will cause people in Mexico
to deisre peace

REvXLIIIIi103p4c3, April 23, 1847: Offical Despatches from our armies
Letters from General Taylor and Col. Price giving details about the achievements of the army

RE47v43n102p4c1, April 20, 1847: Later from Vera Cruz
Report of the garrisons in Vera Cruz and the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa leaving
Actions taken by Gen. Scott dealing with the citizens of Vera Cruz
Troop movement from Vera Cruz

RE47v43n102p4c1, April 20, 1847: Late from Mexico
Santa Anna's address to his army, his arrival in Mexico City, his inauguration and his inauguration address, and policies of his administration

RE47v43n102p4c2, April 20, 1847: Late from Vera Cruz
General Scott's orders upon the capture of the city and also the Tariff of Duties insituted by General Wool

RE47v43n102p4c4, April 20, 1847: News from Mexico
Extract from the Republicano about the arrival and inauguration of Santa Anna, reports on the new governments plans for peace, info on the
Mexican army, information on the movement of US troops and extract from the Picayune from thier correspondent at Vera Cruz-info about
the city, inhabitantes, damage done to it

RE47v43n102p4c5, April 20, 1847: The True Issues Before the People
Comments on how the Federalist leaders are trying to make the Mexican war a very important topic-all other topics are unimportant

RE47v43n103p1c1, April 23, 1847: Offical Despatches
Detailed report of the Battle of Buena Vista

RE47v43n103p1c4, April 23, 1847: Later from Vera Cruz
Surrender of Alvarado and the taken of the city, interview with Lieutenant Barton and Brasher

RE47v43n103p1c4, April 23, 1847: Later from Vera Cruz
Report on the movement of naval ships and army, and report on the suspected movement of Mexican forces

RE47v43n103p1c4, April 23,1847: Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune
Fall of Alvarado, rumors from Mexico about Santa Anna putting down the rebellion in the city, report on the movement of the army

REvCLIIIi103p1c4, April 23, 1847: Vera Cruz, Mexico
Report from a man who left Mexico City about the fighting taking place within the city, American deserters within the city, suspected
movement of the Mexican forces

REvCLIIIi103p1c5, April 23, 1847: Vera Cruz,April 6, 1847
Report on movement of American forces and Mexican forces, rumors of attack on captain Thorton's Company, arrival of a group to perform
in the theater in the city

REvCLIIIi103p1c5, April 23, 1847: Headquarters of the Army, Vera Cruz, April 3, 1847
General Orders-number19 from General Scott

RE47v43n103p1c5, April 23, 1847: Gen. Houston-The Mexican War
General Houston's address to the people at San Augustine Texas

RE47v43n103p1c6, April 23, 1847
General Tayor's letter printed in the Picayune makes commements about the battle at Buena Vista and Taylor being named a presidential

RE47v43n103p1c7, April 23, 1847: Arrival of Troops
Arrival of the steamboat Dominion from Pittsburg, list of those aboard

RE47v43n103p4c1, April 23, 1847
Report on the opinion ofthe Whigs, Federalists etc. think about the war, results of a Democratic Republican General Committee meeting
dealing with the war

RE47v43n103p2c1, April23, 1847: Offical Despatches From New Mexico
An aacount of the "revolution" that occured in New Mexico

RE47v43n103p2c2, April 23, 1847: Extract of a Letter dated Santa Fe, New Mexico, Feb17, 1847
Letter about US troop movement and encounters within the New Mexican territory

RE47v43n103p2c3, April 23, 1847: Latest from Saltillo and Monterey
Extract from the N.O. Delta about the battle of Buena Vista, information on troop movement, confirmation on statements made about men

RE47v43n102p1c2, April 20, 1847: Tarif in the Mexican Port
Reponse to Whig comments about the President imposing a tariff on conquered areas on Mexico

RE47v43n102p1c4, April 20, 1847: From the New Orleans Delta, April 9th, Details of the Actions which occured on the 22 and 23
Report on troop actions and movement on the field of Angostura, also has information on Mexican troop movement

RE47v43n102p1c7, April 20, 1847: Trade with Mexico
Report on the first vessel to intiate trade in Vera Cruz

RE47v43n102p2c1, April 20, 1847: Latest from Monterey and the Rio Gande
Information brought by passengers on different boats about the events in Mexico-report of a fight between Gen. Taylor and Gen. urea and Canales proves false, arrival of the Ohio Volunteers, future plans for Gen. Taylor, excertps from the Flag of the 3d inst.

RE47v43n102p2c1, April 20, 1847: From Vera Cruz
Annoucement of the arrival of the ship Louisville, a newspaper as been started at Vera Cruz, comments made by Gen. Scott on behaviors of
the soldiers, orders from Gen. Wool, treatment of the mexicans and mexican reaction to Americans

RE47v43n102p2c2 April 20, 1847: Correspondenceof the N.O. Picayune
All is quiet at Vera Cruz, arrival of a British steamer, movement of troops

RE47v43n102p2c2, April 20, 1847: Important from Santa Fe
Letter to Robert Clay from John Black about details concerning a massacre at Taos and the battles that followed and were fought by the US

RE47v43n102p2c3, April 20, 1847: Great Democratic Meeting in the City of Norfolk
Resolutions passed at the meeting dealing with Gen. Taylor and Scott

RE47v43n102p2c4, April 20, 1847: "Save me from my friends, I will take care of my enemies"
Comments made by Mr. Botts about Santa Anna, exchange of prisoners, movement of forces-and opinion on Mr. Botts comments

RE47v43n102p2c5, April 20, 1847
Comments about the opinion of the Whigs regarding the war, including excerpts from Whig papers

RE47v43n102p2c7, April 20, 1847: For the Enquirer
Urging voters to vote for a candidate that supports the war

RE47v43n102p2c7, April 20, 1847: More Troops to be Raised
Quote from the Washington Union calling for more volunteers to go to Mexico

RE47v43n101p2c3, April 16, 1847
Report on a response by Richard S. Coxe to a spech by "Lone Star" Pendleton where Pendleton tried to destroy the validity for the war with

RE47v43n101p2c4, April 16, 1847: Pro Patria
Editorial defending Polk, the tariff, and the war

RE47v43n101p2c4, April 16, 1847: Extracts showing the conduct of the Federalists of 1812 &c.
Quotes about going to war with Mexico, speaking out against the government to go to war

RE47v43n101p2c4, April 16, 1847
Comparing the behavior of the federalists during the war with Great Britain to the behavior now of the Whig party

RE47v43n101p2c5, April 16, 1847: To Willoughby Newton ESQ., and his Lieutenant "Themistocles"
Pointing out contridictions between the words of Willoughby Newton and Themistocles with regards to the war and their actions-words are
different from thier actions

RE47v43n101p2c6, April 16, 1847: Appointments by the President
Annoucnment of promotions/appointments made by the President to Brigadier General Gideon J.Pillow, Brigadier General John A. Quitman
and Colonel Calbe Cushing

REvXLIII101p2c7, April 16, 1847: For the Whig, Enquirer, Republican and Complier and all others who it may concern "Mr. Bott on the
Willmont Provision-Important Development."
Expresses questions about the extent of the Willmont Provision in the newly acquired Mexican territory, speaks of how the South doesn't
want Mexico or any more land, debates slavery issue

RE47v43n101p3c2, April 16, 1847: Important from Mexico
Speaks of the Capitol during the Revolution, fall of Gen. Farias and the Anti-Church Party, the prospects of restoration with Santa Anna

RE47v43n101p4c1, April 16, 1847: Late from the City of Mexico
State of the Revolution in the city, the fall of Chihuahua, Santa Anna's progress to the capital, Mexican reports on battles

RE47v43n101p4c1, April 16, 1847
Correspondent from the Picayune writes about the defenders of Vera Cruz and American forces-gives comments on bravery, skill, etc

RE47v43n101p4c2, April 16, 1847
Reponse to a Whig report about the comments made by Mr. Leak about General Taylor, and the war

RE47v43n101p4c3, April 16, 1847: The War
Extract from the Picayune about troop movement, who has control of what land, and other general military operations information

RE47v43n101p4c4, April 16, 1847: Incidents at Vera Cruz
Despatches excluded from yesterday's paper about Vera Cruz, gives the umber killed, the amount of ammunition used by US forces, actions
of General Scott, praise of the performance of the Orandance, quote from a Navy officer about the operation at Vera Cruz; account of Col.
Harney's run in with Mexican horses, which had apparentlly been exaggerated.

RE47v43n101p4c5, April 16, 1847: "Growing Beautifully Less"
Letter from Mexico city printed in the Tampico, which speaks of Santa Anna's arrival, and the anticipation of

RE47v43n101p4c5, April 16, 1847: The Approaching Election-The Mexican War &c. to the voters of the 6th congressional district
Comments about remarks made by the Whigs regarding the war with Mexico-reasons why it couldn't have been avoided etc., President Polk, points to the differences between Mr. Bott and Mr. Leake in their stances on the war

RE47v43n100p4c1, April 13, 1847: Battle of Buena Vista
Letter printed in the Union from Lt. Colonel Mansfield to another officer in the city. Gives a detailed account of the battle at Buena Vista,
listing some of those killed, troop actions etc.

RE47v43n100p2c7, April 13, 1847: Triumph of American Arms
Reports of despatches that give the news of the surrender of Vera Cruz and the castle. Extract from the Union about the incident; gives the
opinion that now the Mexicans would sue for peace; speaks against the Whigs and thier lack of faith in the war

RE47v43n100p3c1, April 13, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer
Opinion about and account of the surrender of Vera Cruz; speaks of "Virginia boys" with Taylor

RE47v43n100p4c3, April 13, 1847: The Approaching Elections
Call to uphold an administration that supports the war in Mexico

RE47v43n100p4c4, April 13, 1847: Commemoration of the Vict ry
New flag at teh Richomond Fayette Artillery in honor of the victory in Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p4c5, April 13, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer
Response to Whig claims that Virginia is against the war and other remarks said about the war by Whigs

RE47v43n100p4c5, April 13, 1847: Glorious News
Report about the surrender of Vera Cruz and the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa

RE47v43n100p4c5, April 13, 1847: Capture of Vera Cruz
Details about the surrender of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p4c6, April 13, 1847: From the New Orleans Delta, April 2 From Vera Cruz
Report on the bombardment of Vera Cruz

RE47v43n100p4c6, April 13,1847: later from the Brazos
Letters from Santa Anna about the lose, troop movement

RE47v43n101p1c1, April 16, 1847: Public Meeting in Richmond
Report on resolutions passed by the legislature dealing with the war

RE47v43n101p1c1, April 16, 1847
Opinion about the Whigs stance on nominating Taylor for president when he is fighting a war that the Whigs do not support

RE47v43n101p1c2, April 16, 1847: Prospects of Peace
Report on the prospects of peace negotiations printed in the N.O. Commercial Times

RE47v43n101p1c3, April 16, 1847
Report on the future movements of General Scott

RE47v43n101p1c3, April 16, 1847: The Discussion
'Debate between Mr. Botts and Mr. Leake mentioning their stances on the war

RE47v43n101p2c1, April 16, 1847: The Coming Struggle
Report on the upcoming election and the issues that will play a large role in the campaigning-war is one of them

RE47v43n99p2c3, April 9, 1847: Texas Sugar
Article about Whig opinion on the annexation of Texas and comments given in its defense-economic reasons-sugar

RE47v43n99p3c2, April 9, 1847
Confirmation on the massacre at Taos

RE47v43n99p3c2, April 9, 1847: From the Camp
Article about a letter sent from General Taylor to his trops on the battle field after they won

RE47v43n99p4c1, April9, 1847:
Reponse to a Whig comment, about the President, made in the N.Y. Express

RE47v43n99p4c1, April 9,1847
Report about a dinner held for Col. Cushing who felt due to pressure that he needed to join his men in Mexico

RE47v43n99p4c1, April 9, 1847
Article from the N. Y. Herlad about the President and his administration-succes of Taylor, loss of men, desire for peace

RE47v43n99p4c2, April 9, 1847
Letter from the first Company Petersburg Volunteers-sightings of the Mexicans, building of fortifications, Virginia Regiment leaving for Monterey, excellent rations, general opinion is that war is almost over

RE47v43n99p1c1, April 9, 1847: Good News from the Northwest
Article about support for the war; Whig non-support for the war; nominations for democratic candidate-Taylor

RE47v43n99p1c2, April 9, 1847
Resolutions adopted by the people of New Orleans dealing with the war-about Buena Vista, Taylor, loss of men

RE47v43n99p2c1, April 9, 1847
Report on Taylor's nomination as presidential candidate for the Whigs

RE47v43n99p2c2, April 9, 1847: The Tariff for Mexico
Reponse to Whig opinions and actions taken with regard to the tariff

RE47v43n99p2c5, April 9, 1847: Messrs, Leake adn Goggin at Charlottesville
Point of view of a spectator at the disscussion between Messrs,Leake and Goggin-speak of victories in the war, debat about claims to the
territory below the Nueces River

RE47v43n99p2c5, April 9, 1847; To the Editors of the Enquirer
Gives views of Mr. Bocock and Irving on the war, territory, and what should be done

RE47v43n99p2c6, April 9, 1847: Correspondence of the N. Orleans Picayune
Report on the revolution in Mexico City

RE47v43n101p1c5, April 16, 1847
Discussion about arguments used between the candidates who are campaigning for the upcoming election

RE47v43n101p1c5, April 16, 1847: To the Editors of the Enquirer: The Discussion
Discussion about a candidate and his view on the war, and Texas

RE47v43n97p1c2, April 2, 1847
Letter extract from Lieutenant Porterfiled of the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers-news of Gen. Taylor, position of the first Battalion
of Virginia Volunteers

RE47v43n97p1c2, April 2, 1847: The Victory Confirmed
Confirmation of the win at Buena Vista; defeat of Santa Anna; position of troops during battle

RE47v43n97p1c7, April 2, 1847: Glorious Victory
Win at Buena Vista against the odds; no desptaches have been recieved; defesat confirmed by documents from Mexico

RE47v43n97p1c3, April 2, 1847: Why no call them Federalists?
Opinions about the Federalists party's stance on the war with Mexico

RE47v43n97p1c4, April 2, 1847: To Walter D. Leake Esq.
Questions concerning Leake's stance on the war and the controversies that it has caused

RE47v43n97p1c4, April 2, 1847: Why no call them Federalists?
Strong statments about the Whigs stance on the war

RE47v43n97p4c1, April 2, 1847: Victory!!
New of thebattle of Buena Vista; the triumph of American forces; General Taylor's victory and Santa Anna's defeat; number of loss
on both sides

RE47v43n97p4c1, April 2, 1847: Santa Anna's Offical Despatch
An offical despatch from Santa Anna to the Minister of War, originally printed in the Sentinel; gives details about losses, the restreat
back to Agua Nueva

RE47v43n97p4c2, April 2, 1847: Correspondence of the New Orelan Times
Information about officers wounded and the movement of officers; Santa Anna's defeat; length of battle

RE47v43n97p4c2, April 2, 1847: Battle of Buena Vista
More details about the battle of Buena Vista; losses on both sides; details about the fighting, troop movement and officers

RE47v43n97p4c3, April 2, 1847: Further from Tampico and the Brazos
Information recieved about Mexican forces; newspapers claiming Santa Anna's glory and positions taken; a letter talking about the defeat
of the Mexican army and the devastating situation among the troops-hungry, cold etc.

RE47v43n97p4c3, April 2, 1847: Additional particulars
List of those killed and wounded on the American side; Information about Taylor's position; arrival of Col. Morgan at Monterey; capturing of
US wagons by the Mexicans; escape of a lady

RE47v43n97p4c4, April 2, 1847: From the N.O. Delta, March 22
Account of a doctor escaping Monterey and talking to a correspondent about the battle; gives details about the battle

RE47v43n97p4c4, April 2, 1847: News from the Seat of War
Information gained from an arriving boat that the US did win the battle; despatches have not reached port yet; report of many dead

RE47v43n97p4c5, April 2, 1847: The glorious new from the army
Column about the victory; comments about losses, movement of Virginia regiments, Whig opposition to the war

RE47v43n97p4c5, April 2, 1847
Comments about reports in Whig papers and the triumph of the army

RE47v43n97p4c5, April 2, 1847: The fortunes of war
information about volunteer regiments; many upset that they had been ordered to Taylor before Buena Vista; volunteers were ready for the

RE47v43n97p4c6, April 2, 1847
Information about a company formed and headed by R.W. Heath; information about Heath and his military performance

RE47v43n97p4c7, April 2, 1847
Information about regiments to be formed; where they will be sent and how many

RE47v43n97p3c1, April 2, 1847: Public- No.6
Printing of an act that will raise for a short time additional military forces

RE47v43n97p2c1, April 2, 1847: Important from Vera Cruz
Information about the successful landing of troops at the city and how US forces have cut off supplies and water from the Mexicans

RE47v43n97p2c1, April 2, 1847: Lates from Vera Cruz!
Detailed information about the landing at Vera Cruz from a correspondent; information about boat locations; troop movement-moving to
shore and landing; information about the shooting; information about the number of Mexican troops present; movment of troops around the
city to suround it

RE47v43n97p2c3, April 2, 1847: From the New Orlean Times March 23
Information about the landing at Sacrificios; reports of Mexican troops; small fighting between the US and Mexicans; report of Col. Curtis in
chase of Gen. Urrea-retreat of Mexican forces, dissappointment of US forces; report of ships acting as transport ships for the military

RE47v43n97p2c4, April 2, 1847: Democratic Candidate for the 6th Congressional District Walter D. Leake
Opinion about the Whig stance on the war, election, blame on the President; contains excerpts from despatches from the Secretary of war

REvXLIIi97p2c5, April 2, 1847: Interesting from the South
Information on Gen. Urrea-position, US in pursuit, retreat and reopening of communications on the Rio Grande; information that maybe the
information about Gen. Urrea might not be true; report of the number of Mexican troops engaged in a battle with US forces at Camargo; info
about the batlle at Buena Vista; information about position of Virginia regiments; contains excerpts from other papers

RE47v43n97p1c5, April 2, 1847: Eight Days Later from Saltillo
More information about the battle of Buena Vista; arrival of Dr. Turner; Despatches from Col. Curtis; general orders issued by Santa Anna

RE47v43n97p1c6, April 2, 1847: Further Particulars
Reinforcement of Taylor's troops and status of those men; prediction of another battle even though SantaAnna has retreated; communication
has been opened between Monterey and Saltillo which will help Taylor

RE47v43n97p1c6, April 2, 1847: Rough and Ready
Information about a past battle fought by Taylor, which afterwards he was named Major-battle occured in 1812


RE44i1p1c4, May 4, 1847: FROM GEN. SCOTT’S CAMP
A brief letter from General Scott dated April 8, 1847 discussing possible advance to Jalapa. Printed in the Baltimore Sun and in the Union.

RE44i1p1c5, May 4, 1847: A LETTER WITHOUT AN ANSWER
A letter to General Taylor by 22 gentlemen of Philadelphia requesting his acceptance of a nomination for President.

RE44i1p1c6, May 4, 1847: APPOINTMENTS IN THE ARMY
From the Times. A list of recent Presidential Military Appointments.

To the Editors of the Republican from Camargo Mexico, March 29, 1874.

From the N.O. Delta of April 24. From the steamship Trumbull just arrived from Brazos. Nothing further is known about Gen. Taylor’s future movements. The Flag reports of violence and robbery.

RE44i1p1c4, May 4, 1847: UNTITLED
Lays out the standards for the Whig party’s presidential nominee. One requirement being that he be opposed to the acquisition of Mexican territory west of the Rio Grande.

RE44i1p1c4, May 4, 1847: UNTITLED
Nothing new from Gen. Scott. Last report on April 11th contained arguments for the advance to the capital.

RE44i1p1c5, May 4, 1847: INTERESTING LETTER
A letter dated April 1, 1847 coming from a highly respectable and reliable source which presents the most intelligent view of affairs inside Mexico. Reprinted from the New Orleans Delta.

RE44i1p4c1, May 4, 1847: LATER FROM VERA CRUZ
From the Picayune April 23. Covers Intelligence, American Advances, Santa Anna’s preparations of defence, and the supposed battle fought on April 15th. Correspondence from Vera Cruz dated April 13 and 14, and from Camp at San Juan dated April 14. Proclamation to the good people of Mexico from General Scott.

RE44i1p4c2, May 4, 1847: SUMMARY JUSTICE
Gen. Scott says that Americans will not abuse power that war has given them. As reported from the Vera Cruz Eagle of April 14th.

RE44i1p4c2, May 4, 1847: OFFICIAL
Washington Union reports that letter have just been received at the War Department from Gen. Taylor. Most recent bears date of 28 March. From camp near Monterey.

N.Y. Tribune reports that a resolution proposed by Mr. Keyes has passed the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, condemning the war.

RE44i1p4c3, May 4, 1847: UNTITLED
A letter from a young Virginian in Santa Fe details the bravery of all Americans.

RE44i2p1c5, May 7, 1847: DESPATCHES
The Washington Union printed recently arrived despatches from Gen. Kearny explaining his first encounter with Mexican troops, his junction with Commodore Stockton and their joint engagement with the Mexicans on the 8th and 9th of January, and his arrival in San Diego.

From the Matamoras Flag of March 31. Details the heroics of the 1st Mississippi Regiment under Davis’ command.

Kearny’s letters dated Dec. 12 and 13, 1846 from San Diego and Jan. 12 and 14, 1847 from Los Angeles to the War Department. Col. Doniphan’s Letters from Chihuahua dated March 4 and 20, 1847.

Editors make clear their position on building a canal across the Isthmus that would link that Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. While they have not officially lobbied Congress for such construction, they have urged the importance of acquiring the “right of way” to do so.

RE44i2p4c2, May 7, 1847: FROM THE RIO GRANDE
From the New Orleans Delta, April 27. General Taylor is still at Walnut Springs and does not intend to leave there for some time. Contains excerpts from the Matamoras Flag or the 18th of April and the Monterey Pioneer of the 12th.

RE44i2p4c7, May 7, 1847: HONOR THE BRAVE
Citizens of Richmond honor Gen D.E. Twiggs, while Warren country N.C. honors Braxton Bragg.

RE44i3p1c1, May 11, 1847: BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO
From the Picayune May 1. Further details from G.W. Kendall writing from Plan Del Rio on April 16 and 17th, 1847.

RE44i3p1c4, May 11, 1847: UNTITLED
Reports from the New Orleans Courier which provide an extensive discussion of the many attempts by the United States to close the war with Mexico. No matter what the Whigs say, War could not be avoided.

RE44i3p1c5, May 11, 1847: ISTHMUS OF TEHUANTEPEC
Reports from the N.O. Delta that a topographical survey is to be made of the area.

RE44i3p1c6, May 11, 1847: OFFICIAL
Inspector General’s report from Vera Cruz dated March 5, 1847. Signed E.A. Hitchcock. Illegible.

From the Picayune, May 2. Covers Suppression of the Vice Presidency in Mexico, a new plan of Government, Election of Anaya as president substitute and his inaugural address, and Santa Anna’s address to congress.

RE44i3p2c3, May 11, 1847: LATER FROM VERA CRUZ
From the New Orleans Picayune Extra, May 3. Details concerning the Capture of Tuspan. Correspondence of the Picayune from Vera Cruz dated April 23, 1847.

From the Washington Union, May 8. The White House was brilliantly illuminated to commemorate the first anniversary of the battle of Palo Alto.

RE44i3p2c4, May 11, 1847: UNTITLED
Massachusetts refuses to vote thanks to General Taylor and his army.

RE44i3p2c4, May 11, 1847: THE GREAT WEST
The Washington Union presents its preferred route for a transcontinental railroad, rejecting the idea of a canal across the isthmus of Tehuantepec.

RE44i3p2c5, May 11, 1847: OFFICIAL
Despatch from General Scott. From Plan del Rio, 50 miles from Vera Cruz. Dated April 19, 1847.

RE44i3p4c1, May 11, 1847: IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE!
  Another Glorious Victory at the Battle of Cerro Gordo. From the Picayune Extra, April 30. Santa Anna again defeated in a pitched battle by General Scott. Six thousand Mexican prisoners taken. 500 casualties. General La Vega once again a prisoner. All Correspondence by G.W.K.

RE44i3p4c5, May 11, 1847: A JUST TRIBUTE
Polk Administration should be given the credit it deserves for running an excellent despite all the opposition.

RE44i3p4c5, May 11, 1847: UNTITLED
Praise for General Scott from the Philadelphia North American.

RE44i3p4c6, May 11, 1847: UNTITLED
Louisiana State Legislature gives thanks to General Taylor and his troops.

RE44i3p4c7, May 11, 1847: UNTITLED
Regret to see names of Virginians on wounded list from Cerro Gordo.

RE44i3p4c7, May 11, 1847: FROM MONTEREY
Reports of inhumane murders which General Taylor resolved to punish.

RE44i4p1c1, May 14, 1847: UNTITLED
The Vera Cruz Eagle looks to the probably necessity of the military occupation of Mexico in case she should refuse to enter into a negotiation for peace.

RE44i4p1c3, May 14, 1847: OFFICIAL
Singular brief dispatch received at the Navy Department concerning the capture of Tuspan. From the Flag Ship Mississippi at sea 20 miles north of Vera Cruz. Dated April 24, 1847. Signed M.C. Perry.

RE44i4p1c3, May 14, 1847: UNTITLED
The Houston Telegraph contradicts the report that General Lamar and his corps had been surrounded and cut off by the Mexicans. (Full Text)

RE44i4p1c3, May 14, 1847: LATEST FROM CHIHUAHUA
Col. Doniphan reports to General Taylor.

The trial, Defense, and Reprimand of Lieutenant Charles G. Hunter, before a Naval Court Martial.

From the Washington Union, by Robert Greenhow.

RE44i4p1c7, May 14, 1847: LATE FROM MEXICO
Summary of papers received from Mexico revealing the state of internal affairs.

RE44i4p1c7, May 14, 1847: FROM SANTA FE
Body of Col. Burnshead found in ravine.

General Taylor is still at Walnut Springs. He has heard of his nomination from several people. He appears chagrinned but will not communicate why.

From the Picayune, May 6. Covers the following: Jalapa surrendered, Perote in the the possession of U.S. Army, Advance of the Americans towards Puebla, Movements of Santa Anna, Mexican Version of the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Guerilla War, State of the Capital, Popular feeling in the country, British offer if of Mediation, American Prisoners, Majs. Borland and Gaines and Capt. Clay and their commands.

RE44i4p2c4, May 14, 1847: WHO BROUGHT ABOUT THIS WAR?
General Scott and the Nashville Whig say Mexico.

RE44i4p2c5, May 14, 1847: SANTA ANNA “MR. POLK’S GENERAL”
Editors admit that Mr. Polk allowed Santa Anna to return to Mexico and maintain that it was a stroke of genius on his part.

RE44i4p2c5, May 14, 1847: INTERESTING FROM MEXICO
Scott’s proposed movements as described in the N.O. Delta.

RE44i4p2c6, May 14, 1847: THE MARCH TO MEXICO
Puebla is the only place of possible resistance to General Scott on his way to Mexico City.

RE44i4p2c6, May 14, 1847: UNTITLED
Reports given to the N.O. Delta say that General Taylor has succeeded in communicating with General Scott.

RE44i4p2c6, May 14, 1847: UNTITLED
Casualties from Cerro Gordo will be above 400. New Orleans papers will publish names immediately.

RE44i4p4c1, May 14, 1847: THE BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO
As told by Captain Hughes of the Topographical Corps in the N.O. Delta. Further Particulars include  the American Loss, the Mexican Loss, the fortitude of the Americans contrasted with the weakness of the Mexicans, Surgical operations, and Capt. Mason. Dated May 4.

RE44i4p4c6, May 14, 1847: TAYLOR AND HIS GENERALS
A book illustrated with engravings that costs 25 cents.

RE44i4p4c7, May 14, 1847: GENERAL PILLOW
Praise from the Mobile Register for his efforts at Cerro Gordo.

RE44i5p2c1, May 18, 1847: OFFICIAL DESPATCHES
From the U.S. Flag Ship Mississippi. April 19-24, 1847.

RE44i5p2c2, May 18, 1847: LATER FROM MEXICO
Prospect of Peace. Peace is likely because destruction is the only other option.

RE44i5p2c2, May 18, 1847: LATER FROM MEXICO
Covers: Plan of Campaign, Guerilla War, State of Mexico, Santa Anna, Important Rumors from the City of Mexico, Probably Cessation of Hostilities, Return of Volunteers, Military orders, Probably recovery of Gen. Shields, Arrival of Gen. Pillow, Lieut. Col. Anderson and Co.

RE44i5p4c1, May 18, 1847: FROM THE CITY OF MEXICO
Includes information regarding: Battle of Buena Vista, Santa Anna’s oath against peace, Morales and Landero under arrest, Generals appointed to fortify the towns, Nuns of Santa Clara, Fire in Monterey, Mexican accounts of American Oppression, revolution in New Mexico, and Tampico.

Arrival at Saltillo and the exchange of prisoners. From the Cincinnati Atlas, May 7.

RE44i5p4c3, May 18, 1847: UNTITLED
Union refutes claims that Gen. Scott has been ordered to stay at Jalapa.

RE44i5p4c3, May 18, 1847: UNTITLED
Union says efforts of the Mexican Diario in Washington are futile.

RE44i5p4c3, May 18, 1847: VOLUNTEERS
Recent troop movements.

RE44i5p4c3, May 18, 1847: NEW BRIGADE FROM MARYLAND
To be commanded by General Smith.

RE44i5p4c3, May 18, 1847: ILLUMINATION OF NEW YORK
From the Pennsylvanian. New York commemorates the battle of Palo Alto.

RE44i5p4c3, May 18, 1847: ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS
Troops to serve in New Mexico.

RE44i5p4c5, May 18, 1847: UNTITLED
Casualties from Cerro Gordo as reported by the Picayune. 44 killed, 263 wounded. One Virginia dead.

RE44i5p4c5, May 18, 1847: UNTITLED
Mr. Bennett of the N.Y. Herald  gives an amusing picture of the moral effect of our wonderful “progress” upon the people of the old world.

RE44i5p4c6, May 18, 1847: HONOR THE BRAVE
Louisiana legislature honors many involved with war.

An editorial questioning the motives of other papers.

RE44i6p1c3, May 21, 1847: UNTITLED
Union says actual reports from Mexico are not as favorable as New Orleans papers make them out to be.

RE44i6p1c3, May 21, 1847: UNTITLED
Picayune reports on the conditions of imprisoned officers.

RE44i6p1c4, May 21, 1847: SOUND LOGIC
Boston Atlas
reports that Massachusetts did not vote to thank Gen. Taylor because such a vote could be mistaken as an approval of war.

RE44i6p1c4, May 21, 1847: AFFAIRS IN MEXICO
Mr. Black, former American Consul in the city of Mexico, comments to Picayune who within Mexico is for war and who is for peace.

RE44i6p1c4, May 21, 1847: DEFENCE OF GENERAL HOUSTON
The Republican questions if one can support Houston, who adamantly speaks out against all Whigs including Gen. Taylor, and yet praise Taylor and Scott for their great accomplishments.

RE44i6p2c1, May 21, 1847: OFFICIAL DESPATCHES
Battle of Cerro Gordo.

RE44i6p2c3, May 21, 1847: FROM GEN. TAYLOR’S ARMY
Excerpts from letters printed in the New Orleans Southerner and the Matamoras Flag.

RE44i6p2c4, May 21, 1847: WHIG POLICY FATAL TO PEACE
Whig press and politics impress false impressions on Mexico.

RE44i6p2c5, May 21, 1847: MEXICAN GRATITUDE
Picayune reports that Mexican General La Vega does not treat American prisoners with the same respect he received when he was a prisoner.

800 with serve for up to 10 years and then settle in California.

RE44i6p2c6, May 21, 1847: TRIBUTE TO THE BRAVE
Loudoun country honors Capt. Stevens T. Mason who lost his leg at Cerro Gordo.

From the N.O. Delta, May 11. Includes coverage of: General Scott’s army pushing to capital, Puebla Surrenders, necessity of reinforcements, and Santa Anna in the Mountains.

RE44i6p4c5, May 21, 1847: JUSTICE TO THE BRAVE
Discussion of the attempts being made to discredit General Pillow.

RE44i6p4c6, May 21, 1847: UNTITLED
Mexicans call upon British to mediate. Peace looks promising.

RE44i6p4c7, May 21, 1847: DESPATCHES
Secretary of War received many dispatches which contained details of Cerro Gordo. As reported by Washington Union.

RE44i7p1c1, May 25, 1847: OFFICIAL DESPATCHES
Continuation of the dispatches which have been received at the war office, accompanying Gen. Scott’s last letter about the battle of Cerro Gordo.

RE44i7p1c5, May 25, 1847: LATER FROM TAMPICO
From the N.O. Times, May 15. Correspondence from Tampico, where writer has access to letters from Mexico.

RE44i7p1c6, May 25, 1847: THE LAST ATTACK IN THE REAR
From the Boston Post. War pays no respect to Religion’s ordinances.

RE44i7p1c6, May 25, 1847: UNTITLED
Regarding charges of cowardice brought against the Indiana Regiments at Buena Vista.

A list of prisoners in Castle of St. Jago furnished by the N.O. Times.

RE44i7p2c6, May 25, 1847: WESTERN INTELLIGENCE
Colonel Benton’s Speech at St. Louis. Began with the subject of Oregon and then moved onto Texas.

Foreign papers praise American victories.

RE44i7p4c1, May 25, 1847: UNTITLED
Promotion of Jefferson Davis to brigadier general in place of Pillow.

RE44i7p4c2, May 25, 1847: FROM GENERAL TAYLOR’S ARMY
Correspondence of the N.O. Picayune. Near Monterey. Dated April 25, 1847. signed J.E.D.

RE44i7p4c2, May 25, 1847: GUERILLA WAR ON THE RIO GRANDE
From the Picayune, May 14. Contains report from Frontier Brigade of Cavlry.

RE44i7p4c4, May 25, 1847: UNTITLED
Memphis Monitor pays tribute to Gen. Dromgoole.

RE44i7p4c5, May 25, 1847: THE BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO
Private letter of Major Wm. Turnbull. From Plan del Rio, April 18.

RE44i7p4c6, May 25, 1847: WHAT GENERAL SCOTT HAS DONE
In 6 weeks Scott has taken 2 cities, 2 castles, and 10,000 arms.

RE44i8p1c1, May 28, 1847: FROM GENERAL TAYLOR’S ARMY
Official dispatches that relate principally to the details of the battle of Buena Vista.

RE44i8p1c5, May 28, 1847: LATE FROM VERA CRUZ
Steamship Mary Kingsland arrives in New Orleans with seven companies of Illinois Volunteers.

Took place on May 20 to honor the glorious achievements of our armies in Mexico.

RE44i8p1c6, May 28, 1847: GENERAL TAYLOR’S POLITICS
From the N.O. Delta.

RE44i8p1c7, May 28, 1847: THE WAR
Mexico refuses peace despite the fact that entire war has been waged in the most lenient manner.

RE44i8p1c7, May 28, 1847: GEN. SCOTT’S POSITION
Picayune reports that return of 3,000 volunteers forces Scott to hold off on marching immediately upon Mexico City.

RE44i8p2c1, May 28, 1847: LATER FROM GEN. SCOTT’S ARMY
Letters from Jalapa and Vera Cruz.

RE44i8p2c2, May 28, 1847: LATER FROM THE BRAZOS
Summary of the Matamoras Flag from May 8th.

RE44i8p2c3, May 28, 1847: THIRD DRAGOONS
Picayune reports change in orders for half of the 3rd Regiment of Dragoons. No longer will they be joining Gen. Taylor.

Extracts from a letter Gen. Taylor wrote to a citizen of Louisiana. Published by N.O. Bulletin.

RE44i8p2c5, May 28, 1847: UNTITLED
Matamoras Flag reports Virginia regiments in fine appearance.

RE44i8p4c1, May 28, 1847: LATER FROM GEN. SCOTT’S ARMY
From the Picayune, May 18. Includes coverage regarding: March on Puebla, Arrival of Volunteers, and the return of Gen. Patterson.

RE44i8p4c3, May 28, 1847: ILLINOIS – FIRST IN THE FIELD AGAIN!
 Praise to Illinois from the Union for turning out new regiments.

RE44i8p4c4, May 28, 1847: FROM MEXICO
Reports on the locations of Generals, both American and Santa Anna.

RE44i8p4c5, May 28, 1847: UNTITLED
A letter in the Picayune from Mr. Kendall regarding Gen. Scott’s reduction of Gen. Taylor’s armies.

RE44i8p4c5, May 28, 1847: UNTITLED
Death of Lieut. Benjamin G. Waters of Alexandria.


RE47v64i9p2c1 June 1, 1847 From the Brazos

RE47v64i9p2c2 June 1, 1847 From Vera Cruz -Mexican Treachery

RE47v64i9p2c4 June 1, 1847 Prospects of Peace

RE47v64i10p1c5 June 4, 1847 Late From the City of Mexico

RE47v64i10p2c1 June 4, 1847 Important from Mexico

RE47v64i10p2c2 June 4, 1847 Later from the Brazos

RE47v64i10p2c4 June 4, 1847 News from the Army

RE47v64i10p4c1 June 4, 1847 Late from General Scott's Army

RE47v64i10p4c3 June 4, 1847 Captain Tuttwall

RE47v64i11p2c1 June 8, 1847 General Taylor and the battle of Buena Vista

RE47v64i11p4c7 June 8, 1847 From General Taylor's Army

RE47v64i12p1c7 June 11, 1847 Operations of the Gulf Squad

RE47v64i12p1c7 June 11, 1847 The Mexican Pirates

RE47v64i12p2c1 June 11, 1847 Important from Mexico

RE47v64i12p2c6 June 11, 1847 The Mexican tariff

RE47v64i12p2c7 June 11, 1847 From General Taylor's Army

RE47v64i12p3c1 June 11, 1847 To Arms

RE47v64i12p4c1 June 11, 1847 Very Late from the City of Mexico

RE47v64i12p4c2 June 11, 1847 Prospects of a Speedy Peace

RE47v64i12p4c5 June 11, 1847 News from Mexico

RE47v64i13p1c3 June 15, 1847 Spanish Opinions on Mexican War

RE47v64i13p2c1 June 15, 1847 Later from Mexico

RE47v64i13p2c1 June 15, 1847 Later from the Army of General Taylor

RE47v64i13p2c3 June 15, 1847 General Scott's Proclamation

RE47v64i13p4c2 June 15, 1847 Later from Vera Cruz

RE47v64i13p4c3 June 15, 1847 Conditions of Peace

RE47v64i14p1c7 June 18, 1847 Important to Discharged Soldiers

RE47v64i14p2c1 June 18, 1847 From Mexico

RE47v64i14p4c1 June 18, 1847 Prospects of Peace

RE47v64i15p1c2 June 22, 1847 The President and Santa Anna

RE47v64i15p2c1 June 22, 1847 From the Army of General Scott

RE47v64i15p2c1 June 22, 1847 From the Army of General Taylor

RE47v64i15p2c2 June 22, 1847 Important from Mexico City

RE47v64i15p2c2 June 22, 1847 Latest from Vera Cruz

RE47v64i15p2c3 June 22, 1847 Letter from Mexico

RE47v64i15p4c1 June 22, 1847 Important from Mexico

RE47v64i15p4c3 June 22, 1847 The Army in Mexico

RE47v64i16p2c1 June 25 1847 Later from Vera Cruz

RE47v64i16p4c2 June 25 1847 Mexican Items

RE47v64i16p4c3 June 25 1847 British Opinions

RE47v64i17p2c1 June 29 1847 Highly Important from Mexico

RE47v64i17p2c2 June 29 1847 Later from Vera Cruz


Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p1c2   1304 words


Tuesday, Dec. 29th, 1846.


Mr. Stephenson referring to the publication by Capt. E.C. Carrington, Jr., (made in the Times and Compiler of this, Tuesday, morning) said that it exhibited a strange difficulty which had arisen between the Executive and that officer, which he thought ought to receive the attention of the House, and in order to bring the matter before it he offered the following resolution:

           Resolved, That the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia be requested to furnish this House with a copy of a correspondence between himself, as Adjutant General, and Captain Carrington, in relation to the expenses incurred by said Carrington’s company of volunteers.

           Mr. STEPHENSON said, as he understood the difficulty, Capt. Carrington had incurred expenses for clothing his company before it was mustered into the service of the United States, and that the Governor had refused to pay these expenses out of the fund appropriated by the Legislature. He understood that the Governor refused on the ground that the appropriation was for provisions only, and not for clothing. The Governor had taken ground not designed by the Legislature, and throw on Capt. Carrington the burthen of a debt which he ought not to be forced to pay. It was not his design, nor did he believe it to be the design of this House, that nay such responsibility should be thrown on any of the officers of the new regiment. He had coated for the bill, as he believed the House did, with the design that all expenses, whether for provisions or anything else necessary for the volunteers, were to be paid out of the appropriation. It would be hard, indeed, if a young man, who had by his exertions raised a volunteer company, should be compelled to pay for their clothing. For the information of the House, he stated that, in a conversation for the volunteers would not exceed a thousand dollars;--so that the refusal to pay the bill for clothing did not result form a want of funds, but from something else. He offered the resolution to get the correspondence before the House, so as to relieve Capt. Carrington from his embarrassment.

           The resolution was then adopted.

           Mr. DORMAN, soon after the adoption of Mr. Stephenson’s resolution, arose, and, after referring to it, expressed the opinion that the difficulty referred to by M. Stephenson, could be easily settled by the House. He had no doubt that it was entirely the result of a misconstruction.—He felt satisfied that the Governor had acted conscientiously, according to his construction of the law. But he believed it to be a misconstruction. He felt assured that it was the intention of the Legislature, in making the appropriation, that all legitimate expenses for those things necessary for the comfort and wants of the volunteers were to be paid. But he was convinced this matter could be all settled to the satisfaction of the Governor and Capt. Carrington; and the resolution he would now offer, he believed would have that effect. He would have made it a joint resolution; but the senate was not in session, and would not be possibly until too late to meet the emergency, as the volunteers were probably soon to be ordered on their way to Mexico. He proposed the following resolution:

           Resolved, by the House of Delegates, That it be certified to the Governor of this Commonwealth, that this House, in passing the law appropriating ten thousand dollars for the relief of the Virginia regiment of volunteers, intended to embrace all proper expenses incurred by the officers in charge of the several companies; and that a liberal construction out to be given to said law in disbursing the appropriation aforesaid.

           Mr. STEPHENSON said the resolution met his concurrence. He was prepared to vote for it, and hoped the House was. If it wee adopted, it would do away with the necessity for the resolution he had introduced.

           Mr. BOCOCK was not prepared to vote for the resolution. He had not red the correspondence, and did not know what construction the Governor had placed upon the law. The resolution, Mr. B., said, was a strange one, and presumed to say what the Legislature meant in passing a law. He contended that it was beyond the power of the House of Delegate to construe a law for those who had to execute it. It could neither construe nor change the law. It may be the Governor had construed the law properly; if so, the Legislature could not change his construction, and nothing les than the Legislature could change the law. Mr. B. said the resolution proposed a novel proceeding, and he preferred to await to see the true nature of the difficulty and learn whether it would be more reluctant that he to involve a young mane in a responsibility which did not properly belong to him; but he could not consent to depart form the fundamental principle that it takes both the House of Delegates and the Senate to act in the matter of changing and defining a law.

           Mr. Jones of Chesterfield, confessed himself to be in a situation like that of the gentleman from Buckingham, (Mr. Bocock.) He had not seen the correspondence alluded to. He was nevertheless included to believe form what he had heard among the members of the House, that the construction of the law by the Governor was different form that he (Mr. J.) intended in voting for it. Bur he could see no advantage form the adoption of the resolution. What would the Governor do were it sent to him?  He might declare that he concurred in the sentiments of the resolution, but adhered to his opinion, that his construction had been the proper one—that it had been just and liberal. He might, too question the right of the House to construe the law for him.   Mr. J. though it better not to adopt such a resolution.

           Mr. DORMAN said he would cheerfully acquiesce in the scruples of gentlemen, and consent that the resolution be laid on the table, to give time to examine the correspondence, He moved that it be laid on the table.

           The motion was agreed to.

           Mr. BOCOCK suggested the propriety of obtaining additional information to that called for by Mr. Stephenson’s resolution, (to be added at the end,) which Mr. S. accepted; and, as amended the resolution was adopted:

           “Also, with a copy of the claims, which have been preferred for payment under the act of the 9th of December, stating the reasons which have prevented the payment of such as have been rejected.”

           On motion of Mr. NEWMAN—Resolved, That the Auditor of Public Accounts be requested to report to this House—1st, the annual expense of the Public Guard from its organization, showing the whole amount expended to the end of the last fiscal year;--2d, the annual expense incurred in building and keeping in repair the Armory of Virginia, with the cost of the lot of ground on which it is situated, so as to exhibit the whole amount to the end of the last fiscal year;--3d, the annual expense of making and repairing arms at said Armory, with the whole cost to the end of the last fiscal year;--4th, the annual amount of money paid out by the State for water rent for the use of the Armory; and, also, the amount received by the State annually for water rent, in such way as to exhibit the amount of balance paid out by the State to the end of the last fiscal year;--and, 5th, the nature of the existing leases, and the purposes for which any part of the lot on which the Armory is erected is let out, and to whom.

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p1c3;    346 words

From the Pennsylvanian.

THE MESSAGE.—The last Courrier des Etats Unis, [N.Y.,] (which, to please M. Guizot and his master, never pretermits any opportunity of twitting the administration on account of the Mexican war,) is forced thus to speak of the President’s message:

           “Taken together, this state paper is a remarkable production. It cannot be denied that he side of America—to defend which was its great object—has been stated and sustained in it with a rare ability. The rights of the United States against Mexico are taken up in it above, and pleaded, point by point, with a method and logic that might make the reputation of a statesman, and most certainly, that of a perfect man of business. The President reviews minutely all the facts appertaining to the quarrel, from the separation of Texas to the date of the first collision; and all these historical events are so interlinked and so clearly arranged as to cause the United States to emerge form the imbroglio as white and pure as snow.”

           Again, alluding to the discussion of the question of the boundary of the Rio Grande, the Editor says: “All this portion of the message is handled with the hand of a master. It will reverse the judgment of the tribunals of Europe, and restore the cause of America before it, as two of the principal Federal journals of New York have frankly admitted—we mean the Courier & Enquirer and the Commercial Advertiser. And this admission, and the sincerity with which it is made, do honor to tier conductors. It is to us a source of pleasure to behold the cause of the country put beyond the scope of political passions and interests.”

           The message is spread at length, in almost excellent French version, before the patrons of this journal; and no doubt will be copied form it into the columns of most of the journals published in the same language in Europe, as it will be no little thing for foreign publishers to have the document ready translated to their hands.

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p1c5    243 words


           At a meeting of the Augusta Volunteers, held at their rendezvous in the city of Richmond on the morning of 30th December, 1846, Daniel A. Stofer was appointed Chairman.

           The object of the meeting having been explained by the Chairman, in a few pertinent remarks, the following resolutions were offered, a vote taken upon each, and the whole were unanimously adopted:


Geo. W. Allen, Sec’y

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p1c6    198 words

Correspondence of the New York Mirror

Washington, Dec. 26.

           A pretty good anecdote is told of Capt. Walker, so well known for his daring acts in the present war. When the bill creating the mounted regiment of riflemen was before Congress, last year, with a probability of its being passed into a law, regular officers of the army, now in Mexico, gave him letters, recommending him to the President for the post of Captain of one of the companies. The President nominated him, and he was confirmed without hesitation by the Senate. A month ago, to-day, he was sworn in by a magistrate of this city. Before the battle of Monterey, in which he fought with the Rangers, as Lieutenant Colonel, the regular officers told him he ought to join his company of rifles, as Captain, and incidentally mentioned that they had given him letters to the President. He replied that he was under great obligations to them; but that he had safely stowed the letters away—they were at his quarters!  When he came to Washington, the President informed him that no secondary influence had induced the appointment. It was made on the ground of real merit.

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p1c7    199 words

PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS.—The First Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers departed form Pittsburg on Tuesday last. The scene was witnessed by immense crowds. The Gazette of that city says: “What added greatly to the interest of the occasion, was the departure o two Pittsburg companies, the Blues and Gresy. Ties of relationship, of friendship and acquaintance bound these two hundred men to thousands of others, and the rude shock of separation, when the prospects of re-union were so uncertain to all, and when to many it was an eternal farewell, caused deep feeling and a very general excitement. Sons parted form fathers and mothers, husbands from wives, fathers from children, brothers from sisters, and, in some instances, all these ties were centred in one individual, and had to be sundered. The scene was also in the highest degree animating, and was well calculated to increase the military ardor among the youth of our city, already sufficiently excited on this subject. Cheers upon cheers rent the air, while the different boats left the wharf, and many a poor fellow put on a cheerful countenance, and waved his cap, and shouted with the loudest when his heart was full and his eyes overflowed.”

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p1c6    394 words

           We are indebted to a friend for the following letter in compliment to a young Virginian, who recently created such a favorable impression at a meeting held in Faneuil Hall, in aid of the enlistment of volunteers for the Mexican war.—Though evidently never intended for publication, we yet venture to lay it before our readers, because the sentiments which it contains do honor to the writer, who is a son of Judge Woodbury.

“COURT SQUARE, Dec. 18, 1846.

“Dear Sir: You will pardon me for addressing you in this manner for the first time. But when last evening the duties of my position, as presiding officer of the meeting at Faneuil Hall, permitted me to look around, for the purpose of claiming your acquaintance, I was unable to find you on the platform. Permite me then, Sir, in this rather formal manner, to present to you my congratulations on your most happy and eloquent debut as a public speaker, and to assure you that the sentiments of pleasure and pride which your address last evening inspired, were not confined to myself alone, but were cordially felt and frankly acknowledged by the whole assemblage present. For myself, I must say that my satisfaction at your address was more deep perhaps than that of others, from the circumstance, that much the greater portion of my life has been passed in different sections of the southern country, and that the most of my warmest an closest social ties of friendship have been contracted at the South, and with the people of the South. I felt, then, most warmly and sincerely, that your appeal should have been made, regarding that bone of contention between the two sections of our country, in a way so happy, so firm, and so just, and the cordial response of the masses who listened, renewed in me the conviction, that the people of our country are still true to the integrity of the Union, and that the efforts of fanaticism merely affect the scum on the surface, and have not touched the vials of our country. Permit me, Sir, the pleasure of forming your personal acquaintance at your convenience, and if I can be of any service to you, I hope you will feel that you have a friend in your obedient servant,

Charles L. WOODBURY.

“Mr. AYLETT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Law School.”

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p2c1    words:  437

Still harping on my daughter

The Richmond Whig continues its work of defaming the Tenth Legion. Not content with sneering at its sturdy Democracy in time of peaceful political contest, it now endeavors to blacken it’s patriotism in time of war. Again, and again has the Whig alluded in terms of derision to the fact that no company of volunteers ahs been raised in that region; and, yesterday, it expresses regret that the War Department should have declined to call for another battalion, and thus have deprived “the Tenth” from contributing its quota. Why are these reprehensions so continually courted out against the people of that section?  Why should their patriotism be impugned and their character ridiculed before the other portions of the State?  Is it a reproach to any county not to have raised a company?  If so, why does not the Whig speak out in relation to other counties besides those composing the Tenth Legion?  We can specify many of the strong holds of Whiggery which have not raised their quotas; but we would not do so in order to reproach them. Where is Loudoun, one of the Whig Gibralters?  Where is Wheeling?  Where is Lynchburg, which can send such a cloud of Whig votes to the surrounding counties?—Where is the unfaltering Whig county of Rockbridge, the seat for the Military Institute?  These and other places, high in the estimation of the Richmond Whig , have not furnished their quotas. But we are not the persons to impugn their patriotism, on that account. We love our whole Commonwealth too well to throw out jests and jeers upon the public spirit of any portion of it.

           The truth is, that the volunteer companies thus far raised have all been collected in large towns, and where great thoroughfares pass. Between some counties the means of intercommunication are far greater than between others, and young men are enabled to flock to the standard with far greater facility. It would be doing Richmond city more than justice to say that three companies have been raised form amongst her population; and it would be doing the surrounding counties (so easily reached by railroads and steamboats,) great injustice not to mention that many of the young men enrolled here cam e in from the country.

           Our State has done more than her duty. She has raised more than the regiment called for. She has done more than the Whig States of Massachusetts and North Carolina have yet accomplished. We therefore see no reason for any one section or any one party to be taunting another with negligence or deficiency in patriotism.

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p3c1     5,615 words

Report of the Secretary of the Navy

NAVY DEPARTMENT, Dec. 5, 1846.

Sir: Since the last annual report, no naval force has been maintained in the Mediterranean. Under the earnest request of the Spanish authorities, the depot at Port Mahon has been broken up, and measures taken to remove the stores and withdraw the officers in charge of them. It is proposed in the coming year to send a suitable force to that station.

After exchanging with the proper officers the ratifications of the treaty between the U. States and China, in December last, Commodore Biddle, with the Columbus and Vincennes, the ships under this command, has visited various important points in the China seas. In the month f May or June, he sailed for Japan, and expected to extend his cruise to Kamschatka.

There is no reason to doubt that he will render the valuable service to be expected form an officer of his experience and judgment, by making our country, its resources, and its friendly disposition towards the people inhabiting these remote regions, more favorably known. He has probably returned to Macao about this time, and in the month of January or February, the Columbus and Vincennes will commence their cruise homeward, by way of the North Pacific.

On the 6th of January last, orders were sent from this department to Commodore Biddle, to proceed with the Columbus to the northwest coast of America, and assume the command of the naval forces of the United States on that station.—No acknowledgement of the order has been received, and there is no reason to doubt that he had left Macao before it reached that place, or that he will promptly obey it on its reaching him.

Commodore Skinner was relieved in the command of the squadron on the coast of Africa in the month of June last, by Commodore Read.—Our naval forces on that station have been actively and successfully employed in the humane duty of suppressing the slave trade. The squadron consists of the frigate United States, 44; sloop Marion, 16; brigs Dolphin and Boxer, 10 each; and storeship Southampton, 6 guns.

The judicious measures adopted have secured to the officers and men an extraordinary degree of health in that inhospitable climate. Its effects are, however, so injurious that the cruises have not been, and ought not to be, so long on that as on other stations. The prizes captured and condemned will contribute some thousands of dollars to the navy pension fund.

On the Brazil station, the squadron under Commodore Rousseau has been reduced by the return of the frigate Raritan, Captain Gregory, and of the sloop Plymouth, Commander Henry, and the detachment of the sloop Saratoga, Commander Shubrick, for the Pacific. The frigate Columbia and brig Bainbridge remain on the station; and although this force is small, it has secured protection to American commerce within the limits of its operations.

The frigate Constitution, Captain Percival, has returned to the United States, having made a voyage around the world. The special duty assigned to Captain Percival has been satisfactorily performed.

In the Pacific ocean the naval forces of the United States, under command of Commodore John D. Sloat, consisted, on the first of July last, of the frigate Savannah, sloops Portsmouth, Levant, Warren and Cyane, schooner Shark, and store-ship Erie.

They have been reinforced by the frigate Congress, the sloops Saratoga, Dale and Preble, and the raze Independence. The sloop Levant is on her return home, and authority has been given to send home the Savannah and Warren, the time for which the crews of these vessels enlisted having expired. Commodore W. Branford Shubrick went out in the Independence to relieve Commodore Sloat, under orders issued in August last.

           In confidential instructions dated on the 24th of June, 184, the Secretary of the Navy called Commodore Sloat’s “attention particularly to the present aspect of the relations between this country and Mexico. It is the earnest desire of the President to pursue the policy of peace, and he is anxious that you and every part of your squadron should be assiduously careful to avoid any act of aggression. Should Mexico, however, be resolutely bent on hostilities, you will be mindful to protect the persons and interests of citizens f the United States near your station; and should you ascertain, beyond a doubt, that the Mexican Government has declared war against us, you will at once employ the forces under your command to the best advantage.”  “The great distance of your squadron, and the difficulty of communicating with you, is the cause of issuing this order.”  The officer who was thus instructed, observed the line of conduct prescribed to him with such intelligence and fidelity, that no complaint has ever been made of any unauthorized aggression on his part.

On the 7th of June, 1846, at Mazatlan, Commodore Sloat received satisfactory information, through Mexico, “that the Mexican troops six or seven thousand strong, had, by order of the Mexican government invaded the territory of the United States north of the Rio Grande, and had attacked the forces under General Taylor, and that the squadron of the United States were blockading the ports of Mexico on the Gulf. He properly considered “these hostilities as justifying his commencing offensive operations on the west coast” and, on the 8th of June, sailed in the frigate Savannah “for the coast of California; to carry out the orders of the department on the 20th of June, 1845. He arrived at Monterey on the 2d of July, and on the 7th demanded a surrender of the place. This was evaded, and an adequate force landed from the squadron, took possession of the town and raised the flag of the United State without opposition or bloodshed. On the 9th, Commander Montgomery, of the sloop Portsmouth, under the Commodore’s orders, with like success, took possession of Francisco, and that part of the country, in the name of the United States. On the 17th, he sent Purser Faunteroy with a detachment as far as the Mission of St. Johns, to hoist the flag of United States, and to recover cannon and munitions which had been buried by the enemy. On his arrival he found that the place had been captured an hour or two previously by Lieut. Colonel Fremont, of the United States army, with  whom he returned to Monterey on the 19th.

           On the 15th of July, the frigate Congress arrived at Monterey, and Commodore Stockton reported to Commodore Sloat for duty as a part of his squadron. On the 23d he was ordered to the command on shore, and on the 19th, Commodore Sloat found his infirm health so enfeebled by his arduous duties, that he determined to avail himself of a permission which had been given him in his discretion, to assign the command to Commodore Stockton, and sailed for Panama on his return home. After encountering much peril and hardship, this gallant and meritorious officer, arrived at the seat of government early in November last.

On the 25th of July, the Cyane, Captain Mervine, sailed from Monterey, with Lieut. Col. Fremont and a small volunteer force on board, for San Diego, to intercept the retreat of the Mexican Genrela castro. A few days after, Commodore Stockton sailed in the Congress frigate for San Pedro, and with a detachment from his squadron of three hundred and sixty men, marched to the enemy’s camp. It was found that the camp was broken up, and the Mexicans, under Gov. Pico and Gen. Castro, had retreated so precipitately that Lieut. Col. Fremont was disappointed in interpreting him.   On the 13th, Com. Stockton was joined by this gallant officer, and marched a distance of thirty miles from the sea, and entered, without opposition, the Cuidad de Los Angelos, the capital of the Californias.

And on the 22d of August, the flag of the United States was flying at every commanding position, and California was in the undisputed military possession of the United States.

The conduct of the officers and men of the squadron in these important operations, has been characterized by activity, courage and shady discipline, and entitles them to the thanks of the department. Efficient aid was rendered by Lieutenant Colonel Fremont and the volunteers under his command. In his hands, Com. Stockton informs the department, he will leave the military government, when he shall leave California in the further execution of his orders.

In the novel situation, in which both the commanders of our naval forces have been played, without instructions to regulate them in the detail of their conduct, they have adopted measures to preserve social order and maintain our authority, and to withhold from the enemy any advantages from the conquered territory which are believed to be warranted by the laws of war.

The conduct of both commanders has been marked by discretion, a spirit of conciliation, and a sacred respect for private rights, while the military movements have been ably conceived and brilliantly executed.

On her outward voyage, the Congress touched at Honolulu, and landed Mr. Ten Eyck, the commissioner of the United States to the Sandwich Islands. It was the good fortune of commodore Stockton to contribute largely to an amicable adjustment of an unhappy misunderstanding between our former agent and the King’s Government, which threatened injury to our commercial interests.

The home squadron on the 13th of May last, consisted of the frigates Cumberland, Raritan, and Potomac; sloops Falmouth, John Adams, and St.Mary’s; steamers Mississippi and Princeton; brigs Somers and Porpoise, and schr. Flirt, under command of Commodore Conner. It has been increased since by the sloops Albany and Boston; steamers Spitfire and Vixen; brigs Perry and Truxton; schrs. Reefer, Petral and Bonito; and storeship Relief.

During the last two years, the menaces of hostilities on the part of Mexico have made it necessary to confine the operation of the squadron principally to the Gulf of Mexico.

On the 29th of March, 1845, the acting Secretary of the Navy, in a confidential dispatch, informed Commodore Conner “that the President of the United States is impressed with a belief that it is a possible contingency that the Government of Mexico may resort to acts of hostility against the United States, and has direct me to order the other vessels of the home squadron under your command to join you at Vera Cruz. The disposition f the President is to maintain the most friendly relations with the Mexican Republic, and to meet any belligerent movement on the part of that Republic in the most decisive manner. You will, therefore, so dispose of the force which now is or may be placed under your command, as will give the most effectual protection to our citizens and commerce. You will be cautious not to violate the rights of others, but to resist and punish any aggression on ours. If a public declaration of war shall be made by Mexico against the United States, you will so conduct your operations as to show to her and to the world that, while ready to do justice and maintain peace, we are prepared to vindicate the national honor, and to visit upon our enemies the utmost severities of the war thus provoked. If, without such an open declaration, hostilities shall be commenced on her part, you will meet and visit them with the utmost promptness and energy;” and on the 16th of August, 1845, it was again impressed upon him by the Secretary of the Navy, “that the policy of this Government is the preservation of peace if possible.”

In the extremely delicate circumstances in which he was placed by the menaced hostility on the part of Mexico, Commodore Conner fully sustained his reputation for sound judgment in the performance of his duty.

On the 3d of May, 1846, he received the intelligence at Vera Cruz, which left no doubt on his mind that orders had been given by the Mexican government to General Arista to attack the American army east of the Del Norte with the forces under his command. On the 4th the Commodore sailed with the principal part of his squadron for the Brazos Santa Iago, and anchored off the bar on the 8th, while the battle of Palo Alto was raging. Although too late to take part in that memorable conflict, the arrival of the squadron was most opportune, and effectual security was given to the depot at Point Isabel, by landing five hundred seamen and marines under Captain Gregory, of the Raritan. A detachment under Captain Aulick, of the Potomac, proceeded up the river to Burita, and aided in establishing a military post at that place.

For these prompt and gallant movements the commodore, his officers, and men, received the thanks of the President, through this department.

On the 13th of May, the Secretary of the Navy informed him, that Congress had declared that a state of war exists between the United States and the republic of Mexico, and ordered him to exercise all the rights that belonged to him as commander-in-chief of a belligerent squadron.—Under these orders, he declared and enforced a blockade of the principal ports in Mexico on the gulf. The enemy had no ships of war which he dared to show on the open sea; and determined on commencing war, precaution had been taken, in advanced of the meditated attack, to place his public vessels in situations where, from natural obstacles, they could not be reached by the ships of our squadron. As soon as authority was given by the appropriations of Congress, measures were taken by the department to purchase for employment in the squadron small vessels of suitable drafts of water to cross the dangerous bars which guard the ports of Mexico. Three schooners and two small steamers were purchased, but the last of these did not report to the squadron from uncontrollable causes, until early in November.

On the 7th August, Commodore Conner appeared ff the bar of Alvarado, with a purpose of attempting the capture of the enemy’s vessels of war in that river. The return of bad weather endangering the small vessels in the open roadstead, and the rapidity of the current from the swollen state of the river, induced him to abandon his design, and to withdraw is force.

On the 15th of October, he made another attempt to enter the Alvarado river for the same purpose. In endeavoring to cross the bar, one of the steamers having in tow the principal division of the attacking force, grounded, and became entangled with the vessels in tow. The current could not be overcome in the state of the wind without the aid of steam, and the Commodore had the mortification of being compelled to retire.

On t 16th of October, Commodore M. C. Perry, with the steamer Mississippi and the small vessels, left the squadron at Lizardo, and sailed for Tabasco. On the 23d he arrived off the bar, and with great judgment and gallantry captured the town of Fronteira, with the enemy’s steamers and vessels in port, and proceeded up the river a distance of seventy-four miles, into the interior of a settled country, and appeared before he city of Tabasco. He captured the vessels in the port; and at the earnest request of the foreign merchants, humanely determined not to involve them to ruin, by destroying the town. In dropping down the river, one of his prizes grounded, and a large body of Mexicans opened a furious fire on her, which was promptly returned with great effect—the stranded vessel was got afloat, and the Mexicans beaten off. But in this treacherous attack, one American seaman was killed, and Lieutenant Charles W. Morris and two seamen were wounded. Lieutenant Morris survived until the 1st of November, when he died of his wound on board the Cumberland. His commanding officers have paid a sad tribute to the worth of this brave young officer, whose untimely death is a severe loss to the service.

The objects of the expedition were fully accomplished, and, by the capture or destruction of every vessel and steamer f the enemy in that important river, a check has been given to a commerce, by which, no doubt, munitions of war were introduced into Mexico from Yucatan.

Much praise is due to Com. Perry, and to the officers and men under his command, for the skill, judgment and courage manifested throughout the expedition.

On the 12th of November, Com. Conner sailed with a large portion of his squadron, and on the 14th the town of Tampico capitulated unconditionally without resistance. Three fine guard boats and other public property fell it to the hands of the captors. The enemy, anticipating an attack had withdrawn the garrison, removed the guns, and destroyed the munitions of war. The success of the enterprise is of great importance, and the enemy has lost one of the most considerable ports on the Gulf. Arrangements have been made to hold it; and the Commodore is instructed to relinquish the command ashore to the officer of the army commanding the garrison, and resume the operations of the squadron. Additions of great value are made to the naval forces in the Gulf, by the Capture of the enemy’s vessels in Tabasco and at Tampico; and the prizes adapted to the navigation of the mouths of rivers along the coast will be equipped and usefully employed as cruisers.

The political condition of the State of Yucatan had induced a course of conduct towards her which exempted her from the evils of war. Having received information which justified the belief that this generous course on the part of the United States had been abused, on the 16th of October last. I instructed the Commander of the squadron that “the President has given to the new position in which Yucatan is placed by the pronunciamento of Merida; a careful consideration and directs me to inform you that the State must be regarded as an integral part of the Mexican republic, and her people as a portion of the public enemies with whom we are at war, and you will act towards other portions of Mexico.”

These instructions will be carried into effect.

During the past season, the brig Truxton has been lost, and the brig Perry wrecked; but has been, by great exertions of Lieutenant-commanding Blake, go to Key West, and will be brought to Norfolk for repair. The officers and crew of the Truxton became prisoners to the Mexicans. An inquiry will be had as to the causes of both disasters—a proceeding due to the officers and to the service.

No general cartel has been established between the two governments to regulate the exchange of prisoners during the existing war. A proposition of the Mexican government to exchange the officers and crew of the Truxton against General La Vega and the officers who accompanied him, prisoners of war in the United States, was by your direction acceded to, and the exchange has been carried into effect. Our officers and men were placed on board our squadron and sent home; and the Mexican officers, being at full liberty, have been offered a free passage in one of our public vessels, and, I have reason to believe, have sailed from Pensacola for Vera Cruz.

In concluding my report of the operations of the Naval forces in the Gulf of Mexico, I deem it but an act of justice to call your attention to some considerations which must be borne in mind, when forming an estimate of the results accomplished. The navy of the United States is designed for the protection of our commerce in the most distant seas. The vessels composing it are authorized by law, and have been so constructed, in size and draft of water, as to navigate the ocean with safety.

The outlets of the rivers emptying into the Gulf are protected by bars, which afford but small depth of water, and the navigation of this confined sea is exposed to dangers for many months in the year by storms, sudden and violent; so that a vessel, constructed with a draft light enough to cross the bars, encounters considerable risk in keeping the sea. When hostilities with Mexico commenced, no such vessels belonged to the navy—they would have been almost useless except to prosecute hostilities in her waters. Since the necessity arose, and authority was given, vigorous efforts to supply these means have been made, and will be continued; but some time has necessarily elapsed before they could be provided to the limited extent which has been reached.

It gives me pleasure to bear testimony to the chivalrous patriotism which has animated the officers of the navy of all grades, in prompting them to seek active service against he enemy, and to offer, with the most anxious desire, to be permitted to engage in the most perilous enterprises against the enemy; while those engaged in the irksome and harassing duties of a blockade have performed their dull and heavy task with out a murmur, and with no stronger desire than to exchange it for some active and useful enterprise, however hazardous or difficult of execution.

By the terms of the annexation of the Republic of Texas as one of the States of our Union, the public vessels which composed the Texan Navy were ceded to the United States. On the eleventh day of May last, Hiram G. Runnels, Esq, appointed agent for that purpose, received at Galveston, from the Texas authorities, the sloop-of-war Austin, brigs Wharton and Archer, and the schooner San Bernard. The sloop Austin has been brought to Pensacola, and will be rebuilt, and form an interesting accession to the Navy of the United States. The two brigs and schooner, after survey, were found too much decayed to justify their repair, and have been ordered to be sold. The proceeds of sale will be paid into the Treasury of the United States.

Under orders from their government, certain officers of the Texan navy were in charge of the vessels in ordinary when the delivery was made, and continued in that employment tat the request of our agent. They could not be paid as officers of the Navy of the United States; but, believing it to be just and proper, directions have been given to make them compensation for taking care of the property of the United States, at the rate of pay which was allowed them by Texas at the date of its incorporation into our Union.

Beyond this, I have not considered that the laws of the United States authorized me to make payment to any one because of his having been an officer of the Navy of Texas.

The estimates for the naval services for the next fiscal year have been prepared by my direction, and transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, according to law.

I have the honor to present here with the reports from the several bureaux, and estimates in detail for the several branches of the naval service. They are based on the employment, pending the war, of ten thousand men, as allowed by law, and a number of vessels in commission to give them employment. A statement of the classes of vessels, with their rate and number is marked E in the papers accompanying the report from the Bureau of Construction. No estimates are presented for the construction of vessels as permanent additions to the navy. I deem it, however, my duty to suggest, that authority of building at least four sea steamers, capable of bearing an armament sufficient for their own defence, would essentially promote the interests of the public service. The great utility of such vessels in the squadrons in the Pacific, and the China seas, on the cast of Africa, and on the Brazil station, is established by the experience of other nations who employ them.

The estimates from the Bureau of Yards and Docks have been prepared in reference to the existing and pressing wants of the public service; and attention is respectfully asked to he remarks of the officer at the head of that bureau. The difficulties which have been experienced in the work on dry dock at New York, have retarded its progress, but its practicability is not doubted; and its great importance to the navy induces me earnestly to recommend the appropriation of the required funds for its prosecution.

The importance of Pensacola as a naval station, with the necessary facilities of repairing and refitting ships of war, has for many ears been pressed on the consideration of Congress.—But at no period has the public interest so imperiously required that improvements should be made at that place as at this time. A large naval force is employed in the Gulf of Mexico, exposed to injury from tempests, and engaged in hostile operations. If any of our vessels become materially disabled, they cannot be repaired with out leaving the station, and coming as far north as Norfolk; and in the voyage the most serious disasters may befall them.

A dock with sufficient capacity to receive vessels of the largest class, is an indispensable improvement at Pensacola, and I earnestly recommend that an appropriation may be made or that purpose.

A fever of most malignant form has prevailed in the hospital at Pensacola during the past season. I herewith transmit a copy of a report of a joint board of army and navy surgeons, who were directed to investigate the causes. Their opinion is, that the place will be restored to its former salubrity, by removal of local causes of disease. Estimates are submitted for this purpose.

By the act of Congress of August, 10, 1846, the appropriations for the navy yard at Memphis for the current year, are to be confined in the expenditure to the construction of a rope walk. Proper measures have been adopted to conform to this restriction. The estimates are prepared with this view. If it shall be deemed advisable to make this yard a place of construction, and in view of its great advantages in the building and outfit of steamers, I may hope that the original purpose of the establishment will not be abandoned; it will be advisable not to continue the restriction on the appropriation for the next year.

The piece f ground called “St. Helena,” opposite to the navy yard at Gosport, has been bought by virtue of authority given in the act of 10th of August last. When the State of Virginia shall have consented to the said purchase, an estimate will be submitted to make the improvements which were contemplated when the authority to make the purchase was given.

The system by which clothing is furnished to the navy has realized the expectations of those who devised it. The supply is abundant, of excellent quality, at a cheap cost; and no appropriation is asked for the next year; or, without some great disaster, will ever be required again.

In supplying our squadrons abroad, depots or stores in which provisions are collected in anticipation of the wants of the vessels, are indispensable. I concur in the recommendation of the chief of the Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, that the act of June 17, 1844, requiring the Secretary of the Navy to order commissioned or warrant officers of the navy to take charge of the naval stores for foreign squadrons, ought to be modified. The compensation allowed would command the services of competent and experienced persons in civil life. It is a duty which but few officers desire, or are qualified for, and it does not appear proper to require of an officer to enter into and to perform duties under orders. From the experience had of its operation, I have no doubt that money would be saved by allowing the appointment of civilians, with the advice and consent of the Senate, and thus enlarge the sphere of selection.

The act of March 3d, 1843, requiring supplies for the navy to be procured by contract, on advertisement, with the lowest bidder, has not been construed to affect contracts executed prior to its enactment.

Contracts for the supply of cheese and butter for five years were in a course of execution at the dare of the passage of this law, and will expire, one in December, 1846, and one in May, 1847. The result of a careful examination made at the bureau is, that economy has been promoted, and the quality of the ration greatly improved by this mode of contracting. I respectfully invite attention to the recommendation on that subject.

The naval school, during the past year, has been continued under the judicious superintendence of Commander Franklin Buchanan, and gives renewed promise of usefulness to the service. At the last session of Congress, it was made the subject of no special appropriation; but permission was given to apply a limited sum ($28,500) from the existing appropriations to “instructions, improvements and repairs at Fort Severn” This moderate provision has enabled the department to make some necessary additions to the accommodations of the school, and has been found sufficient for its economical support. It is hoped that a similar provision will be adopted for the ensuing year. The propriety of affording to midshipmen the means of acquiring that knowledge which is essential to the skilful discharge of their professional duties has been long recognized by Congress in its annual appropriations for instruction on board our ships of war. In the prosecution of a like purpose, a naval school, it is believed, will be found to add little to the cost of the present defective system, while it cannot fail to be attended with the most important benefits to the navy.

Connected with the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography is the Observatory.   Besides conducting an extensive series of astronomical observations, it is the duty of that office to construct charts, prove nautical instruments before purchase, rte chronometers, and supply our armed cruisers with the nautical books, instruments, maps and charts necessary to their safe conduct at sea. The arrangement is such as to promote economy and to give assurance that these indispensable aids to give assurance that these indispensable aids may be relied on. The observations made and published are exclusively the work of naval officers, and are highly creditable to their scientific attainments. There can be no doubt that, with the facilities of the Observatory, we might produce our own nautical ephemeris, for which we are now dependant on foreign nations, and without which our ships that are abroad could not find their way home, nor those at home venture out of sight of our own shores. A small appropriation would be sufficient to accomplish the object; and it may well be anticipated that the expenditure would be returned by supplying our merchant vessels with the American nautical almanac at cost.

I invite attention to the report from the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The authority to appoint a small number of assistant surgeons is necessary to the public service. Under existing circumstances it has been found necessary to employ citizen physicians in some of our smaller vessels. The commandant of the marine corps has prepared estimates for the number of officers and marines as fixed by law. I am strongly impressed with the opinion that an increase of the rank and file of the corps would great promote the efficiency of our ships in their operations against Mexico. With light pieces prepared as field artillery on board each ship, the expedition which must include operations on shore would derive important aid from increased guards of marines.

The act of August 4th, 1842, provided that, until otherwise ordered by Congress, officers of the navy shall be increased beyond the number in the respective grades that were in the service on the 1st day of January, 1842. This restriction has been construed to apply to warrant officers, other than midshipmen. The number of officers, boatswains, gunners, carpenters and sail makers happened to be small for the wants of the service at the date fixed. Embarrassment is often felt for want of authority to add to the number. It is a power which has never been abused; and as such appointments are rewards of meritorious seamen or mechanics, it appears to me that the restriction might be removed without detriment to the public interest or danger of abuse.

I cannot conclude this report without inviting attention to the operation of the act of Congress of March 3d, 1845, in regard to the appointment of midshipmen. The justice of the principle established is unquestionable, and its application has given general satisfaction. Previously to its passage, appointments were made without regard to residence, and resulted in inequalities which it will take many years to remove. The law forbids any appointment from a State having more than its proportion. Some applications for midshipmen’s warrants have recently been made in behalf of sons of officers who have fallen in battle, which could not be granted, on account of their residence in States not entitled. I recommend that the restriction of the law may be so far removed, that one out of five or six vacancies, as they occur in the grade of midshipmen, may be filled at large, irrespective of the place of residence, in the same manner as a portion of the cadets at West Point are now annually appointed. Cases of peculiar merit occasionally presenting themselves, might thus be provided for under the direction of the President.

I have the honor to be very respectfully your obedient servant.


Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p4    2487 words

Wreck of the Brig ‘Somers’ GREAT LOSS OF LIFE

           By the arrival yesterday morning of bark Morgan Dix, Capt. Hamilton, we have received dates from the squadron at Anton Lizardo to the afternoon of Sunday, the 13th Dec. The full particulars of the melancholy loss of the U. S. brig Somers will be found below. Among the passengers on board the Morgan Dix were Purser L. Washington, Jr., of the Mississippi steam frigate, with his clerk, G. Hutchinson—both on their way to the North. The following account of the loss of the Somers, was furnished to the Picayune by one of their attentive correspondents:

           December 9th, 1846.

Gentlemen—I have been requested to make a statement of the circumstances attending the melancholy loss of the U. States Brig Somers, while maintaining the blockade off the harbor of Vera Cruz. The writer of this was a witness of most of the occurrences detailed, and the narration may be regarded as every way authentic.

           On the evening of the 7th inst. The Somers had taken shelter under Green Island, there being the usual appearances indicating a norther.—Early in the morning of the 8th, a sail was reported from aloft. Capt. Semmes got under way to chase, and stood out some miles, until he made out the John Adams, being on her return from Tampico. We hailed her appearance with great satisfaction, as Com. Perry had already informed us that she should relieve us from the blockade as soon as she came in.

           As the wind had already hauled to the north, and the weather was threatening, Capt. Semmes at once ran back to Green Island, intending to anchor as soon as he could regain his former berth, which we had proved in the previous gales to be safe and comfortable, besides enabling us to maintain our station upon the blockade.

           On approaching the anchorage another sail was discovered, apparently standing down for Vera Cruz through the passage between Green Island and Blanquilla Shoal, with the intention, as was supposed, of running the blockade. Apprehending that the stranger vessel might succeed in her design, Capt. Semmes was induced to change his purpose and run by Green Island, standing across the passage to intercept her, making short tacks between the reefs. The winds was then freshening from the north west, but Capt. Semmes hoped to be able to maintain his position until the suspicious vessel approached, and to cut her off from Vera Cruz. To effect this object it was necessary to press the Somers with canvass, in order to avoid falling to leeward upon the reefs, and finally to fetch Green Island anchorage.

           The Somers was exceedingly light, having on board only fourteen barrels of provisions, an about six hundred gallons of water. After standing across the passage, the vessel was tacked and ran back towards Green Island, and as we approached our berth, Captain Semmes said he would anchor; but as there was a lull at the moment, and the weather rather softened, he determined to hold on a little longer, and wore round and stood across the passage again. As we neared Pajanos reef, we tacked and stood for the Northern point of the Green Island reef. The strange vessel in the meantime came down rapidly, but showed no colors. While at this point, about half past nine o’clock, A.M., while Captain Semmes was standing in the ice arm chest, observing the reef with his glass, the officer of the deck, Lieutenant James L. Parker, reported the appearance of a squall. The brig was then on the larboard tack, under topsails, courses, jib and main trysail. Captain Semmes immediately crossed to windward, and ordered the main sail to be hauled up, followed upon the instant by the order to brail up the trysail. The main sail was hauoled up, but the trysail took against the lee rigging, and was in par brailed up with great difficulty, at the same time the helm was put hard up. The squall now pressing her, the order was given by the officer of the deck to let go the lee main topsail sheet, and on the next instant to cut away all tacks and sheets. Finding she would not pay off, Captain Semmes ordered the helm to be put down, hoping to bring her to the wind. It was, however, all unavailing. From the moment she commenced careening, she continued to go over with great rapidity, and in thirty seconds was on her beam ends. In less than ten minutes she sunk. The puff of wind was much more violent than could have been expected from the appearances of the weather. The accident is, however, mainly due to the extreme lightness of the vessel. One or two minutes after she was over, most of the men and officers had gained the side of the vessel or the tops. Dr. Wright and Lieut. Parker, first to reach the main chains. They were followed by several men, and an attempt was made, with such means as were at hand, to cut away the main rigging, the men and officers using their pen knives and sheath knives for the purpose.—Capt. Semmes, who had been dashed on the ice side, was now drawn from the water, and as soon as he gained the side directed our exertions. The first lieutenant, the master, and passed midshipman Hynson, with a large number of men, had by this time reached the side of the vessel, and were making strenuous exertions to relieve her of her masts; but it was a fruitless effort, for upon the weather rigging. The small larboard quarter boat was in the meantime cleared away and dropped carefully round leeward, and manned by her usual complement of five oarsmen.—Midshipman Clarke, who had gained the main top by swimming from the steerage hatch, was ordered by Capt. Semmes to take charge of the boat. Finding that there was no chance of saving the brig, and that she was fast sinking, Captain Semmes ordered Mr. Clarke to shove off with Dr. Wright and seventeen men, besides Purser Steele, (who reached the boat by swimming as she as clearing the wreck, first inquiring if there was room in the boat for another,) to pull for Green Island, about half a mile distant, an immediately to return if possible and save more lives. This order was at once executed, but not until some of those in the boat had solicited, by name, each of the officers left on the wreck to come with them. These officers resolutely declared that they would wait and take their chance with the brig. Passed midshipman Hynson, who had been partially disabled by a bad burn received in the firing of the Creole, was particularly implored to go into the boat. A lad by the name of Nutter jumped out of the boat and offered his lace to Mr. Hynson, and a man by the name of Powers did the same thing. Mr. Hynson, refusing both offers, those men then declare that others might have their places, and that they would abide on the brig with Mr. Hynson. Capt. Semmes, who was in impaired health, was also entreated to go, but refused. Lieut. Parker answered a similar solicitation by saying he would drown with the brig. Lieut. Claiborne and Acting Master Clemson held the same language. It is a remarkable circumstance that three of the officers and all the men who acted thus nobly are saved. When the boat shoved off, the gale was blowing with great violence and a heavy sea running, so that for some moments it as a matter of doubt whether the boat would live. Purser Steele at one time proposed to leave the boat for a fish-davit he saw floating by. The boat, however, reached the island in about twenty minutes.

           As soon as the men were landed, Mr. Clare, disregarding the most strenuous entreaties, resolutely shoved off again with a volunteer crew at the imminent hazard of their lives. Less than three minutes after the boat left the brig, Capt. Semmes, finding the vessel settling under them, gave an order for every man to save himself. All simultaneously plunged into the water, and grasped the posts, gratings, scars, coops and other floating objects at hand. Many must have gone down from the want of any support whatever: others struggled on frail floats to be finally drifted on the reefs and dashed into pieces. Some were driven to sea to be heard no more, and others encountered the worst fate which could be apprehended in being devoured by sharks. Of near sixty who plunged from the wreck, only seventeen escaped.

           Through all of this appalling scene the greatest composure was observed by men and officers. There was no appearance of panic, no exhibition of selfishness. Those who could not swim were particularly enjoined to go in the boat. A large man by the name of Seymour, the ship’s cook, had got into the boat. Lieut. Parker commanded him to come our, in order to make room for two smaller men, and he obeyed the order, but was afterwards directed to go in the boat, when it was found he could not swim. Capt. Semmes and Lieut. Parker were picked up by Mr. Clarke from a grating, and Jacob Hazard, yeoman, was rescued swimming near them. Those who survived have told of many instances of heroic self devotion. The acting master, Henry A. Clemson, was struggling on a small steering sail boom with five others, two of whom could not swim.—He found that all could not be supported and he left and struck out alone and unsupported. He was seen for the last time upon a sky-light, and probably perished in the surf. The five men he left were saved, the two who could not swim being supported by their comrades, Amos Colson and John Williamson. This completes the history of our own efforts; but with grateful hearts we have yet to mention the daring and devoted exertions of the foreign men of war. There were lying at Sacrificios, about two miles to leeward of the wreck, H.B. M. ships Endymion and Alarm and the brig Daring, commanded respectively by Capts. Lambert, Franklin and Matson; the French brigs Pylade and Mercure, Capts. Deubut and La Voyaire; and the Spanish corvette Louisa Fernanda, Capt. Puente. As soon as the accident was discovered, the boats of all these were simultaneously sent to our relief.

           The crew of the Endymion to the number of two hundred came aft and volunteered. There was the most noble emulation as to which vessel should use the greatest expedition and persevere in the most strenuous exertions. The violence of the gale was such at that time that none of the boats could pull against it, and it was with the deepest regret that Capt. Lambert and others in authority felt it to be their duty to make signals recalling their boats. An hour or two afterwards, when there was a slight abatement of the gale, they again put forth at the peril of their lives, and succeeded in saving fourteen persons and bringing from Green Island those who had landed there. The first lieutenant of the Endymion, Mr. Tarleton, rescued the first lieutenant of the somers from Pajaros reef, which he succeeded by a miracle in reaching safely, but where his situation was most critical. The most gallant and well-directed efforts were made by the officers and crew in the boat of the Mercure. She rescued ten men at sea to leeward, on a spar. One hardly knows which to admire most, the fore-thought or the daring of this noble adventure. The risk was incalculable. Five boats, representing each of the foreign vessels, reached the island, and took off 23 persons to their respective vessels, where they were received with a degree of kindness and delicate consideration which I cannot adequately describe, but which none of us will ever forget. They gave us refreshments and supplied us with clothes. I regret that I do not know the names of all the generous and brave officers who were in charge of the boats of the different vessels. I cannot, however, forbear mentioning such as I have learned, viz: Lt. Wood and the gunner of the Endymion, and Midshipman Jaliz, of the Pylade.

           The strange vessel proved to be the Abrasia, bound for the squadron at Anton Lizardo. She passed very near the Somers, but the catastrophe was so sudden that she failed to discover it. As soon as the boat landed at Green Island, Dr. Wright took the colors and had them hoisted in the most conspicuous place, in order to attract the attention of the Abrasia, so that the accident might be reported to the squadron. We were, however, to-day, the bearers of our own sad story.

           The Mexicans saw the accident from the mole, and cheered and exulted for a long time. The brig had been for a long time engaged in the blockade, and had done more to interrupt the commerce of the port than almost all the other vessels. Within the last fortnight both town and castle had been kept in a state of constant alarm by the burning of the Creole and other demonstrations, which I presume you will hear of in due time. I have no doubt the Mexicans were relieved when they saw her sink into the ocean. I append a list of the lost and saved—37 men saved—37 lost. One officer, Mr. Rodgers, Passed Midshipman, and one man, John G. Fox, were captured by the Mexicans two days before, while reconnoitering an important point, in company with Dr. Wright, the latter escaping to witness the catastrophe of the brig.


List of officers and men lost in the Somers.

Henry A. Clemson, Acting Master. John R. Hyson, Passed Midshipman. William G. Brazier, Ebenezer Terrel, Charles H. Havon, James Ryder, James Thompson, Charles Lowe, Thomas young, William Gillan, Matmas Gravel, Major Cain, Dennis Kelly, Alexander Anker, Charles McFarland, James Fennel, Charles True, John Day, William Purdy, Edward McCormick, William Elmsley, William Quest, John Hargrave, William W. Cardy, John McGowan, Joseph Antonio, Adolph Belmente, Manuel Howard, William W. Powers, Henry W. Spear, James Chapman, Lewis Johnson, Jonatins Leopold, Thomas Jefferson, William H. Rose, Peter Hermandez.

List of Those Saved.

R. Semmes, Lieutenant commanding. M.G.L. Claiborne, Lieutenant. John L. Parker, Lieutenant. John F. Steele, Purser. John H. Wright, Passed Assistant Surgeon. Francis G. Clark, Midshipman. Edmond T. Stevens, Purser’s Steward. Jacob Hazard, Yeoman. Amos Colson, William Johnson, Mathew Buck, John McCargo, John G. Van Norden, Charles Seymour, John Williamson, John Pollen, John Smith, Henry Strommell, Thomas Mulhollen, George Wakefield, William Keys, Francis Haire, William Toland, William F. Thompson, Christopher Lawrence, Joseph Jones, Charles Nutlee, Washington Cooper, William Dix, Francis A. Waldeon, James Chambers.

Friday, January 1, 1847 RE47v43n71p4c5    350 words

COMMODORE STEWART.—We publish the following letter form Commodore Stewart with pleasure (says they Pennsylvanian.)  The brave veteran talk with all the blunt frankness of his nature, and does justice equally to the president and himself. We do not know who the correspondent was that made the use of Commodore Stewart’s name, in the matter alluded to—but we recollect that his story was told with all that oracular assumption of authority which is so characteristic of many of the Washington letter writers, and especially those belonging to the Federal press. These writers are forever finding mare’s nests, and Christopher Columbus himself was a fool to man of them for grave discoveries. They smell a bit of news afar off, and scene the object of the cabinet meeting in the breeze—predicting things that never happen, and staking their reputation for the truth for the worst of scandal. The coolness and solemnity with which these things are uttered, are only excelled by the impudence with which they meet the contradiction. To this class of writers Com. Stewart administers a general rebuke:

To the Editors of the Pennsylvanian:

I am glad to find by your paper of the 22d instant, that the Union, of Washington City, has very properly rebuked the licentiousness of the Washington letter-writer, in relation to the Chief Magistrate of this nation and myself. I concur with the Union, that there is not a word of truth in the statement of the letter-writer alluded to, in regard to what passed at the interview, which the President did me the honor to give me, on the occasion of my being in Washington lately. I trust I have been an officer too long and to better purpose, than to address the Commander-in-chief in the style the letter-writer has assumed. The President well knows all his own responsibilities, and will always be found equal to their encounter, in preference to their imposition on others and they, the writers, will find the President as free form the dread of responsibility, as he is from the dictum of the Washington letter-writers.



Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c1    151 words

COLONEL OF THE LOUISIANA REGIMENT.—Major Louis G. De Russy ahs been elected Colonel of the Louisiana Regiment of Volunteers, which has recently been mustered into the service of the United States. The election was conducted in strict accordance with law—thirty-nine commissioned officers voting. There were three competitors for the office, and the vote stood as follows: For Louis G. De Russy 21 votes; S. F. Marks 14; ------ Moone 4.

           No choice was made for the stations of Lieut. Colonel and Major. Capt. Theodore Lewis received, on the first ballot, the highest vote for the first, and Capt. Francis Girault the highest vote for the second named office; failing to get a majority of the whole number of votes, there was no election. The law provides, in such cases, that the appointments shall be made by the Governor—but it is optional with him to order a new election.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c1    260 words


Pennsylvania has with a promptness and patriotism which do her all credit, already filled up the requisition for a second regiment of volunteers for the Mexican war. The regiment is composed of the following companies, which will be mustered into the service of the Untied States at Pittsburg about the 5th January:

           Reading Artiler, Capt. Loeser; Cameron Guards, (Harrisonburg,)Capt. Williams; Columbia Guards, (Danville,)Capt. Wilson; German Greys, (Pittsburgh,) Capt. Gutzweiler; Fayette County Volunteers, Capt. Roberts; American Highlanders, (Cambria County,) Capt. Geary; Cambria Guards, Capt. Murry; Westmoreland Guards, Capt. Johnston; Philadelphia Rangers, Capt. Naylor; Stockton Artillerists, (Carbon County,) Capt. Miller.

           Mississippi, too, is again ready for the field with her second regiment. Her sons, many of whom we are proud to know personally, covered themselves with honor in the storming of Monterey. The new regiment, we are sure, will exhibit equal efficiency and gallantry on the plains of San Luis Potosi, or under the walls of Vera Cruz. The following companies, making up the second regiment, will rendezvous at Vicksburg, between the 1st and 5th of January. Mississippi is desirous to have the first regiment of “fighting boys” subject to the orders of Gen. Scott at New Orleans:

Lowndes Guards, Capt. A.K. Blyth; Marshal Relief Guards, Capt. J. H. Kilpatrick; Choctaw Volunteers, Capt. Enos Elder; Monroe Volunteers, Capt. J. M. Acker; Tippah Guards, Capt W. J. Daniels; Thomas Hinds’ Guards, (Jefferson Co.,) Capt. Charles Clarke; Union Grays, (Auala Co.,) Capt. A. McWillie; Panola Boys, Capt. A. A. Overton; Union Company, (Lawrence and Covington Counties,) Captain’s name not given.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c1    850 words

Correspondence of the Journal of Commerce.

Monterey, (California,) Sept. 19th, 1846.

           I now date from shore instead of the frigate Congress, because my duties are on land. The citizens of Monterey elected me on the 15th inst. Alcalde, that is chief magistrate of this jurisdiction. I had been performing the duties of the post under an appointment of the commander-in-chief of the American forces here. This commission expired on the 15th, when I was elected by the suffrages of the people. The vote polled was a very large one, though no officer or seaman, connected with our squadron, went to the polls. I mention these facts as an evidence of the good feelings which prevails here toward our Flag. Any hostility must have defeated my election. The office is a one which I do not covet; it is full of labor and responsibility. It covers every question of civil police in Monterey, and reaches to the lives and fortunes of the inhabitants, though and immense jurisdiction.

           The Congress s here form her trip to the South. Her sailors and marines with Commodore Stockton at their head forced General Castro out of California. He might have infiladed the march of the Commodore from San Pedro to his camp and made the forces of the congress wade through their own blood. But he remained in his camp, fulminating paper missiles, till they were near his lines, then suddenly broke up and fled with a small band to Mexico. His officers and men have returned to their homes, and signed a parole not to take up arms against the authority of the United States, or say or do anything to disturb the tranquility of the present Government.—This puts an end to all further war in California. In deed there is no disposition here among the people to offer resistance.   The masses are thoroughly with us, and right glad to get rid of Mexican rule. Had it been otherwise, they would never have elected me to the chief magistracy of Monterey. We are all regarded more in the light of benefactors than victors. Their friendship and confidence must never be betrayed. California must never be surrendered to Mexico. If that country has still good claims to her, let those claims be liquidated by an equivalent in money. But it would be treason to the lives and fortunes of the best inhabitants to surrender the province itself. Let Congress at once annex her to the Union as a territory, and establish a civil government.

           We require here a new judicial system; the present one throws all the responsibility on the Alcalde. I broke through the trammels of usage a few days since, and empanelled the first jury that ever sat in California. The first men in Monterey were on it. The case involved a large amount of property, and the allegation of a high crime. No one man should decided such a case. The verdict of the jury was submitted to, without a murmur from either of the parties, and the community seemed much gratified with this new form of trial. They think, and very rightly took that twelve men are less liable to partiality, prejudice and corruption, than one. It was the establishment of trials by jury here, that probably lead to my election as magistrate.

           Mr. Semple, an emigrant printer, and myself, have established a small paper here, the first ever published in California. It is issued every Saturday. Its appearance made quite a little sensation. We found the type in the forsaken cell of a monk, and the paper is such as is used here for segar wrappers, and was imported for that purpose. It is printed in English and Spanish. We are going to send at once to the United States for larger paper and a fresh font of type. With this new engine of power we are going to sustain the genius of American institutions here.

           Three thousand emigrants from the United States, it is understood, have just arrived at San Francisco, in two companies, one commanded by Capt. Hastings, and the other by Capt. Prussel, and ten thousand more are on their way.

           The frigates Congress and Savannah are here, also the Eric. She takes the present bearer of dispatches with our letter bag to Panama, on her cruise down the coast. The Congress and Savannah leave to morrow for the Bay of San Francisco, which they are going to fortify. The U. S. ship Portsmouth is now there. The Cayane and Warren are off Acapulco or Mazatlan; both these places will be captured, and all other ports of any importance in Lower California. The Savannah will soon return home; she has now been out over her time, and will have been absent all of four years before she gets home. Stir up Congress to send us a steamer out here. We are waiting for the arrival of the Potomac. The fort here is nearly finished. It is defended mostly by large brass pieces captured here, and which are provided with copper balls-rather expensive ammunition.

Yours truly,


Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c2    248 words

Correspondence of the N.O. Picayune

Havana, December 13, 1846

Gentlemen—Capt. Aranjo is still here with his three hundred privateer licenses and letters of citizenship. He has not been able to dispose of a single one as yet. The price asked of each is $1000, with the corresponding letters of citizenship. It is probable he will take them all back with him to Mexico. It is supposed a man by the name of Juan Nepo Pereda has been dispatched to Colombia on business of a similar kind.

           Information has been receive here form Mexico, that he Mexican Government had sold or delivered over to a Frenchman by the name of Ribaud, well known in New Orleans, the two Mexican men-of-war at Alvarado, called the Santa Anna and Mezicano, and that Ribaud had left at sea under the French flag, take them round Cape Horn and cruise against our commerce in the Pacific and east Indies. It is said that Ribaud holds a commission as captain in the Mexican Navy, yet it is not probable he will be able to accomplish his purpose.

           The splendid new sloop of war Albany Com’r. Breese, is here, to sail to-morrow for Pensacola. While off this port the Albany fell in with a schooner, on passing the Moro, hauled down the English colors and hoisted the Mexican flag, much to the astonishment of every body, and turned out to be a schooner from Yucatan, with a very valuable cargo of cochineal and indigo.

Tuesday, RE47v43n72p1c2, January 5, 1847: LATER FROM THE ARMY.

From the N.O. Picayune

See Richmond Whig Volume 24, Issue 2, January 5, 1847: Page 4, Column D

The annexed criticism upon the operations of the Army in Mexico is from the pen of a gentleman who is every inch a soldier. Its temper is unexceptionable, and its reasoning is deserving of the most serious consideration. Whatever opinions may be entertained respecting the conclusions to which the writer has arrived, it will be conceded that he scrutinizes the past with a military eye and predicts the future with the boldness of a mind convinced of the accuracy of its deductions.

In regard to the advance of Gen. Wool upon Chihuahua, the views of the writer are in accordance with opinions we have time and again expressed. The uselessness or impracticality of that expedition became apparent to Gen. Wool himself, as he abandoned it without accomplishing anything. The consequences of this military mistake are discussed by our correspondent. Whether all the results contended for would have been attained had the disposition suggested by him been made of Gen. Wool’s army, is in some measure a matter of speculation; but he gives good reasons for his opinions, whilst the failure of Gen. Wool to achieve the objects contemplated in the formation of that army shows that its destination was a military error.

It is very probable that the opinions of our correspondent as to the future begin to prevail in high quarters. His views as to what should be done are given with that same distinctness as his observations upon what has already transpired. It is to be hoped that the Government will not be deterred, by fear of the cost, from putting the next campaign upon the most ample basis in regard to all the appointments necessary to its efficiency. Whatever is required in this behalf will be conceded by Congress and the country with alacrity. The carping of those, who “count the cost only” in considering military events, should not be heeded, as they would make the same ado if the war cost fifty cents or fifty millions. In nothing is it so true as in military operations, that parsimony is the worst kind of extravagance.

But enough of introductory. We again invite attention to the subjoined letter, which deserves the more consideration as it is firm and candid in tone without a particle of the complaining irritability which too often imparts to writings upon this subject the character of fault-finding strictures against the Government.

Monterey, Mexico, Dec. 9, 1846.

In writing of the operations of the campaign, I beg that I may not be classed among the “scribblers from the army,” who write only to trumpet forth their own fame and that of their corps- doing justice to none, injustice to many, and blinding the people as to the operations of the Army. Such letters are read with deep regret, for they are disparaging to the reputation and good name of the American soldiery. I suppose the people are, and indeed ought to be satisfied with the achievements of the Army. We have accomplished a great deal under many difficulties and trammels, and having done so much we must claim the privilege of pointing out those difficulties and trammels, of showing cause why they never should have existed, and proving that had they not existed we should be much further advanced in attaining our object- as advantageous peace.

The fundamental principle in war it “to operate, with superior forces, a combined movement on a decisive point,” and no plan of campaign can be promptly successful unless framed on this principle, particularly where it is the intention to act entirely on the offensive. Unfortunately for our Government this principle did not enter as an element in the present plan of campaign, and all operations growing out of it are necessarily directly opposed to it. Had we met an enterprising enemy, this defect in the present plan of campaign would have been rendered much more apparent, and its failure much more signal by defeat in detail. Suppose Gen. Wool, with his force and enormous supply of transportation and subsistence, had been concentrated on Gen. Taylor, would the latter have marched on Monterey with on 6000 men, not having more than enough transportation to carry subsistence for that number, and having to leave behind him his battery train on that account? Gen. Taylor had not sufficient transportation, with a depot as near as Cerralvo in his rear, to transport with his Army of 6000 men a supply to subsist it longer than two days after the 24th, (the day of the capitulation,) and had during the engagement to dispatch his train back to Cerralvo. Had this concentration been effected, Gen. Taylor would have had with his army before Monterey one month’s supplies, when he could have enforced an unconditional surrender of the town and forces, or followed on their rear in retreat and eventually have captured or massacred Ampudia’s entire army.

Had not the Chihuahua expedition been planned, and had the force and supplies of that army been promptly concentrated on Gen. Taylor, we would have been before Monterey eight weeks sooner, when it might have been taken without firing a gun. And why was this Chihuahua expedition a portion of the plan of campaign? Was it not reasonable to suppose that after our victories before Matamoros, our enemy would occupy and hold, as strategic points, Monterey and Saltillo, covering the strongest passes in the Sierra Madre and having San Luis Potosi as a base of operations? San Luis should then have been in the plan of campaign, the objective point, and all of our energies should have been exerted on this line. As it turns out, Gen. Kearney takes New Mexico without firing a gun, and after the battle of Monterey Gen. Wool arrives at Monclova, and reports his advance on Chihuahua as useless, whilst our enemy, whipped at Monterey, abandons Saltillo and concentrates at San Luis, which he never could have done had Gen. Wool’s army been promptly united with Gen. Taylor’s. Owing to this error in the plan of campaign our enemy not only gained time to fortify and fight at Monterey, but as a natural consequence from it, he also gained time to concentrate at San Luis. With the combined material of the two armies the objective point, San Luis, might have been gained, and, by a decisive action with Ampudia’s forces alone, at that point, the campaign might have ended, and probably the war. These are some of the difficulties under which we have labored, and but for which our Army could have done much more for the country. By these Gen. Taylor has been trammelled in his operations, and has not had an opportunity to display to the world what he could have done, had the plan of campaign been framed on military principles.

But let us look a little further into the difficulties growing out of and caused by the present plan of campaign. What is the relative position of our own and the enemy’s forces at this time? Santa Anna has beyond doubt concentrated at San Luis 37,000 men; he holds a central position which, with his force, cannot be approached from this direction even by superior forces, owing to the scarcity of water, which, on a large portion of the route, is held in tanks, and entirely at the disposal of the enemy. He holds himself invincible at that point, relying on the strength of Vera Cruz to resist attack, which must be taken before we can approach him by gaining his rear.

The number of Gen. Taylor’s army is very far overrated, even by the Union, which seems to estimate it at the actual volunteer force sent into the field and the regular force prescribed by law, without any allowance for the diminution of his force from casualties and sickness, which has far exceeded what might have been reasonably anticipated under the most unfavorable circumstances. Whatever may be thought of the strength of our force in Mexico at this date, I assert, and without fear of contradiction, that not more than fourteen thousand effective men could be brought into action to-morrow morning out of the whole army in the field. Now, what disposition of this inferior force necessarily results from the plan of the campaign? San Luis cannot be approached from this direction, and to go at our enemy we must approach him on another line. But the all important passes in the Sierra Madre must be held, to prevent our enemy from gaining our rear; and our forces, although inferior to the enemy in numbers, are necessarily scattered, whilst Santa Anna can operate en masse on any point. Thus we find ourselves compelled to operate on multiple lines, on an extended front, with an inferior force, whilst our enemy holds a single line of operations, and an interior one. This immense advantage to the enemy results entirely from the defective plans of campaign, and the only remedy is to form a new one, by which an increased force of 30,000 men must be concentrated on some decisive point. Vera Cruz and San Juan de Ulloa must be taken; then, and not till then, will Mexican generals and soldiers begin to think that their arms are not invincible, and not till then will the Mexican people mistrust the prowess of their army. The fall of Vera Cruz and San Juan de Ulloa may be a strong inducement to cause them to sue for peace, but I confidently believe that we will even then have to advance and fight the enemy at whatever point he may select. The Mexicans have no idea of making peace- even the private families in this town teach their children to hate Americans, and to lisp the name of Santa Anna as the saviour of their country, who is to whip the Americans whenever he meets them. It is absurd to think of peace unless our Government will take prompt and efficient measure to strike some decisive blow. Our force must be increased, the necessary subordination of military operations to the measure of supplies must be better considered, and the plans of campaign must be in strict accordance with military science. Then will our general in the field show to the world that he is not the man to win a battle and lose its advantages.

Yours truly, N.


Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c5    478 words


We are pleased that the Secretary of the Treasury has adopted the wise and manly policy of addressing the following frank and emphatic letter to the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means:


Sir:--Permit me most respectfully to call your attention to the views submitted in my last annual report, in regard to imposing duties on tea and coffee.

           These duties were suggested in view of the necessity of obtaining the loan therein proposed, and this Department feels bound to communicate the opinion entertained by it, that, in the absence of these duties, it will probably be wholly impracticable to negotiate the loan on such terms as would be permitted by Congress.

Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Secretary of the Treasury.

Hon. James J. McKay,
Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means.

           The country is engaged in war, which to bring to a speedy and satisfactory issue, it is necessary to raise a certain amount. This loan cannot be effected upon terms honorable to the credit of the Government, unless the trifling tax proposed for war purposes upon tea and coffee be laid, so as to place the finances of the country on a firm basis and to give a guarantee to the world that the Government is willing and able to meet all its responsibilities. Under these circumstances, it was to be hoped that no impediment would be thrown in the way of a temporary measure demanded by the highest motives of patriotism and national interest. But he Whig press has already raised its voice of clamor and complaint. They substantially declare that they will do nothing to relieve the pressure upon the Treasury; nothing to feed and clothe our gallant volunteers and army; nothing to push on the war to a vigorous and permanent settlement—unless the tariff of ’46 be repealed, even before trial, and their own precious bantling of 1842 be restored in all its hideous proportions. The war with Mexico, they say, was produced by the Democratic party—that party has destroyed the tariff of 1842, and unless the Whigs have the full protection contained in that act they will resist the adoption of a temporary measure to effect a loan, for the successful conduct of the war. But in this, we believe, they misrepresent the sentiments of the great body of the Whig party. A few days since, we heard on of the staunchest and most prominent Whigs declare, that Congress ought at once to lay the duty on tea and coffee, so as to elevate the credit of the Government, and enable it to raise the money necessary for the war; that the tax was so inconsiderable, and would fall so equally upon all classes, that the country would cheerfully support it, especially at a time so commercially prosperous as this.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c5    1,003 words


The steamer Palmetto, from Galveston, to N. Orleans, in the midst of a heavy gale, took fire, producing the utmost possible alarm among the passengers—but it was soon subdued by the coolness of Capt. Smith.

           There is a story in the Galveston News, told by a teamster recently from Mexico, to the effect that Col. Riley was recently surrounded at Mlos, by 5000 Mexicans under Gen. Urrea, and that there was no hope of Col. R.’s escape.

The Picayune does not believe a word of it.

           The military and civic authorities of Tabasco have published a pronunciamento, renouncing their allegiance to the Federal Government of Mexico, as that Government had failed to send them aid and succor. Senor Traconis was appointed as the head of the revolution, in consideration of his heroic defence of the State from the invitation of the American squadron in the month of October.

           In Campeachy, Senor Domingo Barret published an address on the 8th November, in which he presents himself as the chief of the glorious revolution which was that day commenced, and swears to discharge his duty with loyalty and purity. This may be a new outbreak of the spirit before manifested in Campeachy, to sunder entirely all political connection with the Government of Mexico. We have no accounts of how it has resulted.

           The Picayune gives accounts of the loss of the Somers off Vera Cruz.

           An extract of a letter to the British consul at Tampico, written by the captain of the British frigate Alarm, describes the accident, speaks of the 37 men saved by the joint exertions of the French and English; but explicitly gives to the Frenchmen the credit of the most efficient service.

           A letter from Tampico says it is expected Herrera will be elected President of the republic and that overtures for peace will be immediately made to our Government; but it si thought probable that as soon as Santa Anna hears of such an occurrence, he will proceed to the capital and depose the President elect.

           The Eco del Tampico of the 12th contains the correspondence between General Taylor and Santa Anna, which is of some importance or an expression fo Santa Anna. General Taylor’s letter is dated from Saltillo, November 20 in which he acknowledges Santa Anna’s courtesy in releasing seven prisoners, and quotes from the armistice of Monterey a passage in justification of our government against a reflection of Santa Anna. He concludes with expressing a hope that the Mexican Congress will accept the offers of the United States for the termination of hostilities.

           Santa Anna replies from San Luis Potosi, November 24. He supposes Gen. La Vega to be still in New Orleans, and concludes with the following passage which we find in the Picayune:

“I will conclude this note by assuring you that I entertain the hope that the sovereign National Congress, which is immediately to be installed, will act as shall be most conducive to the interests of the Republic; but I believe that I do not deceive myself in assuring you, that neither the Congress, nor any Mexican, will ever be able to listen to overtures of peace unless the national territory be first evacuated by the forces of the United States, and the hostile attitude of their vessels of war be withdrawn. This must be without a doubt the preliminary of whatever negotiation may be opened; and it may be permitted to me to declare to you, that the nation, moved by a sentiment of patriotism, and determined to defend at every hazard and inch by inch its territory, will never cease to qualify as it deserves, and as the world has already qualified it, the conduct of the United States; and it will do whatever it can and ought honorably to deserve the title which it bears of independent and free.” [MPR]

           This (says the N.O. Courier) is certainly hostile language, on the part of the Mexican chief, mixed with the usual quantum of characteristic bravado. An interview on the plains of San Luis Potosi will perhaps bring him to reason.

           Col. Gates, at Tampico, has published an order prohibiting the landing of spirituous liquors at that place.

           Col. Hays has arrived form New Orleans, at Galveston, and gone to San Antonio, to have his regiment in complete and speedy organization.—He reports that Gen. Scott was on his way to Tampico, “where he will take command of one division of the Army, and will of course be the Commander-in-chief hereafter, from whom all orders must proceed.”

           There are rumors of an expected attack upon Tampico (where there are 800 Americans) by 3,000 Mexicans.

           A letter dated Monterey, Dec. 4, in the Delta says:

“Although I stated in my last that there would be no immediate movement of the army, there is to be one in less than ten days, but it will be something on the retrograde order. Gen. Taylor has either been informed of the concentration of a Mexican force at Victoria, or designs opening a communication with Tampico, for he moves on to the Capital of Tamaulipas, with two Regiments, if not a whole Division, in little more than one week’s time. Orders to this effect have been read to the 1st Regiment of Infantry, with whom the Baltimore Battalion acts, and the Georgia Volunteers. As yet, none others have been notified, though it is thought that the entire Division, with probably th e7th infantry, will move.

“Gen. Hamer’s remains were consigned to the grave to-day.

“Santa Anna still continues to impress the natives with the belief, that he will shortly show himself in front of Monterey. The last extraordinary express reached here this morning, by which he sends in word that he has made eight days of the journey from San Luis de Potosi to Saltillo, and that the people of Monterey need not fear but that they will be able to celebrate the December fiesta out of sigh of the ‘perfidious Americans.’ ”

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c6    490 words

On Saturday morning, we learn, the Rev. Dr. Plumer delivered an eloquent and impressive address at the Union Hotel to the volunteers, who are about to embark for the seat of war.

           Yesterday morning at ½ past 6 the Richmond companies, commanded by Captains Scott and Carrington, the Alexandria company, Capt. Corse, and the Caroline company, Capt. Bankhead, too passage on the steamer “Curtis Peck” for Fortress Monroe. The were […] Morris Commanding. Dr. Wm. A. Patleson and Lieut. Morris made some touching remarks, which were feelingly responded to by Capt. Scott. We understand the scene was a most interesting one, thousands of anxious spectators crowding the wharf, &c. At City Point these companies would be jointed by Captain H. Archer’s Petersburg company, which will make up the first battalion. Three companies now remain in this city, viz: Captain Wm. B. Archer’s 3d Richmond company; Capt. Alburtis’ Berkely company; and Captain Herper’s Staunton Volunteers.

           On Saturday evening first Lieutenant Cooke reached this city, to tender the services of Captain J.P. Young’s company of Portsmouth volunteers just raised. We know not if they have been accepted.

           From the following notice of the Petersburg Republican, it will be seen that the gallant “Little Cockade” will soon have another company in the field. Indeed, we heard on Saturday night, that the company had been accepted, with Wm M. Robinson, Esq., as their Captain:

“A portion of the second Company of Petersburg Volunteers, now numbering about fifty men, left town yesterday morning for the purpose of visiting one or two public places tin the country to obtain recruits. They will be at Hicksford next Monday, court day, where they expect to fill up the list. It has been reported to them that a gentleman in Dinwiddie has obtained the names of 15, and one in Sussex has ten, thus making their whole number 75. If they are as successful in Prince George and Greensville as they anticipate, they expect to go to Richmond on Thursday next to be mustered into the service of the United Stats, and, judging from those that we have seen, the Regiment will not be able to boast of a finer looking set of men. Indeed, they will be worthy of being commanded by the best graduate that WestPoint can produce.”

           From the Lynchburg papers we learn that Major Early succeeded, after great exertions, in enrolling 55names, 40 of whom were from the county of Franklin. He was to be in Lynchburg on Saturday, and hoped to make up the full number in that quarter—if not, he would conduct all now enrolled to his city, where they may join some company. (The great difficulty in organizing a company in that region of the State seems to be the want of a suitable place of rendezvous.)

           For the information of the Richmond Whig and other Whig papers we extract from the Harrisonburg Register the following good news from the “Tenth Legion.”

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c6    183 words

ROCKINGHAM VOLUNTEERS.—Two companies of volunteers are now in process of formation in this county. We understand that one company in the 116th regiment is nearly full, and will proceed to the election of their officers on to-day, (Saturday.)  The roll in Harrisonburg is, we learn, filling up; and with a little extra exertion on the part of our young friends, both companies will soon be ready to take the field under the new requisition.

The Charlestown Spirit of Jefferson says

“The company from Jefferson, under command of captain John W. Rowan, are awaiting marching orders. The minimum number has been obtained, but the Captain has a […] ority to increase his list ten or fifteen more. Those who purpose joining must decide immediately, or the company will be under way for Richmond.

“An election was held on Thursday last, under direction of Colonel Francis Yates, of the 55th regiment of V.M., for the commissioned officers of this company, and resulted as follows:

“John W. Rowan, Captain.
John Avis, Jr., First Lieutenant.
Lawrence B. Washington, first second Lieutenant.
William McCormick, second second Lieutenant.”


Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c6   568 words


We have read with great interest the Union’s sketch of this gentleman’s able and conclusive speech, on the 23d December, upon the Mexican war. The “hour rule” prevented him from elaborating the important points which he so clearly laid down and briefly but strongly argued. We presume that he will prepare his remarks for publication, when we shall lay them before our readers. In the mean time, as an act of justice to a Virginian, who always speaks with force and learning and clearness of argument, we extend the following compliments to his well-earned reputation.

           The Washington Correspondent of the Ohio Statesman, under date of Dec. 23d, writes:

“Washington Hunt, of New York, an excellent fellow, and quite a handsome man to boot, (as I mentioned last night,) who wears elaborate shirt ruffles, and bores the House almost into fits with twaddle, spoke, not on , but at the question, for the first hour to-day. He was followed by Gen. Bayly, of Va, whose speech well maintained his reputation as one of the first constitutional lawyers of the country. He discussed at length the right conferred by conquest; maintaining that it was not only the right, but the duty of the conquering power to establish temporary civil government in territory thus acquired, while held by force of arms. While he was referring, in the course of his arguments, to precedents in our own history, occurring during Madison’s administration, when similar proceedings were had in reference to the establishment of temporary civil governments, he remarked that, in the old party strife of those days, when impeachment was threatened from the same quarter, and indeed form the same city, (Boston,) it never entered into the heads of any one that the proceedings referred to, (Harrison’s proclamation, &c,) were part of the grounds to sustain the impeachment. He had yet to learn that these proceedings were complained of. It was reserved for later, and, he feared, not better days—for the advocates and apologists of Mexico, in similar proceedings, to find ground for impeachment.”

           In the Weekly Union we find the following notice of Mr. B.’s remarks, in the Congressional synopsis:

“Mr. Bayly followed in an able and eloquent vindication of the administration and the war, replying with irresistible force to the following grounds of assault upon the administration, viz: First, that the President has unnecessarily brought on the war by refusing to treat with Mexico, as it is alleged she wanted us to d, in regard to the question of boundary alone; and by insisting upon not separating that question form our other causes of quarrel with Mexico. Second, that he precipitated a war by marching our army to the Rio Grande, within the disputed territory. Third—and it was a new ground taken by the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Davies)—that the President was guilty of treason, in permitting the return of Santa Anna to Mexico. Lastly, that he has been guilty of usurpation in the establishment of civil government in the territory which we have conquered’  the argument made by the honorable gentleman in replying to the latter point, was peculiarly clear, and added new lustre to his already brilliant reputation as a lawyer and statesman.

“Mr. Stanton followed on the same side, adding lien upon line, and precept upon precept to the arguments of his predecessor, his own abilities losing naught by the comparison.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c6    150 words

MILITARY MOVEMENTS.—In the steamer Alabama, which left New Orleans on the 23d ultimo for the Rio Grande, and on board of which Gen. Scott and his Staff were passengers, there were also embarked five companies of the United States Mounted Riflemen, as follows: Company A, Capt. Loring and Lieut. Morris and Palmer; Company B, Capt. Sanderson and Lieut. Gordon; Company D, Capt. Pope and Lieuts. Claiborne and Hawkins; Company E, Capt. Crittenden and Lieut. May; and Company G, Capt. Simonson and Lieuts. Russell and Gibbs, all destined for Tampico—the whole under the command of Major Sumner, Major Burbridge being compelled to remain at New Orleans in consequence of illness. Lieuts. Newton, Tipton, Taylor, Lindsay, and Ewell, with a detachment of men, were also left behind for some days, to superintend the shipment of the horses belonging to the companies, which are to be dispatched at the earliest possible moment.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p2c1    942 words


The steamer Fashion arrived last evening form Brazos Santiago, which place hse left on the 24th inst. To Capt. Yeatman, of the third regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, a Volunteer Aid de Camp of Gen. Wool, who left Parras, the head quarters of Gen. Wool, on the 10th inst., and passed through Saltillo, Monterey, and camargo, e are indebted for the subjoined information.

           Gen. Wool has received orders from Gen. Taylor to take up his winter quarters at Parras, and had seized two thousand barrels of flour and several thousand bushels of wheat, and other government store. Parras is one hundred and fifteen miles directly west of Saltillo, and the position being farthest in advance, the first and second regiment of Indiana Volunteers had been ordered form Camargo to reinforce Gen. Wool. This would swell his command to about four thousand five hundred men. Gen Worth, at Saltillo, was also to be reinforced by four companies of Kentucky cavalry, ordered to Monterey which would bring his command up to about 1,700 men.

           Gen. Patterson had received a private letter informing him of a rumor that Santa Anna was advancing upon Saltillo form San Luis Potosi, but Captain Yeatman attaches no credit to the rumor, as he traveled form Parras an Saltillo to Matamoras as rapidly as possible, and when he left those places he heard nothing whatever of it. The Generals in command at both points have cavalry parties scouting in the direction of San Luis Potosi, and the scouts of Gen. Wool are at least seventy-five miles form his camp, so that he would be likely to be apprised of any movement of Santa Anna as early as possible.

           Gen. Taylor left Monterey on the 15th, with an escort of cavalry, for Victoria. Gen. Twiggs and Col. P. F. Smith, with their respective commands, were at Victoria, and previous to the departure of Gen. Taylor form Monterey, Gen. Quitman with his brigade had left for that point. Gen. Taylor, in a conversation with Captain Yeatman, expressed the opinion that it would be impossible to march upon San Luis Potosi form the northern extremity of his liens until the rainy season sets in in June next. The report that Santa Anna had cut off the water tanks between him and the American ports is not true, but the country is almost destitute of water unless during the rainy season, and in one part of the road there is even in that season a distance of ninety miles to be marched without the possibility of finding any.

           Six American teamsters were killed recently at Ramos, a ranche of Canales, by a detachment of his rancheros.

           Gen. Butler was in command at Monterey, with about two thousand men; Col. McKee, with six companies of the Kentucky regiment of cavalry, at Ceralvo; Capt. Willis, with two companies of the same regiment at Mier; and Gen. Marshall at Camargo, with about nine hundred men.

           Col. McClung was fast recovering from his wounds.

           A gentleman who arrived last night from Tampico, and left there on the 16th, states that a body of Mexican cavalry, estimated at about 7,000 had appeared in the vicinity of that place, and, coming within range of the artillery, were fired upon and driven off. The garrison there had been reinforced by the Alabama regiment of volunteers and the second regiment of artillery, and Gen. Patterson was to have marched from Matamoras, on the 23d, with Col. Thomas’s regiment of Tennessee cavalry, for that point. Gen Shields was in command at Tampico, but would be superseded by Gen. Patterson, when he arrived.

           Great exertions have been making by Mexican officers to raise men in the small towns along the Rio Grande, and with some success.

           Capt. Stone, with a detachment of seventy men, lately captured a party of two hundred Mexicans in a Ranche about thirty-seven miles up the San Juan, together with Capt. Cantova, by whom they had been recruited, and he and the men were taken as prisoners to Camargo. Fifty stand of arms, ammunition, etc., were taken at the same time. On the evening of the 16th a Mexican was taken by the guards at Camargo attempting to enter the powdered magazine, with a design, it is supposed, of blowing it up.

           The troops under Gen. Wool, Capt. Yeatman also informs us, are in the very highest state f discipline, and regard their commander with respect and affection. Patras, he says, is a most delightful place. It is situated about seven miles west of the great San Luis Potosi road, and he terms it the vineyard of Mexico.  The climate is unexceptionable, and the soil fertile; the grape is cultivated there, and the wine extracted from it is delicious.

           Captain Yeatman is absent from the army on furlough.

           The Fashion stopped off Matagorda Bar and Galveston—left about fifty vessels in Brazos harbor. A schooner sailed next day for Tampico with seventy-five volunteers, and one for Vera Cruz with Mexican prisoners; schooner Sea to sail same day for New Orleans. The steamer Eudora, lightening to go in over the bar. The Palo Alto was wrecked on the South breaker […] is full of water. The schooner Vanderbilt was wrecked fifteen miles north of the bar, on Padre Island. Steam schooner […] Washington and Pharsalia, with several other vessels, were in the offing, waiting to be lightened.

           The fashion brought up eighty discharged volunteers, with nineteen cabin passengers; also the remains of young Allison of Nashville, who was shot a Monterey.   One of the Indiana volunteers died and was buried at sea thirteen miles north of Brazos Island.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c1    720 words

THE GOVERNOR’S MESSAGE.—A few days ago we gave a synopsis of this able document, and regret that its length—the limits of our columns and the pressing matter before us—preclude its full publication in the Argus. But, we must be permitted to speak of its qualities; and whilst we pronounce it a bold and an able production—clothed in language plain, chaste and forcible, showing the author, not only to be a scholar and an orator, but a Statesman, it is nothing more than we anticipated.

           True, we have no personal acquaintance with Gov. Smith; we have never seen him; but as a politician, he has long been familiar to us. We have met with those who have known him for many years, and heard those speak of him, who served with him in the councils of our State, who represented him as a bold, fearless, energetic politician, and an amiable man. And we have met with those who have denounced him as a demagogue;--we have heard him assailed by his political enemies with bitter denunciation, and we have heard him defended by his friends in terms most laudable.

           Let any man, of any party, read this message; let him divest himself of party, and he will say, that William Smith is no demagogue, or that if he ever practiced it he has discarded it on the present occasion.

           Statesman-like, he has looked to Virginia as she is—taken hold of her great interests, and presented them with a boldness and a force, peculiar to the man, and the statesman.

           The political fame of William smith became familiar to every Virginian in the canvass of 1840. It not only spread through our own borders, but throughout the Union. When we heard of any great discussion, or pitched-battle, in the State, William smith was there. We heard from him in the North, the West, the East and the South, doing battle against the champions of Whiggery, and the renegades from the ranks of Democracy. And where was he heard from, that we did not hear of his doing signal service.

           Who amongst us has forgotten the exciting times of 1840—when the returns of the Presidential election were coming in—when State after State had gone over to the Whigs, and all eyes were anxiously turned to Virginia, to see how she had braved the storm. Finally the news came that Virginia was safe—that the old Dominion had proved impregnable, and that the banner of Democracy still waved triumphantly over her borders. Who then received the credit for saving the State?  ‘Twas William Smith. Many bold, fearless and eloquent champions had battled in the cause—the wreath was awarded to Wm. Smith. He had earned it, and no man doubted that he was entitled to it.

           And now, that offices of distinction, honor and trust are to be disposed of, by the representatives of the democracy, is this faithful democrat—this distinguished orator and statesman—this man of the people, who has labored so long, so zealously and so effectually—to be thrown aside, and the mantle of honor bestowed upon some one who in the hour of danger, was not found in the front battle?  Is the edict to go forth, that the ‘Laborer is no longer worthy of his hire?’  One thing we feel justified in saying; if the great mass of the democratic party, in the good old common wealth, was consulted, seven-tenths would say that William Smith should be United States Senator. The voice or the wishes of the people should be obeyed. The district has on a former occasion, through their representatives, honored him with a unanimous vote, regardless of party; in doing so the wishes of the majority were carried out, and we trust this district will do so again. We further hope to see the democracy from a neighboring district coming up to his aid, as a small debt of gratitude for services rendered in the trying time of 1840, when Parkersburgh was made the great theatre of action in the West, and hundreds were halting between two opinions, until William Smith, met the great Ajax of whiggery, exposed their principles, and sustained the principles of the democratic party in language too plain and too convicting to be long doubted.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c2    1256 words


We have always maintained it to be the true course of patriotism and sound policy to sink every party feeling, when the nation is involved in war. In such a crisis, we ought to look first to united and harmonious action to vindicate the national honor and secure a satisfactory peace—and then to a searching scrutiny into the causes of the war and to its conduct by those constitutionally empowered to carry it on. At the very first blast of the war bugle, the voice of party should be hushed, and every American rally around the national standard, without muttering discontent with the course of hits own government, the natural effect of which its to encourage the hopes of the enemy and prolong an evil, which all alike deplore.

           Such was the policy which the Democratic party was anxious to see put into practice. They showed no mean spirit of jealously at the laurels won by Whig officers or men. Though the contrary has falsely been asserted by some of the more violent Whig press, no portion o the American people rejoiced more cordially than the Democrats at the gallant and brilliant deeds of Taylor, Worth, Kearney and other members of the Whig party. They rejoiced, because of the heroism or our troops redounded to the honor and welfare of the whole country, and because in cowing with laurels the brows of these brave commanders, Whigs though they be, they but brightened the good name and glory of our common country. We contend, then, that the Democrats are blameless, if the least bitterness of party feelings has been infused into the history of the war with Mexico. It is the Whig leaders who have broken the compromise of party feeling, and while the nation was in open war, have, in the face of the enemy, assailed the justice of the war and, to a great extent, virtually given “aid and comfort” to the enemy. On Saturday morning we received the Whig Raleigh Register, which contains a long and virulent assault upon the Democratic party. The writer charges the Administration with being “destructives,” who have put in practice the “most daring Executive usurpations, and the most wanton contempt of the Constitution.”  He raises his arm against this “unhallowed war sought after and begun by that Hydra-headed monstrosity, MODERN DEMOCRACY.” But we extract a few sentences in full, to show the spirit of the writer:

           “Who can foretell where our glorious stars and stripes, which were, at the command of a Republican Despot, first borne on to conquest in battle and in blood, are eventually destined to halt?  Now that the impetus has been given to a War of Conquest, whose hand so powerful as to quell the popular impulse and subdue that love of war and carnage which from age to age seems to be hereditary in our race?  Should no successful champion of Mexican Freedom and Independence rise and tell the Northern hive “thus far, and no farther, shall ye come,” our dominion, indeed, may extend over he whole North American Continent—but then is the hour for our own fail. Men upon the St. John or Penobscot, have no interest in common with those upon the Rio Grande!  Union would be lost—the machinery of our elective system would be thoroughly and irreparably destroyed by the immense numbers of our disfranchised citizens in the Army—Military usurpers would spring up, and lay their iron hands upon and subvert our civil liberties—secession would follow secession […] the general come […] to demonstrate the IMPRACTICABILITY OF A REPUBLIC, AND PAVE THE WAY FOR THE RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF MONARCHY. Such is the inevitable tendency of the in definitive warfare we are waging. Heaven grant us a speedy peace—Peace, at whatever cost—so that honor be preserved, and the shadow, even, of our mutilated Constitution allowed to remain. The past year has been the first that has seen our Republic following the destructive example of the primitive Commonwealths of Europe, in their suicidal policy of territorial aggression the expense of their neighbors.”

           In all soberness, we ask our readers, if the above impassioned language of a North Carolina Whig would not better appear in a Mexican journal, as a palliation of all the outrages of that imbecile and treacherous nation?  What Mexican editor could employ stronger terms in regard to our people, than this American (?) writer, who calls the President a “despot,” slanders his fellow-citizens as being moved by the “love of war and carnage” alone, and boldly predicts the fall of our glorious Republic through the corruption of her free citizens and the usurpation of her military officers, to be succeeded by “anarchy” and the “re-establishment of monarchy ?”  Could Mexico desire a more earnest “advocate” of her cause?  Does not such an American truly give “aid and comfort” to the enemy?

           But at our own doors we have evidence tending strongly in the same direction. In Friday’s Whig we find the following “extract of a letter from the country,” which, though not published with an editorial endorsement, is prominently sent forth to the world, without one word of censure or disapprobation from the Editor, who virtually endorses its contents, by publishing it in its present form. We ask our readers to observe the passages which we have Italicized, and to say whether they do not deserve the indignant rebuke of the people. Is it wise, proper or patriotic in an American citizen to denounce the war in which we are engaged, an into which we have been forced, as a “disgraceful conceit,” as a war of “plunder and conquest;” to invoke sympathy for our deadly and treacherous enemy, as for “a feeble and distracted neighbor”—and to publish to the world that the writer would refuse to raise his hand for the honor and interests of his country, at the same time that he sneers at the Democrats not enlisting for the war?  But it is sufficient to call attention to the language without a single comment. It speaks its own condemnation fully

           “I know not how it is in other parts, but hereabouts I have not seen or heard of a Democrat enlisting for the Mexican war. They are very boisterous in their glorifications of that disgraceful contest, and in their denunciations of all who question its wisdom or its policy;--but judging by their actions, they seem to have no idea of encountering its hazards and sharing its glories in person. I think they are the men, however, whose peculiar duty it is to fight these battles. Their President originated the war, without authority of law of constitution, when there was no necessity for it—when national honor did not require it, and when every dictate of humanity and religion and every sentiment of magnanimity forbade it. For a republic to wage a war of plunder and conquest—and that too against a feeble and distracted neighbor!—let the valor of Polk and his rampant supporters fight it out—I will none of it—for I believe it a conflict in which no true honor is to be achieved and no national good acquired.”

           So much for the Whig clamor against the Democrats for speaking their true sentiments in regard to the partisan conduct of Whig leaders.

           To-morrow we shall recur to the Editorials and Communications in the Whig, which do such gross injustice to the Democrats of Virginia, so far as the volunteering for Mexican War is concerned.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c3    135 words

The Battalion of Volunteers, under the command of Capt. Ro. G. Scott, jr., reached Old Point on Sunday night, in the Curtis Peck. We learn that nearly every man was present at the roll-call on Sunday morning—a few only being unprepared for the trip.

           We are pained to hear that—McNulty, one of Capt. Carrington’s company, was accidentally drowned at City Point, when the boat stopped to fake in the Petersburg company of Capt. Archer. It seems that the unfortunate man with a brother volunteer, John Bull English, were in the small boat of the steamer, which was suspended at her side, rocking themselves in sport, and in the violence of the vibration were both thrown into the river. One was saved, but the other lost, in spite of every exertion to rescue him.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c3    55 words

           The case of Edgar Barziza, a member of Capt. Scott’s company of Volunteers, charged with the “murder,” by stabbing, of William Sharp, on the night of the 28th December, came up before Mayor. Lambert yesterday; but was postponed till to-day, in the absence of the witness. Robert G. Scott Esq. is counsel for the accused.

Tuesday, January 5, 1847 RE47v43n72p1c3    243 words


           We are glad to hear that the Executive have accepted the services of Captain John P. Young’s company from Portsmouth.

           The second company from Petersburg, Captain William M. Robinson, will be completed in a few days, and will no doubt be accepted.

           The Kanawha Republican fears a failure to raise a company of volunteers in that Senatorial district, from the want of some person “of the right qualifications to go ahead in the business.” It is too late now, it thinks, the requisite number from the State having offered their services. The Kanawha Republican speaks as follows of the laudable patriotism of two citizens of Kanawha:

           “Two noble young men, Mr. B.D. Fry and J. L. Kempter, members of the Kanawha bar, burning for distinction on the battlefield, left this place week before last to join one of the companies in Richmond. We regret that they had not remained here a little longer; they might have raised a company and been placed in its command, to which their qualifications so eminently entitle them.”

           We understand that these two young men, who have received a thorough military education, were about to enroll as privates in a company here; but, at the instance of some of our citizens who were struck with their manly conduct and fine qualities, they proceeded to Washington, with a view to procuring commissions in the new regiments of the army probably to be raised. We wish them success.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c4    1556 words


           The Hagerstown News contains the following article:

           Thompson Mason, Esq., late a citizen of this place, and a member of the Hagerstown Bar, has, as we learn from the papers, join the Virginia regiment of Volunteers. Alas!  That talent such as his should be prostituted to the wickedness of war!  Even should he come back crowned with laurels, a mind so sensitive, cultivated and discriminating as his, will not fail, in old age, to reproach him with the wrongs and miseries he now, by example, is helping to fasten upon the world, by giving his sanction to legalized murder. How much more glorious would it be, were those talents devoted to the cause of humanity: to the putting of the human family upon the railway of advancement—instead of helping to sink the world in the darkness of barbarous heathenism. We wish him a safe return and a peaceful mind in the future.”

           It is because the Democratic press expose such enormities in our public journals, that they are assailed by the Whigs as truckling to Executive power, as aiming a blow at the freedom of speech and of the press, and as putting in practice the odious doctrine, “that the King can do no wrong.”  Will the most rigid stickler for the liberty of the press fail to condemn such mischievous and factious views as the above?  Every newspaper is supposed to exert a certain influence, though in a limited sphere. Is it now, then, plain to the dullest intellect, that such articles as the above are calculated to throw odium upon the war in which we are engaged, and which we are bound to fight out, if we desire to secure peace and an honorable reparation for the wrongs done us by Mexico?  The Editor pays a just tribute to the talents and to the cultivated and discriminating mind of Mr. Mason, who has engaged in the glorious service of his country—and yet, in the same breath, in its party madness, presents’ him as “giving his sanction to legalized murder,” and as “prostituted to the wickedness of war.” Do not such articles tend to give “aid and comfort” to the enemy, in raising the impression on the Mexican Government, that a large party in this country is bitterly opposed to the war, and would rejoice to see our army withdrawn, to the dishonor and disgrace of the nation?  And is note the Democratic press fully justified in holding up to public indignation such sentiments, whether they come from leading men or public journals?  Can any patriot observe, with complacency, the extraordinary course of Mr. McGaughey, a Whig member from Indiana?  After characterizing, as “an intruder in this House,” Col. Baker, the Whig member from Illinois, whose “statements he did nor regard much,” Mr. McG. Denounced the war as “a Presidential war altogether,” and as “one only of the fruits of Texas annexation,” and he “asked no share in the glory of such a war:”

           “Believing, then, that the war was wholly wrong, he would not vote for any additional appropriations, except to settle up the debts already incurred. Believing that the shortest way to attain peace was to retire, he would vote against the bill which proposed to increase the army. It was not at all necessary for the interests and honor o the country to prosecute the war. If it were a holy and just war, its history would redound to the national glory. But it was far otherwise in this case, and the retrospection would be anything but honorable or gratifying. It was said that here were Whigs who were in favor of the war. He did not belong to them; and, if that was true, there must be more classes of Whigs than he knew of, and Whiggery had come to be as chameleon-like as Democracy”

           What is all this but rendering “aid and comfort” to the enemy?  And yet, according to Whig doctrine, it is a crying usurpation to expose such factious and treacherous views uttered in a time of war.

           Mr. Own of Indiana followed in a masterly, eloquent and far-searching vindication of the justice of the war. We have no room for his conclusive argument, which goes to the very marrow of the question. We cannot, however, forbear from laying before our readdress his thrilling peroration. It is full of patriotic sentiment, sound advice, and burning sarcasm upon those who, for miserable party capital, openly encourage our treacherous foes:

           “And now, in conclusion, will gentlemen on the other side of the House suffer me to address to them a few not unfriendly words. That which is spoken in this hall remains not here. It is published to the world. It goes to our enemies as well as to our friends. When members of an American Congress assert that the war in which their country is engaged is unholy, unrighteous, damnable; the President’s war, who ought to be arraigned a a usurper for making it; every word they speak may be read—in all human probability is read, and with avidity—in the national palace of Mexico. When members of an American Congress declare that Mexicans, or their manly resistance in such a war, are to be honored and applauded, they speak, as it were, to the very men they praise and encourage; even in the ears of Santa Anna and his advisers.—Words that are strengthen the hands and cheer the hearts for the public enemy should be well weighed, before they are uttered. I condemn no man, who speaks, from the depths of his heart, his honest thought. It is his right; and not the less his right, because of the consequence, be that what it will. If those who put Mexico in the right and their county and her President in the wrong, speak as they are prompted by the love of truth and justice alone, their language, no matter whom it may aid and comfort, shall pass unreproved by me. But if, with this indignant zeal for justice to Mexico there mingle one motive less pure than truth, one lurking thought of party profit in an approaching contest at home, how stands the matter then?  Not national treasure and national honor only, human lives are at stake in their war. They who drag it, as an element of advantage, into the arena of party strife, play with human lives!  If any man, with even a glancing thought in his mind towards the Presidential succession, use words, put forth arguments, of which the tendency is to nerve the arm of eth enemy, and thus protract the war, he sacrifices, on the prostituted alter of party, his country’s treasure, honor, well being—yes! And the blood of her bravest sons. And such a man, thus placing obstacles in the way of negotiation, thus retarding an honorable peace, is the enemy alike of his country and of civilization. The spirit of war is fast departing from the earth. One feels, in these modern days, when engaged even in the most justifiable war, as may some participant in a disreputable brawl, reluctantly dragged into it by chance and bad neighborhood. The necessity of the thing cannot blind one’s eyes to its barbarism. A man, or a nation, meriting to be called civilized, seeks the first pause in the combat, to hasten its termination. But what chance of terminating he war while the enemy is daily fed with hopes, that, divided in feeling and distracted in council, we cannot, for any length of time, conduct military operations with vigor, or prosecute them with success?  To dispose Mexico to peace, she must see us united, harmonious, conscious of the justice of our cause, ready to put forth all our strength. Then, and thus, may she be brought to terms. Then, and thus, may this appeal to arms, the last, I trust, in which American shall ever be forced to engage, come to a close, and the period at last arrive, when we may turn our swords into ploughshares, and study war no more.”

           But to return to Mr. Mason, who is now in this city, a member of Capt. Alburtis’ fine company of Berkeley Volunteers. The Hagerstown News speaks in just and proper terms of Mr. M.’s excellent personal qualities—but, at the same time, does him great injustice, in referring to the causes which should affect his peace of mind. We can assure the News that Mr. M.’s conscience is entirely at ease, in regard to the war in which he is about to engage. Like a true patriot, he feels that his country has received wrongs at the hands of Mexico, which deserve to be avenged. Under such conviction he has given up his home and friends, and has enlisted in the ranks of the country’s defenders. In such a cause can any true American suffer the least shadow to cloud his conscience?  On the contrary, what more ennobling thought can animate a patriot, than to risk his all for his native land?  Mr. M’s. heart is in the right place, and we shall be much mistaken if he does not do his whole duty. At all events, his mind will be “peaceful,” because he feels that he is engaged in a glorious cause.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c5    394 words


           The whole country mourns the untimely decease, in his brigade camp at Monterey, on the 2nd Dec., of Brigadier General Thomas L. Hamer, of Ohio—the profound lawyer; the eloquent and sound statesman; the civil, brave, and generous soldier, and the amiable and philanthropic citizen. He was, perhaps, the first man in Ohio, having been covered with honors by that State, from an early age. At the recent State election, Gen. Hamer was elected to the next Congress, almost without opposition; having been nominated for that office by the enthusiastic vote of a Democratic Convention. In the beautiful language of the Union, “As a man his career has been brief; but, limited as it has been, death kindly withheld his hand until the manly brow of the gallant Hamer wore a wreath of laurel, plucked by his won brave arm, in the midst of fire, carnage, groans, and death, in the bloody streets of Monterey!!”

           As proof of the firm hold which he had upon the affections of his State, we quote the following tribute, unanimously adopted by the Legislature of Ohio, on the 31st. ult:

           Whereas, the mournful intelligence has reached us that Gen. Thomas L. Hamer, the accomplished civilian and devoted patriot is no more: therefore,

           Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That in the death of Gen. Hamer, our State has lost a favorite son, the United States a useful citizen and officer, and mankind at large a benefactor. Therefore,

           Resolved, That the members of this General Assembly deeply sympathize with the bereaved widow and children of the deceased, in their grievous affliction.

           Resolved, That the Speakers of the two Houses procure a suitable person to pronounce a eulogy upon the life and character and public services of the deceased, before the members of this General Assembly and the citizens generally, at some convenient season to be fixed by themselves.

           Resolved, That the body of the deceased be brought from Mexico and interred in the soil of Ohio, at the expense of the State.

           Let us now turn to the camp in Mexico, and we see that there also the death of General Hamer produced intense feeling, and that the most touching honors were paid to his memory. From a letter in the New Orleans Delta, we extract the following interesting particulars:

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c5    330 words

Monterey, Mexico, Dec. 10, 1846

Dear Sir: Until to-day I had nothing to communicate of interest. On the 2d instant, the prisoners belonging to Colonel Hays’ regiment, (Messrs. Lyons and Tufts,) captured at China, arrived from San Luis de Potosi. They informed me that Santa Anna had thirty three thousand men embodied at that place, undergoing the strictest discipline, and were throwing up a breastwork around the entire town, with a wide ditch on the outside, DIFFERING SOMEWHAT FROM THE CAMARGO FORTIFICATIONS—that the artillery of this army were few, but the cavalry amounted to eight thousand, all fully imbued with GREAT VALOR AND PATRIOTISM, and more than ready and willing to drive the BOLD AND DARING INVADERS BEYOND THE SABINE, and some even thought that they MIGHT MARCH TO WASHINGTON CITY. These gentlemen left San Luis on the 10th November.

           On the day previous an express courier arrived form Mexico, giving the information of the revolt of that city and State, and that on the day they left, Santa Anna had detached seven Regiments of the line to quell it. Mr. Lyons also told me that he saw 47 of our deserters at San Luis, in a most deplorable condition. Santa Anna would have nothing to do with them, and had ordered them to his rear—to the province of Guadalaxara. Many of these men had been enticed away under the promise of commissions in the army, and bounties. When in San Luis they were raged, suffering for common wants, and destitute of every comfort; they bitterly repented their false, dishonorable step in deserting the American standard, and would readily return with any sacrifice.

           Gen. Taylor is making preparations to break up his camp here; next week he moves with all the regulars and apart of the volunteers, leaving Gen. Butler in command; destination as yet unknown—but of his I’ll tell you next week. I enclose you Gen. Taylor’s order in relation to the death of Gen. Hamer:

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c5    319 words

Headquarters Army of Occupation,

Camp near Monterey, Dec. 3d, 1846.

With feelings of profound sorrow, the commanding General announces to the troops the decease of Brig. Gen. T. L. Hamer, of the Volunteer service, who expired last evening, after the short but violent illness.

           The ability and judgement displayed by the deceased General in the exercise of his military command, and the sterling qualities which marked his private character, endeared him justly to the army and to his many personal friends.

           By the army in the field, and by the citizens of his own State, his loss will be severely felt; to those connected with him by closer ties, it will be irreparable.

           The deceased will be interred at 10 o’clock, A. M., to-morrow, with the honors due to his rank. Brig. Gen. Quitman, commanding the Volunteer Division, will conduct the funeral ceremonies, and command the escort, to be composed of one regiment of Volunteer Infantry, one company of Cavalry, and two pieces of Artillery. The Cavalry and Artillery of the escort will be designated by Brig. Gen. Twiggs from his Division, and will report to Gen. Quitman at 9 o’clock to-morrow.

           All officers off duty are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from the Head Quarters of the Kentucky and Ohio Brigade.

By order of Maj. Gen. Taylor.
W.W. S. BLISS, Ass’t Adj. Gen.

           The funeral of Gen. Hamer was magnificent and imposing. The escort was composed of a Kentucky Regiment of Volunteers, under command of Maj. Shepherd; then a company of Dragoons, under Capt. Graham; then a section of Light Artillery, commanded by Lieut. Thomas, followed by the corpse and pall bearers; then the General’s horse and Aid-de-Camp, Lieut. Hooker, followed by the General’s Brigade, with side arms; then officers of the Volunteers and of the Army on foot; then the mounted officers of the Army. The whole procession must have reached, in length, near a mile.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c5    879 words

The Richmond Whig has replied to our strictures upon its course towards the Tenth Legion. We will not dispute about the epithets we have applied to its conduct. We deem it unnecessary to resort to the lexicons of our mutual language in order to be able to define our several positions. The Whig appears to be willing to admit that it did not intend to defame or to slander the patriotism of the Tenth Legion; and, therefore, we say let it pass as to that. Let it be known to the State, and let the people of the Tenth Legion themselves understand, that the Richmond Whig does not intend to defame or slander them in any thing it has said!

           But, excuse it for everything like defamation and slander, and libel, there remains yet a charge for which it must answer. When, in time of war, a journal undertakes to array sections and parties against each other, the reprehensions of a patriotic community must fall upon it. At present, men of all parties, and some from all sections, are rushing to the standard of their country; the general thought seems to be, who can first reach the battle field; still, the Whig casts about to examine faces, to see who is and who is not in the Virginia Regiment; and it endeavors, out of whatever it may glean, to make capital for the party in Virginia.

           It is like the celebrated character portrayed by Patrick Henry, (John Hook,) who, in the midst of a revolutionary struggle for liberty, cried out, “Beef, beef, beef,” whilst the whole country was desirous of avenging this wrongs upon a foreign enemy. When the desire of the community is to have the regiment immediately completed and installed in honorable service, the Whig, although it participates in this desire, endeavors to impress the public with belief that the strongholds of the Democratic party have been derelict to duty, and have not contributed what patriotism required.

           The entire logic of the Whig is intended to show that this is a most unjust, a most absurd war, made by the President, without the co-operation of the nation; but, nevertheless, one which the Whigs (so far as Virginia is concerned) mainly have to fight out. The magnanimous Whigs have to do the fighting of the country, whilst the Locos—especially the Tenth Legion, which did so much to elect Mr. Polk, and therefore “ought to fight out this war”—stood back and refuse to volunteer!  Most modest assumption!

           We have said before, that we did not desire to think of the regiment in any party aspect. We had hoped to look upon them all as Virginians, springing form a common mother, and animated by a common object. We wished, as we known many of our Whig friends did, that party feeling should be extinguished. We were glad to coincide in the propriety of the sentiment uttered by Col. Baker, of Illinois, that there should be no party feeling in the army. But it seems we are to be disappointed in this so far as our own regiment is concerned. The Whig is determined to signalize, if not to stigmatize, those who do not appear.

           Whilst the Whig engages itself so busily in taunting Democratic communities with not furnishing their proper quotas for the war, it might as well recollect that the best position in the regiment are held by Whigs. Both the Colonel and the Major (who are indebted to the liberality of a Democratic Governor and Council for their appointments) are Whigs. So is the Adjutant. The “fat offices’ are nearly all held by men of that party. Not so, however, in the ranks. Go there, and Democrats will be found, plentiful as the Whig itself can desire. The Berkely company, coming from a country where the Whigs have a preponderating influence, is composed almost entirely of democrats. We have heard it said that there are but five Whigs in it. The Augusta company, for which so much admiration has been expressed, and about which the Whig has boasted so much, contains, we learn, a majority of Democrats.

           Much as has been said about h e Whig city of Richmond having furnished three companies, we venture to say (whilst we do not in any manner disparage her patriotism) that she has not furnished fifty men. The rendezvous is here, and the enrollments have been made here; but the bone and sinew came from the country. The same thing is true of all the other companies formed in towns, of which the Whig and its correspondents boast so much. And as to the Tenth Legion, the latest accounts inform us that has raised two companies, without the important aid of large towns and thickly settled population, has raised two companies, without the important aid of large towns and thickly settled population, in which to recruit. The people of that section, and the Democracy generally, will understand the game the Whig is playing. It pursues now that same course which it pursued when it heralded forth the census statistics on the subject of education, in order to show that the Tenth Legion was enveloped in darkness. It is, however, destined now, as then, to fail in its object.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c6    39 words

           We are gratified to announce, that the Common Council last evening voted eight Swords, (to cost $30 each;) one to each of the officers of the two Richmond companies of Volunteers, under the command of Capts. Scott and Carrington.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p1c7    546 words

           In relation to the “General Officer” whose appointment the President recommends in his message on Monday, the Union makes the following remarks. Upon the propriety of such a proposition, we suspect there will be some difference of opinion. We observe that some of he Whigs are in favor of the plan. The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot writes:

           “Unless something of the kind is done, many sensible men here, and some of them officers of the army, think the war will last two years longer; and, if so, that it will be hard work to find the troops as well as the money to carry it on successfully; for the volunteers, they say, will never, can never be induced to stay there through another summer campaign, and it will be hard, when they return to their homes, to get others to take their places. The fact is, the war can only be ended by the annihilation of the Mexican army. This must be done, and the quicker the better.”

           Here are the Union’s comments:

           “The President makes another suggestion which is calculated to command the most respectful attention. He refers to the miscellaneous composition of our forces now in the field, made up a they are of regulars and of numerous volunteers; and he recommends a more efficient organization of our army by placing at their head a general officer, who, or course, may be acquainted with the qualities of both species of forces, and calculated to give the combination the greatest degree of efficiency. We have no doubt the proposition will be duly and deliberately weighed, without regard to individuals, an with a dingle eye to the more efficient and successful organization for the whole army. The President regards this appointment as only provisional—to continue only during the war, and to be dispensed with upon the reduction of the army to a peace establishment.

           The message presses early action upon Congress in carrying out these suggestions. Actuated by a desire to prosecute the war with the greatest vigor, and to obtain a prompt and honorable peace, he desires Congress to act a s soon as possible, “before the present favorable season for military operations shall have passé away.”  Action is necessary here.  Action is necessary in Mexico. Santa Anna has repeated, in his last letter to Gen. Taylor, his insolent demand for us to withdraw all our troops from Mexico, and all our squadrons from her waters. And if an experienced statesman, who has studied the Mexican character, be correct in telling us to-day, that the Congress of Mexico may repeat this demand, as preliminary to any negotiation for peace, we ought to put all our armor on, meet the crisis, and strike boldly for peace.”

           The above should have appeared yesterday.—By yesterday’s mail we learned that in House, on Tuesday, a report from the Committee of Military Affairs was agreed to, asking to be discharged form that portion of the President’s message recommending the appointment of the “General Officer.” Many of the papers speak of this action as sealing the fate of the proposition in the House. It is further said that only one of the nine members of the Committee was in favor of the measure.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p2c1    272 words

DESPATCH OF THE PUBLIC BUISINESS—NAVY DEPARTMENT,--In Nov. last (says the N.Y. Evening Post,) the government had occasion to dispatch two officers, express, to the Pacific. Col. Mason, of the first Regiment of U.S. Dragoons, and Lieut. Watson, of the Navy, were designated for this duty. The Navy Agent of this port was required to procure a fast sailing vessel and dispatch her with these officers to Chagres. On Saturday evening, November 7th, the brig Benjamin L. Swan was chartered. The same night, at midnight, Col. Mason arrived. Sunday intervening, nothing could be done till Monday A. M. Col. Mason had his three years’ outfit to procure—clothing, arms, and equipments of all kinds—all his private wardrobe and equipments at St. Luis.

           The brig had her crew to ship, her stores and ballast to be taken in, and clearance to make. On Tuesday at 3 P.M General Vetmore, the Navy Agent, reported her ready for sea. At 5 o’clock the passengers were on board, and the steamer took the brig in tow; thus in one day and a half, during the whole of which time the weather was bad, the expedition was prepared for sea. The brig was anchored on Tuesday night under the bar; and left the next morning wind favorable. In thirteen days she entered the port of Chagres, and in fifteen from the day the officers left New York, they were on the shores of the Pacific. If fortunate in finding a conveyance up the coast from Panama, they are now at San Francisco. An instance of greater dispatch has rarely been known in any similar undertaking.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p2c2    605 words


Our readers, we know, will thank us for devoting so much space to the simple but beautiful and thrilling narrative of Mrs. Chase, the heroic wife of our consul at Tampico. Were not the facts substantiated by history, we might look up on the narrative as a stirring piece of romance. But this case corroborates the saying that “truth is stranger than fiction.”  It has been a matter of wonder why the Mexicans, without apparent reason, evacuated a town which was so strongly defended as Tampico. The mystery we now find solved by the fortitude, courage, perseverance and remarkable diplomacy of a woman. But for her devices and cool self-possession, the important post of Tampico could not have been taken without a loss of American life. Through the skill and courage of this brave, generous woman, the town fell into our possession without a blow.

           In many respects there is a striking parallel between Mrs. Chase and the famous “Maid of Orleans.”  In fearless perseverance and high spirited intrepidity of soul, they much resemble one another. But, in many particulars, the parallel does not run. The latter filled the humble situation of maid in the inn of her native village; and her nerves had become strengthened and her frame hardened by the active duties of her life, and especially by the management of horses, which she rode with grace and ease. In her eyes, moreover, the peculiar character of Charles “the Victorious,” who was so strongly inclined to friend ship and affection, naturally rendered him the hero of that sex whose generous minds place little bounds to their enthusiasm. Above all, she mistook the impulses of passion for heavenly inspiration, and, declared that she had seen visions and heard voices exhorting her to re-establish the throne of France.

           Mrs. Chase, on the other hand, is a lady delicately brought up and educated in the accomplishments which soften he character. She was inspired by no supernatural visions, but was animated to her fearless deeds by her love of country and her contempt and disgust for the faithless Mexicans.

           Joan d’Arc was surrounded by her friends in the fortified city of Orleans, who encouraged and cheered her on. Armed cap a pic and mounted on horseback, she was triumphantly presented to the people as the messenger of Heaven, and, carrying in her hand a consecrated banner, sallied forth against the English assailants. In their engagement he was wounded by an arrow in the neck.

           Mrs. Chase was alone in the midst of her enemies, and yet she, too; raised the ‘consecrated’ start-spangled banner of her country, and hailed the American forces. Though closely watched by the subtle Mexicans and threatened by them in various ways, she eluded their designs and succeeded in placing an important town in the hands of the Americans.

           The death of Joan d’Arc was the result of the cruel, treacherous conduct of those whom she had so heroically served. Mrs. Chase yet lives to receive the praise and honors from a grateful country. What more fitting tribute to the gallant deeds of this noble woman, man that Congress should place in one of the niches of the Capitol some representation of this lady standing by the American colors, in defiance of the hostile population of Tampico!

           But we shall not detain our readers from the interesting narrative. Much as we all respect and idolize the softer sex, our appreciation of the rare merits of this generous woman must serve to heighten our admiration and love for these angels in human form:   [MLD]

From the N.O. Mercury
Tampico, Dec. 14, 1846.

“MY ESTEEMED FRIEND: A great change has come o’er the spirit of my dream – at least within the last month – so that I almost doubt the evidence of my own senses, we having at this moment some twenty sail of vessels in the river Panuco – steamers passing and repassing, the sight of which pays me, in part, for my six months’ solitude and suffering. I am not a believer in purgatory, but I think I have passed through that ordeal by residing in an enemy’s country alone; not only hostile in feeling, but subtle and unprincipled.

“My dear friend, I scarcely know how to reply to your friendly solicitude towards me and mine especially. In beginning my imperfect narrative, one great misfortune seems to accompany me – my pen can never keep pace with my feelings. You will have been aware of Mr. Chase’s expulsion, agreeably to the decree of the 12th of May last, and in compliance with the act he had only twenty four hours’ notice to embark, or eight days to retire twenty leagues into the interior. He prudently chose the former, and embarked forthwith on board of the St. Mary’s the blockading vessel off the bar of Tampico, leaving some eighty thousand dollars in his store with no other protection than such as I could afford, and two clerks, one of whom was a Mexican; and he, in accordance with the true spirit of Mexican chivalry, commenced robbing me. In fact my annoyances were so numerous that I cannot give you them in detail, but merely sketch an outline, knowing the sympathy you feel for my perilous position in this new drama. In the nest place, Inez de Primera Instancia, by order of the commanding general, passed me a notice that my privileges ceased as the wife of the American consul, and my store must be closed. I replied to him in the most decisive manner, that I was not only his wife, but also his constituted agent – in addition to this I was a British subject, and, as such, neither the judge nor the general could deprive me of my natural rights, as the English law admitted of no anenation – stating that any infraction on it prerogative would be hastily chastized by that government; and in confirmation of my assertion, referred the learned Inez to the law of nations.

Thus defeated and exasperated, I was not allowed to send an open note to my husband, then off the bar. But, thank God, who ‘tempers the wind to the shorn lamb,’ He directed me, and I concerted a plan which again defeated their hostile purpose, and sent by strategem nine letters in eight weeks, and through the same means received replies. But those things were daily making inroads upon my health and spirits, which I most carefully concealed from my good husband, knowing the intensity of his feelings for his government, and particularly for my welfare.

“I, in the meantime, drew a plan of the city and river, and had it sent to Com. Conner and Captain M’Cluney of the John Adams, with a correct description of all the forts, the number of guns, a list of the troops and how they were posted, and every political movement, so that through Mr. Chase and his agent, they knew every important movement in this section of the country.

“They abused and insulted the American name and nation to such an extent that it often caused me to retire and pray God for the day of retribution – With the exception of my faithful Amelia, I had but little human sympathy, as all the English influence was against our national cause.

“I am, perhaps, a little prosy, but I well know the sensitive heart to whom these lines are addressed, and so continue. I daily watched, not very christian-like, for the moment of retaliation, hoping to be able although alone in the combat, to “square accounts” with my fierce debtors, and, if possible, place myself and party on the credit side of the entangled account.

“Santa Anna recommended to the government of Mexico the confiscation of all American property in order to carry on the war, and that all Americans residing in this country should be make prisoners of war, as a fatal stroke of those usurping pirates – the gentle name generally applied to them – and that this garrison should be reinforced with some 3,000 more troops. When I read this article in one of the flaming periodicals, it was rather grating to me in my isolated condition. I determined, however, upon the old Roman motto –

‘Who would be free, himself must strike the blow,’ or in other words, my case was at best helpless, and now even desperate, and required a desperate remedy.

“Two spies came daily to my house, always under the guise of friendship; and on one occasion, one of the wretches believe that I was possessed of items concerning American movements, I represented him that 30,000 troops were to join Gen. Taylor at Matamoros, 30,000 more had been despatched to capture San Juan, &c., and closed with remarking that I would be compelled to close my house within a day or two as a force of 25 to 30,000 troops was coming against this place – which bit of romance so frightened my poor Amelia, that she thought the general here would call me to account for it.

“Next day I had a call from the captain of the port who wished to know the truth, and inquired if Mr. Chase had written to me to that effect; and soon after some other of the high functionaries discovered me to be an important character, in their daily rounds. In a conversation with the father in law of the general, I recommended to him an early retreat, as the wisest course to be taken; and that same night a private post was despatched to San Luis Potosi upon the strength of the information so received, through me; the town of Tampico was ordered to be vacated on the appearance of this large force off the bar; scouts were sent in every direction, to procure muleteers, for the conveyance of property to the interior; and two schooner loads were shipped to the city of Panuco; six hundred stand of arms were sunk, the cannons were removed from the fort, and the troops evacuated the place. I then despatched to Com. Connor an account of the state of things, and in triplicate to Havana, under different covers to my husband, urging his return forthwith. These were sent by an agent, who supposed them mere letter conveying a wish to my husband to meet me at Vera Cruz, to accompany me to Havana. I spent a restless night and morning, but it has certainly brought its reward. My letter to the commodore was dated October 23d; he received it October 27th, and immediately called a meeting of his senior officers and laid my despatch before them. It had due weight. Provisions were brought from Point Isabel and distributed among the squadron, and on the morning of the 13th have in sight, twelve sail off the bay of Tampico. I was so confident of the coming of the squadron, that in anticipation of their coming, I had a flag staff made one week previous, and had it erected upon the house-top, in order to raise the first American flag hoisted as a right over Tampico. On my first sight of the fleet, my pent up feelings gave way and I wept as a child for joy, seeing that God had brought deliverance to the captives, and in anticipation of soon seeing the object of my affection, and also in gratitude to Him who is mighty to save, and that my feeble efforts had wrought so strange in our national welfare.

Here I must pause, and say I cannot pretend to describe my feelings at that time. Fortitude seemed to give way, and in the midst of this emotion, I again saw the squadron nearing to the bar, the boats managed and the line passing, (they standing their own pilots over their intricate passage.) and broad pennant flying at two mast heads – the blue and red. My faithful Amelia and myself ran to Mr. Chase’s office, and in solitude offered up a prayer, then pulled the flag down and alone rushed to the house-top. I carried it up and tied it on the line with my own hands, and we – Amelia, myself, and Mr. Uder – hoisted it, myself giving the first pull. Thus we defied the whole town of Tampico. I sent for some Americans, but not one possessed courage or national spirit enough to lend a hand.

In thirty minutes the Ayuntamiento called upon me and ordered me to haul it down. I replied it was raised as a right of protection. They said I had no such right as I rejoined that that it was a matter of opinion in which we could not agree. They said it was a burlesque upon their nation – a lady taking the city – and what would the supreme government of Mexico say?  I replied very laconically, ‘Quien sabe!’ and offered them wine under the new banner. They threatened the house. I ran to its top, and asked Mr. Uder if he would stand by me. He replied, “Yes.”  “Then,” said I, “”the flag must remain, or all of us sent over the house-top, as I shall never pull it down or suffer any Mexican to sully it by his touch.”  I had been robbed, - my store entered and pillaged of more than two thousand dollars, in the dead of the night; and when the regiment from Puebla entered this city, they entered my store and carried off my goods, and I had no redress and still less sympathy; and although alone, the God of the just was my captain general, and I had nothing to fear from all Mexico. And now the house of redemption was at hand. I expected they would either fire upon or storm the house. I rested with my right arm round the flag staff, the banner waving in majestic beauty, and the squadron nearing the city, where they saw the flat. It was like lightning to pilgrims to know from whence it came, but soon the officers saw two female forms standing by it, and gave three cheers in front of the city, and then came to my house, which had been now nearly six months as if proscribed by some crime or plague, and my fault was that o being the wife of an American. Commodore Perry and the municipal authorities came to my house on arrival, also Commodore Conner. My despatches have been sent to the state department, and I have letters of thanks from the officers commanding, who have changed the name of Fort Libertad to Fort Ann, in compliment to me. They arrived on the 16th. Forty eight hours after came Mr. Chase, crowning all my happiness.

“You will no doubt have heard part of my story previous to this reaching you, knowing the interest you feel; and this unlimited friendship evinced by you, I thus have taken the liberty to give as far as practicable in detail, and have extended my account far beyond my intention, and at the same time trusting that you will give at least a reading to this imperfect scroll, and may never feel the pangs of mental affliction, as felt by me.

“You very kindly inquire if the existing war has injured us in a pecuntary point?  It has very materially, but that loss has not in the least allowed my spirits to flag. My trust is in Him, who can withhold and best. We have suffered in mind, in person and pocket, but with feelings of interest toward our beloved country and duty to the cause, and like the widow I was writing to contribute my might for the honor of the country he had so long represented, and as a dutiful wife to follow him in weal or woe, according to the pressure of misfortune, and in impending anger, the break blasts of adversity should not chill my ardor, in following his advice and his cause and trust to God.

“We will lose nearly one half of our stock goods. No doubt the U.S. government will indemnify Mr. Chase at a future day.

“Our house will be turned into a garrison, and three field pieces will be placed upon it. I am willing to stand by my husband at a gun until we both die or are victors.

“I have been trying to keep a journal of the beauties of the drama, in rather a rough form, and may place it in your hands at a future day.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p2c4    195 words

Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun

Washington, Jan. 5, 1847.

           The fate of the ten Regiments to be raised, according to the recommendation of the Secretary of War, is as yet doubtful. I think the bill will be amended so as to substituted volunteers for soldiers. In that case the President is probably ready to send in another message asking for something else. He desires prompt action, and he is right. Any one acquainted with the President, and with his sincere wishes to serve the country faithfully, and to the utmost of his ability; will readily acquit him of ambitious motives. President Polk is a patriot in the loftiest sense of the word, and whether Congress agree with him in this or that measure which he proposes, or not, is a matter of utter indifference to him, so Congress at last agrees to what will serve the wants to the country.

           Mr. Walker is still awaiting the resolutions of the committee on finance, before recommending some other measure for raising revenue; I have no doubt but that the fertility of his rich mind will yet hit upon some expedient which will satisfy Congress and the country.

Friday, RE47v43n73p4c1, January 8, 1847: 869 words


The year which has just rolled by has been big with events connected with our national character and destiny, and a retrospect cannot but be refreshing and instructive. We select from the New York papers the following summary of the most important incidents. No single year of our national existence has developed more momentous results, or done more to elevate our national character and establish the great destinies of our Republic and the march of free principles on both continents:

January 1st—The Province of Yucatan declared herself independent of Mexico, on the ground that the Central Government had violated the compact.

February 9th—Resolutions for terminating the Joint Occupation of Oregon passed the U. States House of Representatives, 164 to 54

           28th— British House of Commons sanctioned, by a large majority, Sir Robert Peel’s measure for reforming the Corn Laws.

March 28th—Gen. Taylor, with an army of 3,500 men, arrived at the Rio Grande, and took post opposite Matamoras.

 April 16th—Resolutions to terminate the Joint Occupation of Oregon passed the Senate, 40 to 14.

           24th—Capt. Thorton’s command taken by the Mexicans.

 May 3d—The Mexicans opened their batteries on Fort Brown, opposite Matamoras. The cannonade was kept up without intermission for seven days, and returned with effect. During the siege, Major Brown was killed by falling shot.

           8th—The first general battle was fought with the Mexicans at Palo Alto. The American force under Gen. Taylor was 2,288; the Mexicans, under Arista, numbered twice as many. American loss, 9 killed and 44 wounded; Mexican loss in killed and wounded supposed to be about 400.

           9th—Battle of Resaca de la Palma, in which the Mexicans were completely put to rout, with a loss of about 6000-killed and wounded. American loss, 39 killed and 83 wounded. Among the officers killed in these two engagements were Maj. Ringgold, Capt. Page, Lieuts. Inge, Cochrane and Claiborne.

           12th—War with Mexico recognized by both Houses of Congress, and a bill passed authorizing the reception of 50,000 volunteers.

 June 1st—Pope Gregory XVIth died at Rome, having served more than fifteen years.

           18th—The U. S. Senate ratified the Treaty for the division of Oregon.

           21st—Cardinal Mastai Ferreti was inaugurated at Rome, under the title of Pope Pius Ixh.—He is 54 years of age.

 July 3rd—The new Tariff passed the House of Representatives by a vote of 114 to 95.

           6th—Com. Sloat toke possession of Monterey, California, without serious opposition.

           17th—Ratifications of the Oregon Treaty were exchanged at the Foreign Office in London.

           28th—The new Tariff bill passed to a third reading in the U. S. Senate by the casting vote of Vice President Dallas, and as finally passed by a vote of 28 to 27.

August 3rd—President Polk vetoed the River and Harbor bill.

           6th—Another Revolution took place in Mexico in favor of the exiled chief Santa Anna, The troops of Vera Cruz and its vicinity first declared in his favor, and were soon followed by those at the Capital, who deposed and imprisoned Paredes, and proclaimed in favor of Santa Anna and the Constitution of 1824.

           8th—President Polk vetoed the French Spoliation bill.

           10th—Congress adjourned, after the longest session ever held except that of 1841-  2

           15th—U.S. brig Truxton went aground on the bar of Tuxpan river, and two days after was abandoned by Capt. Carpender, officers and crew, who went ashore and surrendered themselves as prisoners of war. They were subsequently exchanged for Gen. La Vega and hi associates.

           17th—Commodore Richard F. Stockton declared California a Territory of the U. States, proclaimed himself Governor, and issued a code of laws for the government of the Territory, &c.

           18th—Gen. Kearney, at the head of about 3,000 troops, took peaceable possession of Santa Fe, the capital of New Mexico.

September 19th—Gen. Taylor arrived before Monterey at the head of about 7,000 men, and, after a siege of three days, forced the Mexicans, under Ampudia, to capitulate and evacuate the city. American loss in killed and wounded, a trifle less than 500; Mexican loss not known, but supposed to be about 1,000. Their force is said to have been 11,000. Among the Americans killed and mortally wounded was Lieut. Col. Watson, of Baltimore.

           22nd—Steamer Great Britain, Capt. Hosken, went ashore on the coast of Ireland. No lives lost.

October 11th—A terrible gale occurred in the Gulf of Mexico. Key West, Florida, was almost entirely destroyed.

           22d—Commodore Perry captured two Mexican steamers, and several other vessels, at Fontna, mouth of the river Tobasco.

           23d—Captured Tobasco after a slight resistance.

           30th—Gen. Wool took peaceable possession of Monclova, the capital of Coahuila.

November 14th—Tampico was taken possession of by Commodore Conner, without opposition

December 1st—The new Tariff goes into operation

           8th—Congress convenes, there being a quorum in both Houses.

           9th—President Polk’s Message is received and published.

           30th—Death of hon. Alexander Barrow, at Baltimore, a distinguished Senator of the U.S. from Louisiana.

           31st—Intelligence of the total wreck of the U. S. brig Somers, and the loss of many of the officers and crew.


Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p4c1    66 words

NEWS FROM THE WEST.—We learn, (says the N.Y. Herald,) from a private letter, dated at Independence, Mo., on the 15t ult, that news had just reached there from Santa Fe, that a party of our troops at that place had lost five hundred horse, and in return had captured sixty-eight Indians, without losing a man. It is supposed that hey were of the Appache nation.

Friday, January 8, 1847 RE47v43n73p4c3


To the Senate and
House of Representatives of the United States:

In order to prosecute the war against Mexico with vigor and success, it is necessary that authority should be promptly given to Congress to increase the regular army, and to remedy existing defects in its organization. With this view, your favorable attention is invited to the annual report of the Secretary of War, which accompanied my message of the 8th inst, in which he recommends that ten additional regiments of regular troops shall be raised to serve during the war.

Of additional regiments of volunteers which have been called for from several of the States, some have been promptly raised; but this has not been the case in regards to all. This existing law requiring that they should be organized by the independent action of the State governments, has, in some instances, occasioned considerable delay; and it is yet uncertain when the troops requiired can be ready for service in the field.

It is our settled policy to maintain in time of peace as small a regular army as the exigencies of the public service will permit. In a state of war, notwithstanding the great advantage with which our volunteer citizen soldiers can be brought into the field, this small regular army must be increased in its numbers in order to render the whole force more efficient.

Additional officers as well as men, then, become indispensable. Under the circumstances of our service a peculiar propriety exists for increasing the officers, especially in the higher grades. The number of such officers who, from age and other causes, are rendered incapable of active service in the field, has seriously impaired the efficiency of the army.

From the report of the Secretary of War, it appears that about two-thirds of the while number of regimental field officers are either permanently disabled or are necessarily detached from their commands on other duties. The long enjoyment of peace has prevented us from experiencing much embarrassment from this cause; but now in a state of was conducted in a foreign country, it has produced a serious injury to the public service.

An efficient organization of the army composed of regulars and volunteers, whilst prosecuting the war in it is believed would require the appointment of a general officer to take command of all our military forces in the field.

Upon conclusion of the war, the services of such an officer would no longer be necessary, and should be dispensed with upon the reduction of the army to a peace establishment.

I recommend that provision be made by law for the appointment of such s general officer to serve during the war.

It is respectfully recommended that early action should be had by Congress upon suggestions submitted for their consideration, as necessary to insure active and efficient service in prosecuting the war before present favorable season for military operations in the enemy’s country shall have passed away.



Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p1c3    358 words


           Capt. Walker left New York a few days since for Washington, having, while in New York, among other things, made a contract for 1000 revolving pistols for the new mounted Rifle Regiment, which is to serve in Mexico. From the New York Express we gather the following particulars:

           “This regiment is to be armed with a pair of these weapons, besides rifles. It was found impossible to obtain any number of these pistols in this city, such as, of late, been the demand for them for soldiers and others going to Mexico.

           “It is a fact worth noting, that the German who has been the principal mechanic or manufacturer of these revolvers, has recently left us, and suddenly for Mexico, with his chests of tools and machinery. It is pretty well ascertained that he has had most liberal and rich rewards from the government of Mexico, which have tempted him to leave New York, in order to begin the manufacture of that deadly weapon in a foreign country.

           “Capt. Walker is very anxious that the War Department should order for the mounted Riflemen, Wesson’s improved Rifle, which will carry the all with unerring precision 400 yards and over. The rifle is light, and well adapted for such services as it will find necessary.”

           The New Orleans Delta, of the 2d of January, says that Capt. Brown, of the schr. Rob’t Mills, was informed by Capt. Todd, of the U.S. army, that Santa Anna, at the head of 15,000 troops, was on his way and within four days of Saltillo, and that Gen. Worth, unable to maintain his ground against such overwhelming numbers, was slowly falling back in the direction of Monterey; and that Gen. Taylor, in anticipation of an attack upon that city, was fortifying it at every assailable point. For further particulars, see the extracts from the Picayune.

           We are gratified to announce that the Secretary of War has agree to accept two more companies (making in all twelve,) to be armed with rifles and bayonets, and to act as flankers to the regiment. Virginia will thus furnish a fine Legion.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p1c6    484 words

To the Editors of the Enquirer

LYNCHBURG, 3d Jan., 1847

Messrs. Editors:--We had a glorious meeting of our citizens, of all parties,  few evenings since, to raise funds, and otherwise prepare for the reception, entertainment, and paying the expenses of the Franklin volunteers to Richmond—expected last evening; but, owing to the appointment of their Captain, Jubal A. Early, as Major, most of them have disbanded, and only some dozen have as yet arrived; and, I suppose, will be about the number that will volunteer from this county, so that our funds remain unspent, for the benefit of Capt. Preston’s Company from Montgomery, daily expected.

           Can you tell why it is, that the Editor of the Richmond Whig is so anxious for the Tenth Legion to raise a Company for Mexico?  Is it because he would like to get as many Democratic voters out of the State for the Spring campaign as possible?  Or, is it his great patriotism?  If so, let him ask why it is that his long abiding place, and strong hold of Whiggery, Lynchburg, has not done anything. Perhaps his influence, if exerted, may do something to arouse the yet dormant patriotism of Lynchburg, and excite them to action. But the Tenth Legion will look to some other quarter for counsel and kind wishes than to the Richmond Whig . Here, in his strong-hold of Whiggery, there are to be found individuals who are so much opposed to the Administration, that they are not willing to contribute out of their pockets, and vote against the contribution, in Common Council, of funds to feed volunteers for Mexico. But I am proud to say, these are like the great constitutional expounder, Mr. Lanier of Pittsylvania, “Lone Stars” of Whiggery. The great majority of the party are for a vigorous prosecution of the war, although opposed to it. Can he find such in the Tenth Legion?  Our faithful representative in Congress, E. W. Hubard, having declined being a candidate here points to Willis P. Bocock as his successor; but a Convention will be recommended at our January Campbell Court, to bring out our strongest man—and, if that is done, Whiggery will be defeated, as usual. Who is to be elected Senator on the 15th? Is the anxious inquiry of every Democrat. Give us Jones, Smith, Hunter, or any sound Democrat, elected by Democrats, but don’t let Whiggery choose our man for us. Show me a Democrat that is unwilling to go into caucus to nominate a candidate, and I will show you a man who looks to Whiggery to support his favorite; and such a course out to be repudiated by every good Democrat. Let union, concession and harmony prevail, and all will be well.     


The meeting above alluded to was eloquently addressed by Wm. M. Blackford, Esq., Editor of the Virginian, and James Garland and John M. Speed, Esqrs.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p1c7    341 words



Sir: I have requested my brother, M. Washington Greenhow, to present you four copies of my History of Oregon and California, of which I hope you will do me the favor to accept one for yourself, and to give the others, with my respects, to the Lieutenant Colonel, the Major, and the Adjutant of your Regiment.

           Being unable to contribute effectively, to the service in which you are engaged, I can only testify my respect for yourself and the other volunteers of my native State, by presenting these volumes, relating in part to the countries in which you are destined to act; with the hope that they may afford some interest to yourself and your officers, during the voyage to Mexico, or in those periods of tedious inactivity, so often occurring in military expeditions.

           With the sincere wish that your regiment may have many occasions to display those qualities in the field which Virginians have never yet been found to want, I have the honor to be,

           Very respectfully, you ov’t. serv’t.


COL. HAMTRAMCK, Commander of the Regiment of Virginia Volunteers.

RICHMOND, Va., January 4, 1847

Sir: I have just received your letter and four copies of your History of Oregon and California, which you are pleased to say are presented to the Field Officers of the Regiment, in testimony of your respect for the volunteers of your native State. The distribution your desire shall be made, and I doubt not the work will prove a source of much pleasure to all, as both officers and men will find it in a vast among of information peculiarly calculated to please at the present juncture of affairs.

           For the gilt, and your kind wish, I beg you to accept of my grateful thanks, that we may fulfil the latter is my prayer, and that a field commensurate with the expectation of Virginia, and the desire of the men, may be afforded, is the hope of

           Very respectfully, your obedient servant,



Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c1    619 words

           While all eyes are anxiously watching the movements of our gallant army in the South, and while Virginia comes forward to participate with her sister States of the North, South, East and West, in the glory of sustaining the honor and rights of he nation, in a contest with a foreign and aggressive power, we had anxiously hoped that the demon of party spirit would cordially co-operate in bearing the American flag to honorable triumph, until full justice be done and a permanent peace secured from the infatuated and misguided Mexican Government. But in this it seems we are doomed to disappointment. The Whig press are constantly throwing out intimations that an overwhelming majority of the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers are Whigs. John S. Pendleton, Esq., (the “Lone Star,” and the representative in Congress from the Fauquier District,) it seems could not let the occasion pass on Saturday, while the House of Representatives were engaged in the discussion of the Army bill, without lugging in the supposed political opinions of the officers and men composing the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers. Mr. P. is reported to have said “he reminded the member who had cast a slur upon the Whigs, that of the 18 companies volunteering in Virginia, all of them were from Whig counties and cities, and all mustered into service had been from Whig towns or counties.”  Mr. Shelton F. Leake, of the Albemarle district, humorously replied that “he happened to be traveling on board a steamboat, where he heard a man say of the Berkeley company that he would not join such a d—d set, because there were but seven Whigs in it.”

           We have not counted noses—we wash our hands of such dirty work; but since the question has been mooted by the Whigs, we have been credibly informed that a majority of the men composing the Regiment are Democrats; and that a majority of the men coming from two of the strongest Federal counties in the State, (Augusta and Berkely,) are also Democrats. Where is Mr. Pendleton’s own District?  As he is so much disposed to boast of the chivalry of the Whig party, why is it that in his own district—with old Federal Loudoun and Fauquier—Loudoun, with her heavy majority of upwards of one thousand for Clay—has not come forward and responded to the call “To Arms!” and furnished a company for the Mexican war?  Atkinson’s, Dromgoole’s, Hubard’s, Seddon’s, McDowell’s, Bedinger’s, and Chapman’s Districts, now represented on the floor of Congress by Democrats, have come forward and responded to the call made upon this State, while the District represented by Mr. Pendleton has not furnished a single company—no, not one. Very well; let it be so. We only refer to this subject because the gentleman in his zeal for the Whig cause has made assertions which he ought first to have ascertained to be correct before he stated them, and which ew do not believe are justified by the facts of the case. While some delay has occurred in the formation of the Virginia Regiment, owing to the extent of our territory and the sparseness of our population—yet more companies tendered their services to the Governor than the quota required by the President from this State. Indeed, recent events prove that northern Regiment could be speedily obtained, if the Government would accept their services.—Men of all parties and of every locality have shown great zeal and alacrity to enter the service, regardless of their opinions as to the origin of the war. They do not stop to enquire, “Is our country in the right or in the wrong?” but they say “Our country, right or wrong.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c1    345 words

           The Lynchburg Virginian, of the 7th instant, contains a correspondence between John J. Griffin, chairman of a committee on behalf of the citizens of Salem, Roanoke country, and James F. Preston, Captain of the Montgomery company of volunteers, inviting the company to make that place one of their stopping places, and accept of accommodations which would be provided for them. Capt. Preston accepts the invitation and expected to reach Salem on his route on Thursday the 7th of January, with from 80 to 90 men, about five four horse wagons, and twenty of the above number of men mounted on horses. The company expected to reach Lynchburg on Sunday, and may be expected here in a few days.

           A large number of the citizens of Franklin county assembled together at Rocky Mount on the 31st of December, to partake of a complimentary dinner to be given to Jubal A. Early, Esq., the newly appointed Major of the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers.  Judge Norborne M. Taliaferror presided at the festive board, the Hon. N. H. Claiborne, Major M. G. Carper, and Colonel Robert T. Woods, of the Va. Senate, acted as Vice Presidents, and N. C. Caliborne, Esq., Secretary. After the cloth was removed, Judge Taliaferro, in a feeling address, called the attention of the company to the objects of the meeting, and concluded by offering the following sentiment:

           “Our guest and friend, Major Early: At the call of the State, we give and commend him to her service, and trust her honor to his keeping in a distant country. His character and tried valor need not our assurance that neither will suffer in his hands.”

           Which was drunk by the whole company, and responded to by Major Early in a manner long to be remembered by those present; many other sentiments were offered and drunk by the company, expressive of their high esteem for and warm attachment to their friend and fellow-citizen, Maj. Early, and of the regret with which we all part with him, and many others of a character usual on such occasions.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c1    306 words

           We sincerely regret that the fine company of volunteers raised in Norfolk by Captain O.E. Edwards, and ready at a moment’s call for Mexico, could not be accepted by the Executive: Virginia’s complement having been made up. We learn that the members of this company are the very men to stand the climate of Mexico, a large number of them being from the Bay Shore, well acclimated by the bilious and ague fever, and accustomed to stand up to their waists in the water on the coldest days, shooting ducks, &c.

           To the Captain’s credit we would remark, that he had only been elected about ten days when he tendered the services of his company. At that time the company numbered about thirty. He now musters seventy-tow as fine looking men as can be seen. The company was raised, mustered into barracks, and supported at his own expense. These men are still in barracks, and if they could be accepted, we doubt not that they would do every thing in support of their country’s cause.

           We again express our regret that circumstances prevented their being enrolled in the service of their native State. On Wednesday evening last the following officers were elected: O.E. Edwards, Captain; J. F. Lewis, first Lieutenant; J. H. Sale, first second Lieutenant; and J. B. Minton, second second Lieutenant. After the election, Colonel J. S. Millson addressed them in an eloquent manner, which called forth shouts of applause. The company, then, unanimously resolved, that the Captain be empowered to offer their services to the Executive of North Carolina, should they be rejected by the Governor of Virginia. Should our neighbors of North Carolina be disposed to accept the aid of Virginia, we are sure that they will find in Captain Edwards’ company  as gallant and efficient corps as the Union can boast.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c2    327 words

All patriots will deeply regret to see the question of slavery introduced into the discussions in Congress. It is premature and mischievous. If, to secure an indemnity against Mexican outrages, it be necessary to acquire any new territory, what possible good can be attained by raising the question of slavery at the present time?  It will be time enough when Congress shall be called upon to admit this territory as States into the Union. But since the North has sprung the issue, it behooves the South to stand firm upon the compromises of the Union. This is a question in which not only her property, but the safety of her people, may be concerned. Let her yield now, and no one can fix a limit to the evil. As the Union says, if “the attempt be made to put one portion of the confederacy under the ban, it will produce only excitement and mischief. The elaborate and able speech of Mr. Seddon of Richmond spoke the same language. So strong is this feeling, that we deem it highly probable no treaty of peace can pass two thirds of the Senate if it should depart form this principle.”

Our duty now is to fight out the war with Mexico, by uniting all our energies and resources, and not waste our strength by idle quarrels among ourselves upon a domestic question, which never should have been forced into the political arena. The Missouri compromise has been sanctioned by the judgment and feelings of the whole country. The South is willing to stand by it. Will the North abandon the principle, and force us to the brink of disunion?  We are glad to see a cheering sign in Thursday night’s Union, which says “We are happy to discover that a more harmonious and liberal spirit prevails to-day throughout the Hall; and we cannot doubt that either the previso will be dropt, or a liberal compromise be substituted in is place.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c2    274 words


           We cheerfully endorse the following views, based upon such sound reasons, in favor of Virginia’s having the honor of furnishing the Brigadier General, to command the three Regiments from North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia.

           We call the attention of the Virginia delegation in Congress to this important matter, and feel satisfied that they will do all that is necessary to secure for Virginia what she so fully deserves:

For the Enquirer.


           We notice that efforts are begin made by the Legislature of South Carolina, aided by the Governor, to obtain for a citizen of that State, the command of the brigade to be formed by the Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina regiments. Now we may ask if Virginia is not entitled to this honor?  She has now eighteen companies ready for the field, and although the General Government has declined the proffer of but one regiment; yet, the fact that double that number have enrolled themselves, and are ready at a moment’s notice, would seem to us to entitle the Old Dominion to a claim for that distinguished honor.

           It cannot be said she is deficient in material for this command, for no State in the Union can claim better or more; then will not Virginia’s representatives in Congress press this matter? Or, is a soldier of the Palmetto State to have the undisputed honor of marshalling Virginians on the battle-field? This was not wont to be; then why now? We have as gallant a regiment on its way to do battle for its country, as ever took the field; should not a Virginian sound the charge?



Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c3    207 words

           The Raleigh Standard refers to an interesting incident in the North Carolina Legislature. In this case, no one can with truth say, “Lo, the poor Indian:”

           “On Thursday, Yunaluskee, the Cherokee chief, appeared first before the Senate, and then before the House of Commons, to return his thanks to the Legislature for their kindness to him in voting him three hundred acres of land in Cherokee and one hundred dollars in money—Mr. Hayes, the Commoner from Cherokee, acting as his interpreter. He said it was the first time he had had the honor of appearing before the Grand Council of North Carolina; that, at the age of thirty-three, he had joined the white people, and that, in his youth, he had helped them to win their battles; that, as he had fought for the white man in his youth and manhood, so the white man had been good and kind to him in his old age, in relieving his present necessities, and in giving him a home in the land of his fathers; that he never expected to look upon the Grand Council of the State again, but the should remember them always, and he tendered to them, and to the white people, his everlasting thanks.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c3    74 words

           Much to our disappointment, we have no later news form the South—the mail having failed twice. If it be true, as stated by some of the last accounts, that Santa Anna was marching upon Saltillo with 15,000, or even 20,000 men, and Gen. Taylor would concentrate 10,000 men at that point, we see no reason for the fears expressed by many. On the contrary, we predict another victory for old “Rough and Ready.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c3    87 words

EXTRACT of a letter from a member of Capt. Scott’s Company of a Volunteers to his Father in Chesterfield, written the 5th inst., at Fortress Monroe:

“We left Richmond last Sunday morning, and arrive here at 7, P.M. We have good quarters here, but rather rough provisions. I did not expect to live in camp as I did at home. This is in fact better than I expected to have.   Captain Scott is taking good care of his men, and we all love him as a father.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c4    66 words

HONOR TO THE BRAVE—A number of the citizens of Charleston, being desirous of presenting a Sword, or other suitable testimonial to Lieut. Col. Fremont, as an evidence of the high estimation in which his distinguished services and gallant conduct in; Oregon and California are held, by his fellow townsmen, a subscription list is now circulating among the citizens—Subscriptions to be limited to one dollar.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c4    27 words

DR. C.J.F. Bohannan, of Richmond, has been appointed, by the president of the United States, Surgeon of the first regiment of Virginia volunteers.—{Alex. Gaz.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p2c6    505 words

THE CAPITULATION OF MONTEREY.—The editor of the Portsmouth Tribune commands a company of the Ohio volunteers now in Mexico, and was present at the siege and capture of Monterey, of which he has written a narrative for his paper. We copy the following interesting account of the capitulation:

           “The cannonading and bombardment continued until Thursday morning, when a flag of truce was sent to Gen. Worth, and another; borne by Col. Moreno, to Gen. Taylor, with proposals for a surrender. The negotiation was opened that day: on the next the articles were duly signed; and on Saturday they surrendered in fact, and retired from their powder-blackened dens of destruction, from which bolts of death were driven upon our brave troops who marched in and hoisted the stars and strips with hearty and prolonged cheers. The ceremony was a deeply interesting spectacle, as I am told by those who witnessed it. I rode through several of the streets that afternoon.—The whole place was marked by indications of universal mourning. The inhabitants were busily engaged in moving into their homes. A deep gloom had settled upon their swarthy countenances. The officers, many of whom are Castilians of high rank, education and fortuned, were dressed in mourning, and moved about with a dispirited air, with their heads covered with crape, apparently overwhelmed with affliction. The ladies seemed all nuns, for black mantillas and sorrowful visages were all the fashion on that woful day. I was not surprised at this exhibition of feeling, knowing the confidence in absolute security that had been inspired by the extensive preparations for defence.

           “Many a battle has been fought under the walls of Monterey, and et it was never taken. It withstood a regular siege of fourteen days, in the last revolution against Spain, and the republicans held the place unharmed. And then it is a beautiful city, surrounded by the lofty peaks of the Sierra Madre, with a spacious valley, fertile as any portion of the earth, and full of all that wealth and luxury command to make life pleasant. It holds, I understand, many families of education and refinement.  Its gardens are full of the orange, pomegranate, fig, grape vine, and every description of fruit belonging to an almost tropical latitude. A canal of crystal water gurgles through the cool shade, supplying an abundance of pure cool water, fresh from the mountain side. The houses are all white, the streets well paved with limestone pebble, and stretch out for miles, filled with multitudes, hurrying to and fro in confusion. The soldiers of both armies meeting silence, and pass with mute but courteous salutes. Ill-repressed smiles of triumph light up the countenances of the Americans, and contrast with the somber saddening expression resting upon those of the Mexicans. There is much here I would like to write of, and some day may describe for too long deferred the details most interesting to every reader, concerning the fate of the members of our company and regiment, as ascertained after the battle.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c1


From the New Orleans Picayune, Jan. 2.

The steamer Virginia, Capt. Smith, arrived last evening from Tampico, via Brazos Santiago, having left the Brazos on the 27th inst. The brig Empressario, Capt. Collins, which sailed from Tampico on the 26th , also arrived last night. By these vessels we have received letters from Mr. Lumsden, at Tampico, some of which we give below. They contain all the intelligence brought from Tampico, and clear up some points in the accounts previously received which appeared obscure.

We have conversed with a gentleman who came passenger in the Virginia from Brazos, and who is direct from Monterey. He has kindly furnished us with the following information, which is highly important, if there be no error in the accounts. They were fully credited at eh Brazos, and are confirmed by Capt. Brower, of the schooner Robert Mills, who arrived last evening from that port.

An express from Gen. Worth at Saltillo, arrived at Monterey on Wednesday, the 16th of Dec. It brought the news that Gen. Worth had learned through his spies that Santa Anna was within three days march of Saltillo, at the head of an army of twenty or thirty thousand men. The express bore a call upon Gen. Taylor for reinforcements. General Taylor and his staff had left Monterey on the 15th ult.- the day before the express arrived- fro Victoria, to join his command, which was two days march in advance of him.

Gen. Butler, in command at Monterey, immediately sent of dispatches to Gen. Marshall, at Camargo, and to Gen. Patterson, at Matamoros, to send forward without delay all the troops they could spare from their commands.

Gen. Patterson had left Matamoros only the day before the news reached that place. It was at once forwarded to him, and upon learning its purport our informant states that he immediately started on his return with the view to proceed to Monterey.

It was reported at Tampico on the 25th, as will be seen from the postscript to Mr. Lumsden’s last letter, that a portion of Gen. Patterson’s command had entered Victoria, but it is not mentioned that the General himself had arrived, so that we cannot judge how far the news from the two sources may conflict.

The express reported at Matamoros that the road from Moterey to Camargo was lined with troops- regulars and volunteers- on their march to Monterey, having been previously ordered up. Our informant says there were four regiments upon the road. The route from Monterey is infested by predatory bands of rancheros, by which the traveling is rendered insecure. Our train had been attacked a few days before our informant passed over the road, as had also several small parties, and some few men had been killed and wounded.

We need not say that this news possesses the highest interest. As we write we have only verbal reports in regard to it, but hope to receive this morning our correspondence from the army. There is no intrinsic improbability in the news of Santa Anna’s movements, and if he possesses the energy and skill claimed for him, nothing appears more likely than that he should fall like a thunderbolt upon some point in our extended line and hope to crush us. But we have every confidence in the vigilance of General Worth, and his ability to hold the enemy in check until Gen. Wool and Gen. Taylor arrive to his support. We await further intelligence with the utmost interest.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c1 

Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune.
Tampico, December 19, 1847.

Gen. Shields takes formal command here to-day. He is energetic, thoughtful, and intelligent, and is in every respect fitted for his station. One of the last acts of Col. Gates, previously in command of this post, was to remove a fellow named Labruere from his office as auctioneer, for refusing to take up arms and turn out with the citizens the other day when they had the alarm of which I informed you yesterday “Served him right.”

Lieut. R.P. Hammond, 3d Artillery, aide-de-camp to Gen. Shields, is appointed Acting Assistant Adjutant General of the Command at Tampico.

In obedience to instructions from Maj. Gen. Patterson, Capt. Hunt, 4th Artillery, with his company now here, is ordered to Camargo to relieve the garrison there.

We have various rumors of the movements of the Mexicans in the interior, but nothing of apparent correctness enough to tell you of.

Tampico, December 23, 1846.

The British mail steamer Dee, Capt. Griffith, which has been some days off the entrance to this place, sailed yesterday morning for Vera Cruz. I learned she carried a considerable amount of specie. The officers of the Dee, with one or two of whom I became acquainted here, are very polite and pleasing, free, frank and gentlemanly in their bearing.

The brig Hallowell arrived here three nights ago from Brazos Santiago, with all the remaining Alabama troops but one company. These are the only volunteer troops here. They are, for the most part, a hardy set of men, orderly and quiet in their deportment, and will, no doubt, if an opportunity occurs, show that they are made of good metal.

Except the Ewing, the vessels belong to the U.S. Squadron, mentioned in my last as being here, have not yet sailed, but they will soon be off. What is to be their point of destination I do not certainly know; but I have gathered enough to assure me that Tuspan is to be looked in upon. The steamer Spitfire, […] Tattnall, is certainly to run in by way of a reconnaissance, if nothing more. The officers are all most anxious for something to turn up, giving them a fair chance to do something, and I sincerely wish they may have a chance.

Tampico is a fine little place. I am becoming more and more pleased with it. It is being Americanized very rapidly. At present there are but few of the better classes of the former citizens here; but those few are becoming, apparently, quite satisfied with the new regime . The police regulations are excellent, and every thing goes on quiet. But of this more anon.

I visited , a day or two since, the line of works building by our forces, under the superintendence of Capt. Barnard, of the U.S. Engineers, and I must say it is most beautiful, so far as it is progressed. More substantial defensive works I have seldom seen. They are superlatively grand, in comparison with those constructed by the Mexicans heretofore, and most indubitably must they command all the approaches to the city by land, however large the number of troops advancing. The greatest scientific skill appears to have been displayed in the strength and construction, as well as proper locations of these works. In a word, they will, when completed, be impregnable- at least to Santa Anna’s whole army!

Hart has taken a very nice house here, which he is fixing up as a theatre. In the meantime he gives a series of concerts, Mrs. H., Miss Christian and others appearing in songs, and Wells executing dances, &c. The idea of an American theatre in Tampico is rather novel, but nevertheless we are to have one, and I almost venture to prophecy its success.

I could write you pages about Mrs. Chase, the excellent lady of our worthy consul here; but you have been furnished with the details of her unshrinking, noble and daring conduct, as well as in defending herself and home while her husband was in exile, as in furnishing the most important information to our squadron in the Gulf- information which saved Tampico and made it an American possession! I need, therefore, say no more than this- which I must say- that Ann Chase is a great woman! I have had the honor of being presented to the lady, and confess that I lack words to express my admiration of those attributes in her which make woman great, and render her the heroine of a glorious incident in the history of America!

I have nothing to add, but shall keep you informed by every opportunity of what may be interesting.

Yours, &c. F. A. L.

Tampico, Dec. 25, 1846.

I wish you all a merry Christmas. There is every appearance of there being a merry one here- such as Tampico never saw before. Eggs are very plenty and very cheap, and lots of egg nog to be drunk, The “boys” are bound to do it.

The vessels of the squadron mentioned in my last are still here. The prize schooner “Belle,” under command of Acting Master Perry, (of the Cumberland,) will sail tomorrow for Anton Lizardo. The steamer Spitfire, schrs. Reefer and Nonato (prize) will remain here until the forces are reinforced- then look out for something in the shape of a fight at Tuspan. I have a little information- authentic- about Tuspan, which I will give you. Gen. Cos, commander of the place, has refused to obey the order of Santa Anna to evacuate the town. He has a force under him of from four to five hundred troops of the line, and a large body of Indians whom he has called in from the mountains of Mazantla and Papantle- two or three thousand in number- but indifferently armed. At Tuspan there are three conical hills- the town lying in the valley. These heights are all fortified with six pieces of artillery each, besides having a strong picketing formed of heavy chijal posts. There is no defence at the Mouth of the river, but about half way from the bar to the town- six miles- there is a battery of 24-pounders. The water in the bar is now about five feet only. Some of the guns are the Truxton’s, captured by the unfortunate loss of that vessel under Captain Carpender.

It is thought here by the most intelligent persons, that the only way to successfully attack Tuspan would be by troops, as the town is so situated that a vessel in the river can only bring her guns to bear on two different points, while the guns on the heights not only command the town entirely, but the river also. The most feasible way to attack the place would be to send a force to be landed at the south of the bar [Tuspan being on the north,] abreast of the town, and distant about twelve miles, and proceed to bombard the place at once, when no doubt the third or fourth shell falling in their midst would cause the Mexicans to display a white flag in a very short time.

Now a little but about Tula, or Tamaulipas. The garrison of this place, [Tampico,] when it evacuated the city, went to Tula. This garrison consisted of the battalion of Tampico, 12th Regiment of Infanrty, Permanentes de Tampico, Veteranos de Tampico, a small company of artillery, the remnant of the 6th Regiment, left from the memorable actions of Palo Alto and Resaca, and a small force of cavalry. At present there are in Tula, distant about 180 miles from this place, on the route to San Luis Potosi, some three or four thousand men of various arms, under Gens. Valencia, Carvajal and a half dozen others, who are fortifying the place against an apprehended attack from the American forces at this place.

Private letters from the city of Mexico are in this city, stating that it is expected there will soon be a revolution there against the ministers, who the people say have proved themselves incompetent to manage the affairs of the nation in a proper manner. In fact it is said that everything is in confusion- no money, no credit, and plenty of dissatisfaction.

The people here in Tampico- except those who formerly held office- look upon us as their deliverers, not as enemies. It is well known that the Governor of this State [Tamaulipas] is ready, on the first approach of the United States forces towards Vic

toria its capital, to surrender, in the name of its Congress, the whole territory to us.

The police regulations here are most excellent. By the following orders you will see that certain classes of people needn’t come here:

Headquarters Tampico Troops,
Orders No. 3.,
Tampcio, Mexico, Dec. 22.

I. All persons occupying houses in Tampico or in its vicinity are hereby strictly prohibited from allowing any species of public gambling within the same.

II. All houses or other places kept for the purpose of public gambling will be closed, the persons found gambling in them arrested, those attached to the Army punished, and those who are not, banished.

III. All personal property found in any house or place kept for gambling, and all money or property employed in gambling will be confiscated, and the proceeds thereof appropriated as a hospital fund for the relief of the poor and indigent in Tampico .

IV. Major N. Williams, 4th Artillery, is specially assigned to the superintendence of the police and good order of the town. He will charge himself particularly with carrying the provisions of this order into immediate execution, and with the prevention and suppression of any species of riot, disturbance and disorder whatsoever. And the better to effect this, he is authorized to call upon the commander of the troops in town for any assistance which may be necessary. By order of Brig. Gen. Shields:

R.P. Hammond, A.A. Adj’t Gen.

This is about all I have for you at the present writing.

Yours, &c. F.A.L.

P.S. I have just heard that a portion of the troops under Gen. Patterson have reached Victoria, and there was no fighting.  F.A.L.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c2    329 words

FROM TAMPICO.—The brigs Millundon, Capt. Welsh, and C.H. Rogers, Capt. Wilson arrived yesterday from Tampico, (says the N. O. Picayune) both having sailed on the 25th December, five days later than our previous advices.

           Everything was perfectly quiet at Tampico on the 25th ult. No Mexican troops had been seen in the vicinity for eight days, and all felt perfectly secure from an attack from the enemy.

           The whole number of troops at Tampico on the 25th December was 1,800, and we hear of no sickness among them. The remainder of the Alabama regiment that arrived from Brazos Santiago with one company of U.S. Artillery and the guns belonging to it. If this be true, we do not understand the movement.

           We have been favored by a commercials house of this city with the following interesting extract of a letter received by the Ewing. It contains the first intimation we have seen of the action of the Mexican Congress, which, justifies the anticipations of Santa Anna, expressed in his late letter to Gen. Taylor:

TAMPICO, Dec. 17, 7 A.M

I was interrupted at 3 A.M. yesterday, from closing this letter, by a call to arms. I obeyed it immediately of course. After having organized my company (No. 1 or A.) I was ordered to the arsenal, where I remained till late in the P. M. The reports which occasioned this alarm proved exaggerations; and we were discharged, holding ourselves ready for any future emergency.—When more at leisure, I will tell you how gallantly our Yankee Captains and their men manifested the spirit of the Revolution.

           Advices via Vera Cruz were received last evening of the action of the Mexican Congress. They declare that they will not think or treat of peace until every hostile foot has cleared Mexican soil, and every vessel that lines our coast is withdrawn. I consider the war now commenced in real earnest, and I prophecy that Tampico will become an American town.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c2    693 words

For the Enquirer:

Messrs. Editors: In the Whig of the first of January, the Editor bas edified us with a “Chapter on Salt,”  He says that since he new Tariff has gone into operation, salt has risen in value. I believe that the Whig will agree that prices are chiefly regulated by demand and supply, rather than by the duty which may happen to be levied; for, whether the duty of ’42 or ’46 be regarded, both are too trivial to affect the price of the article materially; and so if there be an increase of the price, it must be attributed rather to almost any other cause than the one referred to by the learned yet obstinate Editor. Does he not know that the foreign article is always cheap, and that the price varies not so much with a slight change of duty as with the state of commerce?  When commerce is languid, salt is high; but when any thing transpires to stimulate commerce, and render it prosperous, salt will be sure to rise in value; for it is one of the most unprofitable articles of merchandise that our merchants would think of dealing in as a return load; hence that has been given to trade, showing a profitable interchange of other commodities. Let commerce again be dull, so that salt would be brought as ballast from foreign countries, and down the price would go, whether the Tariff of ’42 or that of ’46 was in operation. We all know it is paradoxical to contend that a high rate of duty would diminish the price; if so, our manufacturers, who certainly know their own interests would not a ways be clamorous for increased duties. Why should they be so anxious for the adoption of a policy which they contend is so detrimental to them?  If the argument of the Editor in his “Chapter on Salt” be universally or even generally true, that high duties make cheap goods, then in contending for that policy, if he could bring his convictions to bear, he would inflict a direful injury upon the friends he is so zealous to serve. But although they contend for the absurdity, the inconsistency of their conduct shows plainly that whenever the paradox occurs, other and probably various causes combine to produce a result at war with common sense and the plainest dictates of our understanding. Why did this sagacious Editor sound the tocsin of alarm in regard to the probability that Polk’s Administration would be driven to the necessity of imposing a tax on tea and coffee, it by so doing we could derive the double advantage of revenue and low prices?  How easy it is to convict a sagacious Editor either of inconsistency or insincery!  Does he think that one hundred “Chapters on Salt” would establish a theory, the bare incompatibility of which carried its own refutation to the simplest minds? Will he tell us whether the high duty imposed by the English Government on American tobacco makes the price low to the consumer?  The duty certainly enhances the price; and if to high duty there be added increased demand and inadequate supply and other co-operating causes, all tending to the same result, then the price will be exorbitant. If the duty alone operates with a fair demand and regular supply, we should see something like stability in prices. But supply sometimes being exorbitant and often times inadequate, the prices fluctuates accordingly—rate of duty and other causes at the same time having their comparative tendency either to aggravate or to control in some way the price of commodities. If a high rate of duty should cause over production, and there should b a superabundant supply, or what we call a glut in the market, then the Whig paradox will apply that high duties make low goods. But suppose in such a contingency there was no duty, is it not obvious that the goods would still be lower?  Surely, surely; then why should the Editors of the Whig attempt an imposition on common sense? “I have lived, I have seen, I know,” and in my youth I read.



Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c2


We copy the following from the St. Louis Republican of Wednesday, 30th ult.:

A gentleman of this city, connected with the army, has furnished us with the following extract of a letter received from Ft. Leavenworth, by the last mail. It true, the news is painfully important. The letter says:

“We have dates from Santa Fe to November 15. Capt. Burgwin, with the dragoons, and also three companies of Col. Doniphan’s regiment, have gone below to the assistance of the traders. There is a rumor that sixty dragoons have been defeated by the Navajo Indians. Lieut. Noble, of the dragoons, writes that ‘he fears and believes the rumor is true.’”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c3    767 words


We had hoped to see an early movement in Congress in regard to a Dry Dock in some harbor of the Gulf for the use of our ships. A large number of our vessels are there, and although peculiarly liable to injuries of various kinds to their hulls, no examination even can be made without sending them as far North as Norfolk, exposing them to still greater peril, than a voyage from any of our Atlantic ports to Europe. This ought not to be. All seem to agree in that; and also, that Pensacola is the most suitable place.—The papers of the North are filled with articles on the subject. They dispute about the different kinds f dry dock—most of them seem against the stone dock as too costly and tardy in construction, while some think it utterly impracticable at that place within any reasonable limits of expenditure. Some scientific opinions are advanced that a good foundation could not be had at a less cost than at Brooklyn, where half a million has been spent in vain, according to the Tribune, in the effort to obtain a foundation. We humbly think the effort to obtain a stone dock should not be preserved in at this time of pressing need, even if it shall be contemplated here after. While the subject is under discussion, either of the floating docks could almost be finished, whereas many years would probably be consumed in the erection of the stone dock.

           If one of the floating docks be adopted, in a few months any of our vessels of war, under suspicion of damage, could be examined, and if necessary, repaired and returned to her blockading position.

           As to which of the floating dry docks the preference should be given, we have but little to say—and would be satisfied with the decision of competent officers of the Navy, or scientific civilians appointed for the purpose, if Congress be unwilling to determine the question. We see some of the papers, that formerly preferred the sectional dock, have changed their opinions, and are now in favor of the balance dock. The great distinguishing feature between them appears to be this. The former is composed, mainly, o a series of large water-tight tanks or camels, which are sunk, or placed under the vessels intended to be raised, and, by pumping out the water, the lifting power is obtained. The other, or balance dock, is composed of one large structure, like the hull of a large ship, or floating lock, closed by gates at one or both ends. When the gate is open, the dock sinks to the required depth—the ship is introduced, the gates closed, the water pumped out, when it is suspended, as on the stocks originally.

           The sectional dock has more light, but requires greater depth of water, (as the whole thickness of the tank or camel has to be accommodated below the keel of the ship,) and, when the ship is raised, it is more liable to be turned over, the weight being on the top. The friends of the balance dock say it has light enough, and certainly as much as a stone dock—that it requires very little more depth of water than is necessary to float the ship—that a vessel in it cannot be hurt—that gales and storms cannot affect it—that it is cheap, stronger, and ore durable, and has almost every conceivable advantage of the stone dock, without many of its disadvantages—that they have built a great number of them, which experience ahs fully tested, and that the result has been uniformly satisfactory.

           From the statements in the Northern papers, it seems these balance docks have been built at nine or ten different ports in Europe and this country, for national and commercial purposes, and at each with triumphant success. This decision of the public would seem to have settled the question of relative value, and we certainly concur in it; but why hesitate about building both, if doubt be still entertained on that point?  The cost is literally nothing, in comparison with the advantages to the nation under existing circumstances. The injury from one year’s delay may greatly exceed the cost of both kinds—(one at Philadelphia and the other at Pensacola)—to say nothing of the loss of reputation to the nation, if one of her national ships should be lost, in consequence of the difficulty of getting to a dry dock. We hope the subject will attract the attention of Congress.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c3    217 words

           The following resolutions have been unanimously adopted by the City Council, on motion of John S. Caskie, Esq.

           “The Council of the City of Richmond, in consequence of the movement for individual subscriptions and the State appropriations, not having as a body, yet had an opportunity of making the same exhibitions of interest and respect for the Volunteers of Richmond, that has been made by the corporate authorities of some other towns in the State, and esteeming it due to their own feelings and those of the city they represent, to offer a public manifestation of the affection and pride with which Richmond regards the gallant men enrolled from her people for the Mexican war, unanimously adopt the following resolutions:

1. Resolved, That swords be presented in the name of the city, to the Captains and Lieutenants of the Richmond Grays and Richmond Rangers, companies belonging to the Virginia Regiment, raised under the late requisition from the President of the United States.

2. Resolved, That a committee of three members be appointed to purchase suitable swords, request their acceptance by the above named officers, and make all arrangements for their presentation.

A committee was accordingly appointed of Messrs. Caskie, Wickham and Carrington. On motion of Mr. Wickham, the President of the Council was added to the committee.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c4    283 words

We yesterday received no Union or Intelligencer, and are, therefore, without a full report of the interesting proceedings of Thursday. We, however, see in the Baltimore Sun that Messrs. Archer and Crittenden came out in favor of the war and its vigorous prosecution. “They probably did not wish to be outdone by Harry Clay at New Orleans,” who spoke in manly terms of the patriotic duty of all to punish “the wrongs done to this country by Mexico.”  With the Sun we say, “would that other Senators and members were to follow the honorable example;”—and, we add, would that many of the Whig papers and politicians would, like Mr. Clay, take the side of their own country, and not, on all occasions, justify and defend the course of Mexico, and virtually declare that she is in the right, and their own country in the wrong.

           In the Baltimore American we find the following notice of Mr. Crittenden’s remark:

           “He was very anxious to see an end to this war. The best mode would be to adopt such means as were now proposed.

           “There was another way, and that was to fall back upon some portion of the territory which we have taken, and let the Mexicans make war upon us. But this would leave it in doubt when the war would be ended. He wished he could be convinced that this was the most effectual mode. But however deplorable was the continuation of the war, he must say that, in his opinion, the only way to obtain peace was to carry on a vigorous war—to adopt the fullest measures, and to vote for the most ample supplies of men and money.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c4    294 words

The Petersburg Intelligencer reports the decision of Judge Gholson upon a Habeas Corpus sued out at the relation of the father, directed to the defendant, Captain Archer, of the Petersburg Volunteers, commanding him to bring up the body of George B. Lipscomb, an enlisted volunteer in his company. The infant, (between twenty and twenty-one years of age,) in answer to questions by counsel, expressed a wish to be discharged, in consequences of the distress of his mother.

           The case was argued by J.S. Edwards, Esq., for the petitioner, and by Thomas Wallace and Wm. T. Joynes, Esqs., for the defendant, Capt. Archer. Judge Gholson delivered a learned and lucid opinion, in which he examined the rights and capacities of infants at common law, on whose principles, he contended, this case was to be decided. He said, that the mode of enlistment ought to be distinctly declared by statute before it shall be allowed to change or impair private rights under the common law. The act of 18th May, 1846, said Judge G., did not contemplate the binding enlistment of infants—and he could find no case or authority which holds that a voluntary enlistment in the service of the United States is a contract so clearly beneficial to the infant as to be absolutely binding upon him at common law. The Judge stated, in conclusion, that if the application had rested on the petition of the father alone, without the concurrence of the minor, he should probably have remanded the prisoner. But as, in this case, the minor concurs in the petition of the father, (a fact which distinguishes this from some of the case in the books, which otherwise have some resemblance to it,) he must therefore discharge him—which was accordingly done.

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c4    326 words

The Union holds the following cheering language upon two questions which now engage the attention of Congress and the Country:

“We warn the ‘National Intelligencer’ and its allies not to deceive themselves. The country is in war. The people demand that it should be prosecuted with vigor and terminated with honor. Their representatives cannot refuse the necessary supplies of men, money, and means. The bill for organizing ten additional regiments will pass in some form or other, and, what is most desirable, in the form proposed by the secretary of War and recommended by the President.—Why change it?  Why convert it into a bill for volunteers, when the 50,000 volunteer bill is not yet exhausted, and a member form New York admitted to-day that there were 17,000 volunteers who might yet be called out under that bill?—We want, also, a species of force more allied to the regular service, to act on a different principle, and to give the greatest possible efficiency to our combination of troops. This addition to the regular force besides, will, b the very terms of its enlistment, expire at the end of the war.

           “Money and loans will also be provided for; whether by taxing tea and coffee, or all the free list, or in some other ode of taxation, we know not; but we doubt as little, in spite of the temporary exultation of the National Intelligencer, that, if the exigencies of the war require it, the representatives of a patriotic and enlightened people will waive their own prejudices, and lay an adequate duty upon tea and coffee, and other articles of the free list. The honor of the country will demand the supplies; and an administration which is faithful to its trusts, an nobly doing its duty, and carrying on a war which Congress recognized and sanctioned in May last, must receive; as it deserves, the support of its democratic friends, and, indeed, of every patriotic member.”

Tuesday, January 12, 1847 RE47v43n74p4c4    768 words

Petersburg still continues her good work of contributing to the country’s cause. On Wednesday afternoon, a large meeting of the citizens was held, to make arrangements for furnishing an equipping the second company of Petersburg Mexican Volunteers, Capt. Wm. M. Robinson.

           The gallant veteran, Gen. D. C. Butts, was in the chair, and Wm. R. Drinkard, Secretary. After eloquent and patriotic addresses from Messrs. Wm. Robertson, S., T. S. Gholson and Tim Rives, a resolution was unanimously adopted, requisition the Common Hall to appropriate two thousand five hundred dollars to equip this second Company.

           On the same evening a special meeting of the Hall was held, and this liberal and spirited appropriation was made.

           We regret that we have not room for the Petersburg Republican’s graphic sketch of the interesting scenes, which took place on Saturday evening and Sunday morning last, on the occasion of the departure of Capt. F. H. Archer’s company of volunteers for Old Point. On Saturday evening, the ladies of Petersburg, through their organ, Judge James H. Gholson, presented to the Petersburg volunteers, commanded by Capt. Archer, a beautiful flag, with the Virginia coat of arms inscribed on one side, and on the other the motto “From the Ladies of Petersburg to the Petersburg Mexican Volunteers.”  This sacred deposit, this “talisman to cheer them in the hour of peril and inspire them in the moment of fierce and deadly conflict,” was candied to the patriotic volunteers under the most touching circumstances. All the military companies of the town were present, with hundreds of ladies and gentlemen, who eagerly watched the imposing scene. The accomplished Judge performed his duty in the happiest style:

           “Eloquent, touching, impassioned, burning words, tell from his lips, and went immediately to the hearts of his sympathizing and captivated audience; and the gushing fear o’er many a fair and many a manly cheek gave strong assurance that his sentiments and emotions were but common to all who heard him. The flag was received by Captain Archer, who returned thanks for the compliment to himself and company in a very few but very appropriate remarks.”

           Mr. William Robertson, Sr., then presented to Captain Archer a splendid sword, belt and sash in the name of the members of the Bar of Petersburg. John W. Syme, Esq., next arose, and in the nam of the following gentlemen, viz R. B. Bolling, Benjamin Jones, Robert Leslie, Joseph Bragg, J. V. Willcox, John Rowlett, A.G. Mcliwaine, William E. Hinton, David Dunlop, D.W. Bragg, J. Branch, Goodman Davis, B. H. May, John L. Merterns & Co., James Orr, Moses Paul, and A.L. Smith, presented to Lieutenants F. Pegram, D.A. Weisiger and P.A. Peterson, each, a most beautiful sword, belt, sash and epaulettes, as tokens of their unwavering confidence and esteem. “Mr. Syme’s Remarks were characterized by even more than his usually eloquent and impressive manner, and were admirably suited to the occasion, and the pleasing but melancholy circumstances by which that occasion was surrounded. Each of the gallant Lieutenants made a short and appropriate reply, which closed the ceremony. The volunteers were then escorted through the principal streets fo the town to their Barracks, by the different military companies, under the command of Captain Garland of the artillery, and night fall found many returning form that rare but interesting scene bowed down under the influence of mingled emotions of pride and grief.”

           The parting scene next morning was full of touching incidents. We are compelled to omi, the beautiful reflections of the Petersburg Republican upon the scene, and to content ourselves with the following. “About seven o’clock the volunteers, escorted by all the military companies of the town, arrived at the depot. Captain Archer arranged his men in double ranks, the front rank facing the rear, in open order, through which the military and citizens, commanded by Captain Garland, passed, shaking hands with every man of the volunteers, and, amid a torrent of scalding tears, asking God to bless them, in such terms as tumultuous hearts and almost palsied tongues would allow. The prayers offered to Heaven on that occasion are no doubt recorded on high, and will avail in behalf of those young men, for there was a multitude of hearts ‘that agreed touching one thing.’  They prayed for the blessings of God to rest upon the young volunteers.

           “They are gone, for a foreign land—far, far from their homes and friends—they have departed. They have pledged their lives and their honor in defence of a holy and a just cause. May the God of battles bless, preserve and protect them—Amen and Amen!”

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p1c6    444 words


           In the Massachusetts Legislature, a few days since, Mr. Caleb Cushing asked leave to introduce a resolution appropriating the sum of 20,000 dollars for the equipment and support of the Massachusetts volunteers for the Mexican war. He stated that he wished to have the resolution received and referred to a select committee.

           Mr. Keyes of Dedham said he should vote to refer the resolution, but sooner than vote any money which would go to maintain the “infamous war with Mexico,” he would cut off his right hand.

           Mr. Bird of Foxboro’ also spoke of the “infernal slave holding Mexican war,” got up by our national administration.

           The whole subject was then laid on the table by the Whig Legislature, 171 to 61. And it is because the Democratic press denounce such treasonable language and infamous proceedings, that the Whigs clamor about “a violation of the freedom of speech.”  The Boston Times reviews the subject with scathing severity as follows:

“It seemed as though a bomb shell were thrown into the House, and the Whig zealots were on the floor at once. Mr. Cushing was only desirous of its reference to a special committee, so that a report might be had. Some of the Whigs were liberal enough to favor this course, but the majority showed themselves cowards and enemies of their country. A motion was made to lay the whole subject on the table, and such was its disposition by the majority. The yeas and nays were however taken, and we have the pleasure of presenting to the State and Nation the names of these recreants to the country in time of war.

           “They will become marked men, and their names will go down to posterity for the slow, unmoving finger of scorn to point at. They will be placed on the same record as their prototypes—the federalists of the last war—who favored the enemy’s cause, and voted that it was unbecoming a moral and religious people to rejoice at victories gained over a British foe. Our Whig Representatives seem to have a desire to be placed in the same category. They agree ready to aid and comfort the enemy by their voice and action, but are not ready to aid and comfort the brave and chivalrous volunteers who have come forward of their own free will and accord, to fight the enemies of their country.

           “Gentlemen Whigs of the majority!—Your names are on the record for history, and we leave you to your unenviable immortality!”

           The next day the Whigs, cowering under the castigation of public opinion, took “the back track,” and the resolution was referred.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p1c6     501 words


Wednesday, Jan. 13


           A communication was received from the House announcing their concurrence in the amendments made to several unimportant bills by the Senate.

           Mr. WALLACE, from the committee on General Laws, reported the two following bills, each with several amendments: “An act to facilitate the  transfer of stock in joint stock companies in this State”—(Passed)—and “An act authorizing a loan by the Winchester and Potomac Railroad, and for other purposes”—(On motion of Mr. McMULLEN, laid on the table.)

           The CHAIR appointed the following joint committee to enquire into the “arrangements” of the Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad Company, and others: Messrs. Ambler, Woolfolk, Stanard, Cox and McMullen.

           Mr. GARRETT moved to reconsider the vote upon the bill authorizing the transfer of money or property to trustees appointed by the Courts of other States.

           This motion was sustained, and then, upon the further motion of Mr. GARRETT, the bill was recommitted to the Committee on General Laws.

           Mr. CRUMP offered a resolution, requesting the House to return to the Senate the bill changing the Rifle Greys of King William county to a company of light infantry. Agreed to.

           A communication was received from the House, embracing a series of resolutions in regard to the death of Isaac S. Pennybacker. Resolutions agreed to.

           Mr. DENEALE then rose and addressed the Senate, as follows:

           Mr. Speaker: In accordance with a long established custom in this House, and under a full conviction of my incompetency to the task, I rise, not for the purpose of entering into a lengthened eulogium on the character of the late Isaac S. Pennybacker, whose death we are now called on to lament—but with the intentions of making a few remarks in regard to his exalted worth and integrity. Coming as he did from my Senatorial District, I should feel that I did injustice to his memory were I not to advert, however briefly, to some of hi numerous virtues. As a man, his talents and integrity have always secured him the respect of all who have been honored with his acquaintance; as a father and a husband, he was most kind and affectionate; as a neighbor and a friend, his conduct was such as to dear him to every one whose privilege it was to reside in his section of the country. Not only have our State and the family and friends of the deceased suffered an irreparable lose, but the U.S. Senate has lost the assistance and counsel of one of its most able and intelligent members—a loss which will be long and seriously felt. Since it has pleased Almighty God, in his wise providence, to remove from amongst us our meritorious friend, let us endeavor to emulate his virtues and cherish in our families an undying respect for his memory. And when we shall have been called from this world, may we spend with him a glorious immortality in Heaven.

On motion of Mr. DENEALE,

THE Senate adjourned.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p1c3    1210 words


The following communication from the Governor was laid before the Senate of Virginia on Tuesday last. On motion of Mr. Wallace it was read, and referred to the Committee on the Militia:

Jan. 11, 1847

To the General Assembly.

I communicate here with a letter form the Field Officers of the Regiment of infantry Volunteers, now nearly ready to embark for Mexico, in regard to further supplies of clothing, which I beg leave earnestly to commend to the immediate attention of the General Assembly.

           Should it be deemed expedient to supply the clothing for our volunteers in the manner suggested, the State may be reimbursed by receiving from the General Government the commutation allowed for clothing the Volunteers, or so much thereof as may be requisite—or may leave it to be paid for by each man as the clothing is received by him—for which purpose it may be necessary to appoint an agent on the part of the State unless the necessity thereof can be obviated through the agency of some of the departments of the U.S. Army.

           The plan herewith suggested for keeping our Regiments well supplied, I deem important to the health, comfort, and military appearance of the men.

           Very respectfully,

           WM. SMITH.

City of Richmond, 8th Jan., 1847.

Sir; The undersigned, the field officers of the 1st Regiment of Volunteers infantry, beg leave respectfully to represent to your Excellency the propriety of some adequate provision for supplying the non-commissioned officers and privates of the Regiment with clothing, after the present supply shall be exhausted. It is unnecessary for us to inform your Excellency of the great suffering which the volunteers now serving in Mexico have undergone, for want of proper clothing. Their fate shows us what must be that of the men composing the Virginia regiment, unless steps are taken in time to avert the evils that attend service in a distinct and hostile country, where supplies of clothing cannot be procured.—It is true that the United States government has made such provision as, under the circumstances, it was practicable for it o make. It has allowed to the volunteers commutation for the clothing to which soldiers are entitled, the volunteers being required to provide their own clothing; but your Excellency will readily perceive that it will be impossible for them to supply themselves, in a foreign and hostile country; although they may receive pay enough for that purpose, if the supplies were at hand, and could be procured at reasonable prices, a thing that is not the case in Mexico.

           The volunteers are dependent upon the susutlers for any article of clothing they may need, and from the information we have received, only the most inferior articles are furnished by them, and those at the most exorbitant prices; in fact, some little experiences on other occasions have given us an opportunity of knowing the utter impossibility of a volunteer soldier’s being able to supply himself with anything like a sufficient amount of clothing, out of the commutation paid him, when he is left to the extortions of those who hover around a camp, for the purpose of pouncing upon the poor soldier’s pittance to the moment he receives it.

           The Virginia regiment has been supplied, or will be supplied, before its departure, with as comfortable clothing for six months as the circumstances of the case would permit; but unless the war is speedily closed, the men in a very few months will require summer clothing, which they have not now; and there are many casualties attending a campaign that might deprive some of the men of the clothing with which they go provide, and leave them in a state of utter destitution, that it would be impossible to remedy.—With a full knowledge of the difficulties and privations that are before us, we cannot depart without doing all in our power to have such provision made for the men entrusted to our command, as may be necessary for their comfort and health, so far as these may be secured in a camp.

           We are aware of your Excellency’s earnest desire to send into the field a regiment that shall be creditable to Virginia, and we cordially acknowledge your zealous efforts to make it such. It is, therefore, with pleasure that we appeal to you to call the attention of the Legislature to this subject, and ask that it take the matter I hand, and adopt such measures as its wisdom may prompt. We have made out an estimate of the clothing which will be required by the men during the next Summer and Winter. From that estimate we have discarded everything intended for display, and we ask nothing for ourselves or the commissioned officers of the regiment.

           It will require an appropriation of thirty-thousand dollars to carry out the plan proposed by us, which is to have the clothing of the men made by contract, and sent through the Quartermaster’s Department, to such point as may be necessary, and issued to the men in the quantities named in the estimate, which is herewith submitted; and that a donation of it be made to them; or, that it may be sold to them at costs and charges. There are many considerations which recommend this plan; it will enable the men to obtain a certain supply of comfortable clothing at reasonable prices; the regiment would present a uniform appearance; its distinctive character would be preserved; its efficiency increased; and the assurance that their comfort was cared for at home, would keep alive in the hearts of the men that love of their native State, which would stimulate them to deeds that might place her among the foremost of her sisters who have gathered laurels upon the fields of Mexico.

           We mean to cast no imputations upon the Government of the United States; we acknowledge that it has done all that it was practicable to do in this matter. Having no control over the uniform of the volunteers, it could but pay them commutation for their clothing, which is sufficient for the purpose, provided it could be laid out to advantage.

           But we think we will not ask in vain, when we call upon Virginia to extend her fostering care to her sons who go from her bosom to he field of battle, to die, if need be, for the honor of their glorious mother; and we feel assured that, to Virginia, her name, and the honor of her sons, are dearer than money.

           Very respectfully,

           Your obedient servants,


JNO. F. HAMTRAMCK Col. Comd’g.
THOS. B. RANDOLPH, Lieut. Col.
J.A. EARLY, Major.

To his Excellancy Wm. SMITH,
Governor of Virginia.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p1c4    124 words


An arrival this morning puts us in possession of accounts to the 22d ult. A letter of that date states that Campeachy has positively dispatched a force of 2500 men, which was joined by 500 on the road with 12 pieces of artillery all well equipped, with a view to compel the government at Merida to succumb to the pronunciamento of Campeachy of 8 h December. The object of the pronunciamento and of this movement, is declared to e to maintain the neutrality of the peninsula as between the United States and Mexico, and put down the government which they say ahs wed the country to Santa Anna. The people of Campeachy have elected Don Domingo Barret Provisional Governor.—N.O. Mercury

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c1


From the New Orleans Times

By the arrival here yesterday of the U.S. Transport Steamer Alabama, Capt. Windle, which left Brasos on the 3d instant, we have received intelligence from the several divisions of the army up to a late date.

It appears that the reports which have been in circulation regarding the advance of Santa Anna on Saltillo have been entirely premature, and the statement that was published of his being, at the date of our last advices from that place, within three days’ march of it, is entirely without foundation. There was, however, some cause for the rumor, of which the following are the particulars:

General Worth on the 16th ultimo received information from two scouts that the Mexican General-in0chief had left San Luis Potosi, at the head of a body of 15,000 cavalry, with the intention to fall on the American division at Saltillo, which he imagined he could easily crush. After this, he proposed attacking General Wool, and if similar success attended him, to repair to Monterey and capture or destroy the magazines and public stores which lay there. General Worth, without attaching more importance to the report than it seemed to merit, forthwith dispatched expresses to Generals Taylor, Wool and Butler, acquainting them with what he had heard, leaving it entirely to them to act in the premises. The express overtook Gen’l Taylor a short distance from Monterey, on the rout to Victoria. He immediately returned to his old encamping ground near Monterey, with the whole of his division, and then awaited further advices. After remaining three days, during which he received information of the improbability of the report of Santa Anna’s advance on Saltillo, he again took up the line of march, and proceeded onward to Victoria. Meanwhile, General Wool, who had been informed of the rumor current at Saltillo, called in all his detached commands, and and at the head of his division, 3000 strong, quitted Parras on the 18th ultimo, and by arrangements previously made, was to enter Saltillo on the 23d at farthest, pushing forward with all practicable speed. General Butler had previously reached Saltillo from Monterey. During this time the intelligence of the reported advance of Santa Anna had reached other more distant points of the line of occupation; and troops, already under orders to march toward Monterey, hastened their progress onward.

It appears that Generals Taylor and Worth, on mature reflection, readily discovered the improbability of the report of Santa Anna’s advance on, and near proximity to, Saltillo, from the following facts: 1st . The distance between San Louis de Potosi and Saltillo was too great to admit of the possibility of the march of so large a body as 15,000 men, without timely notice being afforded to the American General to prepare for his reception. 2dly. The ground between the two cities is extremely bare of verdure or other means of sustenance for man and beast- 90 miles of which, as is well known, being an arid desert, divest of fountain, running stream, or any other source of water, besides affording not the least chance of getting food or fodder, being almost uninhabited, throughout its wide extent. The report of the Mexican scouts, however, is said to have been corroborated, by information received at Saltillo, in a letter from an English merchant at San Louis de Potosi, who stated that Santa Anna had positively left that city, at the head of a numerous body of cavalry. Even now, in those parts of Mexico, occupied by our troops, it is admitted that Santa Anna is out with a considerable mounted force, but with objects far different from those attributed to him, by scouts. It was stated in the letter above alluded to, that the Mexicans’ intention were to hurry forward, and occupy the only practicable pass in the mountains lying between the divisions of Generals Worth and Wool, thus intercepting their communications. After realizing his anticipated success against them, by cutting them up in detail, he was then to advance on Monterey, &c. These announcement are now proved to be premature, and things are proceeding in their former train, accelerated a little by the alarm which has just subsided.

For much of the above information we are indebted to Major Butler, [a passenger by the Alabama,] Paymaster U.S. Army, attached to the division of Gen. Wool, who visits this city on business, which will detain him here about a week, when he returns to head quarters. Major Butler left Parras on the 17th ultimo, where General Wool’s division then lay. He states that the troops were in excellent health and spirits, no casualty of moment having occurred for some time. The inhabitants of the country which the troops had traversed from San Antonio, had manifested the greatest good feeling towards the Americans; not a symptom of that hostility which the population of the valley of the Rio Grande had so frequently exhibited, had been observed.

Brasos.- We are under many obligations to Gen. Jessup for his politeness in communicating some interesting particulars regarding the feelings observable amongst the Mexican population, at different points on the Rio Grande. It seems that a species of moral barometer exists there, if we take the trouble to study their character. On the eve of any great event, (the battle of Monterey, for example,) a considerable falling off in the numbers of Mexicans seeking employment takes place. At each new success of the American arms, the applications for service redouble. With the denunciation of the Mexican government staring them in the face, they are afraid to work for the invaders; but as time rolls on, and our conquests seem to be consolidated, their confidence returns, and they are anxious to join us heart and hand.

Monterey.- Major Butler was in Monterey on the 23d ult, at the time Gen Taylor was encamped there. Col Harney was in that city, on his way to Saltillo. Everything seemed satisfactory, regarding the conduct of the inhabitants, as to peace and tranquility. One regiment, it is presumed, will be sufficient to form its garrison.

March of Troops, &c- On his way from Monterey to Camargo, Maj Butler met the Kentucky mounted riflemen, with Gen Marshall at their head, and on of the Ohio regiments- both corps on their way to the former place.

General Scott- On the 1st inst, on his way down the Rio Grande, a days’ distance from Camargo, Gen Scott was met proceeding upward, on the steamboat Corvette.

At Matamoros, Point Isabell and Brazos, things were in statu quo.

The remains of the following officers were brought over on the Alabama:

Col. Watson, Baltimore Regiment.
Capt. Isaac Holmes, Georgia Regiment.
Capt. Ridgely, Flying Artillery.
Capt. Gillespie, Texas Regiment.
Lieut. Graham, Infantry.
Mr. Thomas, Texas Rangers.
Mr. Pierson, Texas Rangers.

Passengers- General Jessup, Quarter Master General and suite; Majors Butler, Boyd and Comstock; Captains Long, Hoyle; Lieut Armstrong; Messrs H McQueen, Mills, Clark and Robinson, and 240 sick and discharged soldiers. Messrs Mills and Robinson are the committee from Baltimore to conduct thither the remains of Col Watson, Capt Ridgely, and Lieut Graham. Lieut Boyle, of the Baltimore battalion, died on the morning of the 6th inst, on board the Alabama, while coming up the river.

Tampico- Who are very much indebted to the gentleman who has so kindly placed at our disposal the following items of intelligence from Tampico. In a letter dated Tampico, the 26th ult., the writer states that a report was current that a body of 500 American troops had taken quiet possession of Victoria, the capital of the department. Indeed the whole of the inhabitants of Tamaulipas are prepared to throw off the yoke of the central Government, provided the United States will guarantee them permanent protection. A letter has been received there, dated San Luis de Potosi, the 23d November, which stated Santa Anna’s force at that time did not exceed 7,000 men- this was from a most reliable source, but the date of the letter is rather distant. Col. Riley, and Gens. Quitman and Pillow, were rapidly advancing on Victoria. The 500 men above alluded to, are no doubt part of the force of Col. Riley.

Saltillo- Major Butler passed through Saltillo on his way hither. Here he found Genereal Butler, whose severe wound in the leg was slowly healing. It will be a satisfaction to his numerous friends to learn that he is again able to mount his horse, and in a very short time, will be, in all respects, “himself again.” The two Generals, Butler and Worth, were of opinion that Santa Anna was too astute to risk himself in a field fight; he would patiently await the unfolding chapter of accidents, behind the fortifications of San Luis de Potosi, confessedly, even by our own topographical engineer officers, the strongest place in Mexico, after San Juan de Ulloa.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c1    448 words

LATEST FROM MONTEREY.—The United States Steamer Alabama, Captain Windle, arrived last evening from Brazos Santiago, which she left on Sunday, the 3d instant. Among her passengers are General Jesup and staff, and thirty others in the cabin, and two hundred and forty sick and discharged soldiers. Lieutenant Mills of Baltimore has kindly furnished us with the following memoranda.

           All idea of an immediate engagement has past over, and it would now seem that Santa Anna is only to be met in San Luis Potosi, where it appears he means to stand the hazard of the die.

           General Taylor, as we had been previously advised, countermarched when on his route to Victoria, and was approaching Saltillo when he met Colonel May and his squadron, who had pressed on in advance of him, returning to Monterey. Colonel May being informed there of the actual state of things at Saltillo, he returned and recommenced his march to Victoria. It turns out that the alarm originated thus: General Worth intercepted a letter from the Governor of New Leon to a partisan Mexican General, whose name our informant could not recollect, telling him to advance and attack on Saltillo on a certain day, and that he had so arranged it that the Mexican inhabitants would rise, join them, and defeat the American forces. Add to this, a large cavalry force was reported on the advance from San Luis Potosi. With reference to the letter, General Worth enclosed it to the author, telling him that if again detected in any such proceeding he would be shot. The advanced cavalry turned out to be a foraging party, pretty numerous to be sure, but nothing more.

           The forces at Saltillo have been considerably strengthened. The Kentucky and Ohio Regiments under Gen. Butler, have marched on there, and the Kentucky Cavalry were to march for that point on the 23d ult. Monterey too, under command of Col. Garland, is considerably reinforced. The two Indiana Regiments, the Kentucky Mounted Cavalry, and about 700 of the recently enlisted regulars were on their way to Monterey. Col. Morgan of the 2d Regiment of Ohio volunteers who has command of Camargo, is engaged in fortifying the place.

           General Wool’s column had reached a point within nine mile of General Worth’s division at Saltillo.

           General Taylor, with all of his disposable force, left Monterey on the 23d December for Victoria.

           Victoria is to be the point for the concentration of all the forces of our army.

           General Scott, we learn from a source entitled to all credit was to proceed to Victoria or wherever General Taylor could be found, to confer with him as to the best plan of conducting the campaign.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c2    82 words

We occupy much of our space this morning with the eloquent and patriotic remarks of Mr. Bedinger, in vindication of the Mexican War.—His rebuke of the factious and mischievous course of those politicians who decry their own country, and denounce a just and righteous war, which has been forced upon us, will be read with interest, and cannot but exerts a sound influence upon the moral tone of the community.  Mr. B. speaks the sentiments of Virginia, and of the country.

See the Congressional Globe, Januray 13, 1847, pp. 84-85.


Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c4    727 words


To the surprise of nearly everyone, yesterday’s Southern mail informed us that the recent reports of the advance of Santa Anna upon Saltillo with 20 or 30,000 men, were without foundation, and that Gen. Worth was deceived in his information. By the extracts from the New Orleans papers in another column, it will be seen upon what data he proceeded to call for reinforcements. The following article from the New Orleans Bulletin sets forth the inconveniences consequent upon this false alarm, in deranging and retarding the operations and movements of the army. This is to be regretted—but the occurrence shows how promptly and successfully, in case of an emergency, our troops can be put in motion and concentrated against the enemy. This fact is important, in proving the skill and energy of our officers and troops, and in urging the necessity of constant vigilance:

           “Gen. Worth forwarded the information to Gen. Worth, who broke up his encampment and started forward, by forced marches, to his relief. Gen. Butler moved forward, in like manner, from Monterey, with his whole force; and so pressing was the danger considered, that the large depot of stores and provisions at Camargo were left with but a slight protection, and all the available force there was also sent forward. But the most unfortunate result was with the army under Gen. Taylor. He had advanced seventy miles on the route to Victoria, and had retraced his steps, with all his troops back to Monterey, on his way to Saltillo. He would, however, again move forward twenty days, and destroyed the combination of his movements with other detachments that were ordered up to Victoria, particularly that under Gen. Patterson, from Matamoras.”

           Some of the accounts state, that it was reported at Saltillo that Santa Anna was making every exertion to bring about tan adjustment of the difficulties between the two countries—and, moreover, that the Mexican Congress had accepted our overture of peace, and had agreed to send us an agent to negotiate. We put no confidence in the latter—but we have always been of opinion that Santa Anna was at heart favorable to peace, and would, if possible, bring over the Mexican people to the same sentiments. His “brave words” may sound otherwise—but his acts certainly do not show him to be an uncompromising enemy of pacific negotiations.

           The Union of Wednesday night, though not furnished with the news received by us yesterday morning, does not attach much consequence to the “alarming rumors” which had excited so much anxiety. It quotes a letter from an officer at Brazos Santiago, on the 28th December, which expresses the opinion that “a sufficient force was, doubtless, collected at Saltillo to meet the emergency; and if Santa Anna’s movement was anything more than a fiend, he has unquestionably been repulsed.”

           The Union says:

           “A letter from Major General Scott, now commanding all the land forces in Mexico, dated December 28, from Brazos Santiago, states that he should leave the next day via Matamoras and Camargo, in search of official news, by which he should be governed accordingly. Referring to the reports of the movement of the enemy, he states that, in the meantime, events may take him to Monterey; and that, “if Santa Anna be on the offensive, he must be repulsed,” &c.

           “One of the letters we have seen from the Rio Grande of so recent date as December 28, (the latest,) expressly states: “We are here without accurate information, and the General-in-chief, now commanding all the forces in Mexico, has determined to move rapidly forward, with the view of ascertaining facts upon which he can rely. We should have been off to-day, but for the difficulty of landing our saddle horses form the steamer yesterday.”

           The Union also publishes an interesting letter from Gen. Taylor at Monterey, Dec. 8, giving a sketch of the position of his forces. We shall publish it hereafter. He had no apprehension of the movements of Santa Anna.

           We repeat that there is now no danger of a fight at Saltillo. Santa Anna is either anxious for peace, or he is too cunning and prudent to risk a battle with the American army. Some accounts state that his force at San Luis has been much exaggerated—it not exceeding 10,000, with daily desertions.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c5    216 words


           The mortal remains of the following brave and lamented officers and soldiers were brought to the city of New Orleans, on the 6th inst., by the steamship Alabama, from the Brazos Santiago Lieut. Col. Watson, Lieut. Raham, Herman Thomas, George W. Pearson, Capt. Gillespie of the Texas Rangers and Capt. Holmes of the Georgia Regiment. On the arrival of the steamship guns were fired from the Place d’Armes and Lafayette Square during the day and the flags in public places worn at half mast.—Meetings of the Common Council of the city and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, (of which some of the officers were prominent members) were held, and resolutions adopted appointing a committee of seven to take charge of the bodies of the dead, to convey them to the Municipal Hall, there to remain till the 8th, when a grand military and civic procession was to e formed for the purpose of conveying them on board the steamboat Declaration. The remains are to be conveyed to the city of Baltimore and may be expected to pass through this city in a day or so. Will not the citizens of Richmond unite in paying a proper tribute of respect to these gallant soldiers who fell in defence of their country?

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c5    107 words

By a recent order, Gen. Butlers command extends to all the posts from Monterey to Camargo, and from thence o the mouth of the Rio Grande. Lieutenant Colonel Garland, of the third infantry, is to be Governor of Monterey.

           In less than two hours after the receipt at Camargo of the news of Santa Anna’s rumored attack upon Saltillo, Brigadier General Lane’s command (Indiana Regiment) was on the march; and in less than twelve hours he was followed by Brigadier General Marshall, with the Kentucky Cavalry and Captain Ker’s Company of United States Dragoons, intending to reach Monterey by forced marches. This is American energy and Spirit.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c5    195 words

CAPT. W.B. ARCHER’S COMPANY.—Capt. Wm. B. Archer’s company of Volunteers were presented on Wednesday to the Governor. Mr. Tunstall, of Pittsylvania, made the  presentation speech, and a very happy one it was. Gov. Smith responded in a style, the felicity and originality of which was to be admired when we consider how his store-house o patriotic figures has been drawn upon by the very numerous speeches of the kind it has been his task to make. Capt. Archer made a brief speech, pledging his men to the service, and promising tat the flag which the State is to present to the Regiment, shall not be tarnished while there is a drop of blood in their veins.—Yesterday’s Times.

           The Whig says this third company of volunteers organized in this city, (though many of its members came from other parts of the State,) has been organized, under the name of the “Marshall Guards,” by the appointment of Wm. B. Archer, of Richmond, as Captain; L. M. Shumaker, of Franklin, 1st Lieutenant; R.H. Keeling, of Richmond, 1st 2d Lieutenant; John M. Blakey, jr., of Richmond, 2d 2d Lieutenant. The non-commissioned officers are not yet appointed.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p2c7    110 words

The New Orleans Picayune contains the Mexican account of the transaction at Los Angeles in California. Instead of 150 Americans seamen being massacred by the Indians and Mexicans under Gen. Flores, it appears that not one was killed—but that 27 were made prisoners under capitulation, and 3 were wounded; one Mexican was killed. The capitulation allowed the Americans to go on board their ships, with their arms and private property. The Mexican account stated that 300 men were afterwards landed from their ships, and took possession of the town, of what they intended to retain permanent possession—This is the Mexican version of the affair, as the Picayune observes.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c1

From the N.O. Picayune, Jan. 3.

By the arrival at a late hour last night of the U.S. steamer Edith, Capt. Couillard, we have three days’ later dates from Brazos Santiago. She left Brazos on the 30th ult and brings confirmation of the reported advance of Santa Anna with a large force upon Saltillo. It was reported that the Mexican army was nearly 30,000 strong.

When Gen. Worth’s express reached Monterey, General Taylor had only gone six or eight miles on his march to Victoria, and the troops under Generals Twiggs and Quitman were but 12 miles in advance. Orders were immediately issued to this division to retrace its steps and proceed to Saltillo.

Gen. Butler, who was left in command of Monterey, had already marched with all the troops he could collect to join Gen. Worth at Saltillo.

Before the express reached Camargo Gen. Lane had started fro Saltillo with his command- this was the 20th- Gen. Marshall set out next morning, taking with him the remainder of the forces, with the exception of Capts. Hunter and Swartwout’s commands which were left to protect that point. The troops from Camargo were on a forced march, to reach Saltillo in time for a battle, reports having prevailed for several days before positive advices were received of the movements of Santa Anna.

Gen. Wool was ninety miles from Saltillo at the last advices from him, and it was supposed he would join Gen. Worth in season to assist in repelling the enemy.

There was a rumor that Santa Anna had thrown a body 17,000 men between Gen. Worth and Gen. Taylor, to prevent a junction of the American forces. This report was not credited, nor does it seem probable that it is true, as the main road to Monterey passes through Saltillo. There is a circuitous mountain road which avoids Saltillo, but it is not favorable to the march of an army, and is impracticable for orduance.

It was the impression of gentlemen who came passengers in the Edith, and with whom we have conversed, that a battle was fought about the 25 ult. It was thought, however, that Gen. Taylor had reached Saltillo before that time, and also Gen. Twigg’s, Gen. Quitman’s, Gen. Butler’s and Gen. Wool’s commands. It was likewise hoped that the troops from Camargo would also arrive at Saltillo in good season. If these expectations were realized, Gen. Taylor had about 7000 men to oppose Santa Anna. Our informants think Santa Anna’s army was overrated; but no positive knowledge was had of his exact numbers.

The whole valley of the Rio Grande was in a state of great ferment. Apprehensions of an attack were entertained at Camargo, Matamoros and other points, from the rancheros under Canales. The withdrawal of so many troops from the river left the valley exposed to danger. At Matamoros, Col. Clark had called upon the citizens to enroll themselves for service, and at the Brazos Gen. Jessup had done the same thing. Both these points were sadly deficient in both men and arms. It was thought Canales had 2000 men under him, and that the large supply of goods at Matamoros, and the exposed condition of that city, might quicken his courage.

Gen. Scott arrived at the Brazos in the 28th ult. The following day he preceded to the mouth of the Rio Grande and was yet at the point when the Edith left, waiting the arrival of the horses belonging to the regiment of mounted riflemen, when it was understood he would proceed immediately up the river to Camargo.

Capt. Wayne has been transferred from the staff of Maj. Gen. Jessup to that of Gen. Scott, and was to accompany him on his tour of observation.

The news leaves a painful anxiety to learn the progress of events. The impression amongst the passengers that a battle had been fought was so strong that we have almost imbibed the belief.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c1    257 words

Correspondence of the N.O. Picayune

Tampico, Dec. 23, 1846

Gentlemen—The unexpected detention of the packet till this late hour, enables me to give the following important information, just received by me from a reliable source. The information is contained in a letter to a commercial house here, and is dated Mexico the 16th inst.

           The substance of it is, that eh Mexican Congress have decided that the war shall not cease, nor will they receive commissioners to treat for peace until every hostile foot has left the soil of Mexico and every ship that lines the coast is withdrawn. They have further resolved that they will accept of no foreign intervention whatever to bring about a peace.

           The letter further states that the $500,000 loan guarantied by the clergy is exhausted, and no new loan is yet authorized, nor does the writer know where it is to come from.

           This action on the part of Mexico will at once determine the public action of our Government, and we may now look out for a protracted and perhaps bloody war. I predict it will end in the conquest of all Mexico north of the base of this city—the line extending west to the Pacific—and that this will become an American town. If so, this will be a great place for business, and a safe one for investments in property. The resources of the country north of this are inexhaustible.—When more at leisure I will refer to what these resources are.

           Yours, very truly, &c.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c1    147 words

We yesterday conversed with a gentleman from Tampico: he left there on the 27th ult. A letter dated the 8th ult., at San Juan de Arosa, had been received by a merchant in Tampico—The writer, who was his partner in business, informed him that Santa Anna’s force at San Luis de Potosi was then 37,000. On the 10th, two days subsequently, 7,000 of them—cavalry—under the command of Col. Gonzales, were to leave—for the direction of Victoria, it was supposed. If the contemplated attack on Saltillo, b Gen. Santa Anna, should be successful, then an attack would be made on Tampico by Col. Gonzales. The bitter hostility of the whole people of the country is now aroused against our army, and they pant for an opportunity to carry it into execution. It is one which we hope will soon be given them.—N.O. Delta.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c1    615 words

Correspondence of N.O. Delta

U.S. Army of Invasion, MONTEREY,

December 11, 1846.

Gentlemen: It is now near the middle of December and still we have nothing in the shape of weather to indicate that the year is passing away; ad should some Rip Van Winkle of a fellow walkup here now, he would be looking for Mayday rather than Christmas, so April-like does everything seem around. For mild and pleasant weather this place of Monterey is hard to beat.

           A gentleman came in from Saltillo last night, having left on the morning of the 8th. The Mexican cavalry, of whom mention was made in a previous letter, as advancing, had reached the Salado, within about fifty leagues of Saltillo. Their numbers were reckoned at full five thousand, under the command of Gen. Gonzales, and a fair proportion of them rancheros. There had arisen some doubts at Saltillo as to their intentions, and many speculations were advanced. Some were of opinion that in their orders to reconnoiter the country, in anticipation of our advance, they were instructed to proceed as far as the Salado, and no further. Others seem to think it is grass, and not he Americans, they are after, as the banks of the above named stream are said to afford excellent grazing. A third party, however, attach more importance to the movement, and express the opinion that their destination is Saltillo, and their object that the dislodgement of Gen. Worth. Some of the principal Mexican families in that place are of a like belief, and have hinted to the General the propriety of taking an advantageous position beyond the city. Gen. Wroth is perfectly easy in the meantime, and, whilst every precaution is taken against surprise, sleeps well.

           Something later form San Luis Potosi—per Mexicans—8,00 men had left that place for Victoria, without artillery  or wagons, and would be enabled to reach I in a short time, by going over a light chain of mountains.

           In looking at the Mexican army as it was in San Luis a short time since—over 30,000 strong—the question arise, what is to be done with these men?  How can a government, without money or credit, sustain them in the field for any length of time?—30,000 mouths are difficult to feed, at all times, by countries whose resources are boundless in comparison to those of Mexico; and for her to make any advantageous move, she must do it quickly, else even the magic name of Santa Nana will fail to keep discord from their ranks. It is out of the question to keep so large a body of men, and the number daily increasing, at or even near one point; and either a forward or retrograde movement must be made in a very few days. As I said before, if, with overpowering numbers, the General thinks he can successfully assail some weak post in our extended line, he will do it; but if no such opportunity presents itself, it is a difficult task even to conjure up a movement for him, unless a man would recklessly say, that he’d countermarch his troops to the capital of his own country, and then assume and maintain himself in dictatorial power. If it be true that troops have left San Luis for Victoria, I cannot believe they will fight Taylor there, nor do I for a moment suppose that gen. T. anticipates such a thing himself. There is one thing that I am well convinced of in these speculative times: unless the Mexicans open the ball, there will be no dancing to the music of cannon for several months to come, unless it be on the seaboard.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c2

Twenty-Ninth Congress, 2nd. Session. Monday, Jan. 11

See Congressional Globe, pp. 165-166

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c4    1120 words


Knowing the anxiety of the public in regard to “rumors of war” at Saltillo, we have endeavored to collate the accounts in the New Orleans papers, received yesterday. In another column will be found the intelligence reported by the Picayune of the 3rd January. All the New Orleans journals seem to have no doubt that a battle was to be fought at Saltillo about the 25th December. They awaited, with great impatience, the arrival of the steamer Alabama, detained at Brazos, for the purpose of bringing over dispatches relating to the movement of the Mexican army.

General Worth’s force amounted to at least two thousand strong, and the most effective, complete and best drilled division of our army. General Wool’s force of about three thousand men was about ninety miles off, and it was thought that he would be able to reinforce worth. It was though that general Taylor, with two thousand fine hundred men, would also arrive in time—making in all a force of near eight thousand men—fully equal, says the New Orleans delta, to the whole army of Santa Anna, whose force is stated to be form twenty to thirty thousand men. That paper thinks that not only the number of Santa Anna’s force is exaggerated, but that the statement about Santa Anna’s being within four days march of Saltillo, is probably incorrect—for his battering train of heavy artillery, without which he certainly would not attack Saltillo, would embarrass and retard his march.

           The Picayune has no doubt that advices have been received form General Worth, announcing the march of a large Mexican force towards Saltillo. Its correspondent doubts the practicability of General Wool forming a junction with General Worth. The Picayune says:

           “It would seem good strategy on the part of the enemy to throw a large force between Saltillo and Parras, make a diversion with a portion of the troops against Gen. Worth, while the main body of the army falls upon Gen. Wool. Apprehensions that such may have been the case are discernible in our correspondence. If Santa Anna had any of the spirit and capacity of the great military commander to whom he vaingloriously likens himself, he would have done some such thing long before this. Here is the letter:

CAMARGO, Mexico, Dec.19-12 at night.

By an express last night from Gen. Worth, which arrived at half-past, 1 o’clock, we learn that Santa Anna is advancing upon Saltillo and Monterey, as is said, with 30,000 men; and all the available force from this place and vicinity is ordered up to those points with the least possible delay. At the same time a requisition has been received for a large supply of ammunition to be forwarded immediately. The express form Saltillo arrived at Monterey on the evening of the day Gen. Taylor left that place for Monte Morales, on his way to Victoria. He had probably made thirty miles from Monterey with his army, intended for the occupation of Victoria, but this intelligence will no do but cause a counter movement to sustain Monterey and Saltillo.

           I do not speak certain, but think Gen. Taylor can meet Santa Anna with 6,000, and not more, as a portion of his force, under Gens. Patterson and Pillow has been withdrawn from here to hold Tampico. I know nothing of the defences at Saltillo, but Worth is there, and what any man can do, he can and will.

           It strikes me that if Santa Anna has the force which is reported, that it would not be policy to bring on a decisive action now at Monterey, but by surrounding the place, cutting off supplies and communications, and detaching a portion of his force to attack the depots and connecting links with the Gulf—which must be left weak by the draining off supports for Monterey and Saltillo—that such would be his best chances for success.—This depot, for instance, which is the one form which gen. Taylor’s army draws its supplies, is without defences, and I am told is to be left with one company of artillery, one company of dragoons (not mounted,) and one regiment of Indiana volunteers; and there are “sinews of war” enough here to make “the game worth the candle.”

           From last reports Gen. Wool had not yet formed a junction with Gen. Worth; and it is thought by some problematical whether he would be able to form one, in consequence of the advance of the enemy placing themselves in a position between these tow forces. I am not advised of the route these two forces. I am not advised of the route Gen. Wool’s column will take from Parras, and therefore can give no opinion as to the accuracy of hits reasoning; but one thing is certain—we are on the eve of important events, and I think by the next arrival I shall chronicle to you matters of stirring interest. We will see what we will see.

Yours truly, &c.

           On the contrary the Union contains a letter from Gen. Jessup, dated Brazos San Jago, December 25th, which considers the story of Santa Anna’s march upon Worth as “mere gossip;” thinking that Santa Anna would hardly follow Gen. Worth, with Gen. Wool on his flank.

           Upon the whole review of the subject, we feel satisfied that the first mail from the South may bring us news of some stirring events in the neighborhood of Saltillo. Many think that the movement of Santa Anna will be a false one, and as great a failure as his disastrous assault upon Gen. Houston at San Jacinto in 1836. For ourselves, we feel no fears for the success of our arms, should Santa Anna be so bold as to come within the range of Gen. Worth’s guns. If he (Santa Anna) be beaten now, he will be forced to retreat most ruinously across a desert and rough country. If so, we trust that Gen. Taylor will follow him up, and make the victory a decisive one.

           A Captain of the U.S. Army, just from Camargo, passed through Richmond yesterday morning and informed a friend that he had no doubt of Santa Anna’s approach; that Generals Taylor and Wool would certainly join Worth, and that the American force would amount to 10 or 12,000 men. He had no fear of defeat—his only apprehension was that the Mexican General would be too cautious to engage in a contest and thereby prevent a decisive blow from our arms. In the very worst aspect of affairs, this officer said, Gen. Worth could retreat safely and without loss.—While, then, we look for a victorious result, we await with anxiety the next intelligence.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c4    1150 words


           The Picayune of the 5th January has accounts from the city of Mexico nearly three weeks later. It seems that the news received by way of Tampico, that the Mexican Congress had decreed not to listen to negotiation until all our forces and vessels were removed, was premature. According to these last accounts, it appears that up to he 11th December, the Mexican Congress had not acted upon our overtures of peace. Had they done so, it would in all probability have been known in the squadron or noted in the Mexican papers. Lieutenant Bowers states that he had heard nothing of it up to the 21st, when he had an interview with some English officers, who are usually well informed as to the course of events in the Mexico.

           The Congress of Mexico was duly installed on the night of the 5th December. The prominent members of the important committees were Senores Rejon, (the lately dismissed Secretary of State, who has quarreled with Salas and Santa Anna,) Gomez Farias, (the leader of the pure Republicans, and the friend of Rejon,) Otero, (late proprietor of a liberal journal, conducted with ability, who was so grossly affronted by the French minister, Baron de Cyprey, in the theatre,) Ex-President Herrera, Godoy and Riva Palacio. Gomez Farias is the chairman of the committee on finance, and Herrera of that war and the navy. These names show that the liberal statesmen appear to be in the ascendant in the new Congress.

           The Secretary of the Treasury has submitted a project for the conversion of the foreign debt.—Two important propositions have been introduced and referred to committees—the first declaring the constitution of 1824 in force, with suitable amendments—the second, for the appointments of a committee to embody the principles entertained by the Congress, and which will be the foundation of its action in the present war. This last is the only portion of the proceedings of Congress which touches upon the war.

           On the 11th a committee of five, with power to increase it to seven, was appointed to act upon the Constitution—(Rejon was a member.)  The following propositions were then offered for the consideration of Congress:

           “That all the officers appointed by the General Government since the 4th of August, of whatever class, should be subjected to the approval of Congress, and those who should not receive the same should not be entitled to their pay hereafter.—That whatever person or community should, by act or deed, directly or indirectly, make an attempt against the existence or the freedom of the deliberations of the Congress, should be considered a traitor. That the Executive should contract a loan to provide the States with the arms necessary to repel foreign aggression; and finally, that collectors of the revenue should make no payments save upon orders sanctioned by certain prescribed forms.”

           There is an item of news, which we commend especially to those Whig journals and politicians that are in a habit of denouncing the war and their own Government. The Mexican papers copy freely from the journals in the United States opposed to the war, evidently with the view to create the belief that our country is rent by divisions on the subject of the war. Through the Havana papers the Mexicans are kept constantly well informed of what is done in the United States.

           The Mexican papers seem to contain no denunciation of the “audacious north Americans” and the like stuff, which not long since filled their columns. This may indicate that they are more occupied with internal difficulties than with the war with us. The locomotor of the 14th appreheads an extraordinary attempt is intended by our navy, and puts the authorities of Vera Cruz and Alvarado on the qui vive.

           From Chihuahua there is some later news:   [MLD]

           “A dispatch is published from Governor Angel Trias, dated the 20th of November, in which he announces that on the day previous, a body of 480 troops, part infantry and part cavalry, with four light pieces of artillery, left Chihuahua for El Paso del Norte under the command of Lieut. Col. Cuilty; with provision, &c. for one month. These forces were to join at El Paso 600 men, previously raised, and the whole were to proceed and make an attempt to surprise Gen. Kearney, who was then with a small force at Cobra, nearly two hundred miles north of that point. All classes of the citizens took part in celebrating the departure of these troops, and Governor Trias issued a proclamation on the occasion, for which we will endeavor to find room on another occasion.” [MPR]

          The late revolutionary attempt at Tobasco is highly ridiculed.

Commodore Perry had gone on an expedition to Laguna, and Com. Conner is said to contemplate another expedition against Alvarado, or at least a reconnaissance.

A letter of the 2nd December, form Anton Lizardo, from an officer of the Navy, gives intelligence which conflicts with other accounts, in regard to the position of Santa Anna:

“It is the prevalent opinion at Vera Cruz, as I learned form the English officers yesterday, that Santa Anna intended to march from his present quarters upon the Capital, and to strike for a dictatorship. In that case, it is supposed he will be sustained by the regulars and opposed by the militia, and that a battle will probably ensue between the two parties.

“If Santa Anna succeeds in becoming dominant, we have a guaranty of peace, as no administration in Mexico can support the burden of a war. He is much inclined to prefer diplomacy to fighting. I hope our Government will not relax its strong arm, nor permit itself to be cajoled by this wary diplomatist.

“We understand that the McLane and a gun boat are to Winter at Tobasco, and the Vixen and a gun boat at Laguna. This will keep all quiet in that quarter.”

The gun-boat Union, taken at Tampico, was wrecked at Anton Lizardo, by running on the reef near Green Island. The officers and crew saved by the john Adams, which was near at hand.—The Mexicans sent off to the wreck and burnt her.

On the 13th, one of our frigates entered the harbor of Vera Cruz under a flag of truce, with a view to supply some of our shipwrecked sailors with money and clothing, and probably to attend to the ease of Passed Midshipman Rogers, captured in reconnaissance of a powder magazine at Vera Cruz, while he was in the undress uniform of his rank. He is now treated, as a prisoner of war instead of a spy. The officer in the boat with the flag of truce, found nobody to receive him, and had to find his way to the Palace in the best manner he could. This proves the negligence of the Mexican service on that situation.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c5    151 words

A letter received by the Picayune from the army gives some interesting particulars. According to this account, Santa Anna had left for the Capital, and not for Saltillo:

           “Taylor’s light battery and Lieut. Kearney’s company of the 1st Dragoons, had arrived at Saltillo. Kearney’s company started out on a scout on the 13th December.

           “The same letter, which is from a responsible source, says that a Mexican who arrived from San Luis on the 12th December, reported that Santa Anna ad left that place for the capital.

           “Our correspondent informs us that the sick list of Gen. Worth’s division was very small.

           “He adds that the early occupation for Saltillo has been a fortunate one for the army, so far as supplies were concerned. The quartermaster and commissary had laid in a sufficient supply of lour and corn to last worth’s division six months, and they were daily increasing the stock.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c5    67 words

It will be seen that the House of Representatives have passed, 17 to 34, a bill to increase the army, for a limited time, by ten regiments of regular troops, to be disbanded at the end of the war. All the Virginia delegation voted for the bill. The opposition was made up of the Abolitionists that voted against he war bill last Spring, and other Northern Whigs.

Friday, January 15, 1847 RE47v43n75p4c5    208 words

The Union, referring to the threatening aspect of Mexican affairs, uses he following language, which all true Americans will approve:

           Our own Congress must now support the stand which they took in May last. They can not hesitate to furnish the amplest supplies of men and money to prosecute the war with tremendous effect. The House of Representatives have this day passed the bill for raising ten regiments of regular troops. The Committee on Finance will, in the course of a day or tow, as we understand, report a bill for raising a loan of twenty-odd millions of dollars; and we will not for one moment permit ourselves to believe that hey will not report an efficient bill for raising additional revenue to facilitate the loan. An American Congress will never refuse to lend the means of carrying on a war on which the rights and honor of their country so essentially depend. These means being provided, the Executive will be able to prosecute the war with the vigor which is necessary to “avenge the national wrongs” and to secure an honorable peace.

           We have no idea that nay member will seek to attach the proviso about slavery to any supply bill either for war, revenue or loans.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c2    143 words


Friday, January 15, 1847



The following petitions were presented and referred to appropriate committees:

           By Mr. SCOTT: Of citizens of the county of Fauquier, praying for the formation of a new county out of said county by a plan which will place the county seat at the town of Salem. By Mr. DUNCAN: Of citizens of Harrison and Marion for the formation of a new county out of parts of said counties, with the seat at the town of Shinston. By Mr. HARER: A memorial of citizens of the town of Lexington, remonstrating against the extension of the limits of said town. By Mr. CARSON: Of John George Heist, praying that he may be exempted from the payment of certain militia fines and that agents employed in the management of railroads may be exempted from the ordinary militia duty.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c4    815 words

In regard to the election of Mr. Hunter to the U.S. Senate on Friday, yesterday’s Times indulges in the following speculations:

“The Whigs have, in our judgment, acted not only with a proper regard to representative duty in falling upon the least objectionable of the candidates of the opposite party, but also with a politic wisdom which, in regard to their own interests, they will never have reason to regret. It is with us a sufficient proof of the propriety of their course, that we know the administration at Washington to be bitterly opposed to the election of Mr. Hunter. His success is no concession of the Whig party to his peculiar views on most of the question s of the day. They have elected him believing that in the high station of Senator, he will be a CONSERVATIVE; that he will not be the passive instrument of the Executive will and that, especially in all questions arising out of the Mexican war, which the administration seeks to make a party issue, he will oppose all such politico military measures as the appointment of a Lieutenant General, against which he has already voted.”

We are not sufficiently acquainted with the secrets of the Democratic administration at Washington, as this Whig paper professes to be, to employ the strong words “we know,” but we feel perfectly satisfied that the Times is grossly mistaken, when it declares that the administration is “bitterly opposed to the election of Mr. Hunter.”  The same slang was circulated by the Whig letter-writers, who gratuitously asserted that Secretary Mason had taken an active part against Mr. Hunter’s election, and that the editor of the Union had paid a visit to Virginia, with an especial view to the election of another distinguished Virginian. At that time the whole affair was exposed as a silly fable—and we have no doubt that the present story is made up of the same flimsy material. Admit Mr. Hunter to be opposed to the appointment of a Lieutenant General; that question will be decided at this session, when Mr. H. will retain his seat in the lower house, and when Mr. Pennybacker’s successor may be called upon to vote upon the question.

If Mr. H differs with the Administration upon that single point, does he not fully coincide with it upon the great questions of a Sub-Treasury and a Revenue Tariff, to which the Whigs are so “bitterly” hostile?  Will he not stand by the Administration in taxing the office list to raise money for the prosecution of the war to a peaceful termination?  In regard to the “politic wisdom” shown by the Whigs “in regard to their own interests, the times hugs an empty phantom to its bosom. The Whig party, as we said on Saturday, may expect no “aid and comfort” from Mr. Hunter. He is too thoroughly indoctrinated in the cherished principles of Virginia, to lend the least countenance to the Whigs, who on every occasion, “in season and out of season,” ridicule and contemn those principles as miserable “austractions.”

We regret that, from sinister circumstances, Mr. Hunter does not go to the senate, basked by the vote of the whole Democratic party of the Legislature—but we have no fear that he will not prove true to the great principles of that party.—What the Whigs hope to gain by his election, we are unable to divine. Their course, on Friday, may be  a specimen of “politic wisdom,” which we will not inquire into. But it cannot be denied, that it was in direct contravention to the advice of the leading Whig presses in the State, the Richmond Whig and the Petersburg Intelligencer; and, if rumor does not err, of some of the most prominent Whig politicians. The Editor of the Intelligencer, the delegate from Petersburg, declared on the floor, on Friday, that he would vote for no Democrat, but would stand by Mr. Archer to the last, which he and some nine others did. He boldly portrayed (not the “politic wisdom,” but) the folly of the Whigs rallying and electing any Democrat—and said, that the services rendered to the Democratic party by Mr. Hunter gave conclusive evidence that the Whigs could gain nothing by the election of him or any other Democrat. There is, then, much diversity of opinion among the Whig leaders themselves, as to the “politic wisdom” of the course of tier party on Friday. If they hope to gain any thing other cause, arrayed as they are against Virginia’s cherished principles, they are at liberty to “make the most of it.”  In our opinion, by electing Mr. Hunter, they have “caught a Tarter.”—they have put in the Senate a man who is an uncompromising opponent to their darling “Protection” and National Bank. Let them rejoice, then, if they can, over the extraordinary “politic wisdom” displayed by them.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c4    662 words


The Union furnishes the following additional details by the steamer Mississippi. The chance of peace seems desperate, indeed. Is not this a sufficiently powerful argument for Congress to cease its squabbling over irrelevant and mischievous subjects, and set to work promptly and vigorously to adopt all efficient measures to bring the war to a speedy close?  Will the people sustain their representatives, if they do not at once adopt means to strengthen the credit of the Government, and furnish men and money to make short work of this war?  We hope to see the most vigorous steps taken at once. Delay is ruinous. Let Vera Cruz be attacked, and the road to the city of Mexico secured. The Capital must be stormed, and the misguided rulers and people of Mexico be made to feel the full force of American arms. By this course alone, we are satisfied, can we hope for peace:

           “We learn (says the Union) from a gentleman who has recently arrived in this city form Havana in the steamer Mississippi, that the British mail steamer had reached that port a few days before the Mississippi left. Santa Anna has been elected President of the Mexican republic. His majority is said to have been small—only one or two votes.

           “He reports that the first business transacted by the Mexican Congress was to lay on the table the American overture for peace. They then passed a resolution declaring their determination to prosecute the war to he last extremities—in the words of our informant, to make it a war to the hilt. An act was also passed to raise half a million of dollars a month, as required by the Executive estimates for the support of the army—though how the money was to be raised does not yet appear.

           “There is little doubt, we think, that in the capital and its vicinity a very exasperated state of feeling prevails among the Mexican population. In the remoter provinces all accounts would indicate that there is greater apathy.

           “In the address of gen. Salas at the opening of the Congress on the 6th of December, he refers to the proceedings of Santa Anna at San Luis Potosi, where, in a few weeks, he says he had assembled and organized an army of more than 22,000 men, a part of whom had already advanced to meet the enemy, so that the armies of the two nations would soon encounter each other; but whatever the result may be he says, “never shall there be a final or decisive action.”  He states the reasons why he had refused to listen to any overtures of peace; he says that the war is not one o f an ordinary character; that it is a war of races; that the causes of it exist in the nature of things; and that the invasion would have occurred as well under the auspices of peace as during war. The president of the congress, in his reply, does not allude directly to the war, but says “Mexico shall not be less than France, who was able to conquer principles and establish a constitution at he very time when she was invaded by the legions of all Europe.”

           “The vice president Gomez Farias, took the oath of office before Congress, on the 24th of December, and delivered an address, in the course of which he says, “the war which the republic finds itself compelled to sustain against the north American republic, shall be prosecuted with courage and constancy, until the justice of our cause is acknowledged and our territory evacuated.”

           “On the second day of the session of the Congress, the secretary of the Treasury (Almonte) presented an exhibit of the lamentable state of the treasury, to which the president replied, that the Congress would provide the means “to enable the executive to carry on a war in which the dignity and honor of the nation are concerned.”

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c4    103 words

           We have received from messrs. Drinker & Morris a Map of Mexico, Texas, and part of the United States, including California: It is in a neat and compact form, and is published by S. C. Hayes, of Philadelphia, formerly of this city. We have derived much aid from this little map, in perusing Mr. Dix’s able speech on the appointment of a Lieutenant General. It is proper that we should state here, that, on Friday, the bill creating the office was laid on the table by a vote of 28 to 21. The ayes and noes will be seen under the Congressional head.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c4    228 words

To the Editors of the Enquirer:

Messrs. Editors: It is generally understood, that for the field appointments in our volunteer regiment there were more than fifty applicants, most of them men of the highest character. A very natural and a very common desire is entertained and expressed to know who they are; and I write these hasty lines to suggest to you to obtain from the office of the Adjutant General (where I am sure it would be cheerfully furnished) a list of their names, in the order in which they were filed, for publication in your paper. It would gratify to some extent a very pardonable ferocity in the public mind, and could not be objected to by gentlemen whose applications, in themselves honorable to them, have been overlooked in the preferment of three others thoroughly trained in scientific instruction and fully tried in all the stern realities of the camp, the march and the ‘foughten field.”

           Respectfully, your obedient servant,

January 12, 1847, QUAESTOR.

{We would cheerfully comply with the wishes of our correspondent—but, at present, are unable to do so. The records are not open to the public eye—and on Saturday the House of Delegates rejected Mr. McPherson’s resolution calling on the Governor for full information on the subject. A similar proposition may yet be adopted and the information be brought out.--Editors}

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c7    330 words


By and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

           Henry P. Robinson, to be a Lieutenant in the Navy, from the 14th of August, 1846, at which time he was promoted to fill a vacancy occasioned by the dismission of Lieutenant John A. Russ.

           Isaac N. Brown and R. Delancy Izard, to be Lieutenants in the Navy, from the 31st of October, 1846, at which time they were promoted to fill vacancies occasioned by the death of Lieutenant George M. Bache and the resignation of Lieutenant Henry L. Chipman.

           Napolean Collins, to be a Lieutenant in the Navy, from the 6th of November, 1846, at which time he was promoted to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Lieutenant William B. Beverly.

           John L. Worden, to be a Lieutenant in the Navy, from the 30th of November, 1846, at which time he was promoted to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of Lieut. Charles W. Morris.

           Randolph F. Mason, of Virginia, to be an Assistant Surgeon in the Navy, from the 29th of August, 1846, at which time he was appointed to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of Assistant Surgeon John t. Barton.

           Edward D. Reynolds, of Illinois, to be a Purser in the Navy, from the 16th of October, 1846, at which time he was appointed to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of Purser Thomas Breese.

           Levi D. Slamm, of New York, to be a Purser in the Navy, from the 30th of November. 1856, at which time he was appointed to fill a vacancy occasioned by he death of Purser R. R. Waldron.

           Robert Woodworth, to be a Surgeon in the Navy, from the 1st of December, 1846, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of Surgeon A. Haasler.

           Joshua Huntington, to be an Assistant Surgeon in the Navy, form the 20th day of June; 1838, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the promotion of Robert Woodworth.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c7    224 words

The following letter, to a member of the Senate, has been obligingly placed at our disposal (says the Union:)

MATAMORAS, January 1st, 1847

“Dear Sir: I wrote you a few days ago. Gen. Scott left here for Camargo two days ago, in great haste, having heard that Gen. Worth had been driven back from Saltillo, and that he and Gen. Taylor were shut up in Monterey by the forces of Santa Anna. This is not so; and gen. Scott is expected here soon again, as it is said, to fit out an expedition against Vera Cruz. Gen. Patterson’s division crossed the San Fernando four days ago, at which time General Quitman, with the advance of Gen. Taylor’s army was at Linares. Gen. Taylor had returned to Monterey with Twiggs’s division. I have no doubt that General Taylor will go home as soon as Scott takes command. Every day shows, more and more, the necessity of extending some laws over the Mexican territory in our possession, for the whole country is overrun with robbers and murderers; and in some of the small towns and haciendas, the men are organizing their forces to assist Santa Anna, should he ever come this side of the mountains. Nobody is safe in this country, unless there is something like law, to govern, not only the Mexicans, but everybody else.”

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p1c7    257 words

JAMES A. SEDDON OF VIRGINIA.—We have read with great interest (says the New Orleans Jeffersonian) the speech delivered in Congress on the 10th of December, by this talented young Virginian. An intimate acquaintance with him some years since, led us to augur most favorably of his future usefulness; and he has not disappointed us. His speech on the occasion alluded to was a masterly effort—a dignified and noble justification of the President in regard to the provisional governments constituted of late in the California’s and new Mexico. It was an eloquent and complete exposition of the law of nations touching the matter, and replete with sound logic, and brilliant passages. Virginia may well by proud of such a son, and, his youth considered, may hope yet greater things form Mr. Seddon.

           It is clearly how that the power exists in the Executive of the U.S. to establish a temporary government in a conquered province, in an argument that cannot be refuted. We commend the doubtful to the perusal of this speech, satisfied that the most ordinary understanding must be convinced by it. That the commanders of our troops there have exceeded their powers, in some degree, is certain; yet the recent message of the President of the 22d of December, and the whole tenor of the orders and advices issuing from the Navy and War Department, now before the public, set he question at rest, and show, that if the agents of government have exceeded their powers, they have done so without warrant or authority.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p3c1    1175 words


           This fine company from the county of Montgomery, 98 strong, reached the town of Lynchburg some days since. On their arrival, they were received with military honors by the volunteer companies of the town. The hospitalities of the place were then tendered on behalf of the citizens by W.M. Blackford, and by Capt. Fair on behalf of the military. Capt. Preston responded in handsome and eloquent terms. The company is a remarkably fine one. Capt. Preston is the son of a gallant soldier, a former Governor of this Commonwealth, and was educated at West Point. He is a gentleman of high character, and abandons a large and lucrative practice at the bar to respond to the call of his country.

           On Tuesday last the company left Lynchburg for this place, and were escorted from their lodgings to eh canal boat under a military escort of the volunteer companies of the town. They were addressed by James Garland, Esq., (ex-member of Congress,) in an eloquent manner; to which Capt. Preston replied in handsome terms. The boat left the landing under a salute from the artillery, and amid the cheers of an immense concourse of citizens.

           This gallant and soldier-like company reached this city on Saturday last, in the packet boat Exit, and proceeded to the Governor’s mansion. They scene there was most impressive, and will constitute a green spot in the memory of all that were there. It caused the humblest citizen present to feel as sensibly as the monarch on his throne that he is identified with his country, and that he is bound, by sacred obligations, to live or to die in its service. We regret that we have been unable to procure at length the eloquent and glowing remarks that were delivered on this occasion. We must content ourselves with a brief synopsis, imperfect as it is.

           Col. Benj. Rush Floy, of the Virginia Legislature from the county of Wyth, presented the Montgomery company before the door of the Government mansion, and in substance said. His, Sir, is the contribution of the county of Montgomery to the public service under your Proclamation of November last—it is a contribution from a county that bears the name of a gallant soldier who died upon the plains of Abraham, in fighting the battles of liberty!  The eloquent gentleman further said, I esteem it a high privilege to present to you those noble, gallant men, for many of them are the acquaintances of my early youth, and I will say my friends. Under the call of their country they have come forward to engage in a distant, perilous and glorious enterprise, and will nobly maintain the honor of the service in which they have embarked. The gentleman then proceeded for a short time in a strain of rich and eloquent remarks, most happy and appropriate, which we sincerely regret cannot be given in the words and style of the orator. He was applauded frequently as he proceeded.

           The Governor responded in handsome and eloquent terms:

           I receive this contribution to the regiment called for from Virginia with more than ordinary pleasure, for I perceive that it is not only equal in its ranks are full to overflowing. Nor is this all. No company has yet been presented as rich in associations.

           The gentleman who has been selected to present the Company is one through whose veins, it is said, courses the blood of a former princess of the land and the savior of our infant settlements at Jamestown. As he has eloquently remarked, this company comes from a country that bears the glorious name of Montgomery—a name that cannot be repeated on such occasions as this without a thrill of pleasure. This county is also distinguished as the residence, if not the death bed, of a former Governor of Virginia, many of whose traits of character I have loved, respected and admired. The commander of this gallant company, too, is the chivalric son o another gallant Governor of Virginia, who, in the war of 1812, won for himself a soldier’s name and country’s gratitude. These various recollections must touch the proudest sensibilities of our nature and excite some of our finest and noblest feelings. It is known, too, that many of them are the sons of gallant fathers, who, in the war of 1812, testified their devotion to their country by sacrificing their lives, not upon the battle field but under the influence of the climate of lower Virginia, so fatal to the health of those raised in our mountain county. I advert to these various interesting subjects for the purpose of manifesting my high appreciating of the gallant company now before me, and because I am satisfied that these reminiscences can but have a happy effect in nerving their hearts and strengthening their arms in those glorious fields to which they are destined. In a few brief days, soldiers, you will be on the “trackless ocean’s wave!”  You will carry with you the hopes, the affections, and the pride of Virginia. As you approach the coast of Mexico, the first sight which strikes your eye will be the lofty peaks of her own blue hills and mountains. The sight will awaken a thousand recollections of home, for they will appear like those glorious summits you have left behind you. Home, sweet home, with all her thousand endearing associations, will cluster about the heart with an almost suffocating effect, and the tear, unbidden, but not unmanly, will coarse down many a hero’s cheek.—Soldiers! Check not that tear, it I a tribute to wife, children and friends; it marks a memory to our own our dear native land, that may melt, but will not unman you. Nor is it a weakness of which you need be ashamed. The bravest heart is the repository of he gentlest affection. In this soft and melting mood, however, hope will gild the future with triumph, and you will contemplate with pride, pleasure and termination, your return to your native hills, covered with a wreath that will entwine the gallant soldier’s brow, and followed with the shouts and exultation of a grateful and admiring country. This is a reward that you must look forward to with eagerness, and which will reward you for a thousand toils—this is the hope that will cheer, animate and sustain you in many a weary toil and many a stricken field.

           “Auspicious hope, in this sweet garden grow Wreathe for each toil, a charm for every woe.”

           And now, soldiers, I have for the present to bid you a cordial farewell. We may meet again before you leave our shores; but if not, you carry with you my best wishes—my anxious hopes for your safe and glorious return after having established your own claim to the gratitude of your country, elevated the fame and name of our own beloved mother, and proudly vindicated the rights and honor of our common country. Friends, brothers, Virginians, may God prosper and bless you.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p3c3    797 words


IMPORTANT FROM SOUTH AMERICA.—The brig engineer, Captain Elbridge G. Windsor, arrived here last evening from Rio Janeiro, whence she sailed on the 26th November. All the vessels of the California expedition under Col. Stevenson, had arrived safe at Rio, viz: U. S. transport ships Susan Drew, Loo Choo, and Thomas H. Perkins, with the U.S. ship of war Preble. The offices and men were all in good health. Every thing was quiet on board the vessels, and the troops in excellent discipline. The expedition would sail in a few days for its destination. By this arrival we have the particulars of an unfortunate misunderstanding between the U.S. minister at Rio and the Brazilian Government, which threatens to disturb our amicable relations with that power. The difficulty originated in the arrest of two men from the U.S. Columbus, who were on shore while the vessel was at anchor in the harbor of Rio. The men got intoxicated, and while proceeding through the streets to go on board, were placed under arrest an conveyed to prison. Lieut. Davis, of the Columbus, was on shore with the men; being at some distance at the time of their arrest, he followed, calling on them to accompany him.—before he got up, they were taken into the fort.—On arriving at the fort, he drew his sword in evidence of his authority as an officer of the United States, and demanded their release.

           The guards then beckoned to him to come in, and supposing them desirous of having an interview with him in relation to the men, he did so, but immediately found himself and his men prisoners. Mr. Wise, the United States Minister, being apprised of the occurrence by Commodore Rosseau, of the Columbia, opened a correspondence with the Brazilian government, demanding their release. The reply being deemed unsatisfactory, was answered by another communication from the Minister, informing them that the Columbia would open her batteries upon the city in two hours, if Lieutenant davis and the men were not released within that time. The Lieutenant was promptly released, but the men were detained under a plea that being found intoxicated in the street they were amenable to punishment by the civil authorities. Farther correspondence ensured, the men still remaining in custody. A day or two after this occurrence, the Emperor’s youngest child, the infanta Isabella, was christened, the ceremony being honored by salutes from vessels of war, and the illumination of the dwellings of the foreign ministers. The fete lasted a whole week. But Commodore Rosseau and Mr. Wise declined to join in any ceremonies of this character, until full reparation had been made for the insult offered to their country. The authorities requested the Commodore to fire a salute which he declined doing Mr. Wise and other Americans did to illuminate their dwellings, and have consequently been subjected to repeated insults. The son of the Consul was assaulted in the streets, and seriously wounded. The subject was taken up in the National Parliament, then in session. The House of Commons passed a bill requesting the withdrawal of Mr. Wise, but the upper House rejected it, and the Commons tendered their resignation in a body. Thus the affair rested at last advices, the men being still in prison.

           During the excitement at Rio, the California boys arrived and resolved to have an opposition, christening one of our Americans sovereigns, tow of whom were born on the passage. A splendid silver cup was provided as a present for the young volunteers, whome the Chaplin duly christened Alto California. Col. Stevenson stood God-father on the occasion. All the officers of the ships and many of the American s were present. It was a splendid affair, and operated as a hint to he Brazilians, who were somewhat astonished at the American volunteers leaving their homes in such numbers to go half around the world. The volunteers were allowed full privileges on shore, but there had not been a single desertion. Col. Stevenson made a speech to them in relation to the difficulties, and every man expressed his readiness to joining in storming the city of Rio, if necessary to sustain the honor of their country’s flag.

           Captain James M. Turner, of the California volunteers, arrived last night in the Reindeer, as bearer of dispatches from the U.S. minister at Brazil, and will proceed this morning to Washington. The other passengers were Mrs. S.G. Steele, of Athens, N.Y., lady of Capt. G. Steele, of the Volunteers; Robert P. Noah, of N.Y., secretary to Col. Stephenson; and Lieut. George D. Brewster, of the Volunteers, from West Point.

           War had not yet broken out between Brazil and the Argentine Republic, but was daily expected. Brazil had ordered a large force to the Argentine frontier.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p4c1    423 words


           In Charleston Evening News we find the following excellent article. Its views are not only sound and unanswerable, but (and here we differ with the News) they, in our opinion, respond to the popular will. We cannot believe that he American people will refuse to bear a slight burthen upon their tea and coffee, and other free articles, when the country demands money to sustain its honor and secure peace. We yet hope to see Congress satisfied on this point, and cheerfully coming forward to support the recommendations of the Executive, so necessary to maintain the national credit, and bring about a successful termination of difficulties which all deplore:

           “The Washington Union of Friday has an article in relation to the national finances marked by good sense and sound principle. It commences with the just discrimination between a war and a peace system of revenue. The Union then shows that the first objects of a just impost are untaxed articles for temporary war purposes, taxing luxuries highest. It commences with a duty on tea and coffee as one which the country can well sustain, and proceeds to state that in this category of taxation should be embraced all articles whatever, which pay no duty under the present tariff. It then contends for the propriety of imposing taxes on luxuries, first through an impost, and then if this form of taxation should not yield a sufficient revenue, an excise on all luxuries whatever.

           “We believe that this order and succession of taxation contains the principles of a sound fiscal system. We think if immediately embodied in a scheme of Federal taxation, the public credit would be soon relieved, and a loan would be taken up with no difficulty. Between two and three millions of dollars, raised by an impost on tea and coffee, and an equal amount produced, by increased duties or an excise on luxuries, would be productive not only of the happiest consequences to the public credit, but we have reason to look on the adoption of such a system for the bet moral consequences on the character of the contest we are waging with Mexico. It is not considered, it appears to us, that a system of finance commensurate to the conjuncture of war, is an element of strength as important as the creation of armies, for nothing weakens, in a greater degree, a popular government whose deliberations, in a crisis of hostility, vacillate between sound principles of fiscal policy and a slavish obedience to the popular feeling.”

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p4c1    167 words


           A letter from Cabell C.H., of the 6th January, alludes to the formation of a volunteer company for Mexico. The Regiment was called together on the 4th inst., when fifty-three stepped forward and enrolled themselves as ready to march and fight in their country’s cause. They were to start ton the 7th for Wayne C.H., where the Regiment was to meet on the 9th, hoping to make up the requisite number. Though this company will be formed too late to be accepted by the State, it shows that there are some gallant spirits in Cambell County. The citizens of the Court-house have subscribed $200 for their benefit, and Chas. Conner (So publically spirited a gentleman deserves to be named with praise) has made a donation of $100. Again, we say, well done old Cambell!! She as set a patriotic example for her neighbors which will not be lost upon them, should the country hereafter call upon Virginia for more of her sons to fight in a good cause.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p4c2    610 words

For the Enquirer.

The alacrity with which the Cadets of the Virginia Military Institute have responded to the call of the State for volunteers for the Mexican war, is worthy of all commendation, and presents a strong inducement to the Legislature to cherish an institution which has proved its ability to furnish military aid of the best description in time of need. As standing armies are opposed to the genius of our institutions, and frequent militia drills in time of peace would not be tolerated, there is no to her feasible method by which any available amount of military science can be imparted to the mass of our citizen soldiers, but through the medium of military schools. These offer at once the cheapest, and indeed the only practicable means by which so desirable an end can be even approximated, and the Virginia Military Institute affords a striking instance of what military schools may and will perform, it sustained by Legislative encouragement and patronage. But whilst I pay a well deserved tribute to the patriotic zeal and military acquirements of the Cadets, I cannot pass by the opportunity which the occasion offers, to render honor to whom honor is due, for the distinguished military reputation, which public opinion accords to the Lexington cadets. From the second year of the establishment of the Instituted up to this time, Capt. Thomas H. Williamson has been the professor of tactics, civil and military engineering, and drawing, and the sole instructor in the military department; and the public examinations, annually made at the Instituted, have afforded the most satisfactory evidence of the admirable manner in which the cadet have been drilled, and of the thorough manner in which they have been taught every thing properly appertaining to military service. For this they have been indebted to an instructor, who, I am confident, has no superior, if he has his equal, in the State of Virginia, as a military teacher. Capt. W. was educated at West Point, and has for many years since devoted himself assiduously to the duties of his profession and to the acquirement of military information, in which respect he will favorably compare with the most accomplished captains in our country. And, with the frank and open-hearted manners of the soldier, he possesses the suavity in mode of the perfect gentleman.—Hence, no teacher has ever obtained a larger share of the esteem and regard of their pupils, or has ever exercised a more commanding moral influence over those committed to their charge—and indispensable auxiliary to all good and effective discipline. As might have been anticipated, the military acquirements of the cadets, their gentlemanly bearing and chivalrous spirit, with a few unavoidable exceptions, have most conclusively illustrated the ability and the fidelity with which the military professor has discharged all his duties.

           The Institute has done honor to the State, and no single individual has done more than Captain Williamson to exalt its military reputation and to infuse into the bosoms of its alumni the chivalry which they have so conspicuously displayed. In bestowing upon Capt. Williamson, however, this well merited eulogy, I desire no disparagement to the other distinguished professors who adorn the Institute, and whose several departments are ably and faithfully filled. It is only in reference to the military reputation of the Lexington school that I claim for Capt. Williamson the distinguished honor of being its chief architect; and I am persuaded, from what I know of the sentiments of the cadets upon this subject, that a large majority of them will most cordially assent to the justice of this claim, and rejoice to aid in establishing it.             B.

Tuesday, January 19, 1847 RE47v43n76p4c4

Twenty-Ninth Congress. Second Session.

See Congressional Globe, p.171

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p1c5    579 words


           We have seen in the hands of a friend, and perused with interest, a description of the part enacted in the battle of Monterey by Lieut Col. Jno. Garland, brother of James Garland, Esq., of Lynchburg. Having under his command 641 bayonets, composed of the 3d Infantry, the Regiment of 1st Infantry and the Baltimore Battalion, he moved forward in line of battle, and soon encountered a direct fire from redoubt No. 1 and an enfilading fire from the citadel. Their pace having been quickened, they were soon brought with in the range of Mexican musketry. In a few moments they found themselves in narrow streets, where they received a most destructive fire from three directions. The infantry continued to press ahead, until the command was ordered to retire, which they did in good order, nor, however, without losing many men and some of the most valuable and accomplished officers of the army.—Here the gallant Major Lear was severely wounded; the high-toned Adjutant Lieutenant Irwin and the noble Barbour killed, and Capt. Williams, and Lieut. Terrett mortally wounded; Brevet Major Abercrombie was also wounded and thrown from his horse. Capt. Lamotte was badly wounded more than an hundred yards in advance of this point, and in the direction of the first redoubt, where Capt. Backus, with indomitable courage and perseverance, had succeeded with his company in gaining the roof of a stone building, and not hearing the order to retire, continued to pour a galling fire into the rear of the redoubt, until the volunteers of Gen. Quitman’s brigade rushed in, took it, and kept it.

           In attempting to storm the second redoubt, Col. Garland with about one half of his command, encountered a tete depont, the strongest defence of the city, and from the opposite side of the bridge two pieces of artillery were brought to bear upon them, at a little more than a hundred yards distance. Here, took many brave officers and men fell victims to the killing fire of the Mexicans. The American troops, in their exposed situation, maintained their position against fearful odds, and, for their great personal courage, fully deserved the title of the Spartan Band. Here, too, the brave Watson, the darling hero of Baltimore, fell covered with glory.

           From all that we see and hear, we are satisfied that Lieut. Col. Garland, not only at the siege of Monterey, but in the two glorious battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palms, reaped rich honors for himself, but fully proved himself a worthy son of the Old Dominion. Does it not become the Legislature to take some steps to show their appreciation of the gallant deeds of our citizens?  The brave Col. Payne, of Goochland, was severely wounded in the engagements on the Rio Grande, but has now returned to his duties on the field. Lieut. Col. Garland, another Virginian, fought bravely and successfully in the three great battles of the campaign, and, in our opinion, it would be eminently proper in our Legislature to pay a fitting compliment to their noble bearing. It is an act of simple justice to these gallant officers, and it would have a highly beneficial effect in cheering on the Virginia volunteers to acts of heroism and unflinching perseverance in their country’s cause. Nothing is so well calculated to stimulate a soldier, as to feel that his meritorious acts will be appreciated and rewarded with praise by his native State.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p1c6    787 words

           The Kentucky Legislature have adopted resolutions for erecting a monument to the memory of the gallant Major Barbour, who was killed at Monterey. We extract the eloquent remarks of John W. Stevenson, Esq., formerly of this city, but now a member of the Kentucky legislature from the county of Kenton:

           Mr. STEVENSON said, in rising to second the resolutions of his friend from Mason, he was not actuated by the expectation, or hope, that any thing he could say would obtain for the resolutions a more ready and cordial support, than the flattered himself they were destined to receive; but he had only risen to add his humble testimony to the truth of the beautiful and touching eulogium of his friend, on the distinguished subject of these resolutions. Mr. S. said, he had not been so fortunate as to have known Major Barbour, so long or so intimately as the gentleman from Mason; but his acquaintance had been long enough to impress him with a lasting admiration of his character, and a touching regard for his memory, which he should fondly cherish to the longest period of his life. Mr. S. said he turned with a melancholy pleasure to the lat time it had been his good fortune to have been with Major Barbour, and when he had parted with him for the last time upon earth. It had been under touching and peculiar circumstances.

           Major Barbour had but a few weeks before, led to the bridal alter, one of Kentucky’s fairest daughters, and was then upon a visit to a gallant and devoted brother officer in the town of Newport. It was but a few days before his departure for Texas, and never can I forget the moment when as he shook my hand for the last time, surrounded as he was by bridal festivities and greetings of friends, with the true feelings of the soldier, he told me I should hear of him on the battlefields of Mexico!

           Though but thirty three years of age, he had already attained unusual honors!  Young as he was, he had been brilliantly successful. Three several brevets had been conferred upon him for this valor on the battlefield; and could he have but survived the bloody havoc of Monterey, a fourth no doubt would have been certainly awarded him. But there he was destined to fall-dying where he had lived, at the head of his regiment.

           IT is peculiarly gratifying to me, (said Mr. S.) to witness this scene—to hear these resolutions read—to behold the interest here displayed—all serve as a practical refutation of that oft quoted saying, that “Republics are ungrateful.”

           Sir, Kentucky never was or can be ungrateful to the memory of her sons!  I wish to see this monument erected, that every citizen within her orders may point to it as he gazes upon it on yonder eminence, and say with priced, there sleeps the gallant and noble Barbour, who was a Kentuckian!

           Sir, there is a moral lesion in all this, which we should not disregard!  It is no idle and empty pageant!  While it is a grateful memento to the gallant dead, it may serve as an impressive lesion to the living. It proves a powerful incentive to young men born in poverty, to be enabled to gaze upon his tomb, and be reminded that the munificence of our country still retains the same institution, where he was gratuitously educated, and where they can all go and follow his example?

           But, Mr. Speaker, brave and dauntless as was the lamented Barbour on the filed, that valor and gallantry was not excelled by his gentle, warm and affectionate devotion at the fire-side!  To know him as my eloquent friend from Mason said, was indeed to love him.          

           If anything were wanting to prove all I have said—ay!  Mr. Speaker, and much more than I choose to say, lest I may be deemed enthusiastic—I would point this House to his thinned and valiant regiment, (the gallant third infantry) and ask them to witness the sorrow and sadness which clouds every brown when they now hear the name of Philip Norbourne Barbour!  He was emphatically their loved and cherished idol!  Mr. Speaker—my heart is full—I will say no more—I have already said more than was necessary—I know too well Kentucky feeling—I know too well American felling, to doubt that there is a member upon this flour, who does not feel proud at the opportunity of thus recording his vote for these resolutions!  Well may Green River be proud of her son—and proudly may she point to his monument, and glory in the thought that he was born.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p2c1    1620 words


The Whigs of the Albemarle District have selected Mr. Wm. L. Goggin, of Bedford, as their candidate for Congress. They had previously addressed a letter to Mr. Wm. C. Rives, calling upon him to act as the Whig standard-bearer; but he declined, most wisely in our opinion; for it would have afforded the Democrats in the district the most exquisite pleasure to give a severe drubbing to one who had been a leading champion of Virginia’s doctrines, but how had proved himself so faithless to his political principles.—Had Mr. Rives consented to be the Whig candidate and appeared before the people for their “sweet voices,” what a ridiculous position would he not have been placed in by the bold and eloquent Democratic speakers, in contrasting his past and present opinions, and in convicting him of the most arrant inconsistencies. He has done well not to expose himself to so searching a scrutiny before the people of his district; but in declining to be a candidate he could not forego the pleasure of shooting a Parthian arrow at the Democratic party and President.   His letter, so greedily published by the Whig press, is one of the most extraordinary documents of the day, of its ill-temper and gross assaults upon the Chief Magistrate of the nation and our own Government, now engaged in carrying on war against a treacherous and insolent foe. We have laid it aside for future analysis, hen Senatorial elections and other important questions shall be over, and shall allow us a little more space. In the mean time, we ask the attention of our readers to the following scathing article from the Union:

           Mr. William C. Rives, of Virginia, who died politically several years ago, (having found a few personal friends willing to galvanize him into a monetary life before the public by tendering him a nomination to Congress, which they well knew he would have the prudence to decline,) has written a long and incoherent letter of abuse against the administration, the repeal of the tariff of 1842, and the war with Mexico. Mr. Rives writes this letter for the purpose of showing, among other things, who fond he is of retirement, and how he hates to flaunt before the public eye. He managed, a little while ago, to get up some high Tariff correspondence with Mr. Abbott Lawrence apparently for the same purpose of avoiding publicity.—He may, to be sure, have one other motive for his present communication. Revising the maxim of Sacred Writ, he may consider, that if one rise from the dead and speak, the people will certainly hear him!  And, sure enough, the unlooked for voice, coming out so suddenly from the dusky depths of forgetfulness has startled the National Intelligencer, which, always on the watch for some testimony against the cause of its country, parades Mr. Rives’s lubrications in its columns as “evidence” of (forsooth) “public opinion!” which is embodied in the sudden utterance of the great Political Defunct:

           “Need we ay that we rejoice in this testimony in favor of a just and peaceful policy, and of rooted aversion to unnecessary was, especially of war for conquest, for aggrandizement, for a difference of religion, of language, of European origin—a war founded upon distinction of races?”

           The Mexican war a war for a “difference of religion, of language, and of origin!”  This is the revelation—according to the intelligencer—for which Mr. Rives’s friend have resuscitated him. To tell us this, it is that this unlooked to ghost has reappeared for a moment on the old and well known scenes of former defeat and discomfiture!  To tell us this—to inform us kindly that we are fighting got put down the Spanish language and the Catholic faith; for this, has Mr. W.C. Rives come up from the shades!  Of a truth to us, the errand seems hardly worth the journey; and in view of the supernatural machinery here invoked, we cannot but remember the good sense of the Latin poet,

           “nic Deus inters it niss dignus vindice Nodus.”

           “A war for religion and language!”  It is the last and feeblest fabrication of a desperate clique maddened by the shame of assailing its won country, and by the well-deserved odium of it treasonable course.

           Among all the wretched aspersions which Federal rancor belched forth against Mr. Madison and the war of 1812, there was not one more supremely contemptible.

           But let us see a little more of Mr. Rives’s “public opinion,” in which the Federal organ so much “rejoices,” He says:

           “We have seen a blind spirit of party rage urged on by Executive instigation, in a single session of Congress, leveling to the ground long established and well-tried systems of national policy, coeval with the Constitution, and identifies with the vital interests of the national prosperity. The Tariff of 1842, though proved by the best of all tests, its actual operation, to have been a highly salutary and benignant measure, was ruthlessly sacrificed to appease the spirit of party vengeance, because it was one of the measure of a whig Congress; and, on the other hand, the same fell spirit willfully restored to the statue book the odious Sub-Treasury, which had been most signally condemned and rejected by the deliberate sense of the nation, because a Whig Congress happened to be the instrument of executing the national judgment upon it.”

           This is admirable!  Mr. Rives, speaking the “public opinion” of Virginia, bewails the untimely late of the Tariff of 1842!  The very Tariff against which he strenuously protested on its passage as more abominable in many respects than the “Bill of abominations,” the Tariff of 1828.—A connoisseur in antiquities would be glad to know the date—the era—of this same “public opinion.”  Mr. Rives is now the Rip Van Winkle of politics. He stares round at the new world about him, calls out the old names, looks for the old signs, is quite bewildered by the new mottoes and the new voices, and, poor statesman! Thinks the Bank question is just where it was when he ratted from the party, and went to sleep his long political sleep among the mountains of Virginia!

           One more extract form his letter, and we have done. See the naïve unconsciousness with which he rings forward, in relation to he Oregon controversy and to the Mexican war, the topics, which, having played their brief part of factious opposition, have now been fairly abandoned even by the remotest country portion of the Federal press. To Mr. Rives, however, these worn out vituperations seem to be quite fresh and new. He tells us about “the headlong and short sighted counsels of the President, hurrying us into a war with England;” just as if such wretched slang had not now become obsolete. He deals with the advance of our army to the Rio Grande as if he were taking part with the federal opposition before it had become ashamed of that stale pretence, and then in ludicrous ignorance, or forgetfulness of the act of the 13th May, and of the events which have followed it, and of the overwhelming unanimity of popular opinion upon that subject, he prates about the war power being vested in Congress, and not in the executive!  But we will spend no more words about this gentleman’s extraordinary political resuscitation.—Having no personal ill-will towards him, we hope hereafter that he will take for granted that the public are quire willing to let him enjoy his retirement, and not write absurd letters, to let the people know how unwilling he is that they should bring him forward into political life again. But if he must write, we hope that his retirement vilification of his country’s cause, and a factious abuse of an administration laboring to uphold that cause in a just and righteous war.

           The following paragraph is a specimen of his whole letter:

           “The same perverse spirit, in its heedlessness or its blindness, has been as ready to sport with the external peace, as with the domestic interests and prosperity of the nation. We were saved by the firmness and wisdom of the Senate form a destructive war with England, into which the headlong and short-sighted counsels of the President were fast burying us, only to be plunged by his unscrupulous assumption of power, against the plainest mandates of the constitution, into a bloody, expensive, unseemly and embarrassing war with the republic of Mexico. That the war with Mexico was brought on by the single act of the President in ordering the hostile advance of the army into a territory claimed by e Mexico, and of which she held and had continually held the actual jurisdiction, is a proposition too clearly established by incontrovertible facts to admit of discussion. He himself impliedly confesses it by the studious and elaborate display of alleged causes of war against Mexico set forth in his late message, which partakes far more of the character of a manifesto to justify what he had done, than of annual communication on the state of the nation to the two Houses of Congress.--Suppose all this long list of grievances and complaints to be well-founded, although Congress had slept over them, (and Mr. Polk roundly take them to talks for having done so,) to whom did it belong, under our republican system, to adopt the last resort of nations for their redress—to the President or to Congress?  The constitution itself answers—Congress shall have power to declare war. From what source, the, above the constitution, did Mr. Polk derive his authority to make war upon Mexico?  There is but one answer—his own will.”

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p2c2    35 words

           In noticing yesterday the important services of Lieut. Col. John Garland in Mexico, we omitted to state that Gen. Taylor, in consideration of his gallantry and efficient conduct, had appointed him Military Governor of Monterey.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p2c3    31 words


A letter from Council Bluffs reports a battle, on the 16th December, between a party of Sioux and a band of Omahas, in which sixty of the latter were killed.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p2c3    552 words

For the Enquirer,


           The Editors of the Times and Compiler and of the Richmond Whig , seem greatly dissatisfied with the arrangement of rank made by the Governor and Council among the Captains of the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers; and a writer singing himself Justice is bold enough to insinuate, political preference may have influenced the determination. Before this unfounded insinuation was made, “Justice” had better have ascertained whether Governor Smith had not been aided much in the performance of the high duty by the counsel and advice of an estimable and distinguished Whigs as nay in the State. Both he and they, looking alone to the good of the service, and eschewing all party predilections, have acted under these influences.

           The writer of this speaks now upon what he knows is the fact. When the rank was settled, the most of those placed high on the lst, if indeed not all of them, were absent from Richmond, an it is believed none of them, either directly or indirectly, urged any priority fro themselves. With the arrangement made, Captain Carrington’s friends seemed to be dissatisfied Will they be pleased to say, which of the Captains that rank above him are not as well qualified by education, military or civil, as he, to command?  At present the objection is general, and it may be that those friends believe Capt. Carrington ought to rank above all the other Captains—a pretensions at which most men would laugh—and which I am sure the gallant Captain would not tolerate.

           The article of the Time s and Compiler of the 20th inst., and which is adopted by the Whig, is full of errors. Capt. Carrington did not raise and tender the first company for service under the call last Spring. He did not raise the first company under the call for volunteers in November, and it was some five or six days after two other companies had been mustered into the service of the United States before he had a sufficient number of men to enable him to be a so mustered into service. He may have been the first Captain elected, but the Captain did not have the requisite number to make up a company, and had not for some four or five days after Captains Archer and Scott’s companies had been mustered into service, one of these companies numbering then 91 and the other 88me. But, I pray, why is this matter to become one of angry discussion?  The writer of this has heard some six or seven of the Captains declare, that they were content to take their rank, where the constituted authorities of the State placed them—that they would take no part in any strife but against the enemies of their country—that whether on the right or left of the regiment, they expected opportunities enough would be afford for all who cared to do so to gather honors and distinction in the service. Why, then, shall editors and newspaper essayists, unasked by any one, and no doubt against the wish of all, do what must have a tended, if not designed, to produce discord in the regiment, and to separate these gallant young men, who should be bound together, as a band of brothers, “by hooks of steel?”



Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p2c7


           The Washington Fountain has the following paragraphs, which are all important if true:--

           RECALL OF GENERAL TAYLOR.—It is confidently stated by those whose position gives times an opportunity of knowing what is going on in official quarters, that General Taylor has been recalled from the field of operations in Mexico, that he will retire on the arrival of General Scott at head quarters, and that he has been ordered to Washington, immediately on his return to the United States. They go so far as to predict his arrival here, by the middle of February, For our country’s sake, we hope that these givings out will prove untrue.

           ULUA NOT TO BE ATTACKED.—It is rumored abroad, on the authority of Com. Perry, that the castle of Ulua is not to be attacked, for the reason that the Government has determined to “conquer a peace” without capturing that strong hold of the enemy. It is also stated that the gallant Commodore does not return to the Gulf. How true these rumors are, we do not to pretend to say.

           ULTIMATUM OF MEXICO.—We learn that our Government is in possession of the ultimate conditions on which Mexico will consent to make a peace with the United States, and that it has determined to accede to them, if Congress will enable the Executive to meet the views of Mexico. It will be seen by reference to the epitome of the Congressional proceedings of yesterday, that he committees on Foreign Relations in both Houses, have already moved the appropriation of large sums of money to be placed at the disposition of the President in treating for peace with the enemy.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p1c5    243 words

From the Houston (Texas) Register, Dec 21

           We notice that several of the letter-writers of the Army assert, that the base of the future operations of the army will be at Tampico, or at the highest navigable point on the Panuco. If they, like General Scott, had been “studying the Southern routes of Mexico,” they would not have made an assertion so utterly absurd. The route from Tampico to the table lands of the interior is a mere bridle path, the wagons and artillery carriages cannot be transported by this route, unless they are taken to pieces and carried on the backs of pack mules. On the route to the Capitol before Monterey and Saltillo, there is an excellent wagon road, and all the baggage, artillery, and military stores of the army can be conveyed to the cit of Mexico by this route, as well as upon that of the great wagon roads of the Union. If Gen. Taylor could turn pack and commence a new plan of operation s at Tampico, he would command a blunder that might require three months to repair. The main army can prosecute the campaign with ten fold effect by the great road on the table lands from saltillo to Mexico, and then could be reinforced by detachments of the light troops by the tampico route, just at the point where the Mexicans can concentrate a large force from the populous district around San Luis Postosi, and consequently where reinforcements would be more needed.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p3c3    668 words

General Orders, No. 2

WAR DEPARTMENT, Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, January 8, 1847.

1.The following act of Congress, changing the term of enlistment, and providing  bounty for recruits, is published for the information and guidance of the offices of the Army:

“An Act to encourage enlistments in the Regular Army:

“Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, during the continuance of the war with Mexico, the term of enlistment of the men to be recruited for the regiments of dragoons, artillery, infantry, and riflemen, of the present military establishment, shall be ‘during the war,’ or five years, at the option of the recruit, unless sooner discharged.

           “Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed and paid to every able bodied man who shall be duly enlisted to serve in the artillery or infantry, for the term of five years or during eh war, a bounty of twelve dollars; but the payment of six dollars of he sad bounty shall be deferred until the recruit shall have jointed for duty the regiment in which he is to serve.”

           II. The general superintendents o the recruiting service will give prompt and all necessary instructions to the recruiting officers, who will immediately publish this general order, with the table of established rates of pay agreeably to existing laws annexed, three times in two newspaper in the vicinity of their respective rendezvous.

           III. The term of service will hereafter be,” during the war” with Mexico, or for five years, as the recruit may prefer. The blanks now in use will answer for five years men, by writing on the back of the enlistment, in due form, the required receipt for the advanced bounty; and they will also suffice for the new term until new blanks can be printed, by substituting the word “during war,” in the hand writing of the recruiting officer, for the words “five years,” as printed in the prescribe oath of allegiance.

           IV. Company commanders will add two columns to the muster rolls, and muster and pay rolls now in use, to show the payments on account of “bounty.” In the first column will be charged the advanced bounty paid to the soldier at the time of his enlistment; in the second thereafter joining for duty the regiment in which he is to serve. Recruiting officers will add similar columns to the blank muster rolls, muster and pay rolls, and muster and descriptive rolls, &c., respectively, furnished for the recruiting service.

           V. The term of service having been changed from five years to during the war with Mexico, and a bounty of twelve dollars allowed, it is expedient that the rank and file of the army will be filled in a short time, with due exertion and activity on the part of the recruiting officers who will explain fully to the recruit before he enlists the condition upon which he enters the service.

           VI. Whenever recruiting stations prove unsuccessful, they must be abandoned and new one established; and if any officer fail to get recruited at more than one station, he shall be relied and ordered by the superintendent to join his regiment.

           VII. More than ordinary attention must be paid to eh tactical instruction of recruits by all officers and commanders from the moment of enlistment at the rendezvous, until sent to join their regiments. To this point the attention of commanders of depots and ports is specially directed.—Sec. No. 738, Army of Regulations.

           VIII. The garrison of Fort Columbus having been withdrawn for service in the field, that post has been turned over exclusively for the recruiting services as a depot of instruction. Colonel Crane, of the 1st regiment of artillery, the general superintendent will give special attention to this subject, and see that he recruits be comfortably quartered and well instructed during the short time they may be detained on Governors Island,

BY ORDER: R. JONES, Adj. Gen’l.


Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c1   1299 words


           All patriots and lovers of the Union, based as it is upon compromises of sectional interests and feelings must deprecate the mischievous and reckless introduction, by leading Northern politicians, of the delicate question of slavery into the discussions upon the future disposition of Mexican territory acquired as an indemnity for the debts due by Mexico, and for the many gross outrages inflicted upon us. We had hoped that Congress would have promptly furnished men and money to prosecute the war to a satisfactory and pacific termination, leaving to a future period the terms upon which territory so acquired  shall be admitted into the Union. Let us first fight the battled out; defeat, by a few decisive blows, the unaccountable insolence and infatuated obstinacy of Mexico, and, when we shall have acquired the territory, and effected a peace, we may deliberate among ourselves what course to pursue in disposing of said territory.

           But the politicians of the North have willed it otherwise. At a moment when harmony and union in our national councils were so vital to the vigorous prosecution of the war and the elevation of the nation’s credit; when money was called for to sustain our brave soldiers in the field, and more men needed, to reinforce our troops in Mexico, and sweep down the Mexican army; we see the firebrand of slavery thrust into the arena, and the torch of disunion flaunted in the face of the South. We are glad to see the South united firmly on this question. It soars far above all other subjects—and, unless, the South be true to herself now, we may expect to see all her rights trampled in the dust. Let the South stand firm, and we cannot doubt that there will be found in Pennsylvania and in the West patriotic spirits sufficient to ward off the blow aimed at our rights and at the blessed Union. But let her falter in the least, and the most direful consequences may ensue.

           These reflections are suggested by the course we see pursued by some few of the southern press. The free States threaten to dissolve the Union, if any more slave territory be added to the confederacy. In other words, if all future acquisitions of territory, whether by conquest or by purchase, be not surrendered up to the free laborers of the North and West will break up the Union. The South has ever shown a steady devotion to their Union. In peace she has borne heavy taxation to sustain the common Government, but more than that, to foster the peculiar interests of the North. In war, she has shed her best blood and poured out her rich treasures, to defend the honor and safety of the whole confederacy. For the sake of the Union, she made heavy concessions to the North, in consenting that all territory North of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes of latitude should be free from slavery. She is now asked to go further, to give up all her just and equitable rights in the partnership, and to yield to the grasping aims of the North, which demand that the South shall have no interest in the territory hereafter acquired—which is the common property both of the free and of the slave States—and that the North shall have all said territory, to be converted into a cordon of free States on our borders. Devoted as the south is to the Union, she cannot surrender all her power and will not yield to such dictation. It would be a weak and fatal policy in her to allow such usurpation and appropriation of a joint domain to the sole use of the free States. She is willing to accede to the line of the Missouri Compromise, which has been sanctioned by time and usage, and by the spirit of the whole country.—She cannot recede an inch farther, whatever be the consequences. In any event , her skirts will be free from blame.

           But some of the southern papers say, why push on the war, if the Mexican territory acquired as an indemnity be admitted, through the action of the free States, as free territory, to the exclusion of Southern rights?  Why not stop the war and withdraw our forces, and not add another inch of territory, to the exclusion of Southern rights?  Why not stop the war and withdraw our forces, and not add another inch of territory?  These very arguments are calculated to encouraged the north in their grasping designs. It looks like an entire surrender at discretion of Southern rights to the anti-slavery prejudices of the North. It would, moreover, make our Government the laughing stock of the world, to be insulted and assailed by every nation who fear the progress of our free institutions and would combine to put us down.—It would be a dishonorable retreat from a position which we have boldly taken, and which we cannot abandon without injury and disgrace.—Our true policy is to finish the war, to secure sufficient territory as an indemnity for the wrongs done us by Mexico; and if then the North shall insist upon making the whole territory free, and force us to a separation, the South may yet receive for her won use an equitable share in the territory thus acquired by her own blood and treasure. May that day be far distant; but if we now ingloriously surrender the advantages obtained in Mexico, we apprehend that it will give new encouragement to the Northern fanatics and hasten the fatal moment.

           The question is full of danger and gloom—but it is the part of wisdom to look at it in its worst aspect, and prepare for the worst. The Augusta (Georgia) Constitutionalist has the following speculations, which are full of force and interest.—But we have, still, too much confidence in the patriotism and good sense of many of the Northern and Western statesmen, not to hope that they will arrest the blow that is aimed at the Union:

           “If the free States threaten to dissolve the Union, because not allowed to dictate terms, let them do so. Let them go out of the co-partnership, and welcome. But, in going, they will even then have to submit to an equitable division of the public domain. In either event, whether they stay in or go out, the South will not give up her fair share of ‘the spoils of the vanquished.’  New Mexico and California are now, by the fortunes of war, American domain. They are, or are to be, permanent acquisitions. No body can seriously believe that he Anglo-Saxon race which has now planted its foot there will abandon them. The Southern States have contributed their proportion at least, to obtain them. There population will insist on the right of settling them, in common with their fellow citizens of other States, and will carry their institutions along with them. The Mexicans can never drive them out, even if inclined to do so. They will not allow their own country men to do it, who go there with no greater rights than themselves. It may in time become a matter of compromise, as to a fair division of the territory between the slave-holding and non-slaveholding States. But he South will not be bullied into an abandonment of the country by the threats of the free States. The South yielded more than she should have done in the Missouri compromise. She then went to the very extremity of concession. It was grave concession, that slavery should not under any circumstances extend North of a prescribed line; instead of that being left, as it should have been, to be governed by the option of the citizens of the soil.”

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c2    690 words


           The Legislature of this State convened on the 11th inst. The Senate was organized by Lieut. Gov. Trasimund Landry taking the Chair—and the House by the election of P.W. Farrar (Whig) Speaker; he having received 40 votes, and some of them Democratic, Mr. Phillips 30, and Mr. Molse 2. The last named gentlemen are Democrats.

           Gov. Isaac Johnson sent in his annual message. It is a beautiful composition, full of patriotic views and wise suggestions. A large portion of it is devoted to the consideration of the Mexican war, the causes which produced it, and the noble part which Louisiana bore in furnishing troops for the field. We make an extract, to show how Louisiana regard this war which was forced upon us, but which the Whig press, in their blind party opposition, so falsely attribute to the President’s own creation:

           “I regret that I cannot announce peace with Mexico: the war still continues: the causes which led to it, the long unbroken series of outrage, spoliation and indignity, to which our citizens and the national honor had been subjected by a government and people not sufficiently enlightened to place a just estimate on the obligations which a position among civilized and independent nations imposes, and too powerless to enforce an observance of them, even if the disposition to do so existed, the constant forbearance of our government which seemed only to invite a constant infliction of wrongs, the rejection of our peaceful overtures repeatedly offered, the refusal, on a flimsy pretext, to receive an Ambassador from us, who was sent out as a messenger of peace, with plenary powers to adjust all difficulties, and the actual invasion of our territory and attack upon the army of occupation, have been so clearly and fully set forth in the official communication of the President to Congress, that it would be in vain for me to attempt to add anything to so masterly and triumphant a vindication of the necessity of the war and the justice of our cause.”

           Governor J. sees in the brilliant successes of the United States army and the alacrity with which our people submit to sacrifices in vindicating the honor of their country, a guarantee of “those future triumphs which will secure us all that is desired—indemnity for past injuries and security against a repetition of them.”

           “The amount expended by the State in equipping and sending forward the six regiments which were dispatched to the Rio Grande last Spring, was, including interest, 263,950 dollars and 5 cents. This sum has been refunded by the General Government, wish the exception of a very small amount, which is yet suspended.

           The sword voted to General Taylor by Louisiana, is ready to be delivered to him whenever he shall announce his pleasure to receive this valuable and richly eanred present. Its blade bears the motto, “Bis vincil qui se vincit in Victoria”—an appropriate compliment to one who has displayed as much modesty in wearing honors as gallantry in achieving victories.

           The Governor warmly appeals to the Legislature to comply with the injunction of the Constitution to establish a system of free schools throughout the State. The condition of the Treasury is exhibited in the following passage:

           “The Treasurer’s Report will exhibit a general statement of the receipts and disbursements of the State Government during the last fiscal year, ending on the 31st of December, and shows a balance in the Treasury on that day of 391,785 dollars and 61 cents, which is an excess over the amount in the Treasury, at the end of the preceding fiscal year, of 166,785 dollars and 61. The State debt proper is 1,293,000 dollars a small portion of which falls due in June 1848, and may be provided for by this or the next Legislature. The report will expose the defects and practical inconvenience of an act to provide for the appointment of the assessors for the State approved 1st June, 1846 which, together with the remedies suggested, I commend to your attention.”

           The message concludes with a glowing and beautiful eulogy upon Alexander Barrow, the late United States Senator.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c3    87 words

The Secretary Of War has informed the adjutant General of Massachusetts that it is highly important that the regiment from that State should be ready for embarkation by the 15th of this month, and instructions have been given to the proper officers to provide the necessary transports. The Secretary says the embarkation will not be delayed, should the regiment consist of not less than 8 companies. Instructions have also been given to muster into service he full complement of field and staff officers for the whole regiment.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c3    278 words

           In the N.O. Commercial Times we find the following items of news in regard to Yucatan, which seems to be in an anomalous position—afraid to break with either Mexico or the United States, and alternately holding out promises of adhesion to he one or the other, as its motives of interest suggest:

           A Mexican schooner, bearing a flag of truce, arrived from Campeachy on the 24th. She brought the news of a declaration of the independence of that province from the central government, and claiming for her ports the privileges of neutrals, which it is believed Com. Conner refused, unless they hoisted the American flag. Merida and the country adjacent had refused to unite in the movement, and proposed to put it down by force of arms.   The Campeachanos had marched upon Merida with a force of 2500 men, the Meridians having 4000. It was supposed by the captain of the flag of truce that a decisive battle was fought on the 21st ult., that being the latest date from the army, at which time they were within a few miles of each other. The flag of truce left Anton with the answer of Comm. Conner on the 27th.

           The officers of the British fleet at Sacrificios, stated that they had heard from the city of Mexico that the Finance Committee in the Mexican Congress had reported that in order to carry on the war the Government would require $250,000 per month, and stated that the sum of $90,000 was all that could possibly be raised, which sum they depended upon the church for.

           The health of the officers and crews of the squadron was very good.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c3    456 words


A vessel has arrived at New Orleans form Vera Cruz, but brought no later news than we have received by the Mississippi. The Picayune furnishes the following interesting intelligence fin relation to the new Vice President, and to the Janus faced Administration of Mexico.

           It is a remarkable feature of the news, and one which exhibits the vicissitudes of public life in Mexico in a striking phases, that Gomez Farias is Vice President under Santa Anna. Farias was once before Vice President during Santa Anna’s Presidency. His wily superior, knowing the hostility of Farias to the hierarchy, and desirous of improving the finances by a confiscation of the church property, set him to work to digest a plan and prepare the public mind for seizing upon the ecclesiastical estates. The effort failed utterly, and the Government, was about being made to feel the power of an interest it had alarmed, when Santa Anna deserted Gomez Farias, threw upon him the odium of the scheme, and escape himself from the storm he had helped to raise. Gomez Farias was banished the State and for a number of years resided in this city with his family, pinched by necessity and oppressed with care. Santa Anna in time was overthrown and banished by Paredes.—Farias, immediately upon the fall of he dictator, returned to Mexico, where he has ever since taken a conspicuous part in the political affairs of the country. Santa Anna, by a sudden revolution in public opinion, was recalled from banishment, and now these two politicians, as opposite as the poles in principles, and hating each other with a rancor that has been nurtured in disgrace, occupy the first and second offices in the Republic Farias is a reformer of the progressive party; his opinions are of the term, and as bitter against religious as political trammels. Santa Anna is just what his interest for the time being requires him to be. The close proximity of two such men does not augur well of the durability of the Government which they administer, nor of the suavity that may quality their councils.

           In so far as the election to office of two men occupying the extremes of political faction may interpret the public opinion of Mexico, I may indicate a fusion of all parties, a union of all cliques, sects, divisions and classes of the people in one great war party. Gomez Farias was, if anything, the most violent of all Mexican politicians against the dismemberment of Texas and he may have united with Santa Anna to se tan example of the suppression of personal and political hatred in forming an alliance for the object of consolidating the strength of the state against a common enemy.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c2    353 words


We learn from the Petersburg Republican that Col. Hamtramck paid a visit to that town on Wednesday last. He was received at the railroad depot by a large procession o fthe civil and military, headed by a deputation from the Common Council. Col. Hamtramck was accompanied by Major. Gwynn, President of the James River and Kanawha Company, Messrs. Thompson (of Jefferson) and Syme of the House of Delegates.

           The Colonel was presented by Mr. Syme, who in a few appropriate remarks introduced him to Thomas S. Gholson, and tendered him a cordial welcome to the civilities and hospitalities of the town. The Colonel made an eloquent and happy reply, and referred in terms of high eulogy to the former history and present position of the “Cockade Town.”  All who heard his address felt that he had the mind and the nerve to command the Virginia Regiment.

           After assigning the Colonel and his aids their positions, they were escorted to the Bollingbrook, where they (with a few citizens) partook of an excellent dinner. A number of pleasant sentiments were drunk at dinner, which called forth eloquent addresses from Col. Hamtramck, Messrs. Thompson of Jefferson, Syme and others. Late in the afternoon the company adjourned to Capt. W.M. Robinson’s quarters, where his company was received by the Colonel, who expressed himself pleased with their appearance and condition. They were then conducted to the residence of Col. Geo. W. Bolling, who received them in  a soldier-like style. At 9 o’clock, the guests, with a large company of both civil and military , sat down to a fine supper prepared at the Bollingbrock. During the evening addresses were called forth from Col. Hamtramck, Gen. Butts, Co. Swan, Col. Bolling, Maj. Rosser, Messrs. Thomson of Jefferson, Syme and others—and the evening passed off most agreeably; and when the hour of 12 arrived, all seemed to regret that the moment for sundering the ties so lately formed was so near.

           On Thursday morning the guests were escorted to the depot by the military companies, and at half-past 8 o’clock took their departure for Richmond.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c2    22 words

Reuben Davis Esq., has been elected Colonel of the new Regiment of Mississippi Volunteers, mustered into service at Vicksburg, 1,000 men strong.

Friday, January 22, 1847 RE47v43n77p4c7 IMPORTANT IF TRUE

From the Washington Fountain.

We read in the La Patria of the 31st ult. a Spanish paper published in New Orleans, by Aleman & Gomez, the following extraordinary revelation of the new plan of operations in the war with Mexico:

“The government appears to confide much in Gen. Scott, who has just gone to the field of operations, and from whose diplomatic and military tactics, it hopes to gain great advantages. The plan of operations, we learn, is as follows:

General Taylor, instead of moving upon San Luis Potosi, will repair to Saltillo, where he will remain for a short period. Gen. Scott, after having made some arrangements on the Rio Grande, will hasten to Tampico, where he will assume the command of the 7000 volunteers recently called out and ordered to assemble at that point. From Tampico Gen. Scott will march towards Vera Cruz, and Gen. Taylor will make a simultaneous movement towards Tampico with all the troops he can muster, after leaving sufficient force to garrison Saltillo, Monterey, Victoria, &c. and in union with Gen. Worth’s division, will join Gen. Scott, who will have at his command the new military are of rocketeers and howitzers.

At the proper moment, fifteen or sixteen vessels of the American squadron, with a force of from 230 to 300 guns of all sizes and calibres, will appear off San Juan de Ulloa, and begin the attack upon the castle. According to the new plan of operations the land forces will rendezvous at the mouth of the river at Antigua, which empties into the Gulf a short distance to the North of Vera Cruz, and ascend the same to where the main road to Jalapa crosses it. If this plan be speedily put into execution, there can be no doubt but that Vera Cruz and the Castle will as speedily fall into the power of the American forces; but if any faith be put in Santa Anna’s declaration, it is plain he will be able to cut off the advance of Gen. Taylor from Saltillo.”

Mr. Gomez, the editor of La Patria, and the author of the above, is the same person who was appointed b Gen. Scott, while tarrying in New Orleans, to be one of his staff, and whose commission was afterwards revoked by the General on the grounds that he was not a friend of the American cause. Did Gomez obtain the above information while he was General Scott’s aid?

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p1c1

Twenty-Ninth Congress. 2nd Session.

See Congressional Globe, p. 220

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p1c3    265 words

Every arrival form Mexico goes to prove the truth of the predication, that the course pursued by the Whig presses and politicians of this country, (Daniel Webster beyond all,) in denouncing the war as “the President’s war,” and as “unjust, atrocious and damnable,” has had the effect of cheering on the infatuated obstinacy of Mexican rulers, and in uniting their people in determined hostility against us. They see in these anti-American demonstrations what they regard as positive evidence of the justice of their cause, and endless and incurable dissensions among our own people. The Diario, the official organ of Mexico, of the 20th December, comments upon extracts from American papers, exaggerating the expenditures occasioned by the war, and the difficulty of procuring loans. It says:

           “This proves that the position of the United States, with respect to pecuniary resources, is not so advantageous as some suppose. The war is much more costly to them than to us; and they are compelled, therefore, to make great sacrifices. We infer from this, that if Mexico makes an effort—if the sovereign Congress should grant resources to the Government, and if all classes of society are prepared to contribute, in proportion to the exigency of affairs, our situation is not hopeless, and we may yet prevail over our enemies.”

           In the same article it refers to the threat of an impeachment of Mr. Polk, and says:

           “In our opinion this is highly important, as it shows what is the opinion entertained even in the United States with regard to the injustice of the war carried on against Mexico.”

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p1c3    503 words

The Legislature of North Carolina adjourned last Monday, after passing 78 public laws, 134 private acts and 71 resolutions. Among their acts was one appropriating $10,000 to the equipment and support of their regiment of volunteers for the Mexican war. The whigs did not, however, adopt his necessary measure, without taking sides with the public enemy against their own Government—for the Preamble to the Resolution falsified history in stating that the war was brought about by our own Government.—The Democrats voted for the resolution, with a protest against the false and mischievous sentiments of the preamble. They sustained themselves manfully in the debate and their withering denunciations of the unpatriotic course of the Federal party, must tend to open the eyes even of North Carolina Whiggery.

           It was not enough of the Federal members to violate all rules of justice in re-apportioning the Congressional districts and gerrymandering the State for their own political advantage. They must fill up the measure of faction by adopting a preamble, which was denounced on the floor of the Commons as Mexican, and which, in its effect, virtually takes the side of Mexico. The Raleigh Standard refers to one independent Whig who had the manliness to defy party thralldom and act the part of an American patriot. It was “Mr. McKesson of Burke who stood forth for the truth—who told his party to their faces that their preamble, charging the war on the President, was unpatriotic in its nature and dangerous in its tendency.”

           The Democratic members did their whole duty, and defended their country’s cause. “Mr. Courts hoped that this ‘infamous preamble’ would be destroyed—that this ‘foul stigma’ upon the State would be wiped out. Mr. Bullock said ‘he did not intend to be personal towards the gentleman from Hertford, but he must say, that if he had come into that Hall a stranger, when Mr. Rayner was speaking, he should have taken him for a Mexican.”

           He Federalists refused even to vote for a resolution “declaring, in substance, that North Carolina would sustain and support he U. States in the Mexican war; and this, after a warm discussion, in which Messrs. Mebane, Bayne, Rayner, Courts and Baxter took part, was decided in the negative—yeas 55, nays 59.”

           In voting for the preamble and resolution which the Federalists refused to separate, Mr. Austin answered in the negative, and gave notice that he should avail himself of his constitutional privilege to protest against the preamble. Mr. Bullock voted “aye for the American resolution, and no to the Mexican preamble.” Messrs. Flemming and Griggs delivered their votes in the same language. Mr. Jackson said, “No! his conscience would not let him vote for the preamble.”  Mr. McKesson voted for the resolution, protesting against the preamble. Messrs. McMullen, Neal, Courts, Stone, and others, voted in the same language. Mr. Webster voted for the resolution, but against “the truth of the preamble;” and Mr. J. H. White voted for the resolution; protesting against the “abominable preamble.”

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p1c4    180 words

           In yesterday’s Enquirer, we extracted from the Washington Fountain several items, which, if true, would have been of great moment to the country. In publishing them, we attached but little credit to their probability, and gave them as mere flying rumors. We were not, therefore, surprised to see in the Union the following correction, which we hasten, and with great satisfaction, to lay before our readers.

           “A BUDGET OF BLUNDERS.—Several misstatements, which appear to have originated in this city, are now in circulation in the newspapers.—Such as that General Taylor has been recalled from the army of Mexico, and that he has been ordered to Washington. Such, too, is the rumor, said to be founded on the authority of Commodore Perry, that ‘the Castle of San Juan de Ullos is not to be attacked, and also that Commodore Perry will not return to he Gulf of Mexico.’  We know not upon what authority these things have been reported; but certain it is we do not believe there is any adequate authority or foundation for either of these statements.”

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p1c4    1034 words

“You will see in the proceedings of the New York Legislature, that the Locofoco members voted against making appropriations for the soldiers who are volunteering for the service in Mexico. This is not surprising. A party who support the President in appointing Santa Anna to lead the Mexican forces against us, cannot be expected to vote for supplies to Gen. Taylor, whose duty it is to meet and conquer Santa Anna. These things will be remembered.”

           The above is taken from a letter of “Brutus,” the correspondent of the Whig. He charged us, not long, since, with a want of fairness. Let us see how his own course comports with candor and propriety. It is true, as he says, that the Democratic members of the New York Legislature did vote against such a resolution—but he cautiously suppresses the fact that they did so because of the Mexican preamble, which declared that the President of the United States has involved this Republic in a war with Mexico. This statement, so abhorrent to the truth and to the plain duty of American patriots in a period of war, influenced their vote, though we think the democrats erred in not voting the appropriation.—They might well have acted as the Democrats of the North Carolina Legislature towards a similar proposition—voted the money, and denounced and protested against the “Mexican” preamble. So much for the “fair” representations of “BRUTUS.”

Let us look a little further into the motives of this Anti-American preamble. It was moved by a Mr. Bloss of Rochester, an out and out Whig Abolitionist, of the Giddings “stripe.”  His avowed object was that they should adopt such a preamble as would be a justification to the members in the eyes of their several constituencies, “for voting money not asked for, for purposes of the General Governments. Cannot the most casual observer see the plain drift of the preamble passed by the Whigs, which is to exculpate Mexico from all blame, and to fix upon the Administration the stigma of having provoked b unjust acts the war with that nation?

           The New York Globe unfolds the history of this Mr. Bloss, and exposes the inconsistency of his conduct. On the 27th of May last, at a meeting of the citizens of Rochester “to sustain the Administration in its prosecution of the existing war,” (this is the language of the Whig organ of Rochester,) Mr. Bloss made a flaming war speech, in which he said nothing of the President having “involved us in the war,” as his preamble now falsely states. A series of resolutions was unanimously and by acclamation adopted. After dwelling upon the blessings of peace, which cannot be too highly prized or too strongly cherished, the resolutions proceed as follows. We quote this expression of opinion by a Whig city at length, because it shows how the question was regarded, before the mist of party had clouded the political horizon and perverted the vision of politicians.—Then it was Mexico, who had covered us with insult and injury, and trampled upon American soil and rights. Now, in the opinion of these same Whigs, it is the American Government that has been guilty of every species of “aggression” and “involved us in war:”

           “There is a point with nations, as well as with individuals, beyond which “forbearance not only ceases to be a virtue,” but becomes positively its opposite; and we believe the American people have now reached that “point” in their “forbearance” with the wrongs and outrages committed upon them by the faithless government of Mexico: She has plundered our commerce, robbed and imprisoned our citizens, and committed aggressions and cruelties that would no for a moment have been tolerated or left unavenged, had they been perpetrated by a power claiming equality with our own; but in a spirit of forbearance and toleration that would have been dishonorable and pusillanimous in any but a powerful and mighty nation towards a weak and puerile one, the American government has sought redress by peaceful and conciliatory negotiations, while Mexico has met our claims for restitution, and our overtures of conciliation, with false promises and still more faithless performances—she has treated our ministers sent thither with messages of peace and compromise, with contempt and insult—and, finally, after agreeing but recently to receive our envoy to negotiate a settlement of our difficulties, she against falsified her pledges, refused him an audience, and compelled him o demand his passports and depart; and at last, to cap the climax, she has sent her banditti and soldiers upon American soil and drenched it with the blood of American citizens.”

           “Resolved, then, That the war which Mexico has thus wantonly commenced, ought to be prosecuted with vigor and ceaseless energy, by this Government, affensively as well as defensively, until the Mexican hordes are not only driven from our soil, but, if need be, until the Mexican government shall be compelled to sue for peace beneath the star spangled banner as it waves in triumph over the vaunted “Halls of the Montezumas.”

           One of the present editors of the Whig Albany Evening Journal offered a resolution approving “the action already taken by Congress, THE EXECUTIVE AND HIS COUNSELLORS, to prosecute the war and maintain the assailed dignity of the nation.”  This, too, was unanimously adopted.—Need we a stronger comment than this brief history upon the inconsistent and party character of the “Mexican” movements of the Whigs in the New York Legislature?  Such is a fair specimen of the Whig leaders everywhere. When Gen. Taylor marched his army to he Rio Grande, not a murmur of disapprobation was heard. Nothing was then said of our “aggression” upon Mexican soil—no voice was raised to deprecate the movement, as inevitably leading to the war, in spite of the remarkable forbearance shown by us, the Whigs raised the slogan of party, charged the President with having produced the war by sending Gen. Taylor to the Rio Grande, which, if he had not done, these same censors would have taken the other side and held him up as justly amenable to impeachment! Such is the consistency, the justice of the Whig leaders!

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p2c7

For the Enquirer,

An article which appeared in the Enquirer of this morning, in regard to the appointments of captains in the regiment of Virginia Volunteers is couched in such fair and moderate terms, and displays so much of proper spirit and tempest, and is so becoming on the part of the friend of Capt. Carrington, that I cannot consent to continue a dissension with “Justice” on this delicate matter—a discussion which ought never to have been forced into the public journals, and in reference to which the errors of fact and of argument into which “Justice” had in his last article […]. One word more—I know Capt. Carrington—[…] esteem and respect him, and never designed to say an “unkind” thing of him. That he will make an excellent and gentlemanly officer, no one is more sure than 


January 25, 1847.

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p2c7    142 words

For the Enquirer,


The writer of this knows Major Walter Gwynn, and hopes he may be appointed to the command of the Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina Regiments. There is no one possessing in a more eminent degree the great requisites of a military commander. He is an educated soldier, being a distinguished graduate of West Point—a man of indomitable energy, chastened and regulated by a cool well-balanced judgment; has a faculty to command and a tact to inspire confidence; and, in truth, is peculiarly suited to the office above alluded to. It is true he would be a serious loss to the great work over which he presides, (James […] and Kanawha Canal)—Yet he can do more service to the country at large, just now, in the field, and there we hope he may be called.



Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p2c6    284 words

           We shall publish very soon a confidential letter from Gen. Taylor of the 9th November, addressed to a friend in New York, which has been published in the N.Y. Express, and which has produced much sensation in Washington and elsewhere. In it he rather complains of the want of transports and other available means, which he had expected from the Government, and proceeds to justify the armistice at Monterey, with which he says the Government is not satisfied. He is opposed to carrying the war beyond Saltillo, and thinks, if the object is to “conquer a peace,” the only plan is to take Vera Cruz and march on the city of Mexico.—He thinks the most judicious course to be pursued is to take possession, at once, of the line we would accept by negotiation, extending from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific, and occupying the same, or keep what we already have possession of, throwing on Mexico the responsibility and expense of carrying on an offensive war—at the same time closely blockading all her ports on the Pacific and the Gulf.

           We cannot conceal our regrets that this private letter should have been so indiscreetly published. We fear that it will do no good to Gen. Taylor, nor to the country now engaged in war. We have always entertained the highest opinion of Gen. T., and should be sorry to see an issue made between himself and the Government, at this particular crisis. We are inclined to think, that, under the present aspect of affair, Congress will “call for the official papers.”  In the mean time, we shall express no opinion, until we see the whole facts spread before the country.

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p2c6    326 words


           The following is an extract of a letter from a member of Captain Scott’s Company, who was a highly esteemed apprentice in the Enquirer office. We wish him success, satisfied that he will do his whole duty in the new life upon which he has embarked. We hope to hear often from him of the movements of the Virginia Regiment, whose valor and efficiency we doubt not will “tell” in battled. We understand that the “May Flower” probably sailed on Sunday. She will take four companies, viz: Captain Scott’s and Captain Bankhead’s, which wern ton board on Friday, and Captain Harper’s and Captain F. H. Archer’s, which embarked on Saturday. She is represented to be one of the finest and most commodious transport ship in the service. A prosperous voyage and plenty of laurels to her valiant passengers!

To the Editors of the Enquirer:

FORTRESS MONROE, Jan. 20, 1847.

           Three companies (Captains Scott, Archer and Harper) of the battalion of Virginia Volunteers, now stationed at this Fort, expect to leave for Mexico to-morrow or the next day in the barque “May Flower.” The volunteers here are in good health and high spirits. The soldier’s life is one of privation and hardship; but they all bear it like men and patriots, who are willing to make any sacrifice, and undergo any hardship for the glory and honor of their country; and you may rest assured that the high character of Virginia will never lose any thing in the hands of the Virginia Regiment.

           We have had a dreadful snow storm for the last twenty-four hours, and it is now (half past four o’clock) falling very fast. Just imagine the situation of the poor sentinels on the ramparts, and the picket guard in the bleak beach around the Fort, where they have no protection whatever from the storm, such weather as this. How would you like to stand it eight hours during the twenty-four?



Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p3c1    139 words

Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.


Demand for Eight Millions of Dollars by Santa Anna—Confiscation of Church Property Contemplated—Threatened Excommunication, &c.,

New York, Jan. 24, 8 P.M.

           The New York Sun has received Mexican late via Havana, considerable later than any before received. An express had arrived at the city of Mexico, from Santa Anna, demanding of the Congress eight millions of dollars, and asserting that if he did not receive it the country would be inevitably lost.

           The Mexican Congress was in secret session at the latest dates, and a general confiscation of the Church property was contemplated fro the purpose of raising the necessary funds. The Clergy are represented to be violently opposed to the confiscation, and that they are threatening to excommunicate not only the Congress, but the Government and the Army.

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p4c7    213 words

Further evidence of the mischievous effects the course of Whig politicians and presses assailing their own government and impunity the justice of the war, is to be found in the following extract of a letter to a gentleman of Warrington, published in the Union:

Cuba, Jan. 7, 1847.

           Dear Sir—I wish half a dozen of the members of your House were here to hear what is said of the war. This is the rendezvous of Mexican and all those coming from their coast bound Europe, and more can be learned in a week the state of sentiment in Mexico, than we won’t forget at in a month in the United States. The […]sis of their obstinacy is perceptible here, and several of those best able to judge have repeated the same thing. The Mexican leaders think a Federalists will sooner or later compel you slacken hostilities. They rely on the avowed opposition to further acquisition of Southern in territory for the final evacuation of the country West of the Rio Grande. This is a truth what you must be here, in the very focus of Mexico […] opinion, to know. They put great stress up […] the power of the Congress elect to return the […] the territory which we have conquered.

Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p4c7    188 words

To the editors of the Enquirer:

Williamsburg, Va., Jan. 7, 1847.

Gentlemen—Can you not prevail on some of your friends in the Legislature to suggest the propriety of changing the name of the Colonel […] the 1st Regiment of Virginia Volunteers?  I […] been very near ruining my month several times in attempting to pronounce that name, and I still fear unless something is done, and that speech […] that it will yet be the death o me. I hail with proud satisfaction the appointment of Col. […] and feel confident that the safety of our men, and the honor of our State, could not have been omitted to worthier hands—but then that name. Who, when reading of the brilliant charges a glorious exploits of Col. Hamtramck’s Regiment will ever for one moment suppose that it […] from the Old Dominion and is composed of Virginians?  Oh, no, sir!  It will never do!  […] Sober, sedate, smoking friends (the German) will reap all the honor an glory which the gallant Colonel and his indomitable men are destined to win in the fields of Mexico.



Tuesday, January 26, 1847 RE47v43n78p4c1    740 words


Wednesday January 29, 1847.


The Senate having been called to order, Mr. BONDURANT […] the vacation of the chair until both houses were ready to proceed to the joint order of the day.

           The following act was communicated from the House:

           An act providing for the punishment of certain offences within the cities and boroughs of this Commonwealth. (Referred to the committee for Courts of Justice.)


A message was received from the House of Delegates by Mr. Carson, announcing the readiness of that body to proceed to the joint order of the day; and also informing the Senate that the following gentlemen had been put in nomination: John W. Jones, J.M. Mason, James McDowell, G.W. Summers and G.W. Hopkins.

           Mr. WOOLFOLK offered the following joint resolution:

           Resolved, That in joint elections, after the vote has been taken, neither branch of the Legislature will proceed to a new ballot until it has communicated with the other.

           The CHAIR decided the resolution to be out of order, and it was altogether withdraw at the suggestion of Mr. WITCHER, who stated that here was upon the statute book a law to that effect.

           Mr. BRAXTON remarked, that he would vote for Mr. Jones, unless some Senator would assure him that Mr. Hunter did not intend to move to Jefferson; if so, he intimated that he would support a Western man—not because he considered the West entitled to the Senator, (for he wished to see all sectional feeling dropped,) but as a matter of country.

           Mr. MOORE. I do not rise to make a nomination speech, because I think such speeches are generally more indicative of an imaginative mind in the speaker, than of an merit in the candidate. I intend to vote for Mr. Summers, not alone because he is a Whig, but because I consider him the […]aple of the nominees. If however, as will probably be the case, I should find it impossible to elect Mr. Summers, I shall be compelled to choose between the others, and my vote shall be case for James McDowell.

           Mr. STIGER, signified his intention of voting for Mr. McDowell for Senator, believing him to be preeminently qualified for discharging the duties of that or any other office that the people could place him in.

           Mr. McWULLES went into quite an elaborate speech, supporting the claims o George W. Hopkins for the Senatorship. He alluded to the lat war and at the present time—he stated that Western Virginia had sent company after company—that she had poured out her heart’s blood in defence of Virginia—all she asked, was to have her interests represented in the United States Senate. After eulogizing Mr. Hopkins very highly as a statesmen and jurist, Mr. McMullen brought up several convincing arguments to prove that Mr. Hopkins was not at all tinred with Whiggery. He felt concerned on the subject because it was the first time that a trans-Alleghany candidate had ever been presented to eh Assembly, and he did think that Western Virginia was entitled to the Senator. He would vote for him, knowing that a large majority of his constituents, as well as himself, were anxious for his election.

           Mr. COX remarked that he would support Mr. Jones, and from any sectional feeling, for he would hate himself if he could entertain such feelings for a moment. No; he looked upon every foot of Virginia land with as much interest as he did upon the land of his own country—and he considered it his duty to protect the interest of the people of Virginia, not of Chesterfield county alone.

           Mr. STANARD expressed the pleasure he felt in knowing that old King Caucus was dead—he was happy to see that a minority would not rise up to control a majority of the Legislature, as they had attempted a few days previous. He should vote form Mr. Summers and hoped the Whig party would stick to him as long as it should be practicable; if he found it impossible to effect an election by so doing, he would then choose from the other nominees the man who in his judgment, was most capable. He wished to assure the member from Scott, that if the West had poured out her blood in defence of the East, that the East had, in return, poured out her treasure in improving the West.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c3  


From the N.O. Picayune, Jan. […].

By the U.S. steamer Eudora, Capt. Wilcox, which arrived in Sunday night, we have dates from Brazos Santiago to the 12th inst., her day of sailing. Gen. Scott was at Brazos Santiago, and it was said had dispatched an express to Gen. Taylor announcing his intention of departing in a few days to join him either at Tampico or Victoria.

A report had been brought to Mier, by a Mexican, as we learn from the Matamoros Flag, in a correspondence from Camargo to that paper, dated the 3d inst., that Gen. Quitman, with 2000 volunteers, had given battle the preceeding day to 1300 Mexicans under Gen. Urrea, two leagues north of Victoria. The report was not credited by the officers of the army at Camargo. The letter also states that Gen. Taylor is about six days march in the rear of Gen. Q., with 3000 regulars. Gen. Worth was still at Saltillo, and had been reinforced by three regiments of Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana volunteers. Gen. Wool was in camp fifteen miles from Saltillo on the San Luis road, with 1500 Mexican lancers hovering around in his immediate vicinity.

Our own correspondence, which will be found below, furnishes the latest intelligence from Saltillo.

Gen. Patterson and his division had arrived at San Fernando on his way to Victoria. The Flag’s correspondent writes that the ayuntamiento came out from the town to meet and welcome him. The 1st Indiana Regiment, Col. Drake, had arrived at Matamoros from Camargo to relieve the 3d Ohio Regiment, Col. Curtis, who were awaiting orders from Gen. Scott.

The U.S. steamer Giraffe was wrecked anout forty miles south of the mouth of the Rio Grande, on the 7th inst., and four lives lost.

Correspondence of the Picayune.)
Saltillo, Mexico, Dec. 20, 1846.

Since I wrote to you last the aspect of things has taken a different course, and now there is but little doubt in the mind of every one connected with the army, that before another month has passed, another terrible battle will be fought in the neighborhood of this place.

An express was sent last Tuesday to Monterey, and another to Gen. Wool, for reinforcements. Three companies of Col. Marshall’s Kentucky Mounted riflemen arrived here by a forced march from Monterey on Thursday night last, and yesterday evening the Kentucky and Ohio regiments came in and encamped below town. An express which came in from Parris yesterday evening reports that Gen. Wool, with his command, may be expected in the neighborhood to-morrow evening.

Of the orders which have been issued since the excitement commenced one is, that three days’ cooked provisions shall be kept on hand. A drummer is to be attached to the different guards, ready to beat the long roll and give the alarm; that the accoutrements and arms of the sick shall all be taken to the hospital, and that every man shall hold himself in readiness to be called out at a moment’s warning. Gen. Butler came up with the Ohio and Kentucky troops.

A mail from this place, containing important documents of the future movements of the Mexican army and plans for the recapture of this place, was captured on its way to San Luis by a scouting party of dragoons a few days since. A large body of lancers are known to be scouting the country between here an San Luis, and not far from us at that, and they are almost known to be the advance guard of the main army of the enemy. Of the various accounts of the troops at she disposal of Santa Anna at San Luis, none fall short of 32000 men.

Our officers and men are in fine spirits, and eager to meet the self-styled Napoleon, to administer to him the same kind of dose they have given his predecessors. A portion of our forces, probably Gen. Wool’s command, is to take immediate possession of the Linares pass, which is about 35 miles from here. The three companies of Kentucky mounted men here are to leave early to-morrow morning on a scouting expedition. I pity any Mexican force that crosses their path, for they appear to be a second edition of the Texas Rangers, and any one of them is good for three Mexicans. They have not smelt gunpowder yet, but this only renders them more anxious for a chance to show what the Kentucky boys are made of.

Gen. Worth, who has been sick for the last two weeks, is out again today. The weather is a little too cold here to be pleasant, and the night before last we had ice half and inch thick. I forgot to mention that Webster’s battery [two 24-pound howitzers] is here.

Yours, &c., ALTO.


Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c1    716 words


In another column we give copious extracts from the New Orleans Picayune. The letter from Saltillo expresses the opinion that a battle may soon be expected in that vicinity—but the new Orleans Commercial Times publishes a letter from Matamoras, January 9, which says:

“My information from Saltillo is to the 29th inst., and from Monterey two days later. A correspondent, speaking of the message for the President of Mexico, says ‘it breathes war, but with a coming diffidence.’  The best informed inhabitants at Saltillo and Monterey are of opinion the Congress will accept the proposition of our President to appoint ministers to negotiate, and say they are for a peace. Here the message excites to sensation, so far as can be yet seen.

“Gen. Butler commands at Saltillo, and has the brigades of Wool, Worth and Lane, besides the artillery and dragoons corps, in that neighborhood. There is no apprehension of any attack.—The main body of the Mexican army was still about San Luis. Gen. Marshall has the chief military command about Monterey, whilst Col Garland continues to govern the city.

           “General Taylor, it is said, arrived at Linares on the 30th ult. IF so, he has reached Victoria before this time.”

           The writer speaks of the great losses to Government and individuals, from the storms at Brazos Santiago—some 10 or 15 vessels being ashore. He refers also to the frequent assassinations, riots and robberies at Matamoras, and hopes that Congress will speedily make some provision for the government of territory, pending our occupation of it—as was done in California and Santa Fe, against which the Whigs made so foolish a clamor. A story was current […] the strong probability of a battle at Victoria on the 2d, but it was discredited.

           “General Scott returned here on the 6th inst. From Camargo. He told me that every thing was quiet above, and no probability of any hostile collision at present. He said, for the next ten or fifteen days, he should be at the Brazos Santiago, and in this place. He was asked in my hearing, to what point he would go when he should leave here; he replied—to the point circumstances should make it necessary at the time. No one is authorized to so on what point he will move, or when he will go. You are as well qualified to conjecture his destination as any of those in this quarter, who effect to speak ex cathedra. One thing you may confidently rely on. He will go to the place where the best chance for a fight offers, and he will go as soon as it is possible to get a force sufficient to fight with success. He revels the importance, if not necessity, of making prompt and efficient movement. Those who march under his banner, may be certain of a fight, if the Mexican force can be found to oppose him. The various regiments in depot along the river for months past, are under orders to march, as soon as the new troops coming out all arrive, to relieve them. Generals Taylor and Patterson are marching on Victoria and must soon be there, if not already arrived.—The engineers, with the pioneers and their escort, and at the last accounts, nearly reached Victoria, to the route General Taylor is marching, not having met the least opposition. There is no positive information from the column of Gen. Patterson since he left San Fernando. There is no doubt of his advancing in safety.

           “It will be gratifying to the friends of General Scott to learn he is very well received by the troops. His commanding and military appearance combined with the suavity of his manners, this dispelled the prejudices and opinions of many who had never seen him. Gen. Taylor, that sturdy hard soldier, is much gratified to learn of the arrival of the General-in-Chief of our armies. He has time enough to prevent any fears of a rival, and is gallant and generous enough to be willing to […]are opportunities for distinction with a brother officer, as brave and generous as himself. There will be no rivalry between Generals Scott and Taylor, but upon one point, and that will be who can best serve the country.”

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c2    800 words


As we hinted yesterday, Gen. Taylor will, we fear, have ample cause to regret the indiscreet, nay, rash and rabid course of those who call themselves his “friends,” but who really put on this garb in order to assail the Administration and further their political ends. As a strong proof of what we say, we quote the following from yesterday’s Whig:

[Correspondence of the Richmond Whig .]

WASHINGTON, Jan. 24. 1847.

           As I mentioned in my last, it is supposed that Mr. Benton will open his batteries to morrow in the Senate, upon every thing that stands in his way to power. Gen. Taylor, it is supposed, will come in for large share of this abuse. We shall see which will conquer. I believe old General Taylor as thoroughly despises the Locofocos as he does his Mexican enemies, and will show them a fight to which Monterey was but a circumstance.

           Looking at the whole conduct of this war, I cannot really see that he Administration desires to have it ended. I believe sincerely that they now wish for General Taylor to meet a reverse of fortune!  I do believe that the Administration would not regret to see Santa Anna, Polk’s appointed leader to four enemy’s army, vanquish General Taylor, for the sake of breaking down his popularity  I believe they would not grudge the blood of a thousand American soldiers to effect this object, if they could only have some political partisan to step in afterwards and roll back this reverse of fortune. This is a serious charge to make, but I believe it, and may as well speak it. Some of the Locofocos make no sort of hesitation in expressing their alarm that the Whigs are gaining the laurels in this war. Therefore these new offices are being created to fill the army with the political partisans, that he war may ensure toothier benefit. They make no secret of either of their deadly hostility to Gen. Taylor. I think a majority of the Locofoco members of Congress would join tomorrow in a vote of censure on old Gen. Taylor, not because they have any ground of complain against him, but because they feel bound, as partisan, to crush him, and rob him of the laurels he has been gaining.

           Can the Federal press, even of Massachusetts, whom Mr. Cushing represents as having very rarely been found on the side of its country, exhibit a more stupid series of calumnies upon a Democratic President, as well as upon Gen. Taylor himself?  It is here asserted that MR. Benton was about to cover the name of General Taylor with “abuse.”  Well, Mr. Benton did speak, and with ability and eloquence—but he indulged in no “abuse” of Gen. Taylor. It is next charged that Gen. Taylor “thoroughly despises the Locofocos,” who have taken pleasure in crowing his brow with laurels. Can the bitterest Whigs so far hate the Democratic party, as to believe in this violent and wanton feeling attributed to Gen. T.?  Upon such evidence, we shall not believe it.

           Again—The Administration is libeled as anxious to see Gen. Taylor and our own American army defeated by Mexico, and as not grudging “the blood of a thousand American soldiers,” in order to push the fortunes of some political partisan!  Such gross assaults need no notice at our hands. They are contrary to every principle of human action, even if it could be substantiated, that the President is swayed by so infamous a motive. But these bitter workings of political hatred will react upon the authors, and arouse in the popular mind an indignant feeling against such monstrous and absurd and suicidal fabrications, gotten up for party effect, and with a view to the triumph of some Whig leader, with his train of monopolies and ruinous invasions of the Constitution.

           It is the interference of such “friends” as the Whig’s correspondent, that Gen. Taylor should warmly deprecate. Their embrace is deadly—their praise is fatal. For ourselves, we deeply regret the publication of this private letter, by this weak-minded, rash “friend and relative.”  We honor Gen. T. for his courage on the field and the modesty and good sense which characterize his public dispatches. We shall wait till we see the whole facts of the case, before we express an opinion as to the merits of this letter, which should never have been published. At all events, we shall not be influenced in our judgment by the foolish and bitter ravings of political bigots, who virtually stab the reputation of General Taylor, under the professions of reverence for his name, and seek to pull down a Democratic Administration, by really casting a cloud over the character of the Hero of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma and Monterey.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c1    784 words


The New Orleans papers announce arrivals from Havana, with Vera Cruz dates of the 31st December, but the news is not of special moment. A letter in the Picayune says:

“The present Administration have been elected by so equivocal a vote, and are so decidedly popular in the more important States, that they can hardly be expected to contend successfully with the embarrassments of tier situation. If Santa Anna remains at the head of the army, Farias will of course be entrusted with the civil administration, the burden of which he cannot support. Of course, he will have to sustain the medium of all the embarrassments and all the recourses of the country. If Santa Anna is forced to retreat or loses a battle, he will ship all the same upon those who conduct the administration. And when Farias and his cabinet succumb, and in all human probability they will fall before many months are past, what will come next?  If Santa Anna keeps his army together, he will probably march on the capital, and this will be the prelude of a civil war. I do not think the country, under any circumstances, will tolerate Santa Anna’s dictatorship. The regiments from Puerta and other Departments now garrisoning Vera Cruz will be quite likely to be withdrawn to lengthen one side or the other, for I apprehend at the shock of civil war will be felt in Central Mexico. Within a short time Vera Cruz may be, as it has before, without a garrison adequate […] its defence, and then will be the time to strike an effective blow with our forces for its occupation.”

           Had the election of President been made by votes of the deputies collectively, and not by States, there would have been 96 votes—48 for Santa Anna, and 39 for Eloriaga; and in this […]se the election would have been contested between the two Governments. [Santa Anna relived the vote of eleven out of the twenty States.]  Vice President Gomez Farias, in the absence the President, took charge of the Government, […]d on being sworn into office, on the 26th December, made a short speech, assuring the nation at the war would be prosecuted with valor and […]nstancy, “until the justice of our cause would be recognized, and our territory abandoned by the enemy.”  A decree has been published to promote the colonization by foreign emigrants of the large territories now occupied. {The funds […]ended to be applied to this object are five percent of the sales of public lands, and the proceeds of any prohibited goods, when seized by the revenue, or twenty per cent. of duties thereon if,  hereafter, such goods shall be permitted to be en[…]ed.}

           Messrs. D. Ignacia Loderaud and D. Manuel Lizardi, residing in London, have been named, […] former, agent to negotiate a loan of twenty millions, and the latter, agent for the Mexican […]dholders in England.

           By a decree, a National Public Library is to established in Mexico.

           The Mexican journals contain not a word of every action of Congress in regard to our propositions of peace, nor in relation to he adoption of every measures to place funds in the treasury, or […]ant supplies to continue the war.

           Gen. Canalizo was at once appointed Minister of War and took the necessary oaths; Senor […]abieta has accepted the Ministry of Finance […]d Senor Ramirez that of Foreign Affairs.

           A Vera Cruz paper of the 31st ult. Announces that in response to the urgent call from that city. The Governor of Puebla had engaged to remit[…]rm $25,000 very shortly. The troops at Vera Cruz are sadly straitened for supplies.

           The monthly expenses of the army at San Luis Potosi exceed $377,000.

           A vessel slipped into Alvarado during the month of December, and disposed of her cargo of $40,000.

           On the 24th alt, Congress approved a law of the self-denying order, by which it is provided but no member shall except office under the Government during his term of office and one year hereafter.

           A division of 5,000 troos, of all arms, had been detached from the main body of the enemy occupy the pass of Tula.

           A letter from Havana of 9th January in the Picayune says:

           I am told that the garrison at San Jan de Ulua had been several times on the point of “pronouncing” for want of provisions. There are about 1,500 mouths in the castle, and of these about 1,000 are soldiers. In Vera Cruz the garrison, about 1,200, are often on short commons. Midshipman Rogers and his companions were in prison at Vera Cruz awaiting his trial as a spy. He will not be sent to Perote.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c2    170 words


By the politeness of Mr. Beale, of the steamer Augusta, we are enabled to state that the beautiful barque “Mayflower” weighed anchor yesterday morning at 8 o’clock for Mexico, with four companies of Virginia Volunteers, viz: Capts. Scott’s, Harper’s, F. H. Archer’s and Bankhead’s. The Augusta, having on board the wives of some of the volunteers, moved around the “Mayflower” and gave the gallant fellows three hearty cheers. The pilot was on board the Mayflower, the national flag flying, and a favorable breeze sprung up, to wait the vessel and her noble crew, full of enthusiasm, to the Capes. The Mayflower, of classic memory, landed the early pilgrims on Plymouth Rock. May her modern namesake meet with the same luck in transporting these native sons of Virginia, the “Pilgrims” in the sacred cause of national honor justice and civilization!  Three cheers for the Mayflower!  Lieut. Col. Randolph, whose name is connected with the military fame of the Union sailed in command of the four companies.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c3    933 words

Correspondence from the Picayune

Saltillo, Mexico, Dec. 26, 1846.

           I am told that all sorts of rumors have been circulated at Monterey about the command at this place—that it had been cut to pieces by 20,000 Mexicans—and other stories equally absurd have been picked up y the news mongers below, and sent on in the shape of news to New Orleans. A private letter of mine, writen by the last mail, if received in due time, informed you of he situation of things as they were at that time, and even if our friends below and at home have fears for our safety at this remote place, let them feel assured that we feel ourselves adequate to any emergency, and that there is little danger of our getting cut up if they do come down upon us.

           I will now give you a little sketch of Christmas in Saltillo, the most interesting and exciting one I ever enjoyed. If you could have peeped into the kitchens of any of the barracks before daylight, you would have beheld the busiest set of soldiers in Christendom. While some were engaged beating up egg-nogg, others were picking chickens and turkies, scalding pigs, and making all sorts of preparations for a real old Yankee Christmas dinner; while out of doors the streets were thronged with thousand of the natives, as well as soldiers, going to mass. The cathedral was beautifully lighted, and the silver alters in each apartment were splendidly decorated with flowers; but I will pass over egg-nog and other nice fixings, by saying that all enjoyed themselves during the morning to tier hearts content. About 12 o’clock an express arrived from General Wool, informing General Butler that he was in momentary expectation of being attacked by the enemy. Orders were immediately issued for every man to “pack up his duds,” put on his accoutrements, and fall in, which was performed in double quick time. All was excitement and joy. In the mean time, old Madame Rumor was hard at work, and I never saw the old lady more industrious. One story was to the effect that Wool was within twelve miles of us, retreating on the place, and fighting twenty thousand Mexicans as he came along. Another was that a portion of his column had been cut to pieces, and a hundred other stories of the same kind were circulated. Although many did not believe these reports, they though there was something like a fight ahead particularly as the orders from head quarters had been so explicit. The streets before the quarters presented an interesting spectacle. The guns were all stacked before the doors, and ever man wore his accoutrements, ready and anxious to be off; but the most amusing part of the scene was the Christmas doings. There was scarcely a man but what had the limb of an old gobbler, the rib of a pig, or something else of the kind, enjoying it probably, from the novelty of the scene, better than they ever did a Christmas dinner before—and then all candidly believed that we should wind up the day with another battle. About 2 o’clock, P.M., Webster’s battery, and the Ohio and Kentucky volunteers, who were encamped six miles below town, came in, and such cheers as the regulars gave them, and such as they returned, put me in mind of the shouts which accompanied the different victories in Monterey. Webster’s battery took up a position on the top of the hill, while the pioneers were busily engaged making loop holes through every house near the road. The horses belonging to the light batteries were all kept harnessed, and the caissons filled with ammunition. I never saw men so enthusiastic as they were now. There was one thing only that I prayed for, and that was, that a portion of town, for the Mexicans who did not blames to the ranche when the new first came, or a large portion of them, promenaded the streets, and appeared to be delighted at the prospect, and those that did not tell you mucho fandango poco tiempo, would give you a look as much as to say, “now you will catch it.”

           The inhabitants all agree that there are between seven and eight hundred ladrones and lepres’ in town whom they fear, in case of an attack, more than the soldiers, for as soon as they have an opportunity they are sure to commence their work of murder and plundering; but there is little prospect of our commander’s giving them that chance. The Kentucky and Ohio volunteers left this morning again for their encampment. Maj. Write, of the 8th infantry arrived here yesterday with recruits for that region.

           We have now been three weeks without a mail from the United States, but hope for one to-morrow. I have just sent several officers and privates of Gen. Wool’s column who came in to-day, and they state that a Mexican came into camp early in the morning and informed Gen. W., that there was a large Mexican force within a few miles of them, on their way to attack his command and Saltillo. A party was immediately sent out to reconnoiter, but on arriving at the designated place they found that there were no Mexicans there, nor had there been any. I need hardly tell you that we were all very much disappointed in not meeting the enemy again, and those who appeared to be the happiest during the excitement of yesterday are the most dejected to-day, particularly Capt. Blanchard and his Louisiana boys.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c6    906 words


The New Orleans Commercial Times has information on which it reposes perfect faith, that nothing can now be expected from the Mexican Congress, in the way of an adjustment of our difficulties with that nation, except by positive be force. Every sign goes to prove that, I few desire peace, it must be “conquered.”  The question has been brought before the Mexican Congress, of the acceptance of rejection of the late offer of our Government to treat, and has been decided by a large majority in favor of rejection. There were only nineteen votes cast in favor of acceptance:

           “A few days before the question was brought to a vote (says the N.O. Times,) a caucus meeting was held by a number of members of Congress, comprising a majority of that body, at which Gomez Farias presided, when a resolution was unanimously adopted, that all present should take an oath to vote against nay proposition of peace, which might be made by the United States, and to reject nay mediation on the part of foreign power, so long as a single United States soldier stood upon the territory of Mexico, or an armed vessel blockaded her ports. ‘Will, then,’ asks our correspondent, ‘our Government and our people still continue to look to this Congress for peace?’” 

           History does not record so striking an instance of mad and infatuated obstinacy and suicidal ruin. Our Government has done all that could have been asked of a generous and magnanimous nation. It ha, over and over again, tendered the olive branch which has been insultingly rejected. The proposition that Mexico will not listen to peace until our troops are withdrawn from her soil, is monstrous, ridiculous and absurd, without a parallel in the history of nations; and yet we are mortified to see that it has its advocates on the floor of Congress. We cannot believe that the proposition to withdraw our troops to the Rio Grande, introduced simultaneously by a Whig Abolitionist in the Senate and a Southern Whig in the House, can meet with the slightest countenance. Its adoption would be a most disgraceful, as well as fatal policy—and would render our government a by word among nations.

           We rejoice to see the resolution brought forward by Mr. Brown of Virginia, in favor of a rigid prosecution of the war, as the surest means of peace. Even the Whig Albany Evening Journal reprobates the movement as at war with the sense and spirit of the country:

           “We cannot afford to make such a concession of national imbecility. To show the white weather so soon after our boast of conquering a peace in the Halls of Montezumas, would be subjecting us hereafter to insult and aggression from every quarter. It would be buying half a dozen wars. Peace with Mexico, upon such terms, would cost too much. But it (the war) should not, and must not dishonor the Republic. There can be no backing out.”

           But (say the apologists of Mexico,) she would exhibit a want of proper self-respect to listen to terms of peace, while the iron heel of an American soldier treads her soil. In the war of the Revolution, our ancestors treated with Great Britain while she was in possession of many of the most important positions in the country, including Charleston, New York, Savannah, and all of the Western country. The negotiation terminated with the treaty of 1783, and a large portion of the West was retained in possession by Great Britain for many years after the treaty. During the last war, the British Army were in possession of a part of the State of Massachusetts, while the negotiations for peace were in progress. Italy did not demand the withdrawal of Napolean’s victorious army before any proposition of peace would be entertained.

           Are not these cases in point, to condemn the unheard of absurdity and insolence of Mexico, in rejecting every overture of peace?  And will not her conduct have the effect of arousing the enthusiasm of our own people, reflected through their representatives in Washington, in favor of a vigorous, and, as General Cass says, “an old fashioned war?”  To obtain peace, we must fight with all our energies and spirit, and we regret to see Congress wasting its precious time in discussion, when the people demand action, in support of the constitutional authorities. As mattes now stand, there ought not, there cannot be, tow opinions as to our proper course. The war must be prosecuted with all vigor, and Mexico be forced, the mouth of the cannon, to do us full and complete justice. We must assail the very heart of the enemy’s country, and push our victorious columns even to the gates of its capital. Our humanity and benevolence have been thrown away upon so infatuated a people. As the New Orleans times justly remarks, “our repeated offers for a cessation of hostilities have been interpreted as manifestations of weak news, our forbearance in the hour of victory has even been taken as a proof of a pusillanimous fear of the ultimate result of the war. Santa Anna’s military prestige must be broken by an effectual defeat, before the Mexican nation can be made sensible of the nature of the contest in which they are now engaged; for to his pernicious counsels alone can be attributed the insensibility they exhibit to their reverses, from the commencement of hostilities.”

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c7    295 words

To a certain extent, the following comments of the N. Orleans Times speak our own sentiments, which we avowed at the opening of the war. By one united, powerful blow we should strike at the heart of Mexico, and force her to terms:

VERA CRUZ, ALVARADO, &c.—It seems from the letters of our correspondents, that the Mexicans at Vera Cruz are little, if at all, incommoded by the blockade established there.—They say, that the blockade must have cost us a pretty round sum already. The French, they remark, were blockading the Gulf coast for a period of eight months, in 1838, during the whole season of Northers, without losing even a launch whilst our navy has been employed on the same service for seven months, of which four of them were Summer months, and the losses are steamer McLane, at Tobasco; brig-Truxton, at Tuspan; brig Somers,, in view of Vera Cruz, and a man-of-war schooner, on Green Island, a very short time ago, &c., &c. Our correspondent writes, our squadron has been nearly stationary at Vera Cruz, ever since the war broke out, blockading the port; while, during all this time, the little cursed hole of Alvarado, only forty miles further down the coast, has been left open to any and every vessel which chose to go in and discharge her cargo. Of this there has been an instance every week since the blockade commenced, and in some instances two or three vessels a week. Expeditions are now daily coming in from Havana. Within the last en days (from date of letter 24h ult.) the duties paid by vessels entered at that port have not been less than 200,000 dollars. The abortive attempts on Alvarado have quite intoxicated the Mexicans with vain glory.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c    130 words


In one of our communications, it is stated that the policy of our Government is incomprehensible in leaving Vera Cruz so long in the possession of this people. The capture of that city and the castle of San Juan de Ultos would have had a greater moral effect in opening the eves of the Mexican people to the necessity of making peace, than the occupation of all that vast extent of almost wilderness country, which is now held by Gen. Taylor’s army. While Vera Cruz keeps our naval force at bay, (such is the language of the Mexicans,) we may depend on the fact, that there is no hope of their listening to the voice of reason, or turning their ways toward peace.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c5    581 words

St. Louis Hotel, New Orleans,

January 15, 1847.

To the Editors of the Charleston Courier:

Gentlemen:--Col. Totten, Chief Engineer of the United States, arrived here to-day from Washington.  The Rocket and double Howitzer Brigade is expected daily. The regiments of Louisiana, Pennsylvania and Mississippi are about being embarked, and will take 90 days’ rations with them. These troops are supposed to be destined to Tusman, where their will be joined by the Massachusetts, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Illinois and 2d Pennsylvania regiments. Their future destination is unknown, as every avenue to information is carefully guarded; but it is now guessed at that a march will be made direct on Mexico from Tusman by Guanchinago, Papanda Apan and Tezano, along the route over which the Indian runners passed in 24 hours from the Gulf of Mexico in the time of Montezuma.—The distance is only 250 miles, and the road is said to present no serious obstacles to the march of troops. Gen. Scott will advance at once on San Luis Potos, simultaneously with the Tusman movement.

           It is supposed that Santa Anna will not fight at Potosi when he finds 9000 men advancing from Tusman, but will fall back on Queretaro, and from thence to Tularzingo, in order to oppose our advance from Tusman, At this point he can make a strong stand. But here this double Howitzer Brigade will act with great efficiency . In order to understand how, it is necessary to describe the pass of Tulaezigno. It is formed by a chasm in the mountain, the rocks rise almost perpendicularly to a height of 150 feet. The road between will admit of no more than four mules abreast. The pass is only quarter of a mile in length. Over this chasm there is a natural in length. Over his chasm there is a natural bridge of rock, which is accessible by a seep and devious ascent, by which mules can ascend.—The double mountain howitzer will be placed on mules and carried to the natural bridge, when the road to the west of the pass will be completely commanded to the distance of twelve hundred yards, so that the enemy’s forces must retire on the approach of our columns to that distance. Our troops will thus be enabled to move through the pass and debouch into as open tableau of land, of some miles in extent; without hindrance of the Mexican artillery. Our army will then make a flank movement on Apan, which will compel the Mexicans to move on to Tezano, 50 miles form Mexico. In the meantime Gen. Scott will move rapidly on Maconi Chico and the Real del Monte, and thence to Pachua and otmba. The road from Otumba to Tezano is exceedingly difficult, and perhaps it may not be necessary to follow it in order to form a junction with our columns at Texano; if so, Gen. Scott will, by a right flank movement, reach Isthalmaca, 15 miles from Mexico.

           I have briefly stated what is whispered amongst military men here. Though Vera Cruz is believed to be the point of attack, I think myself it is designed only as a fient.”  The arrival of Col. Totten, who is considered one of the most skillful Engineers in the world, has created no small sensation in military circles. His mouth is closed.

           I will write you again soon. Yours, ANON.

P.S.—Surgeon General Lawson, and Col. Blake of the Illinois Regiment arrived today.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c6    464 words


We shall to-morrow publish this letter, which should have never seen the light, as we have already said. The poor excuse avowed for its publication was the “malignity” of the Government and the Democratic party. This view is entirely gratuitous and full of injustice and mischief. The Democratic party have been most cordial in awarding due to honor to Gen. T. from his services, and will not do him injustice, though his rash and indiscreet “friends” may attempt to array a large party against him. When the facts shall be made public it will be seen whether his “friends” of the N.Y. Express have really done him a service, in laying his letter before the world. In the mean time, we extract the following notice from the Union:

           “We deeply regret the publication in the ‘New York Express,’ of the following letter from Major General Taylor to a friend, the authenticity of which, on its first appearance, we were disposed to doubt. We cannot now, however, but consider it as genuine; and uncontradicted rumors points to Major General Gaines as the friend to whom it was addressed, and by whose permission it was published. In justice to General Taylor, we will not suppose that this letter was ever intended for publication, because its effect will be to place Santa Anna in possession of information which cannot fail to prove most injurious to us and advantageous to the enemy. Santa Anna will thus be encouraged, by the high and authoritative source from which it proceeds, to direct portions of the large force collected at San Luis Potosi to other points where it is clearly indicated by the letter that a blow may be expected, and in this manner it may seriously endanger the success of our arms. We make these remarks on the supposition that the letter truly represents the plan of the campaign, of which, however, we are entirely ignorant. It is only in view of the public mischief resulting, we regret that this letter has ever been written or published. We have no fears but that the administration, whose course towards General Taylor is known to the world, will be able to show that there is no just foundation for the complaints made against them in this publication.

“It has already been transferred to the columns of so many respectable journals, that we no longer feel at liberty to withhold it from the readers of the Union.”

           The Whig Courier of New York says that the publication of the private letter of Gen. Taylor is “alike unjust to that gallant officer and injurious to the service.” It argues, however, (though we doubt not most incorrectly,) that Gen. T. has been unjustly dealt with by the Administration.

RE47v43n79p2c1, January 29, 1847:


U.S. Senate Monday, Jan. 25

Lieutenant General—Vindication of the President.

See Congressional Globe, pp. 246-247

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p2c3


We copy from the N.Y. Express the following letter written by Gen. Taylor to a friend in that city:

My Dear *****

Your very kind and acceptable letter of the 31st of August, reached me only a short time for which I beg leave to tender to you my sincere thoughts.{A few confidential remarks on certain transactions are here emitted.}

After considerable apparent delay on the part of the Quarter Master’s department, in getting steamboats late the Rio Grande adapted to its navigation, I succeeded, towards the latter part of August, in throwing forward to Camargo, (a town situated on the San Juan River, three miles from its junction with the Rio Grande, on the west side, nearly 500 miles from Bragos Island by water and 200 by land, and 140 from this place) a considerable depot of provisions, ordnance, ammunition, and forage, and them, having brought together an important portion of my command, I determined on moving this place. Accordingly, after collecting 1,700 peek mules, with their attendants and conductors, in the enemy’s country, (the principal means of transportation for our provisions, baggage, &c.,) I left, on the 5th of September, to join my advance, which had preceded me a few days to Serraivo, a small village 75 miles on the route, which I did on the 9th, and, after waiting there a few days for some of the corps to get up, moved on and reached here on the 19th, with 6,250 men—2,700 regulars, the balance volunteers. For what took place afterwards, I must refer you to several reports,--particularly to my detailed one of the 9th unit. I do not believe the authorities at Washington are at all satisfied with my conduct in regard to the terms of capitulation entered into with the Mexican commander, which you no doubt have seen as they have been made public through the official organ, and copied into various other newspapers. I have this moment received an answer (to my dispatch announcing the surrender of Monterey, and the circumstances attending the same,) from the secretary of war, stating that “it was regretted by the president that it was not advisable to insist on the terms I had proposed in my communication to the Mexican commander, in regard to giving up the city,”—adding that, “the circumstances which dictated, no doubt, justified the changes.” Although the terms of capitulation may be considered too liberal on our part by the president and his advisers, as well as by many others at a distance, particularly by those who do not understand the position which we occupied (otherwise they might come to a different conclusion in regard to the matters,) yet, on due reflection, I see nothing to induce me to regret the course I pursued.

The proposition on the part of General Ampudia, which had much to do in determining my course in the matter, was based on the ground that our government had proposed to his to settle existing difficulties by negotiation, (which I knew was the case, without knowing the result,) which was then under consideration by the proper authorities, and which he (Gen. Ampudia,) had no doubt would result favorably, as the whole of his people were in favor of peace. If so, I considered the further effusion of blood not only unnecessary, but improper. Their force was also considerably larger than ours; and from the size and position of the place, we could not completely invest it; so that the greater portion of their troops, if not the whole, had they been disposed to do so, could, any night, have abandoned the city, at once, entered the mountain passes, and effected their retreat,--do what we could! Had we been put to the alternative of taking the place by storm, (which there is no doubt we should have succeeded in doing,) we should have, in all probability, have lost fifty or one hundred men in killed, besides the wounded,--which I wished to avoid, as there appeared to be a prospect of peace, even if a distinct one. I also wished to devoid the destruction of women and children, which must have been very great, had the storming process been resorted to. Besides, they had a very large and strong fortification, a short distance from the city, which, if carried with the (?) , must have been taken at great sacrifice of life; and, which our limited train off heavy battering artillery, it would have required twenty or twenty-five days to take it by regular approaches.

That they should have been surrendered a place nearly as strong as Quebec well fortified under the direction of skillful engineers,--their works garnished with forty two pieces of artillery, abundantly supplied with ammunition, garrisoned by 7,000 regulars and 2,000 irregular troops, in addition to some thousand citizens capable of, (and no doubt actually,) bearing arms, and aiding in its defense,--to an opposing force of half of their number, scantily supplied with provisions, and with a light train of artillery,--in among the unaccountable occurrence of the times.

I am decidedly opposed to carrying on the war beyond Baitillo in this direction, which place has been entirely abandoned by the Mexican forces, all of whom have been concentrated at San Luis Potesi; and I shall lose no time in taking possession of the former as soon as the cessation of hostilities referred to expires,--which I have notified the Mexican authorities will be the close on the 13th instant, by direction of the President of the United States.

If we are (in the languages of Mr. Polk and General Scott) under the necessity of “conquering a peace,” and that by taking the capital of the country,--we must go to Vera Cruz, take that place, and then march on the city of Mexico. To do so in any other direction, I consider out of the question. But, admitting that we conquer a peace by doing so—say, at the end of the next twelve months—will the amount of blood and treasure, which must be expanded in doing so, be compensated by the same? I think not—especially, if the country we subdue in to be given up; and I imagine there are but few individuals in our country who think of annexing Mexico to the United States.

I do not intend to carry on my operations (as previously stated) beyond Saltillo,--deeming it next to impractical to do so. It then becomes a question as to what is best to be done. It seems to me, the most judicious course to be pursued on our part, would be to take permission at once, of the time we would accept by negotiations, extending from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific, and occupy the same or keep what we already have possession of, and that, with Tampico, (which I hope to take in the course of next month, or as soon as I can get the means of transportation,) will give us all on this side of the Sierra Madre, and as soon as I occupy Saltillo, will include six or seven states or provinces, thus holding Tampico, Victoria, Monterey, Saltillo, Monclova, Chulluahua, (which I presume General Wool has possession of at this time) Santa Fe, and the California, and sat to Mexico, “drive us from the country!”—throwing on her the responsibility and expense of carrying on an offensive war—at the same time closely blockading all of her ports on the Pacific and the Gulf. A course of this kind, if persevered on for a short time, would soon bring her to her proper senses, and compel her to sue for peace—provided there is a government in the country sufficiently stable for us to treat with, which I fear will hardly be the case for years to come. Without large reinforcements of volunteers from the U. States—say ten or fifteen thousand, (those previously sent out having already been greatly reduced by sickness and other causalities) I do not believe it would be advisable to search beyond Saltillo, which is more than 200 miles beyond our depots in the Rio Grande--a very long time on which to keep up the supplies (over a land route in a country like this) for a large force, and certain to be attended with as expense which it will be frightful to contemplate, when closely looked into.

From Saltillo to San Luis Potesi, the next place of importance on the road to the city of Mexico, is three hundred miles—one hundred and forty badly watered, where the supplies of any kind could be procured for men and horses. I have informed the war department that 20,000 efficient men would be necessary to insure success if we move on that place—(a city containing a population of 60,000 where the enemy could bring together and sustain, besides the citizens, an army of 50,000) a force which I apprehend will hardly be collected by us with the train necessary to feed it as well as to transport various other supplies, particularly ordnance and munitions of war.

In regard to the amenities, which would have expired by limitations in a few days, we lost nothing by it as we could not more even now, had the enemy continued to occupy Saltillo for, strange to say, the first wages which has reached me since the declaration of war was on the 2nd instant, the same day on which I received from Washington an acknowledgement of my dispatch announcing the taking of Monterey; and then I only received 125, as that I have been, since May last completely crippled and am still so, for the lack of transportation. After reaching and scraping the country for miles around Camargo, selecting every pack mule and other means of transportation, I could bring here only 80,000 rations (15 days supply,) with a moderate supply of ordnance, munitions, &c., to do which, all the corps had to leave behind a portion of their camp equipment necessary for their comfort, and, in some instances, among the volunteers, their personal baggage. I moved in such a way, and with such limited means, that, had I not succeeded, I should no doubt have been extremely reprimanded, if [2-3 illegible words] I did so to sustain the administration.

* * * * * * * * * *

Of the two regiments of mounted men from Tennessee and Kentucky, who left the respective states to join me in June, the letter has just reached Camargo; the former had not gotten to Matamoros at the latest dates from there. Admitting that they will be as long in returning as in getting here, (to say nothing of the time necessary to recruit their horses) and were to be discharged in that time to reach their homes, they could serve in Mexico, but a very short time. The foregoing remarks are not made with the view of finding fault with any one, but to point out the difficulties with which I have had to contend.

Monterey, the capital of New Leon, is situated on the San Juan River, where it comes out of the mountains,--the city (which contains a population of about 12,000) being in part surrounded by them, at the head of a large and beautiful valley. The houses are of stone in the Moorish style, with flat roofs, which, with their strongly enclosed yards and gardens, in high stone walls all looped for musketry, make them such a fortress within themselves. It is the most important place in Northern Mexico, (or on the east side of the Sierra Madre, commanding the only pass or road for carriages from this side, between it and the Gulf of Mexico is the table lands of the Sierra, by or through which, the city of Mexico can be reached.

I much fear I shall have exhausted your patience, before you get half through this long and uninterrupted letter. If so, you can only commit it to the flames, and think no more about it, as I write in great haste, besides being interrupted every five minutes; so that you must make great allowances for blots, interlineations, and blunders, as well as want of connection in many parts of the same.

Be so good as to present me most kindly to your excellent lady, and accept my sincere wished for your continued health, prosperity and fame.

I remain, truly and sincerely, your friend,


Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p2c5    991 words


We rejoice at the marked reprobation with which the House of Representatives on Wednesday refused to suspend the rules, in order to allow Mr. Schenck of Ohio to introduce resolutions, disgraceful to the country, involved as it is in war. These resolutions, “in order to terminate the war,” request the President to withdraw all our troops to the East side of the Rio Grande, and disband all the volunteers now in the service of the United States. They at the same time request and advise the President to keep the regular army, along or near the Western frontier of the United States, to repel or prevent any encroachment or depredation, by Mexican citizens, on our territory, property or people: Provided, that this shall not be construed to advise against retaining possession of “the disputed country between the Western limit of the State of Texas and the Rio Grande,” until a definitive boundary line shall be agree upon. They also provide for the prosecution of the existing war against Mexico, by blockading her ports and harbors on the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific coast, until a treaty of peace is made, settling all difficulties between the two countries; duties to be levied upon all imports into said ports of entry, and the proceeds of said duties to be held as security against Mexico, until she shall agree to a treaty. The present regular army not to be increased by enlistment or otherwise, but to be reduced to the number in service on the 1st Jan., 1847. The resolutions further declare it to be against the policy and interest of this Government to wage a war for the conquest of territory and that no additional territory beyond the present limits of the Union should be acquired by any negotiation with Mexico.

           After a stormy scene upon points of order which beggars description, and in which Mr. Schenck grossly insulted the good sense and patience of the House, the motion to suspend the rules was refused, by the overwhelming vote of 28 to 156.

           It is cheering to see so final a rebuke upon one of the most mischievous and factious proceedings yet introduced into Congress, in direct opposition to the popular sense of the nation, and in virtual encouragement of our insolent and infatuated ofe. To disband our volunteers and withdraw our army from Mexico, at this moment, when Mexico has refused our overtures of peace, would be regarded by herself as proof of weakness and fear, and by the civilized world as cowardly and dishonorable. We have sufficient to appealed to her sense of justice and hood feelings—the only alternative left is to use the right arm of force, and compel her to listen to reason. To back out ffrom our position now—to retreat from the ground we have won by the valor of our arms, and in the face of her insulting rejection of our peace offer, would but prolong the war, and might tempt other nations to interfere and complicate it. Thanks, then, to Congress, for having crushed in the bud so mischievous a proposition.

           Bu the course suggested of blockading the ports of Mexico, “in prosecution of the war,” is most strangely inconsistent with Mr. .’s object of terminate the war. If we withdraw our army for the sake of peace, why not make clean work of the disgraceful retreat, and also withdraw our ships of war?  Why, too, maintain the policy of seizing the “disputed territory” between the Nueces and the Rio Grande?” As the Union says, “By holding the disputed territory, we affirm that the advance of our army into it was rightful. We thus say, that we were rightfully there when Mexico attacked us, and, having said this, we—retreat!  Proclaiming our quarrel to be just, we throw down our arms!”

           The whole scheme is factious, mischievous and absurd, and has, we rejoice, been stamped with the reprobation of the House, and, we are satisfied, the American people. This Ohio Whig, Mr. Schenck, is one of the bitterest, most conceited and most troublesome partisans in Congress. He resorts to the smallest political tricks to make party capital. He is the same Whig who, in Congress, sneered at the patriotic sentiment of Mr. Clay at New Orleans, that he (Mr. C.) would like to have a place in the army to “avenge the wrongs done us by Mexico.”  Mr. Schenck, in his ardent advocacy of he Mexican side, asked tauntingly, whether this sentiment of Mr. Clay was uttered in the early or later portion of the dinner! For this, Mr. Schenck has been christened by the neutral N.O. Picayune as “the small potato politician.”  After his recent overthrow, we doubt not, h felt “small” indeed.

           But who can reasonably expect peace even should we withdraw our forces East of the Rio Grande?  A journal published in the city of Mexico, La Opinion Necional, is in favor of “war to the death,” a protracted, annoying guerilla war, and declares that it will result in our again making proposals for peace, which “must not be received except on the other side of the Sabine, and there, our armies face to face with each other, the national standard raised along side of the cannon, a lasting treaty of peace shall be written on the tops of the drums in clear and precise terms, and a column raised, on which shall be sculptured this, or a similar inscription: ‘The Sabine shall be a perpetual boundary to divide forever the United Mexican States form the United States of the North.’  These are not exaggerated pretensions—this is not fugitive declamation, springing from a heated imagination,” &c.

           Here then it is the Sabine and not the Rio Grande which will alone satisfy Mexican insolence. Why, then, should we show the “white feather,” and, by retreating, encourage and give lite to the absurd and arrogant demands of our enemy?

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c6    81 words

The bill to increase the the pay of the army and volunteers, and to allow them a bounty in land, which passed the House of Representatives on Wednesday, grants an increase of pay of $3 per month, and gives to each soldier who serves out the war 160 acres, and to those serving less than 12 months from May, 1846, and who may be honorably discharged, 80 acres of land. These land-warrants, however, are not to be issued for five years.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c5    356 words


The country will be pleased to learn that the Loan Bill has passed both Houses of Congress, and is now a law of the land. The Union understands that there is every prospect of the success of the Secretary of the Treasury in obtaining the necessary loans.

           The Whigs have indulged in severe assaults upon the Democratic policy, as having involved the nation in financial difficulty and produced the necessity for making this loan. They especially denounce the repeal of the Tariff of 1842 as the cause of all the mischief. Had that Tariff continued in force, say they, we should have raised revenue enough for all purposes, the war, &c.—This assumption is easily refuted by the fact that in consequence of the protective and prohibitory character of that law, the amount of revenue under it in the fiscal year 1845 was $800,000 less hand the amount collected the year before. Under its operation, the revenue was being gradually diminished, and it became necessary to adopt the new Tariff of 1846, to prevent the growing diminution of revenue. The operation of the new law, though brief, is yet sufficient to promise that it will produce more revenue than its much boasted predecessor.

           The argument of the Whigs, then, that it is the repeal of the Tariff of 1842 which compels the Government to make a loan, I altogether gratuitous. The war forced upon us by Mexico, has called for additional expenditures, which could not be met by the customs. In the war of the Revolution, and in the last war, our Government was forced to resort to extensive loans—and it is not now the repeal of the Tariff of 1842, but the actual existence of war, which has made the present loan necessary. In spite of the attempts of Whig politicians to depreciate the national credit and discourage the efforts of our Government to raise money for the war, we feel confident that the opposition will be disappointed, and that men and money enough will be obtained to carry on the war vigorously, and to a successful and honorable termination.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p1c6    414 words

           To how the operation of the “ruinous” Tariff of 1846, we quote the remarks of Mr. D. H. Lewis, Chairman of the Committee of Finance, in the Senate, on Tuesday, in the debate on the Loan Bill:

Mr. Lewis said he should not decline replying to the questions which had been put to him by the gentleman from Delaware. The committee had met, and as the result of their deliberations, reported this bill to the Senate. He had no information which did not come before that committee. This call for information was a mere beating about the bush in order to attack the tariff. The real object of the Senator from Connecticut [Mr. Huntington] was to pour out his tears over the tariff of 1842. The gentleman from Delaware had a similar project.—His (Mr.L’s) reliance for increasing the revenue was upon the tariff of 1846, together with a tax upon tea and coffee; and he had no doubt that they could raise a larger revenue by these means than would be acquired form any other source. Though he could not gratify the gentleman with precisely the information which they had called for, he had a little information with regard to the working of the tariffs of 1842 and 1846.—He had learned form an official source that there had been an increase of about twenty per cent in the revenue under the tariff of 1846 over the receipts by that of 1842. This had been the increase up to the 10th January inst., and he understood that the increase was still going on. He had anticipated the increasing revenues by proposing to issue treasury notes and negotiate for a loan. Let them contrast the two tariffs, then, and he would submit it to the gentlemen, whether the tariff of 1846 was not as good as that of 1842. In regard to the remark of the honorable senator from Maine, alluding to a want of foresight in the secretary of the Treasury, he would say it as not always the case in time of peace that a financial officer could anticipate their necessities. How much less could he do it when the country was engaged in war. The true theory was, hat the means of the Government must be proportioned to the prospective demands upon the Treasury—and if the Secretary of the Treasury failed to predict with certainty in regard to the wants of the Government, there was no reason for censuring him.

Friday, January 29, 1847 RE47v43n79p4c6    346 words


The President’s message was regarded in England as giving full assurance that low duties on the manufactures of that country will be maintained, which has given English manufactures a cheerful prospect for their trade the ensuing spring.

           The Paris papers assert that the French government intends proposing a reduction of the duty on foreign corn.

           There has been a terrible inundation in the Roman States, causing great distress. The loss of property is extensive. The new Pope is mitigating hardships by the use of his purse, as well as by personal exertions. The Pope has reduced duties on foreign grain.

           The President’s Message is assailed by the whole English press, and all kinds of abuse and ugly names heaped on that portion of it sustaining the Mexican war. The proposed annexation of California is more unpopular in England than that of Texas was when first proposed. They make sever comments upon the President’s declaration, that the war was not undertaken with a view of conquest.

           The President’s message—The Liverpool Times, in reference to the President’s message, says:

           “The President’s message gives a hopeful assurance that the American Tariff, so far as regards British goods, will be maintained, and has given the English manufacturers a cheerful prospect for their trade for the coming Spring.

           “The last message of President Polk, which was received in this country a few days ago, has been assailed by the whole of the press, and ugly names have been given to the process of reasoning in which the President accounts for the Mexican war. One passage has been strongly commented upon,--that in which he states that the war was not undertaken with the view to conquest.

           “We can call to mind no similar document during our time which has been less favorably received in England; from this it may be inferred that the annexation of California, of which Commodore Stockton had taken possession as a territory of the United States, is even less popular in England than was the annexation of Texas.”

February 1847

March 1847

April 1847

May 1847

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c4 300 words.


           We lay before our readers (says the Union) all the accounts which have reached us through the “Baltimore Sun,” from Vera Cruz, to the 14th April – they came to N. Orleans by the Massachusetts steamship. These accounts are later than the late letters addressed to the War Department from Gen. Scott’s army. The last despatches received from him up to this time, 4 o’clock this evening, are dated on the 8th April, from Vera Cruz. The following is the last letter which had been received, from Gen. Scott:


Vera Cruz, April 8, 1847.

           SIR: A vessel, unexpectedly, being about to sail, this morning, for New Orleans, I write in haste, principally to forward, by Col. Bankhead, a passenger, a package of papers from the acting Inspector General, containing lists of prisoners of war paroled, &c., &c.

           The movement upon Jalapa, announced in general orders No. 94, herewith, commences to-day. Major Gen. Patterson will follow tomorrow.

           This movement is forced in reference to our very inadequate means of transportation – but made in the hope of doubling those means.

           Jalapa is the first point, from the coast, which combines healthiness with the reasonable prospect of obtaining some of the heavier articles of consumption for the army – as breadstuffs, fresh beef and forage.

           Another expedition sails this morning for Alvarado, to ascent that river some forty miles, with some prospect of obtaining a thousand or more horse for cavalry, draught and packs.

           I have the honor to remain, Sir, with great respect, your obedient servant,


Hon. W. L. MARCY, Secretary of War.

           A large bundle of documents accompanied this letter from General Scott, covering a report from Colonel Hitchcock, relative to the prisoners of war who were captured in Vera Cruz San Juan de Ulloa, and Antigua.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c5 1,435 words.


           Such is the title given by a Northern paper to a singular letter addressed to Gen. Taylor by twenty-two gentlemen of Philadelphia, soliciting his acceptance of a nomination at their hands for the Presidency had “neither desiring for expecting an answer” to the communication. This curious epistle we deem it our duty to re-publish as one of the singular phenomena of these strange times. It is alleged, without contradiction, that the twenty-two gentlemen belong to the “Native” party; but scrupulously forbore to give the least hint of their peculiar political opinions. The letter is in the following terms:

PHILADELPHIA, April 17th, 1847.

           Sir: The undersigned, a committee of correspondence for the State of Pennsylvania, appointed by a meeting of the citizens of the city and county of Philadelphia, without distinction of party, held on the 6th inst., have the honor to submit to you the proceedings of their constituents, unanimously nominating you for the office of President of the United States, a station which the situation of our country now requires should be filled by no ordinary man.

           In Florida, on the Rio Grande, at Monterey and Buena Vista – in your youthful exploits in the former war, your character has been distinguished by the most heroic qualities, and your whole career has proved you to possess the integrity and wisdom of a sagacious statesman.

           Although they believe that the presidency should be neither sought nor declined by an individual in your peculiar position, the undersigned cannot avoid expressing the hope that you will not think it expedient to defeat the determination that, from all the sings of the times, the people have formed of placing you in the chair of Washington, which the constituents of the undersigned desire you to occupy, like him, with no pledges but those contained in the official oath at your inauguration, and with the declaration of independence and the constitution as your guides.

           The undersigned, under these circumstances, take the liberty of assuring you that they neither desire nor expect an answer to this communication.

           With sentiments of the highest esteem, we are, sir, most respectfully, your friends,

George W. McClellan, Joshua Tevis,
Charles S. Coxe, John W. Ashmead,
Wm. Shoppen, G. Washington Reed,
Kenderton Smith, George G. West,
John P. Brock, Edward G. Mallery,
John Reakirt, Wm. White,
H. Cowperthwaite, D. Schriver,
Harry Connelly, Penrose Ash,
Thos. D. Grover, J.L. Mitchell, M.D.
Wm. Sloanaker, Sam’l T. Bodine,
David Paul Brown, David Winebrenner,


           The New York Mirror, the first paper, we believe, that raised the flag of General Taylor for the Presidency, rebukes this “silence committee” in the following just language:

           “The committee modestly state, that they neither desire nor expect an answer to their letter. This strikes us as a very dubious compliment to old Rough-and-Ready, as it seems to imply that they are anxious to save the old soldier the embarrassment of committing himself by an answer. But we are persuaded that the better course will be for General Taylor and his friends to free themselves at once from all suspicion of management, and frankly acknowledge all their expectations and intentions. We entirely misapprehend the character of the General, if he would not rebuke anything bearing the slightest look of concealment or intrigue. Let all who desire to see him President of the United States, be frank and honest in the expression of their opinions, and they will render him the cause a greater service than could be done by the most ingenious Machiavellian policy.”

           What presents most forcibly the impropriety of [fold] there a present exists the greatest difference of opinion as to the sentiments of General Taylor upon the great questions of they day. Many of the Democratic journals assert positively that he is opposed to most of the latitudinous measure of the Whig party; and, on the subject of a Revenue Tariff, his notions tally with those of the Democrats, as they naturally should do, for he is a large cotton-planter, and deeply interested in the spread of free-trade; and his own observation must satisfy him, that under the present Revenue Tariff every branch of industry enjoys an unparalleled prosperity. A gentleman in this city, who was with General Taylor on the Rio Grande last autumn, assures us that he knows Gen. Taylor’s opinions to be antagonistic to those of the Whigs, particularly upon the question of the Tariff. The Whigs, on the other hand, declare emphatically that Gen. T is a thorough going “Henry Clay Whig;” was opposed to the annexation of Texas, and that, in every respect, he harmonizes in political sentiment with the Whig party. Again – Gen. T. has been nominated as their candidate by the Nativists, and the letter given above is said to proceed from the same source. They too, must hope to see by his election their mischievous and narrow doctrines placed in the ascendant.

           A perfect log, then, envelopes the political opinions of Gen. T., which he has had no opportunity of clearing up, for it is said that he has not voted since he cast his voice for Gen. Jackson, whose political sentiments he endorsed: - yet we see a number of gentlemen gravely address him a letter, informing him that he has nominated, and will be elected, to the highest office in the world, and beseeching him to keep his opinions folded up in his doublet, for the people will blindly carry him into the Presidential Chair.

           On every occasion, we have expressed our high appreciation of the great services of Gen. Taylor and the glorious victories he has won for the country with his gallant army. Such distinguished military achievements cannot elicit too warm thanks from a free people; and Democrats have been among the foremost to do him honor. We have denounced the refusal of the Federal Legislature of Massachusetts to vote him thanks, at the moment that they disgraced themselves in assailing their own Government, and avowed their sympathy for the public enemy. We would thank and honor Gen. Taylor without stint – and it is the province of true friendship to assent to his own expressed wishes; and not “embarrass” him in the successful termination of a war which he has so gloriously conducted thus far. We would not, as his professing Whig friends have done, invite him from the head of the army, where he is winning laurels, and drag him into the political arena, to be the cats-paw of “political hucksters,” or to be assailed by the weapons of political warfare. His laurels, and the glory he has shed upon the American name; are the common property of all Americans, Whigs or Democrats – and he is no true friend of the Old Hero, who would tear him from the field of his usefulness and glory, and thrust him into the “head and dust” of a political campaign.

           Let him first conclude the noble work before him, winning the approving smiles of all Americans; and then, should his friends press his claims to the highest civil honors, let his opinions upon the political questions of the day be fully set forth, and the people will then be able to decide understandingly whether or not he and advocates those leading measures of policy which are calculated to advance the interests and character of this generation. But, cordially as the people thank and honor Gen. Taylor for his military services they cannot consent to elevate any man to the Presidency, not only without any previous inquiry as to his political principles, but even with an express protest against any voluntary declaration of them by himself, as suggested by the Philadelphia “Silence Committee.” The trusts reposed in the American people are too high, not to be guarded with the most untiring vigilance. Upon the operation of our liberal institutions materially depends the cause of free principles throughout the world. Is it not of vital importance, therefore, that the people should carefully watch the working of political measures, and select that individual to administer the Government, who sustains the measures which they deem indispensable to national success? Can they, as guardians of the sacred rights of liberty, commit the destines of this great Republic to any one, unless they know the rules of action by which he is to be governed? But the proposition is too plain to dwell upon – and we have too high an opinion of Gen. Taylor to believe, that he will not reject the absurd proposition of the Philadelphia “Silence Committee” as warmly as he spurns the infamous resolutions of the Federal Legislature of Massachusetts.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c6 865 words.


           Under this head yesterday’s Times characterizes as “without precedent in this country” “the course pursued by the present administration in appointing to high military offices, political favorites – the merest partisans, who have no single claim to such offices.” The Times refers to the appointment of General Pillow to be Major General and Colonel Caleb Cushing to be Brigadier General. (By its silence in regard to the appointment of Gen Quitman the Times fully admits the admirable promotion of that fine officer by the administration.) The Times, in justification of its views, quotes the opinion of the N. O. Picayune. As an offset, we cite the sound and able remarks of the N. O. Commercial Times, also a neutral journal, and also “as remarkable for its fairness as it is for its general intelligence.”

           THE PRESIDENT’S RECENT MILITARY APPOINTMENTS. – One of the greatest curses attendant on monarchical and aristocratic forms of government, is undoubtedly the abuse of patronage. – Merit, personal merit, is about the last attribute taken into consideration, in the dispensing of offices of trust and emolument; the heads of administration have their friends, their relatives to be provided for, and nothing must stand in the way of the advancement of the latter, when occasion offers, however the public weal my suffer from their mediocrity or incompetency. The annals of nations in Europe are full of instances where well-conceived plans for the triumph of fleets and armies have been rendered totally abortive – where genius has been frustrated, and subordinate skill rendered powerless – by the inefficiency of the controlling agent, whom the detestable spirit of nepotism has lifted over the head of unfriended talent. In the civil departments of government, similar evils have flowed from similar sources; and the revenue has suffered, the judicial seat has been stained, while public profligacy has rode triumphant, confident in the impunity which the strength of its protection secured. In this country, thank heaven, it is impossible that a system of favoritism can long abuse the public service. The press, ever watchful for the welfare of the general interest, would soon denounce the man, or men, who would seek to render official station entirely subservient to their private profit of ambition; and the people would quickly have the remedy in their own hands, and drive the offender, or offenders, into obscurity, with the indelible stigma of their reprobation affixed to their names. There may be a Democratic party, a Whig party, a Nativist party, among whom the utmost virulence of political feeling may exist; but there is a National party overwhelmingly more numerous than the whole of them taken together, that guides, controls, and disposes all things, with whom the public weal is the first great principle of all action.

           In another part of our paper will be found the appointment (by the President) of Brigadier Generals Pillow and Quitman, of the volunteers now serving in Mexico, to the rank of Major Generals. These appointments are not only well made, but well timed. Under the act of Congress, authorizing the creating of two more Major Generalships, Colonels Benton and Cumming were nominated to that rank by the President, and confirmed by the Senate; they both, at once, declined it, and Mr. Polk had to select other as recipients of honor. To his great credit, he had dispensed his patronage where it was well merited; merited by actual service rendered in the field, and bestowed upon men over whole heads it would have been painful to see other preferred, who were undistinguished in the present war. – General Pillow was one of the most prominent officers under General Scott, during the bombardment and surrender of Vera Cruz; and General Quitman was among the foremost in the storming of the outworks of Monterey. Both of these are brave and accomplished military men, whose promotion will prove to our gallant army, that the Government is not insensible to its just claims for reward; and that the volunteers, equally with the regulars, may confidently look forward to a just distribution of those professional distinctions which are the very breath of the soldier’s nostrils.

           Col Caleb Cushing, of the Massachusetts regiment, has been appointed a Brigadier General, in the place of Gen. Quitman. This is also an excellent appointment. Col Crushing, in overcoming the obstacles thrown in the way of the organization of his corps, has shown a devoted love for his country scattering to the winds every consideration of a sectional nature, which might have thwarted the ends of the General Government, in the prosecution of the present war. He is formed to shine in any path of public life, military or civil; and his promotion gives additional insire to the gallant army with which he serves.

           The President and his Administration are certainly now acting with commendable energy. – Well seconded, which we may be assured of, by the late exploits of our army and navy, the lapse of a short time will suffice to enable us to conquer a peace with our stubborn neighbor, and thus allay that spirit of war and conquest, which is alien to our peaceful commercial institutions, a foe to enlightened freedom, and an unmitigated scourge to humanity at large.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c7 412 words.


To the Editors of the Republican:

CAMARGO, Mexico, March 29, 1847.

My dear and excellent Friend:

* * * * * Well, after being circumscribed on board steamboats for a month, you may well imagine my enjoyment in again treading terra firma, or mounted on my horse Waxey, galloping over these level plains.

* * * * * Lt. Col. Randolph has been ordered by Col Curtis is accompany him to Monterey, and, two days since, not a Virginian was here. Six companies came, Col. Randolph returned, and now the whole command of 12 companies is here. I shall move in a few days, to open a new line of communication between this post and Monterey, on the right bank of the San Juan river, through China. Lieut. Col. Randolph will be left with 6 companies in command there, and I shall then proceed on to Monterey, with the other 6 companies, and, after resting there a few days, expect to advance to and occupy Montemorales. These two places have never yet been occupied by our troops. I shall fortify them, and hope to have a brush in getting possession. Gen. Taylor has conferred a high honor in causing the new line of communication to be opened by the Virginia Regiment, and the posts he has assigned to the command are the most important in the country. They are the key to the territory about Monterey – China covering his rear, and Montemorales his advance. He has given me two pieces of artillery, on of Bragg’s batteries commanded by Lieut. Kilburn, who so distinguished himself at Buena Vista – and the other commanded by Lt. Williamson, of Captain Carrington’s company – manned by good artillerymen from the regiment. Gen. Taylor wishes a topographical survey made Capt. Harper’s company [fold]. He is a most excellent engineer, and has been on active duty in the Commissary department ever since he landed. You see, therefore, that we have good engineers and artillery officers of our own.” * * * Gen. Taylor is going to keep us near him, and, therefore, on active and important duty. He has paid us the honor to say to a friend who dined with him at Monterey, that if he had had the Virginia Regiment with him at Buena Vista, he would have taken Santa Anna and his army.

           Whilst writing, a party of Capt. Scott’s company is disinterring the remains of Lt. Botts, under the direction of Capt. Hunt, his former Captain.”

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p2c1 1,152 words.


           “The steam schr. Trumbull, Capt. Statesberry, from the Brazos on the 18th inst, arrived last evening. We have received by her the American Flag of the 14th inst. It contains not a word in reference to Gen. Taylor or his movements, present of prospective.

           We had the pleasure of an interview last evening with Maj. Colquitt, of the U.S. Army and Assistant Surgeon Herrick, who came passengers in the Trumbull. They left Saltillo on the 28th ult, Monterey the 5th inst. We gather from them the following memoranda:

           The following are the positions and movements of Gen. Taylor’s column, according to the last advices, as far as we can learn them:

           Gen. Taylor is quartered at Walnut Springs, near Monterey. General Wool in command at Saltillo and Buena Vista. 1st Mississippi, 1st Ohio, 1st Indiana, Bragg’s Battery and the squadron of Dragoons, the latter now commanded by Col. Fauntleroy, at Monterey. 2d and 3d Ohio, 1st and 2d Illinois, 2d and 3d Indiana, 2d Kentucky, Arkansas Cavalry, Washington’s Battery, Sherman’s Battery, at Buena Vista. Prentiss’ Battery, at Saltillo. Kentucky Cavalry stationed on the line between Camargo and Monterey. 1st Kentucky, one-half at mouth of Rio Grande, and the balance on their return march. Virginia and 2d Mississippi on their march from Camargo to Monterey. North Carolina at Camargo. – Massachusetts at Matamoras.

           Our wounded men are doing well. In one hospital, of which Dr. Herrick had charge, out of eighty wounded men of the Illinois regiment, not more than three or four died – the remainder were fast convalescing.

           General quietude prevailed: the people of Saltillo and Monterey had returned to their business, and seemed satisfied with the powers that be, if they could but feel assured of their continuance. They had heard in Monterey of Santa Anna’s arrival in Mexico, and those who affected to know more of his movements than their neighbors, would wink, and say that there would be no more fighting.

           About Gen. Taylor’s future movements nothing is known. One thing is certain, that he can make no onward movement until those who form his present command – the twelve mouth’s volunteers, whose term of service is about to expire, and some of whom are already on their way home – are replaced by a still greater force of the volunteers now on their way to join him, and of the ten regiments at present in course of enlistment. As soon as he has ten thousand of these under his command the word will be, unless it shall be previously proclaimed, “forward, march!”

           As our informants approached near Camargo they met a train bound for Monterey. One of the volunteers in guard of it had been lassoed and murdered by two Mexicans. The assassins were arrested, identified and summarily shot. In coming down from Monterey to the Brazos, the party with Major Colquitt and Dr. Herrick encountered neither difficulty nor obstruction. They say, by the way, that Col. Davis is recovering from the effects of his wound.

           We make up from the Flag the following items:

           ROBBERY. – The sum of fifteen hundred dollars was abstracted by some scoundrel from the money box of the subsistence department in this place, on Friday night last.

           The body of William C. Gladman, a free mulatto who owns a barber’s shop in Galveston, but who had been in Matamoras for some time, was discovered floating in the lake back of our office. It bore the marks of violence, and as he was known to have a considerable sum of money in his possession, it is supposed avarice prompted the deed.

           MORE VIOLENCE. – A Mexican was horribly mangled by cuts with a knife in a fight near the Plaza on Monday night last. The unfortunate man is not expected to live. On Tuesday night, as we have been informed another man was shot at a fandango, and it is thought, will not survive the wound.

           Gen. Cushing orders that all houses or other places of gambling, of whatever name or nature, or for public dancing be closed, and that all sale or traffic is distilled spirits is prohibited, under a sever penalty for the violation of either order.

           When a part of Kentucky Legion arrived at Matamoras, on their return march the Massachusetts Regiment paraded and received them with due military etiquette. Gen. Cushing addressed them, in his usual eloquent style, with a few very appropriate and complimentary remarks. – The fine dress and generally neat and clean appearance of the Massachusetts men contrasted strongly with the scarred and sunburnt faces, the black, blue, red and tri-colored shirts, and as many colored pants of the boys then returning from the bloody field of Buena Vista, but when the column moved, and they came to handle their arms, then “Old Kentucky” shone out as conspicuously as did their new acquaintances a few minutes before.

           [Fold] from a very intelligent officer at Vera Cruz, dated the 10th April, in which he says that several of the States of the Mexican Confederacy have denounced the war with the United States, and threatened to secede until peace should be made. Many Mexicans predict a peace within sixty days, but our correspondent puts little faith in auguries so favorable. He thinks the great difficulty in the way of a peace is the fact that Santa Anan is so nearly crushed that he dare not make a treaty. Nor does there appear to be any one else in Mexico strong enough to incur the great responsibility. None of the old politicians will venture upon the step. Our correspondent adds: “Some man now unknown to fame, with nothing to lose and everything to gain, may arise and advocate a peace” policy successfully. His want of ambition or the little chance of his obtaining power may prevent him from becoming obnoxious to the jealousies of parties, and gain for him adherents generally. He may succeed in making a peace which every body will be glad of; but how long before it will be used as an element of political warfare?”

           The Legislature of the State of Vera Cruz, sitting at Jalapa, was said to be deliberating at last accounts upon the propriety of making peace, independent of the General Government.

           The State of Zacatecas has declared itself independent – so writes us an intelligent correspondent! – Picayune.

           NEW REGIMENT. – We understand (says the N. O. Delta) that several military gentlemen in this city are making movements for the purpose of raising regiment, to be composed of persons who are inured to the yellow fever, to serve as soldiers to garrison those places in Mexico subject to the vomito. This movement is highly creditable to its originators, and if carried out, will prove of almost incalculable benefit. An open enemy may be met by all, but an insidious foe like the yellow fever, must be opposed by men of experience in Southern climates and in the diseases incidental thereto.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c4 1,215 words.


           “So far as the nominee of the Whig Party is concerned, there need be no apprehension among our opponents. We have a usage established by wisdom, and sanctioned by experience, which no condition of circumstances can obviate. IT is to collect together the most sagacious, and the ablest men of the party in council, and to nominate the best qualified, in capacity and in virtue, for the Presidency. We have ALWAYS required the candidate, so nominated, to lay down his political principles, clearly and honestly, before the country, and in no instance has there ever been a refusal to meet this requisition.”

           Thus speaks the Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia North American, who, ex cathedra, “lays down the law” for the whole Whig party. If he really be a true exponent of that party, (we wish they had one less unscrupulous in assertion, and less indecent in personalities and vituperation!) we are glad to see that the Whigs mean to go into the action with their visors raised and thier principles unfurled. But we protest against the declaration, that the Whigs have always pursued this open and fair course. They very reverse, we contend, is confirmed by the page of history. In 1840 the Whigs succeeded by the game of humbuggery and deception. They dared not make a declaration of principles. Need we look further than our own State, where they fought under the flag of opposition to a Bank and Protective Tariff, and were severely lashed by one of their leaders, “Honest Willoughby Newton,” for thus spreading nets to catch birds of every feather? In 1844 the party lines were strictly drawn, the principles of the two parties were made the test, and the Whig party floored. Thus has it been, and thus will it ever be, when the country is called upon to decide between the Democratic and the Federal policy; and we shall, therefore, be pleased to see the Whig party unfold and adhere to the programme thus laid down from them by the North American’s correspondent:

           “Whoever is presented by a Whig Convention for the support of the country must stand pledged to carry out Whig principles to the fullest extend. He must be committed distinctly and unquestionably. We would not take a candidate on any other terms.

           He must be in favor of protecting American industry, in preference to the pauper labor of Europe.

           He must be opposed to the Sub-Treasury.

           He must be in favor of the distribution of the proceeds of the Public Lands.

           He must be in favor of the doctrine of Internal Improvements.

           He must be opposed to the acquisition of Mexican territory west of the Rio Grande.”

           This is all plain enough, as also is the further admission that “the policy of a Bank of the U. States has been merged by common consent,” and while they “maintain now, as we (they) always have done, the constitutional power to charter such an institution,” they “waive its expediency until the condition of the country demands it.” The Bank then, is acknowledged to be an “obsolete idea.” Though the Whigs formerly contended, and with the utmost pertinacity, that a great “regulator” was necessary to the salvation of the country, experience has forced from them the concession that the country can move forward in the highest prosperity without such a miscalled “regulator.” In the same manner, we doubt not, the successful operation of the present revenue Tariff will confound its opponents, and forever banish all idea of foisting upon the people an odious monopoly in the form of a Protective Tariff. Already we have seen that Mr. Webster failed to carry into effect his threatened motion of “repeal,” and the cry of “ruin” so clamorously shouted by Whig prophets is drowned in the joyful hum of industry. He who would now gravely repeat the stale prediction of “ruin” from the new Tariff, would every where meet with a smile of incredulity, not only from the farmers and ship owners who are receiving fine prices, but the manufacturers themselves, who are being enriched under this “destructive” “British Tariff.” The humbug of “protection” is fully exploded; and the people will be satisfied with the universal prosperity they now enjoy, without desiring a renewal of the mischiefs of an unjust monopoly.

           The Sub-Treasury thus far has acted admirably, and the credit of the country and the soundness of financial operations were never on a better basis; and as a U.S. Bank is admitted by all to be out of the question, there is no reason why the present system should be abolished.

           The doctrine of Internal Improvements is repudiated by a large majority of the South – and no one, who will avow his sentiments in favor of so wild, and dangerous, and corrupting a system, can hope for the support of any large portion of the American people. We pass over the “distribution of the proceeds of the public lands,” because they are pledged for the repayment of the debts incurred in the prosecution of a just war – and no one will dare to touch them, until the solemn trust for which they are reserved shall be sacredly discharged.

           But finally, the Whig candidate “must be opposed to the acquisition of Mexican territory west of the Rio Grande.” In other words, our nation must be guilty of the disgraceful and absurd policy of retreating from territory won by the blood and treasure of our people, without acquiring the least security of compensation for the wrongs we have endured at the hands of Mexico or for the just claims which she has wantonly with held from us. This leading Whig test of policy, we cannot believe, will be sustained, by even a “respectable portion of the confederacy.” If Mexico has not the money to pay us our just dues, and nobody contends she has, why have crossed the Rio Grande with our army, and why push on our troops, gaining victory, if we are determined to ask no indemnity? Why not at once withdraw every American from her territory, and content ourselves with the blood and treasure we will have so foolishly, so uselessly, and so wickedly thrown away? The American people, we feel satisfied, will not listen to such a monstrous proposition, and no party advocating it can, for one moment, hope to gain the voice of that people. The nation will insist upon the acquisition of an equitable portion of Mexican territory, to indemnify our expenses, and public and private wrongs. – There is, also, another scheme for the extension of the commerce of the world and the blessings of free institutions, which may well be effected in the settlement of a peace. We refer to the right of way across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, uniting the Pacific and the Atlantic, and making it the great highway of commerce. But even this wise and magnificent and important measure, beneficial alike to the North, South, East and West, must be abandoned, if the Whig game be played out with success. Upon this issue alone, the American people must reprobate the policy of the Whigs – much more, when they are called upon to pass in review the whole batch of Whig measures which have been so often and so strongly condemned by them.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c4 167 words.


           There was nothing later from Gen. Scott’s army by yesterday’s Southern mail. The last letter of Gen. S. received at Washington bears date on the 11th April. He was then making arrangements for the advance to the capital. The General states that General Twiggs had passed the National Bridge, and was on the road to Jalapa. The first report was the Santa Anna had only 4,000 troops – then the accounts increased them to 6,000 – and, finally, General Trigg’s despatch augmented them to about 15,000, entrenched at the pass of Cerro Gordo. Another letter, written on the 14th, has been received at the War Office, stating the General Scott had left Vera Cruz on the 12th, and General Worth on the 13th. They refer to the same rumors that were published in Friday’s Enquirer with this variation, that only two members of the Mexican Congress were reported to be with Santa Anna, for the purpose of making overtures for peace. But nothing has been positively ascertained about it.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p1c5 887 words.


           As all eyes are now turned to the seat of war, and the probable chances of peace or continued hostilities, we have thought proper to republish, from the New Orleans Delta, the following highly interesting letter from one of the correspondents of La Patria, now residing in the city of Mexico, to whose Editors the Delta is indebted for a copy. It is published as coming from a presenting the most intelligent view of affairs in Mexico yet laid before the public:

MEXICO, April 1, 1847.

           My Friends – * * * Affairs are every day growing so complex and confused in this Capital, that I am now utterly unable to understand what the present infernal state of things in Mexico will lead to. Never did you see a country in a more distressing situation than this unfortunate Mexican Republic, nor one more miserably managed. You have heard of the results of the late revolution, from the periodicals which I have regularly forwarded you, and you may perhaps be able to form some idea of the atrocities and scandals of which this city is at present the theatre. I should not be able to find paper sufficient to describe all that has occurred here. It would be necessary to go back to the news of the battle of Buena Vista, and extraordinary battle – one which we impartials cannot well understand – as to its stupendous results, its incomprehensible organization, and especially the pretended victory of Santa Anna, which obliged him to retire from the field with a loss of 1500 men, and his whole army disorganized. This is truly a new-fashioned victory. But, in order to understand the present condition of parties here, it is necessary to take a calm review of affairs.

           The parties which are at present, like moths, incessantly feeding on the prosperity of Mexico, may be divided into five or six factions. There is the war party, who are not only in favor of a war, but of one conducted with decision, energy and real earnest. There is the peace party, which id desirous of effecting an accommodation with the United States, even at the sacrifice of a large portion of there territory. Another party (that of the clergy) hate the Americans as heretics and Jews – but they are unwilling to open the purses of the church to contribute to prosecute the war against the “enemies of their religion.” Gomez Farias has a party, which is in favor of hypothecating the property of the church, to raise funds to carry on the war. This party is weak, for Santa Anna publicly repudiates it though it is said he secretly encourages their design. Lastly, there is a party, which has always existed to a considerable extent in Mexico, intent upon selfish purposes, disregarding the circumstances of the State – in peace of in war, regarding nothing but the promotion of their own self interest and ambition. This party has seized the present occasion as affording an opportunity of promoting their interests, entirely oblivious to the calls of patriotism.

           Santa Anna laves to-day (April 1) for Jalapa, where he will unite his force with that of Gen. La Vega, who is now at the defences of the National Bridge. Santa Anna says that he goes to conquer or die; but this he has said so often, that we cannot put much reliance on the threat. He takes with him about 20,000 men of all arms, the greater part of them being taken from (Jarochado) the lowest class of the people, who are very good for fighting. They will, however, have no other advantage over the army which marched from San Luis, except that they will not be compelled to the same dreary march through vast wildernesses, and exposed to continual cold and rain. But they are equally destitute of resources and means, having no provisions, and no money with which to buy any. We have, therefore, no reasons for expecting any other results than have characterized the former enterprises. It is said that if the Americans pass the National Bridge, and march towards the Capital, the whole people of Mexico will rise en masse against the invaders. But we do no doubt that a force of 10,000 of 12,000 Americans will not encounter, on the march, a Mexican army sufficiently large or determined to resist their onward progress.

           What do the Mexicans hope for, when, during a whole year, they have permitted so many favorable opportunities of repelling the invaders to pass by unimproved? Witness the battles of Monterey and Buena Vista – the debarkation of the American troops in the very face of Vera Cruz and when the expedition had become so universally known and so constantly expected.

           Santa Anna says there shall never be peace as long as there is one American in Mexico. But Santa Anna is, in truth, most desirous of all other persons for peace, and will be the first to recommend it, when it is safe to do so. There are many persons in Mexico, who have learned to understand and appreciate the Americans, their laws, government and institutions – but there are many Mexicans who thoroughly despise the Yankees, their manners and customs. Thus are these people divided and confused, and yet they call themselves freemen, and mockingly style their nation a Republic!

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p4c1 1,950 words


[From the New Orleans Picayune, April 23.]

Important Intelligence – Advance of the American Army – Santa Anna’s Preprations for Defence – Battle supposed to have been fought on the 15th April, &c.

           The U.S. steamship Massachusetts arrived here last evening from Vera Cruz, which place she left on the evening of the 14th. Our correspondence is down to the latest hour. The news is of the most stirring interest. The best advices lead to the impression that a battle was fought at Cerro Gordo, nearly midway between the Puente Nacional and Jalapa, on Thursday of Friday last. We have heretofore announced the advance of Gen. Twiggs’s division into the interior. When last heard from, he was beyond the Puente Nacional and in close proximity to the Mexican army. Gen. Scott was expected to arrive at General Twiggs’s headquarters on the night of the 14th inst. Gen Worth left Vera Cruz with the last division of the army on the 13th, and bivouacked that night at San Juan, about twelve miles in the interior. He probably joined the advance on the 15th. Santa Anna was said to be at Cerro Gordo, where La Vega and Canalizo were posted with a considerable command. The Mexican force at that point, when joined by Santa Anna, was estimated at fifteen thousand strong, consisting of two thousand regular infantry, three thousand cavalry, and the remainder irregulars. The pass of Cerro Gordo is forty-four miles from Vera Cruz, and is naturally a very strong one. – Some difficulty is anticipated in forcing it. Rumors state that Santa Anna can obtain any amount of irregular force he may desire. Reconnoitering parties from the American army had been fired upon and several wounded – amongst whom was Capt. (now Lieut. Colonel) Johnson, of the Topographical Engineers, who was shot in the arm and hip whilst examining the Mexican works at Cerro Gordo. Intelligent officers, who arrived in the Massachusetts, entertain very little doubt that a general engagement has taken place.

           A number of soldiers have been shot in passing the road to and from. All accounts represent the Americans as confident of victory, and the Mexicans as burning for vengeance. Our next advices from Vera Cruz will, we doubt not, bring us the details of an important engagement.

           We subjoin the news from Vera Cruz papers and our correspondence. The letter from Mr. Kendall of the 14th, written at camp San Juan, is the very latest from the army. The soldiers were suffering at Vera Cruz from sickness, but the vomito had not appeared.

[Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune]

VERA CRUZ, April 14, 1847.

The Massachusetts sails in half an hour, and I hasten to send you the latest intelligence received from the advance of our army on its march towards Jalapa. Despatches were received here yesterday evening from Gen. Twiggs, stating that the enemy had been discovered, and that in a reconnaissance some eighteen miles beyond the National Bridge, at a point called the Black Forrest Pass, Capt. J.E. Johnson, of the Topographical Engineers – now Lieut. Col. of voltigeurs – was severely wounded with a shot through the arm and another in the thigh. It is more than probably that ere this Gen’s Twriggs and Pillow have had something of a “brush” with the enemy. Santa Anna is known to have arrived at this pass with a force said to be 15,000 strong, consisting of 2,000 regulars and the balance of irregular troops – of whom 3,000 are cavalry. – The point above named is a very strong one, and naturally affords great advantages to the enemy; but, my word for it, they will not hold it long after our troops assail it.

           It is becoming quite sickly here, but as yet I hear nothing of the vomito amongst the soldiers. It is very healthy in the interior, and our army, excepting those who stay to garrison this city, will soon be beyond the influence of the impure and sickly air of the coast.

           I learn that the steamship New Orleans, now here, is to make one more trip to Tampico for mules, which are much wanted here, and after the she goes to your city. Yours, &c.,    F.A.L.

           P.S. – When Capt. Johnson was wounded in his reconnaissance, he was with an escort of the 2nd Dragoons, under Capt. Hardie.   F.A.L.

CAMP AT SAN JUAN, April 14, 1847

           I arrived in this camp at 11 o’clock last night, the road from Vera Cruz running for the most part through heavy sand. The division of Gen. Worth, from the excessive heat and wearisome road, suffered incredibly.

           The news in camp is stirring. An express has come down from Gen. Twiggs to the effect that Santa Anna was before him, at Cerro Gordo, with 15,000 men, as near as could be judged from reconnoissances made by Capt. Hardie and other officers of dragoons. Lieut. Col. J.E. Johnson has been severely but not mortally wounded while examining Santa Anna’s words, which appear to be a succession of breastworks on the eminence in the vicinity of Cerro Gordo. Everything would now go to show that Santa Anna is determined to make a bold stand.

           A dragoon, who had been sent down express by Gen. Twiggs, was yesterday found shot by the roadside just beyond this. His papers had not been touched. The Mexicans playing a bloody and at the same time bolder game than is usual for them, as it is thought they have killed no less than fifty of our men within the last three days on the road.

           Gen. Scott stopped last night nine miles from this – to-night he will reach Gen. Twigg’s position. If Santa Anna is as strong as he is represented, he will probably not be attacked for two or there days.

           I write in great haste.


On the 11th inst. Gen. Scott, issued the following proclamation, which no one will doubt was written by him:


April 11, 1847

Maj. Gen. Scott, General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States of America

To the Good People of Mexico.


           Mexicans! At the head of a powerful army, soon to be doubled – a part of which is now advancing on your capital – and with another army under Maj. Gen. Taylor in march from Saltillo towards San Luis Potosi – I think myself called upon to address you.

           Mexicans! Americans are not your enemies; but the enemies for a time, of the men, who, a year ago, misgoverned you and brought about this unnatural war between two great Republics. We are the friends of the peaceful inhabitants of the country we occupy, and the friends of your holy religion, its hierarchy and its priesthood. The same with devout Catholics, and respected by our Government, laws and people.

           For the church of Mexico, the unoffending inhabitants of the country and their property, I have from the first done every thing in my power to place them under the safeguard of martial law against the few bad men in this army.

           My orders, to that effect, known to all, are precise and rigorous. Under them several Americans have already been punished, by fine, for the benefit of Mexicans, besides imprisonment; and one, for a rape, has been hung by the neck.

           Is this not a proof of good faith and energetic discipline? Other proofs shall be given as often as injuries to Mexicans may be detected.

           On the other hand, injuries committed by individuals, or parties of Mexico, not belonging to the public forces, upon individuals, small parties, trains of wagons and teams, or of pack mules, or on any other person or property belonging to this army, contrary to the laws of war, shall be punished with rigor – or if the particular offender be not delivered up by Mexican authorities, the punishment shall fall upon entire cities, towns or neighborhoods.

           Let then, all good Mexicans remain at home, or at their peaceful occupations; but they are invited to bring in, for sale, horses, mules, beef, cattle, corn, barley, wheat, flour for bread, and vegetables. Cash will be paid for everything this army may take or purchase, and protection will be given to sellers. The Americans are strong enough to offer these assurances which, should Mexicans wisely accept, this war may soon be happily ended, to the honor and advantage of both belligerents. Then the Americans, having converted enemies into friends, will be happy to take leave of Mexico, and return to their own country.


[Correspondence of the New Orleans Delta.]

VERA CRUZ, April 13, 1847.

           Editors Delta: As I stated in my letter of this morning, the Brigade of General Worth took up the line of march for Jalapa, but, from rather sudden indisposition, the General did not leave with them. About one o’clock an express reached him, with the important information, that the column of General Twiggs had fallen in with a large force of the enemy at Cerro Gordo, a strong position beyond Puente Nacional, and that a skirmish had taken place between Twiggs’ advance guard and the enemy, in which Captain Johnson, Topographical Engineer, was severely wounded, and several others. In half an hour after the reception of this news, General Worth had mounted his horse and was off – so sudden, indeed, that I missed him, notwithstanding I repaired to his quarters to gather the particulars as soon as I heard of it.

           There is no doubt at all but that Santa Anna, with from 12,000 to 15,000 men, is between us and Jalapa. It is conceded on all sides. But if Gen. Twiggs does not whip him, he will at least keep him in check until Gen. Scott, who left yesterday reaches him, which will be to-morrow night. Maj. Gen. Patterson left here with two brigades of volunteers on Friday, and he has, no doubt, reached the advance before this hour.

           Gen Twiggs had between 2,500 and 2,700 men – choice ones, too – under his command, and I entertain little fear for his safety. Gen. Patterson marched with Shields’ and Pillow’s brigades, and all the force except the garrison of the town and Quitman’s brigade, are either at the scene of action or on the road to it.

           Gen. Scott, I think, was pretty well satisfied, before his departure, that Santa Anna was in the neighborhood of Jalapa, and was making good time towards that point before the express reached him.

           A terrible battle will be fought at Cerro Gordo, or there will be little or no fighting. An intelligent Mexican told me to-night, that there would be no fight, and that Santa Anna had with him four prominent members of the National Congress, with the aid of whom he hopes to negotiate a peace. I believe truly, that it is the wish of his Excellency to end the strife, but whether he will embrace this occasion, (which by the way, is an excellent once,) I cannot say.

           Moses Y. Beach, of the New York Sun, is now here. He came from the city of Mexico by way of Tampico, and that in so short a time that the news of the capitulation of this place had been received three days before his departure.



           Eds. Delta: – A large detachment of the squadron leaves to-day for Tuspan, commanded by the Commodore in person.

           The officers anticipate something of a fight at that place. It is believed that there are upwards of 2000 troops at that place, under the command of Gen. Cos, with some sixty pieces of cannon.

           The squadron capture at Alvarado sixty pieces of heavy cannon, all serviceable and in fine order with the exception of three.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p4c2 181 words.


           Gen. Scott, (says the Vera Cruz Eagle of the 14th inst.,) is determined that, to the extent of his ability, there shall be no abuse by our citizens of the power which the torture of war has placed in our hands. He has commenced vigorously in repressing crime. A free colored man names Isaac Kirk, accused of violence on a Mexican woman, and theft, and two volunteers of the First Pennsylvania Regiment for theft, were brought before a military commission, on the 9th inst, at Vera Cruz, and tried; they were all found guilty and sentenced, Kirk to be hanged, and the others a fine of one month’s pay, each, and imprisonment for a month. Kirk was executed on the next day, (the 10th.) – A large concourse of people were present, to witness the first execution under American authority which has ever taken place since our occupation of this country. It will, no doubt, says the editor of the Eagle, prove a salutary lesson to many who would destroy the safeties guaranteed to good citizens, were not such punishments sometimes inflicted.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p4c2


           Letters (says the Union) have just been received at the War Department from Gen. Taylor. The last bears date on the 28th of March. A previous letter runs as follows; and it pays the proper tribute to the gallant conduct of Col. Morgan, of the Ohio volunteers:


The last letter that our communications with the rear are now measurably secure, no interruption having taken place since that reported on the 20th ult. A train arrived on the 24th, under escort of the 1st Indiana regiment, and another was daily expected. It is understood that the regular cavalry of Urrea had retired from that quarter across the mountains; a natural result of the retreat of the main army towards San Louis and of our precautions to secure the trains. All was quiet at Saltillo – the troops in good health, and the wounded rapidly recovering. The inhabitants, both at Saltillo and Monterey, were generally returning to their homes, and, in the country, are engaged in planting their crops.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p4c3 347 words.


           Under the head of N.Y. Tribune parades the infamous resolutions of Mr. Keyes, which we yesterday published as having passed the House of Representatives of Massachusetts, and which have since passed the Senate of the State, 27 to 1. They denounce the war with Mexico as “a war of conquest, hateful in its objects, wanton, unconstitutional in its origin and character, against freedom, against humanity, against justice, against the Union, against justice, against the Union, against the Constitution, and against the Free States; waged – by a powerful nation against a weak neighbor – unnecessarily and without just cause, at immense coast of treasure and life, for the dismemberment of Mexico, and for the conquest of a portion of her territory, from which slavery has already been excluded, with the triple object of extending slavery, of strengthening the Slave Power and of obtaining the control of the Free States, under the Constitution of the United States.”

           They denounce the wrong and enormity of slavery, and the tyranny and usurpation of the ‘slave power’” and recommend the country “to retire from the position of aggression which it now occupies towards a weak, distracted neighbor and sister Republic.”

           We yesterday stated that resolutions of thanks to Gen. Taylor and his army, following closely the disgraceful anti-war resolutions, had been passed by the House – but the same article in the Tribune informs us that these resolutions of thanks to Gen. Taylor were rejected by the Federal Senate, in which there is not a single Democrat.

           Will any one deny that these disgraceful proceedings of a Federal Legislature, partaking so largely of the spirit of the Hartford Convention, do give “aid and comfort” to the public enemy? Their assaults upon the South, should arouse the indignation of men of all parties in the South. They show how little reason Southern Whigs have to rejoice in such allies. The Democrats of the House, to their honor be it said, voted for the resolutions of thanks to Gen. Taylor and his army, but spurned the infamous assaults upon their own Government and their sister States.

Tuesday, May 4, 1847 RE44i1p4c3 87 words.


           We have had the pleasure of reading a very long and interesting letter from a young Virginian, and now an officer in the Missouri Mounted Volunteers. It is dated Santa Fe, 18th February, and gives a graphic sketch of the noble achievements of our army under Col. Price. – After the gallant storming of the strongly fortified Pueblo, the Mexican chiefs declared that, in the contest with the Americans, they supposed they were contending with men, but they found that they were fighting with devils, who feared nothing.

Friday, May 7, 1847 RE44i2p1c5 392 words.


           We lay before our readers (says the Union) two very interesting series of despatches, which have just been received at the War Department. The one embraces the letters which have been brought by Lieutenant Emory from General Kearny, in California – explaining his route from Santa Fe to the Colorado – his first encounter with the Mexican troops – his junction with Commodore Stockton, marines and seamen, and their joint engagement with the Mexicans on the 8th and 9th of January – the defeat of the enemy, and the arrival of General Kearny and his troops at San Diego.

           This embraces the first series of despatches. The others are from Colonel Doniphan, at the head of the Missouri Volunteers. They detail his first engagement, near the Paso del Norte, and his battle at the Sacramento, and his subsequent capture of Chihuahua.

           There is nothing in the whole course of this active war which surpasses our victory at the Sacramento, whether we consider the disparity of the forces engaged, the comparative less of the two armies, the skill and prowess of our troops, either in storming the enemy’s batteries, or in flanking their position, the utter discomfort of the enemy, and the capture of the capital of Chihuahua. This whole enterprise, as well as our decisive victories in California, are but new evidences of the valor of our men and the success of our arms. It is idle to attempt to arrogate the whole glory of this eventful war (eventful as it has been, notwithstanding it is not yet quite 12 months old,) to this or that arm of the service, to this or that wing of the army, or to this or that commanding officer. They have all been distinguished in the field – our troops have all proved themselves, in whatever position they may be placed, worthy of upholding the eagles of the republic.

           In fact, such officers, at the head of such troops, only want what Decatur drank at his dinner in Philadelphia to his contemporary officers – “OPPORTUNITY” – to distinguish themselves. The Mexicans must see that they are unable to withstand the energy of the American troops. Nothing but a senseless pride can prevent them from seeing their obvious inferiority, and the disastrous defeats to which they will be doomed, in case the war should be prolonged.

           [We are compelled to defer these despatches. – Enquirer.]

Friday, May 7, 1847 RE44i2p1c7 632 words.


           We take the following from the Matamoras Flag of the 31st of March:

           The 1st Mississippi regiment, under command of Col. Jefferson Davis, coated itself over with immoral glory. Originally, it numbered 980 some odd, but suddenly transferred from the comforts and genial atmosphere of home, to the almost vertical sun of Brazos Island, last August, disease made frightful ravages amongst its men. What it lost in this way, in conjunction with the killed at Monterey, and those discharged in consequence of wounds, reduced it to considerably less than four hundred strong. With this diminished force (weakened still more by the extraction of the Tombigbee and Carroll county companies, which guarded Gen. Taylor’s tent,) this skeleton regiment sustained, and repelled, with immense slaughter, a charge of three times their own number of Santa Anna’s best lancers. – The lancers first bore down upon one of the Indiana regiments – (we forget whether the first of second) – and dispersed it. The Mississippians endeavored to rally them, but before they could do so, were in turn themselves charged. – Col. Davis, contrary to all custom, instead of forming the hollow square, stretched out his men in form of a crocket. The lancers came up at a rapid gallop, but so perfectly astonished was not only the chief officer, but his men at so strange a manner of receiving a charge of cavalry, that they involuntarily halted. For a few seconds they gazed upon the unruffled countenances of the riflemen opposed to them, but feeling there was no time to lose, the order “Adilante!” (forward) was given. The crochet was filled in an instant; and just as they wheeled their horses, with lances set, on both prongs, the intrepid Mississippi Colonel, standing inside the fork, called out: “Boys, fire, and at them with your knives!” Simultaneously with the sharp crack of the rifle, a deafening shout went up, and Bowie knife and revolvers flashed in the direction of the lancers. Strange as it may seem, many of the lancers were dragged from their horses and stabbed to death. In this unusual manner this splendid body of horsemen were beaten back. Captain Eustis, of first dragoons, says the achievement is unparalleled. Whether it is owing to the natural daring of the men, or the infusion into their bosoms of their Colonel’s spirit, we leave every body to draw their own conclusion. It is due to the third Indiana regiment to say; that they were afterwards brought to support the Mississippi regiment, and they fought valiantly.

           With whatever regret, truth forces from us the acknowledgement that the Arkansas cavalry fled the field. Many say that the lack of discipline – the suddenness and overpowering force of the attack, would have rendered resistance madness. We hope it may turn out so. Nevertheless, they vamoosed, and were stopped, in their headlong flight to Saltillo, by the two Mississippi companies guarding Gen. Taylor’s tent. They presented their rifles and ordered them to return to the field instantly. One of the fugitives, wearing the dress of an officer, replied: “It’s no use – Gen. Taylor and his whole army are cut to pieces.” Lieut. Russell, of the Carroll county company – a brother editor, by-the-bye – sprang and caught him by the collar: “Lead your men back to the field, you liar and coward,” her retorted, “or I’ll blow your brains out.” The affrighted wretch jerked his head back from the muzzle of the protruding pistol and exclaimed, as a tremendous roar of artillery increased the awful din, “’Tis death any how!” – spurred and continued his fight to Saltillo. The bastard American yet lives, unless some secret thunder of the Almighty has since blasted him out of existence. Some 25 or 30 of this cavalry disdaining the example of their confederates, stood their ground and fought like heroes.

Friday, May 7, 1847 RE44i2p2c1



Friday, May 7, 1847 RE44i2p2c3 1,208 words.


           As far as we are concerned, the elaborate column in yesterday’s Whig is totally thrown away. It entirely and monstrously exaggerates our position on the subject of a ship canal to unite the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans across that narrow isthmus. We have not in any sense contended for the construction of said work by Congress – but we have zealously urged the importance of acquiring a slip of land, or the “right of way” through the isthmus. The Whig may, in it horror of the extension of our limits and the expansion of the commerce of the world, resist the expediency of such a measure; but it will scarcely be so bold as to deny, that in arranging the terms of peace with Mexico, our government can lawfully and constitutionally acquire a slip of land in that or any other portion of Mexico. Under the laws of war, we can capture any province of Mexico and indeed the whole of the country, to be held until peace is concluded, and in the negotiation we may make the acquisition of certain territory a binding condition. If we can thus obtain even whole provinces, in accordance with the laws of nations, most certainly we are not precluded from the acquisition of a narrow piece of land, sufficient to form a communication between the two oceans. And the Whig may rely upon it, it will be done. That paper may denounce, in rounded periods, the curse of extending our limits, as did the Federalists of New England in the case of Louisiana and Texas – of whose accession no one now presumes to complain, for the resources which these new commercial avenues have placed in their possession have effectually silenced all grumblings; it may, following the lead of Mr. John. S. Pendleton, impeach as “fraudulent” the claims of our own fellow citizens upon Mexico for grievous spoliations of their property and injury to their persons; it may regard Mexico as the aggrieved party and our own Government as completely in the wrong, and may urge the withdrawal of our troops, without the smallest compensation in money or territory for the wrongs which we have suffered, and the blood and treasure we have expended, in this “unjust and atrocious” war; it may do all this, yet it will never induce the American people to yield to such suicidal and degrading conditions as to retreat from Mexico without acquiring indemnity, in some for or other. Money, Mexico cannot command. Territory she has in abundance, which is useless to her, but will prove valuable to us. A reasonable portion of such territory, we cannot doubt, will be insisted on by our Government; and among the terms of settlement, a narrow and at present valueless slip of land across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, will be included. Can any one doubt the immense importance of the communication between the two oceans which we have referred to? Besides its commercial blessings, it may be, in the language of Mr. Dallas, “converted into the means of bringing closely together, of improving and of enriching the whole human family.”

           So much for the acquisition of territory, which we hold to be fully justified by right and the law of nations. We now come to the use to be made of said strip of land at Tehuantepec. We have advocated the construction of a ship canal or railroad between the navigable rivers on either side, so as to bring the teeming riches of the Indies within the control of our own enterprising citizens, and here again we quote another graphic passage from Mr. Dallas’ letter:

           “The chief objects to be attained are, a speedy communication between this country and the western coasts of North and South America, especially with our territories of Oregon and California; an easy and quick access to China, the groups of the South Sea Archipelago, the Sandwich Islands, Russian settlements, and even, before long I hope, the tempting and untouched treasures of magnificent Japan; and, finally, the facilitating and enlarging of the great source of wealth, as well as nursery of able seamen, the whale fishery.”

           This much we have freely asserted and still cordially maintain; but the Whig makes us go a great deal farther. It gratuitously assumes, that we are in favor of the construction by Congress of a ship canal across their isthmus, “when the territory shall have been conquered of purchased from Mexico” – and, filled with this erroneous idea, goes on to ask, with a magisterial air, “what clause of that instrument can be tortured by sophistry, or forced by the most violent abuse of language, into the service of the advocates of this gigantic scheme, who, denying the right of Congress to improve our own harbors and rivers, under that clause of the Constitution which imposes upon that body the duty of regulating commerce “among the several States,” nevertheless have the effrontery to deduce from that very clause authority first to buy from a foreign Government “the right of way through its territory, or to compel it by force to yield it to our demand, and then to cut a great canal through the soil thus purchased or conquered?”

Now, we have never advanced, nor do we now sustain, the opinion that Congress does possess or should exercise the power of constructing this magnificent work. Whatever may be Mr. Dallas’ views on the subject, we unequivocally deny such a power to Congress. We have consistently opposed the construction of Internal Improvements by the Federal Government “within the States” and as strongly object to the exercise of such a power in territory acquired of Mexico. But we contend, that, even without the aid of Congress, this grand commercial highway of nations will yet be constructed. Let us first obtain the territory, as we can by just and constitutional means, and then, in the language of Union, there can be “no doubt that the commercial interest and the commercial capital, both of our own and of other countries, uniting in so great an object, will speedily turn it to practical account. Private enterprise will doubtless relive our Government from the necessity even of contemplating any doubtful exercise of its own powers in the construction of a ship canal beyond our own territorial borders.” The Whig will now see that it has entirely distorted our position. The “monstrous absurdity” to which it refers, is all a picture of its own fancy – and our own zealous opposition to the construction of gigantic improvements by the national government, is perfectly consistent with our support of the proposition to secure the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, to be afterwards converted by private enterprise into a highway of nations. Unlike the Whig, we would turn the present war with Mexico, into which we have been forced, to a practical benefit to ourselves and the whole world. We would seize the occasion presented to us, of uniting all nations in the bonds of peace and fellowship and mutual interest. We would do so, at the same time, without exercising of claiming the least power in violation of the constitution or of justice. – All this, we conceive, can be accomplished, and the constitution, which we would cherish above all other considerations, maintained inviolate.

Friday, May 7, 1847 RE44i2p4c2 898 words.


From the New Orleans Delta, April 27.

           We received yesterday, by the steamship Telegraph, the Matamoras Flag of the 18th inst., and the Monterey Pioneer of the 12th. We give from them such extracts as we deem of interest to our readers. General Taylor is still at the Walnut Springs. He does not contemplate leaving there for some time – not until he is fully reinforced to cross the country, attack, and, with the certainty of success, take San Luis Potosi. We should not be surprised to hear of the forces under Gen. Scott reveling in the “Halls of the Montezumas” without the co-operation of Gen. Taylor.

           The rank and file of the 1st Ohio Regiment have taken measure to present Maj. L. Gindings with a sword to cost $500, as a token of their respect and thanks.

           The 2d Regiment of Mississippi Volunteers have arrived a Monterey. They are all armed with rifles.

           The Editor of the Matamoras Flag has recently paid a flying, or rather a steamboat visit to Camargo. Speaking of it he says:

           “A happier looking people than the Mexicans on the Rio Grande we never saw, and many of them are becoming enriched by supplying the steamboats with wood, which is easily obtained, and for which they receive $250 per cord.

           Camargo we found all life and bustle – apparently more business doing there than here – and merchants looking with confidence to a brighter prospect ahead. Considerable stocks of merchants’ goods were being sent forward to Monterey, Saltillo, and towns along the line protected by our troops, and the trade between our merchants and the Mexicans bids fair to open again with new life and activity.”

           FIENDISH MURDER. – Father Ray, says the Flag, so long and favorably known as a chaplain in the army, was recently killed by a party of lancers on the road between Camargo and Monterey. What ignorance, combined with fanaticism, will do, may be judged by the butchering of this faithful old minister of peace. True to his divine calling, he forsook friends and home to make easy the couch of the dying soldier – he came with design of harm to neither Mexican or American, and was arrested in his divine vocation by those who choose the same mode of worshipping the Almighty. Strange infatuation!

           The following items are copied from the Matamoras Flag:

           The 1st Mississippi Regiment (“Gen. Taylor’s Own,” as it is styled) from what may may be considered his body guard, and are with him at the Walnut Springs, near Monterey. In and around Monterey are the Kentucky Cavalry, 2d and 3d Ohio Regiments, 3d Indiana, six companies of Virginians, and a few companies of Texan Rangers. Six companies of Virginians are occupying China and Cadarevta, which places are being fortified. The 2d Ohio Regiment is probably, by this time, on its way to Camargo; its term of service is nearly up, and the boys are homeward bound. Five companies of Kentucky Cavalry were in Camargo a few days ago, but were to return to Monterey as an escort to a train. This regiment has, also, but a brief time to remain in service, and will soon be returning.

           SHAMEFUL – Persons recently arrived from Monterey, informs us that, in coming down, they beheld strewn along the road-side, where had been massacred, the teamsters who fell into the hands of Urrea’s assassins in the attack on the wagon train, the decayed and mutilated remains of upwards of fifty of these unfortunate men. Where they fell, there still they are suffered to remain – their flesh made the food of vultures and wolves, and their bores scatted about by these beasts and birds of prey. Train after train has passed them by, with no more notice than a passing commentary upon their sad fate – none have stepped forth to give them burial. Humanity sickens at man’s indifference to man.

           CHIHUAHUA TAKEN. – The American arms have again triumphed, and the flag of the United States flutters over Chihuahua. Col. Doniphan, at the head of 950 men, accomplished this much by fighting two battles, within twelve miles of the city, in which he suffered a loss of only five killed and wounded. This information comes to us through the quartermaster at this place – he having been so informed by the quartermaster at Monterey. The loss of the Mexicans is about two hundred killed and wounded, and ten pieces of cannon captured. Despatches have been forwarded to Gen. Taylor by Colonel Doniphan. Onward rolls the republican cause. What shall arrest its progress?

           DOWN UPON THEM. – We stated not long ago that Gen. Taylor had resolved on a requisition upon the sates of New Leon, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas, for indemnification for the destruction of the public property of the U. States by Mexican robbers in those departments of Mexico. – Since then Col. Cushing has received an order directing him to call upon the Alcades of this place, and will accordingly pay his respects to their honors this morning. The proportion of this department is $17,500, and can be liquidated in mules at 20 dollars a head, beef cattle at 10, or corn at 3 per faega, (3 bushels.) The Alcades here will confer with the authorities of other towns, as to the amount of taxable property in their several districts, to serve as data in fixing the proportion of each. The quartermaster here will receipt for all that may be “forked over.”

Friday, May 7, 1847 RE44i2p4c7 108 words.


           The citizens of Richmond county, Georgia have presented a sword to Brigadier General D. E. Twiggs, United States Army, for his distinguished services in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. General Twiggs is a native of that county and State.

           The citizens of Warren county, North Carolina, have resolved to present a sword to Major Braxton Bragg, United States Army, for his gallant conduct and efficient services at Fort Brown, Monterey and Buena Vista. It was he that commanded a battery of the splendid Flying Artillery at Buena Vista, and so promptly and fearlessly dealt our “more grape,” under the order of General Taylor.

Tuesday, May 11, 1847 RE44i3p1c1 2,474 words.


From the New Orleans Picayune, May 1

           FURTHER DETAILS. – The letter below, which we give to day from Mr. Kendall, did not appear in our extra of yesterday – we had not time to print it. It will show the dispositions made for the attack by our troops, for every thing done by General Scott evinced his skill and science as well as gallantry.

           Many inquiries are made of us by friends and acquaintances as the wounded. Mr. Kendall’s letters give all the information which we possess, and it must be recollected that they were written under circumstances of excitement, and in great haste. It is a delicate matter for gentlemen who have reached the city, from the field of the conflict, to speak of the state of the wounded with any positiveness. In individual cases, their hopes may be blasted by the result, and again their fears amounting almost to certainty, may, in other cases, be happily disappointed. We must wait for further arrivals, to dispel the uncertainty which hangs over the fate of many brave men.

           In this connection, all will read with pleasure that Captain Johnston is doing so well. This gentleman, Captain of the Topographical Engineers, and appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the Voltigeurs, was so desperately wounded, that little hope was felt for him. He has a strong constitution, and is in fine spirits, and Captain Hughes thinks he will recover.

           The health of the troops at Vera Cruz is absolutely improving. Great ameliorations are making in the city, but, above all things, it has been undergoing a thorough purification. There is no yellow fever there, nor other malignant epidemic. This is good news.

           Ampudia was in the battle of Cerro Gordo, but neither he nor Santa Anna ventured within the lines which their countrymen so strenuously defended. They were prepared to run the moment the day should seem to go against them, and run they did. Ampudia came near being taken close to Jalapa, and to save himself had to take to the fields. But we will not longer detain the reader from our correspondence.

[Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune.]


April 16, 1847 – Evening.

           Meeting Lieut. McLane of the navy this afternoon, at Puente Nacional and on his way here, I joined his party and rode over. Major. Beall, with a small squad of dragoons, was also along with us. On the road, some six miles back, we came up with a forage party of the 2d Dragoons, under Lieut. Anderson, and also Capt. Caswell’s company of Tennessee volunteers which had been out after beef the latter had had a brisk skirmish with a party of rancheros, in which Capt. ? two men wounded, one of them, a young man of great promise, named J.L. Roberson, badly. His thigh bone was completely shattered and the poor fellow’s sufferings were most acute as they bore him along in a wagon over the rough road. The Mexicans stood their ground in the chaparral with some little bravery at first but were finally routed in every direction.

           I find all excitement and bustle here. The Mexicans, under Santa Anna, are occupying a think of works along the road, the nearest of which is about a mile and a quarter from Gen. Scott’s headquarters in a direct line. The road this side is cut up and barricaded, and every positive means of defence and annoyance has been resented to. Beyond the first work there are three or four others, completely commanding the gorge through which the road to Jalapa runs – these fortifications on hills, and rising so as to defend one another. It is thought that Santa Anna has 20,000 men with him – the lowest estimate give him 15,000 – and with these he has 24 pieces of field artillery, besides some 14 heavy cannon in position. Some of the prisoners and desertors from the enemy’s camp even place higher estimates, both as to the number of men and guns.

           To turn these different works, a road has been partially cut through the rough ground and chaparral to the right; and although the reconnaissance is as yet imperfect, it is still thought that a point near the enemy’s farthest work can be reached. Gen. Twiggs, with his division, is to march at 8 o’clock to-morrow morning by the new road, and in the following morning it is thought the attack will commence on the works on this side. If Gen. Twiggs succeeds in reaching the rear of Santa Anna, and he will use every exertion, I do not see what is to save him. He is generally fox enough to have plenty of holes out of which to escape, however, and from the great difficulty of reconnoitering his position fully, he may have some means of escape here. The general impression now in camp is that this is to be the great battle of the war; and the immense natural strength of Santa Anna’s works would justify the belief.

           The Mexicans are more on the alter than they have ever been before, and more bold in throwing out their pockets. Not a party can go near their works without being fired upon, and yesterday a soldier of the 7th Infantry tell with no less than seven bullets in his body. It is said that Almonte is with Santa Anna, as also all the principal generals of the country.

           Gen. Worth left Puente Nacional this afternoon with is division, and will be up during tongith. He started a little after 1 o’clock this morning, with near 2,000 picked men, determined to make a forced march through; but learning on the road that the attack upon the Mexican works was not to commence as soon as anticipated, he returned to Puente Nacional after marching a mile and a half. Capt. Pemberton, one of his aids, rode over here last evening after dark, and returned with the information that the attack had been postponed.

           The wounds of Capt. Johnston are doing well. I regret to sate that Gen. P.F. Smith is confined to his bed, utterly unable either to ride or walk. – He has a violent inflammation of the right ankle and knee, resembling crysipelas, which from neglecting several days when he should have remained in his cot, has finally compelled him to lay up. I will write again to-morrow.



April 17, 1847 – 8 o’clock, A.M.

           General Worth's division came up during last night and this morning, ready for any thing that turns up. A section of the siege train, comprising two twenty four pounders and an eight inch howitzer will be along this forenoon. A subsistence train is also close by, and is very much needed, as the army is nearly out of provisions.

Gen. Twigg's division will march by 9 o'clock.-The 1st brigade, composed of the 1st artillery, 2nd dragoons and Captain Kearney's company of the 1st and 7thinfantry, is under command of Col. Harney during the illness of Gen. Smith; the 2d brigade consists of the 4th artillery and 2d and 3d infantry, under Col. Riley; and to these must be added Taylor's battery and Talcott's mountain howitzer and rocket men, acting under the immediate orders of General Twiggs. The latter company will probably have plenty of work on their hands, as this is just the country for their operations.

           I have written this off so as to be able to send you an account of the operations thus far in case anyone is going to Vera Cruz. The road is now so much infested by small parties of the enemy that it is deemed imprudent for a single man to start, let him be ever so well mounted. If I have another chance to write to-day I shall improve it. G.W.K.

Further Details of the Battle.

The “American Eagle,” published at Vera Cruz issued an extra on the 200th ult., from which we extract copiously, though there are many repetitions in it:

           The positions occupied by the enemy were as strong as nature, combined with art, could make them, and could you but see them whilst reading these times you would wonder at their surrender. The Cerro Gordo, the most prominent of the defences, commands the Jalapa road for two or three miles a heavy battery here, in the hands of skilful men, would keep an army in there for many a day, if not entirely prevent its passage. The importance of this point was soon made apparent to all, and last night, about 12 o’clock, a piece of cannon was hanled up a neighboring eminence, which, after sending sundry shot upon the enemy, was found of little avail; and in the morning the Cerro Gordo was stormed and carried – not, however, before the commander-in-chief of the Mexicans had secured himself a safe retreat, by falling back, with his body-guard, several miles upon the Jalapa road.

           In the mean time, the other defences were being stormed by our troops. There forts, situated near to our camp, and upon three heights adjacent to each other – each commanding the others – were the objects of attack; and the carrying of them was the task of the volunteers. The tenure one of these forts runs further in than the others, and this being the object of storm, the advance of the stormers had to undergo the fire of the right and left and centre – the latter of which prudently withheld its fire until our men had advanced within forty yards of the guns, and, then the dogs of war were let loose with such fury that our men were driven from their position, with great slaughter – the 2d Tennesseeans, who were in advance, having a large number of killed and wounded. Before the volunteers had time to renew the attack, the enemy had surrendered – driven, as they had been, from their favorite position of Cerro Gordo.

        Taking all things into consideration, this has been a great fight, and a great victory; one calculated to shine brilliantly in the chapter of those achieved in Mexico by our arms.

           The Mexican forces on the height of Cerro Gordo were the 3d and 4th Light Infantry, the 3d and 5th Regiments of the line, and 6 pieces of artillery, with the requisite number of Cavalry. – Col. Obando, chief of artillery, was killed, and Gen. Vasquez, general of division. Many of our officers were of opinion that this general was no other than Gov. Morales.

           Our force consisted of the 2d, 3d, and 7th Infantry and Mounted Riflemen, and Steptoe’s battery. Capt. Mason, of the Rifles, was severely wounded, having lost his left leg. Lieut. Ewell of the 7th Infantry, was severely wounded. Capt. Patten, of the 2d, left hand shot off.

           On the 18th, Lieut. Jarvis, of the 2d Infantry, was wounded in ascending the first hill.

           On the top of the Cerro Gordo, the scene was truly horrible. From the Jalapa road, dead bodies of the enemy could be seen on every spot where the eye was directed, until they literally covered the ascent to the height. There is about half an acre of level ground on the top of the mountain, and here was collected together the wounded of both armies, and the dead of our own. Side by side were lying the disabled American and the Mexican, and our surgeons were busy amputating and dressing the wounds of each – lotting them in turns, unless the acute pain of some suffer further along cause him to cry out, when he would be immediately attended to.

           The pioneer parties of our men were picking up the wounded and bringing them in from every part of the ascent to the height. From the side towards the river, where the storming party of Gen. Twiggs’s division made the charge, most of our men suffered, and many of the enemy, also, for they made a desperate stand; but when they gave way, and started in confusion down the hill, was the time they most suffered, many of them receiving the balls of our men in their backs.

           The charge on Cerro Gordo was one of those cool yet determined ones so characteristic of the American soldier. From the time that our troops left the hill nearest that prominent height the fire was incessant, and they had to fight their way foot by foot, till they gained the summit, from which place the enemy gave way after a very short resistance.

           Our victory is complete. Those of the enemy who escaped were driven in all directions by their pursuers, and many of them out down on the road.

           Gen. Twiggs, who followed them after taking Cerro Gordo, approached within three miles of Jalapa, and finding no force of the enemy, encamped for the night. He is in the town before this time.

           Capt. Merrill, of the 2d Dragoons, returned from Twiggs’s camp last night, and is of opinion that nothing but a small body guard is with Santa Anna.

           Santa Anna’s private carriage was captured, and amongst his effects was found the sum of $18,000, which is now in the hands of the quartermaster, and an additional leg of cork for his Excellency’s use in case of emergency.

           I noticed one officer of the enemy shot through the head on Cerro Gordo, who was a conspicuous man at Vera Cruz.

           Gen. La Vega, who is again in our clutches, looked as dashing and fine as ever. He did not seem the least disconcerted, but rode in from the battle field, by the side of Gen. Scott, laughing and talking as though he was once more on his way to New Orleans.

           Gen. Shields was mortally wounded, and I hear this morning that he is dead. He behaved most gallantly and his mishap is deeply deplored.

           Gen. Pillow was wounded in the arm, but slightly.

           Major Sumner, of the 2d Dragoons, was shot in the head, but is considered out of danger.

           The force of the Mexicans, at the lowest, is set down at 12,000. The officers of the Mexican army are being paroled whilst I write this, and with their soldiers are being sent about these business – our commander being opinion that he can whip them easier than feed them. The generals will be sent to New Orleans; among them you will have the second appearance of La Vega, he having refused again to be paroled.

           The second in command to Santa Anna is a man as black as the ace of spades, with a name something like Stinton.

           All Santa Anna’s plate was taken, and his dinner, cooked yesterday, eaten by our own officers.

           I am sorry to say that Gen. Patterson and Smith were both confined to their beds by sickness, and were unable to go into the fight with their commands.

Tuesday, May 11, 1847 RE44i3p1c4 880 words.


           The New Orleans Courier presents a very forcible and comprehensive view of the many efforts made by our Government to close the war with Mexico, all of which have been rejected by her rulers. Say what the Whigs will, the war could not have been avoided, and our Government has done every thing consistent with its duty to arrange an amicable settlement, but to no purpose. Since Santa Anna’s thorough defeat by General Scott, and his flight, so inglorious for one who had vowed that he would lose his life in repulsing the “aggressors,” it is difficult to guess what may be the next act in the drama. We shall make no more speculations upon the chances of an early peace. At all events, our troops will march to the Capital, and hold it in possession. Whatever farther may be done, no one can doubt that the American character will exert a moral influence upon the future destiny of Mexico. The seeds of civilization and liberal institutions will be sown to bring forth rich fruit hereafter. We make the following extracts from the N. O. Courier:

           “On the question of peace, we entertain different views from what we formerly did, and there are good and sufficient reasons for the change. We entreated the Mexicans originally not to declare war. We withdrew our navy blockading their ports, as a preliminary act of conciliation; we sent a Minister to settle all difficulties on honorable terms, made the most liberal offers; but the President of Mexico, General Padres, declared that war existed – was deaf to all entreaties – directed a large force, under the command of Arista and Ampudia, to cross the Rio Grande and take the ‘initiative,’ by attacking the small force under General Taylor at Palo Alto. We were victorious, drove the enemy back, and captured Matamoras. Again we offered peace, after the banishment of Paredes and the return of Santa Anna, but with no better success. The grand attack was then made on Monterey, and that strongly defended city was assaulted by General Taylor and taken. Here was another and more important victory, in which 10,000 troops were made prisoners, and released under the conviction that peace must follow. Again the Mexicans said in reply to our propositions, ‘We make no peace with you until your armies quit our territory.’

           Finding that we had a most obstinate and determined enemy to deal with, we sent more troops to Mexico. Gen. Taylor, with a reduced force, offered himself an easy prey to Gen. Santa Anna, who gave him battle with 20,000 of the flower of the Mexican army at Buena Vista, and was most gallantly beaten and dispersed by that brave American General, and when that great force and its eminent leader retreated, discomfited and broken down, appalled and overpowered, Gen. Taylor again said, ‘now let us bury our difficulties and make peace, forget the past, and live together like neighbors and friends.’ Santa Anna answers, ‘No – leave the country first, and then we will talk of peace.’ Gen. Scott with a powerful, well appointed army invests Vera Cruz, in a most scientific manner – throws in his shot and shells, and the city and its formidable castle surrender to the American arms. Here, then, the victories of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Matamoras, Revnosa, Camargo, Monterey, Tampico, Buena Vista, Vera Cruz, and San Juan de Uloa; when General Santa Anna and the government exclaim, ‘not yet – no peace yet. You must withdraw your troops.’

           While much is due to humanity in terminating the war, something is due to national honor; something do we say? everything id due to the honor of the country: as often as we tendered the hand of conciliation in the hour of victory, it has been spurned with indignity, as if we had been the conquered and prostrate foe sueing for mercy. We can sue no longer. We must now advance until Mexico sues. It is her turn to beg, - we have done more than our share. – We are pleased, therefore, to perceive that the government is directing fresh columns to march to Mexico. Six thousand troops will soon be on their way to reinforce Gen. Taylor, and after he captures San Luis de Potosi, he will form a junction with General Scott, and with 25,000 men will march to the city of Mexico, and if resistance is made, storm the place, and capture Santa Anna and the whole government; and if they exhibit their old and determined spirit of further resistance, send the General, his staff and all the Generals in the service to New Orleans, and quietly take possession of the capital; restore, law and order, and govern it justly.

           All Mexico will then fall, and what will be most desirable and beneficial, we shall disband their army – call upon the people to establish a Democratic form of government, give them a free Constitution, organize for them a national guard, set industry and enterprize at work, develope their great resources, and place them on the road to prosperity, and then make such a peace as shall be honorable to Mexico, and glorious to the United States. Let us hear no more therefore at this time of our again proposing peace. On to the Capital.”

Tuesday, May 11, 1847 RE44i3p1c5 81 words.


           We heard it stated yesterday, (says the N. O. Delta,) that there were officers now in our city, who were to proceed shortly with their commands to this point in Mexico, the possession of which had been considered of so much advantage, as securing the most feasible route for the contemplated canal to connect the Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Ocean. A topographical survey of the country is to be made under the protection of a large naval and military force.

June 1847

June 1, 1847, REv64i9p2c1, From the Brazos

U.S. Steamer Trumbal arrived on Saturday from the Brazos. We have received by this arrival the Matamoras Flag of 15th, and the Saltillo Picket Guard of 3d.

The following passengers came in the Trumball: Capts. Webster, and Crowenshields, Mass, Volunteers; Captain Claiborne of U.S. steamer, Col. Cross; Capt. Lansing, U.S.A.; Rev Mr. McElroy, Chaplain, U.S.A; Lieut. Frost, U.S. Voltiguers; M. Field, Mr. Coolridge, Mrs. Field, and 40 deck passengers, principally discharged volunteers.

The Picket Guard contains the following result of the court martial in case of Gen Lane and Col. Bowles:


Facts. –That at the battle of Buena Vista, on the 22d February, Gen. Lane commanded the 2d and 3d Regiments of Indiana Volunteers; that on the 23d he was in immediate command of the 2d Regiment of the Indiana Volunteers, and three pieces of artillery under the command of Lieut. O’Brien, and that the 2d Indiana Volunteers retreated from the field without any orders from Gen. Lane, on the 22d of February; but through the exertions of Gen. Lane and other officers from one hundred and fifty to two hundred men of the 2d Regiment Indiana Volunteers were rallied and attached to the Mississippi Regiment and the 3d Indiana Regiment, and remained with them on the field of battle during the remainder of the day.

Opinion. –The court are of opinion that during the whole period of the 22d and 23d of February, 1847, Brig. Gen. Lane conducted himself as a brave and gallant officer; and that no censure is attached to him for the retreat of the 2d Regiment Indiana Volunteers.


Facts. –In reference to the first charge, it appears from the evidence, that Bowles ins ignorant of the company, battalion or brigade drills, and that the maneuver of the evening of the 22d February, indicated in the third specification of that charge, was indicative of an ignorance of battalion drill.

In relation to the second charge, in appears from evidence before the court, that Colonel Bowles gave the order, “cease firing and retreat;” that Gen. Lane was present, and that he had no authority form Gen. Lane to gibe such orders.

It also appears that Col. Bowles retreated after having given the aforesaid command; but that he did not shamefully runaway from the enemy, nor did he hide himself in any raviue from the enemy or from his regiment.

It appears, too, that Col. Bowles dismounted from his horse in rear of his regiment; but there is no evidence to show that he did so to protect himself from the enemy.

The court find that the fact of Col. Bowles having given the order above mentioned, did induce the regiment to retreat in disorder.

Col. Bowles gave this order with the intention of making the regiment leave its position; but the court does not find that he had been particularly ordered to maintain and defend it.

Opinion. –With reference to the first charge, the court is of the opinion that Col. Bowles is ignorant of the duties of the Colonel; but the court would remark that ill health, and absence on account of ill health, have, in some degree, prevented him from fitting himself for the duties of that office.

The court is of opinion that, at a time Col. Bowles gave the order “retreat,” he was under the impression that the artillery had retr4eated, when, in fact, that battery had gone to an advanced position, under the orders of Gen. Lane, which orders had not been communicated to Col. Bowles.

And, in conclusion, the court find that throughout the engagement, and through the whole day, Col. Bowles evinced no want of personal courage or bravery; but that he did manifest a want of capacity and judgement as a commander.

[From the Matamoras Flag, May 15th.]

General Cadwallader, and staff, are at the camp of instruction, (Palo Alto,) fourteen miles below this place. Also, Col. A. C. Ramsay; Pennsylvania regiment; Lt. Col. Fay, 10th regiment; Major Morgan, 11th do; Major Talbott, 16th do.; Captains Carr, Lyberg Moore, Irwin, Waddell and Cummings, 11th regiment. Tow companies of dragoons, Captains Butler and Merrick. Five companies of voltiguers, Captains Bernard, Biddle, Howard, Edwards and Churchill. Tow companies of the 16th regiment, Captains Hendricks and Brennan –three companies of the 10th, and Captain Pitman’s company of the 9th. These troops will remain at Palo Alto under strong discipline, and from thence, it is rumored, transferred to Vera Cruz.

Col. Humphrey Marshall;s Regiment of Kentucky Cavalry were in Camargo at last accounts on their way home. They will probably reach here in a day or two, and not be disbanded until they arrive at New Orleans.

It is stated in the Monterey Pioneer, upon the authority of a gentleman from San Luis Potosi, that but a few hundred effective troops were in that city and that the hospitals were filled with the sick an wounded, who were (illegible) of attention. A report (illegible) there that Gen. Taylor was within three days march of the city, which caused hundreds of the inhabitants to ramos with their property.

The Monterey Pioneer thinks that an advance upon San Luis is designed by Gen. Taylor, as unusual activity prevails in all the departments, and four trains, loaded with subsistence stores, have recently arrived at that place.

Lieutenant Waters, of the Alexandria company, Virginia regiment, died, a short time since at the town of China.

ESCAPED. –A young man named John Davis (an American we believe) was confined in prison Tuesday, charged with selling arms and ammunition, to Mexicans. Through the insecurity of the prison, or the carelessness of the sentry, he effected his escape during Thursday night last.

Romano Paz, a notorious Mexican robber and murderer was captured in the vicinity of Old Reynosa, by Captain Reid of the steamer Corvette, and brought down to this city on Wednesday last, where he is now imprisoned. It appears that he holds the rank of captain under Canales, and visited the settlements near Reynosa, for the purpose of inducing or forcing the Rancheros to join his standard. The people were not disposed to join him, and sought an opportunity to place him in the hands of the Americans. This was effected by informing Captain Reid of his whereabouts and designs, who collected a force from the boat, and made him prisoner, at a ranchero where he had been quartered for several days.

Gen. Urrea has issued a proclamation to the citizens of Cadareyta, very similar in tone to that of Santa Anna. He calls upon the town for a contribution towards supporting the war; and also orders under arms all the able bodied bales between ages of 16 and 45. Immediately after having issued this proclamation, he set off for the city of Mexico.

We understand that Mr. Simonds, beef contractor, well known to the army here, was attacked a few days ago, while on his way to Monterey, by some Mexican robbers. He was shot through the knee, so that the limb had to be amputated. One of the robbers was killed in the encounter. They made nothing that haul.

We regret to see, by the following letter, that there is a report of the defeat of Col. DONIPHAN. It comes, however, through Mexican sources, and we sincerely hope, will prove to be unfounded:

[Special Correspondence of the Picayune.]

May 2, 1847.

There is a report here, derived from pretty good authority, from Col. Doniphan’s force, and of a very unwelcome character. It is derived from an attaché of the army as Silenas, a small town within about forty miles of this place, and he obtained the information from Mexicans who had just arrived. It is to the effect, that Col. Doniphan’s force had been attacked at a pas called Sierra Gordon, about half way between Saltillo and Chihuahua, by a Mexican force from Durango under Gen. Reiz –of whom I never recollect of hearing before –and that a Col. D. had been defeated with severe loss, and all his artillery captured. There may be some truth in this report, as the Col. was once en route to join Gen. Wool’s command at Saltillo. All we can do, is hope that the reported is unfounded, and await authentic information. The train will be off in a few moments, and I have not the time to write more.

J. E. D.

The Picket Guard of the 3d, however, makes no allusion to any report of this kind, and the only notice we see in it relative to Col. D., is the following:

‘Col. Doniphan must be within a few day’s march of this place. This may truly be called the marching command. But they have not hurt themselves much by it, if Mexican stories are believed, according to which they were not very scrupulous as to whose mules they took on the way, and infantry as well as cavalry were all mounted. They have not received a cent of pay since they loft home, nor clothing from the Government, so that, as far as outward appearances are concerned, they must be a shabby looking set. It appears they are generally clothed in buckskin. There is no doubt, however, they are some in a fight. Some English gentlemen, who arrived yesterday from Durango, report Col. Doniphan to have started from Chihuahua on the 1st of April for this part of the country, by way of San Jose del Parral. On the route they saw Gen. Garcia Conde on his way to Durango with about 150 men, having as prisoner General Heredia, who commanded at the battle of the Sacamentos. He is accused to treason, and of being fond of American gold. All the rest of the troops had dispersed for their homes. Durango was in a great state of alarm, dreading the arrival of Gen. Wool, which was expected by them daily. Mr. James Magoffin was a prisoner, with the city for his prison limits, but well treated by the Mexicans. Everything was quiet in California, the whole country in possession of the Americans, and a very great influx of families and settlers from Oregon.”

June 1, 1847, REv64i9p2c2, From Vera Cruz, Mexican Treachery

The schooner Whig, Captain Rayner, arrived at New Orleans from Vera Cruz, May 22d, with dates to the 15th. The N. Orleans Bulletin publishes some extracts from the Eagle of that date. There appears to have been no later news from Gen. Scott.

The Eagle expresses the belief that the army will remain at Puebla until the fall.

Lieut Brock, and 33 privates, Tennessee Cavalry, company F, came passengers in the Whig.

U.S. sloop Germantown, Commander Buchanan, had arrived off Vera Cruz, but sailed immediately for Anton Lizardo.

[From Vera Cruz Eagle.]

FROM PEROTE. –We saw a letter on Thursday, from Perote, written by one of the principal officers of the army, in which he states that the command would move in a day or two for Puebla, where, it is reported, active preparations are making for a proper reception of our troops, and he intimates that they will soon move upon the Capital. Doubts are entertained by many, however, as to this movement. Our opinion is not founded upon the most positive information, but we believe that Gen. Scott will remain at Puebla, after his arrival there, for a season, at least, and probably until the beginning of autumn. In the meantime, should no decidedly favorable step not have been taken by the government of this country, the most energetic measures will be pursued, with a view to end the strife. The United States possesses the most ample means, if a course of this kind is demanded, but nothing else that the most unpardonable provocation will compel us to resort to them. –Peace has been sued for so often by us, that it has at length amounted to humiliation, and it cannot be expected that much longer procrastination can be borne with. “There is a point beyond which forbearance ceases to be a virtue,” says the proverb, and we believe that the point cannot be far distant. When reached, it is probably that it will be a dark and dreadful day for the land of the Aztecs.

We take from the Eagle the following account of the recent surprise at Santa Fe:

MEXICAN TREACHERY. –One of those bloody and brutal acts which seem to be characteristic of the lower order of the Mexican people, was committed at Santa Fe, about 8 or 9 miles from this city, on Wednesday night last. It appears that a detachment of seventy-odd dragoons, belonging to the command of Col. Harney, left Jalapa some days since in command of Lieut. Hill, with the intention of visiting this city to procure a further supply of horses. On arriving at Santa Fe, nine of the men were left behind in consequence of illness on their part, and the fatigue of their horses.

Lieut. Hill and his command continued on, feeling that those who were left behind were perfectly safe, and soon afterwards reached this city, where he has been detained, although it was his expectation that he would have returned the next morning. Nothing further was heard from the men until Thursday morning, when news reached here informing us that a large party of Mexicans had attacked and literally cut them to pieces in a most shocking manner. One of them was killed on the spot, and five others were mutilated in such a manner as to strike any one with horror at the sight. Means of transportation were furnished, and the survivors brought to the city as soon as possible. One of the number, however, died on Thursday night, and two others were reported last evening, by the surgeons, as unable to survive their wounds during the night. The hand of one was cut off above the wrist. The abdomen of another was cut in such a manner as to allow his bowels to protrude. Another has several sabre cuts on his head, penetrating the skull, and the arms and bodes of others are hacked and mangled to as to render the description almost incredible. Captain Walker left this city on Thursday morning, accompanied by his Mounted Riflemen, in search of the murderers, and encountered a large body of Mexicans, whom he attacked and succeeded in killing four. A yet, we believe there has not been anything received of a positive nature in regard to the number killed. However much this kind of warfare is to be deprecated by us, we can see no other alternative than to fight them in their own way, if they will no fight us fairly. We still trust that some measure will be discovered by which this cowardly system of butchery may be obviated, and that when American blood must flow, it may be in open and honorable combat; the enemy in front, instead of sneaking behind the back.

The editor of the “Picket Guard” very vigorously defends the two Indiana regiments. He says:

“The plain truth of the matter is, that the 2d Indiana regiment, under the command of Gen. Lane and Col. Bowles, ‘opened the ball’ on the (illegible) of the 23d on the extreme left, in an advanced position, where they met the concentrated force of the enemy, their line raked from left to right by grape (illegible) from one sic and two (illegible) and rear exposed to the enemy’s infantry, who were engaged with the riflemen in the mountain. Here they stood unmoved, until they had the enemy, when they were ordered to cease firing and retreat.

“It is due to Indiana to say, that they four rifle companies from the two regiments of that brigade opened the fight on the mountain on the 22d, that the 2d regiment opened the fight on the morning of the 23d; that the 3d Indiana lost the last man that was killed on the field, Capt. Taggart, of company E., and occupied, in conjunction with the 1st Illinois, the advanced position on the night of the 23d, when the enemy drew off.”

MAJOR GENERAL PATTERSON. –In the General Orders of Gen. Scott, directing the manner of march of the first body of the volunteers, returning home to be discharged, he says:

“Maj. Gen. Patterson, rendered for the moment, supernumerary with this army, will accompany the returning volunteers of his late gallant division, and render them such assistance, on the way as he well knows how to give. He will report, in person, as Washington, or by letter from New Orleans, for further orders from the War Department.

“This distinguished general officer will please accept the thanks of the General-in-Chief for the gallant, able and efficient support uniformly received from the second in rank of this army."

ARRIVAL OF TROOPS. –The steamer Taglioni, Capt. Keno, arrived on Saturday from Cincinnati with the Capt. Guthrie, Lieuts, Haman and McClellen, 86 men of the 11th Regiment U.S. Infantry.

RETURNED VOLUNTEERS. –Brig R. Russell, from Vera Cruz, with three companies Tennessee Volunteers, and Regiment, and 1 company of Kentucky Volunteers.

Brig Billow, with 140 of the 2d Illinois Regiment.

Ship Pharsalia arrived yesterday, with about 280 of the 1st Tennessee Cavalry, with Colonel Thomas, Maj. Waterhouse, Capts. Cooper, Newman, Haines and (illegible); Lieuts Richardson, Brownlow, McCabe, Leftwich, Chambliss, Kirk, Donnolly, Allen, McKnight, Johnston, Woodson, Gossett, Bell, Allen and Anderson; Surgeon Alsop, and Assistant Surgeons Walker and Donoho. –[N.O. Bulletin, May 24

June 1, 1847, REv64i9p2c4, Prospects of Peace

Of the charges most bitterly urged against the Administration by the Whig press, is that of boundless “lust of dominion,” and the most immoderate conditions required of Mexico in the negotiation of a peace. It has over and over again been asserted, that the President would be satisfied with nothing less that the acquisition of the whole of Mexico. This wholesale denunciation has been fully met, but the Whig papers still keep up the cry. We are, however, glad to see that one of them has the firmness to represent the Administration as not an uncompromising “land robber,” or as a monstrous Ogre, voracious enough to swallow the whole of Mexico one meal. A letter from Washington in the N.Y. Courier refers to the statement in the New Orleans papers, that Mr. Trist has arrived at Vera Cruz, armed with authority to negotiate a peace with Mexico, in co-operation with Gen. Scott; that he (Mr. Trist) had held long and confidential conversations of such importance as to justify the belief that “Mr. Trist is the government in Mexico.” So much only of this “important mission,” says the Washington writer, had publicly transpired at N. Orleans; and he proceeds to supply, upon the authority of a “well informed correspondent” of that city, the following additional particulars, which, if true, are important enough. –We have been so often deceived buy the “signs of the times” in regard to the operation of cause and effect in Mexican policy, that we shall not now express an opinion as to the result. The statements, however, reveal the fact that, in the view of one Whig at least, the Administration is anxious to close the war upon terms which ought to be entirely satisfactory to Mexico. If, therefore, Mexico shall madly refuse to negotiate after the magnanimous and liberal conduct on our part, the whole world will hold our Government free from blame for the continuance of the war:

“That Mr. Trist had communicated from Vera Cruz with Gen. Scott at Jalapa; that, in all probability, Mr. Trist would proceed with the next train to Jalapa; and that the negotiation might, perhaps, be brought very suddenly to a favorable conclusion. This is not absolutely certain; but from the diplomatic survey of Gen. Scott, and a reconnoitering officer in Mexico, the exceedingly strong probability now is that we shall soon have peace. Buena Vista was a more brilliant affair that Cerro Gordo; but the results of the latter are likely to be of incalculably more importance. –If Scott, after conquering the army of Mexico in the field, should now, in conjunction with Mr. Trist sign a treaty of peace in “the Halls of the Montezuamas,” he will have achieved glory enough, even although he should never be President.

“Rest assured, there was a perfect understanding with Scott and the Administration, and that the terms on which bother coincide in the opinion are” Upper California and New Mexico, and no other or greater portion of territory; and the right o the way across the Isthmus if it can be obtained –These terms are so much more moderate that were anticipated by Mexico, that whenever they are promulgated it is believed that the popular voice of Mexico will be clamorous for peace. –Unless, then, the Mexicans are more besotted than Hottentots or Esquimaux, we mush have peace.”

June 4, 1847, REv64i10p1c5, Late From the City of Mexico

We received on Monday evening papers from the city of Mexico to the 8th inst., forwarded by Mr. Kendall. They are a week later than any papers before received. We were too crowded yesterday to make much use of them, and now recur to them, as they contain some news of the importance, yet more rumors, and relate many facts which serve to illustrate the state of affairs in the interior of Mexico.

The Mexicans seize upon the slightest pretext of rumor for believing they have inflicted injury upon our forces. It was reported and believed at Puebla on the 9th inst., that the guerrillas of New Leon and Coahuila had attacked and gained possession of a supply train, at the same time wounding Gen. Taylor.

Another rumor, credited both in Puebla and the city of Mexico, is that Gen. Scott was ill at Jalapa with dysentery, and that for this reason and the want of troops he would defer his advance upon Puebla. There is no foundation for the rumor of his illness, we are happy to say.

Another Mexican story was that Gen. Urrea was threatening Tampico, if he had not already taken it; and yet another story was to the effect that a party of guerrillas had seized $60,000 in gold belonging to the Americans. By such miserable rumors the people of the capital are continually deluded. It serves to feed their false hopes, to keep in circulation idle reports of this kind.

A Puebla paper of the 9th instant says, that the President Substitute has at last ordered General Santa Anna to be supplied with men, muskets, heavy ordnance, and, more than all, with money. There would appear to have been some difficulty between General Bravo, “the commander of the Army of the Centre,” and Anaya, before the demands of Santa Anna were complied with. From the intimations thrown out, we infer that Bravo was reluctant to spare any means from the capital.

In our last, we alluded to a letter from Durango, dated the 26th of April. If is so important and significant, that we give it entire:

“Blessed be God, we are now relieved from the fear which the coming of the4 Yankees had spread amongst us, as they have returned to Chihuahua, in as much as a general massacre has been attempted by the conquered New Mexicans and Pasenos, joined with a tribe of Navajoe Indians –all led on, as is said, by the few padres who serve in New Mexico. The insurrection, as it has been described to us, was so decisive, and made with such effect, that even the women flew at the throats of our Texas neighbors, the number killed by them being very considerable. They say also that the New Mexicans encouraged by their triumph, are coming to avenge the outrage upon Chihuahua. God grant it may be true!”

The insurrection here alluded to is doubtless that which has already been effectually quelled. Our advises from Santa Fe, via St. Louis, are to the 19th of April, when all was quiet there, and the officers of justice were meeting out punishment to those engaged in the murderous insurrection. If anything were required to justify the measures of severity which have been taken at Taos by American authorities, we think the spirit of the letter we have just given is of itself sufficient.

The Legislature of the powerful State of Jalisco has appropriated the revenue derived from tobacco in the State, diverting it altogether from the use of the Central Government. It is well known that the government derives a large portion of its income from this source. The Republicano reproaches the authorities of Jalisco with this diversion of funds, and adds: “If the Union is to be deprived of these general revenues, and if obstacles are to be opposed whenever an attempt is made to create new sources of income, let us ask the authorities of the States in what manner can the war be carried on?”

The same paper mentions that the office fo r the administration of the tobacco revenues, with all the attaches thereto, is to be removed from the capital, with an escort of military for its protection. This, says the Republicano, strikes us as very strange, for if the office is to seek a place where it cannot be attacked by the enemy, for this very reason the military and the battalions of the Guard ought not to go there.

There is a great destitution of arms, as is already known, throughout the country. It having been reported that there were six thousand muskets for sale at Guadalajara, the authorities of the State of Guanajuato dispatched Gen. Alcayaga thither at once to buy them all up for the State. It turned out that there were none to be had, but the incident gibes color to the idea that the individual States are now looking to their own defense rather than relying upon the General Government for safely on contributing their means to the Central Government.

The decree suppressing the liberty of the press within the Federal District of Mexico, mentioned in Mr. Kendall’s letter which we published yesterday, is dated the 5th inst., and was promulgated the following day. By it the press is forbidden to engage in political and military discussions, or to express censure upon the supreme authorities, or in any way to throw discredit upon the army or its commanders. The preamble alleges that the abuse of the liberty of the press has been scandalous; that the papers have promoted dissensions, reciprocal distrust and disunion, whereby the foreign enemy is indirectly protected and the defense of the country rendered every day more difficult. The prohibition of the freedom of the press is to continue in force so long as the capital remains in a state of siege.

El Republicano of the 7th inst. comes out in a noble article rebuking the Government for this measure. It makes an earnest appeal to the conscience and understanding of President Anaya to retrace the false step. In the course of the article the army comes in for a large share of the indignation of the Editors, and some wholesome truths are told to Mexicans on the subject. –“Would to God,” says the (illegible) army had been brought into disrepute by the press, instead of by a series of inglorious defeats, which in the course of a single year have covered with shame the name of Mexico, and increased (illegible) of the well-organized armies of Europe.” And again the Republicano reproaches the army with having cost the country the enormous sum of three hundred millions of dollars since its independence was achieved; and yet, from want of discipline, it has never been able to maintain any established order of things; it has been torn by incessant civil wars; it now supports officers enough for an army eight times more numerous that the Mexican army numbers, and promotions in it have been gained by distinctions in civil war along. Moreover, to support (illegible) country (illegible) been crushed with an immense foreign debt and involved in a frightful bankruptcy. Under such circumstances the country had a right to expect that when the opportunity occurred for meeting a foreign foe, the army should respond with something more than a series of disgraceful routs. We only indicate the tone of the article in the Republicano towards the army. That paper has no further faith in it, and relies solely upon guerrilla warfare for the salvation of the country. It seems strange that a paper which reasons so powerfully upon the freedom of the press –we would reproduce the article were it not several columns long –and which appreciates so perfectly the desperate state of the country and the enormous burden of a licentious soldiery, should still be the steadfast advocate of the continuance of the war. But looking to the future of Mexico, it is gratifying to see such a paper as El Republicano pointing out to its countrymen the insupportable grievance of such a military establishment as that Mexico now supports.

Our readers will be interested to know what measure have been taken in the capital to defend it upon the approach of our troops. We cannot do this more effectually than by giving the whole of a proclamation promulgated by Gov. Trigueros on the 7th inst:


His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Centre yesterday addressed me the following decree:

Mexico, May 6, 1847

The Federal District of this State being declared in a state of siege, it becomes my duty to comply with the 6th article of the law of the 26th of April last; and in order to meet the anxious wishes of the patriotic citizens of this city to arm themselves to repel our unjust invaders, I hereby, in conformity with the powers in me vested, ordain –

1. That all Mexican citizens of the age of fifteen to sixty years, residing in the Federal District, will present themselves for enrolment at the place in their quarter or section which may be designated by the municipal authorities.

2. The Selectmen of the city, and those who in the other settlements of the district exercise their functions, will, on receipt of this decree, designate in their respective quarters or sections the place where the enrolment is to be made, presiding over them either in person or by substitutes.

3. The same functionaries will, within six days from the publication of this decree, deliver unto the chief of the staff a register, containing in regular order the age, profession or occupation, residence, and whether single or married, of all Mexicans of the ages of fifteen to sixty years, who may reside in their quarter or section.

4. In conformity with these returns, the persons enlisted will be divided into two classes –one class containing the unmarried and the widowers without children, from the age of fifteen to forty years, the other class the married men and the widowers having family, and also bachelors from forty to sixty years.

5. Form those enlisted will be formed as many battalions of each class as there may be in each quarter or section. Should any remain over, there may be formed into one or more companies or squadrons, according to their number.

6. The force of these battalions is to be in accordance with the law of the 12th of June, 1846.

7. The General-in-Chief will appoint the person, who, during the state of siege, in which this district may find itself, shall command the battalions and companies formed by this decree, and whose functions shall cease as soon as the siege is raised.

8. Every enlisted citizen shall receive a certificate proving his enlistment, signed b the commander of the corps to which he may be attached and by the corps to which me may be attached, and my the Selectman of his quarter or section, and countersigned by the chief of the staff of the General-in-Chief.

9.Of the bodies which may be formed in each quarter or section there will be created, according to their number, one or more brigades, to be commanded by a person t be designated by the General-in-Chief.

10. All citizens will attend daily drill, and will perform such other duties as may be ordered, under the penalties established by law.

11. Whoever, at the approach of the enemy, the heat of the drum or at the sounds of any other signal calling to the common defense, shall not present himself at the place to which he may be ordered, or shall show cowardice, lukewarmness or indifference, or shall abandon the post in which he may be places as guard or sentinel, fail in respect to his superiors, or commit any other military crime, shall be punished according to the ordinances.

12. Whoever shall, in order to escape enlistment, conceal his age, either by exaggerating or diminishing it, shall be look upon as a traitor, and will be punished accordingly.

13. The authority or person who shall in any manner cover or aid in concealing the crime specified in the preceding article, will be subject to the same punishment.

14. Whoever shall hide himself and shall not have the certificate mentioned in Article No. 8, will be enrolled in the regular army.

15. The bodies created by the decree are destined solely and exclusively to repel the invaders and to maintain order, and will render services to that effect according to the law of 26th April last.

16.All who are enrolled and perform active duties as members of the National Guard, or who may be serving in garrison, will be exempt from serving in these bodies.

17. Owners of hotels, inns and boarding houses must make a daily return of the persons who enter their houses, and of those who leave, under the penalties established by law.

‘All of which I communicate in your Excellency or speedy publication in this capital and settlements in this district. God and Liberty.



June 4, 1847, REv64i10p2c1, Important from Mexico

Gen. Worth at Puebla –Advance of the Army – Herrera Elected President of Mexico –Capture of (illegible)

At an early hour this morning (says the N.O. Delta, May 27) the steamship Palmetto arrived from Vera Cruz bringing dates from that city to the 22d and from Jalapa to the 21st. We are in receipt of our full correspondence, but have only time to give the following brief extracts, at this late hour.

Our correspondent “Mustang,” writes from Jalapa, under the date of the 21st inst. –“We have positive information of the arrival of Gen. Worth’s command at Puebla. On the approach of our army to the city Gen. Santa Anna, who was there at the time supplying his troops with some necessities, sent out a detachment to engage Gen. Worth until he could procure his supplies but the encounter was soon over, and Santa Anna and his army compelled to fly. In the skirmish there were four Mexicans killed –our loss none. He has retreated towards the city of Mexico. One report says he is at Santa Martin, a town about 28 miles from Puebla, but it is generally conceded that his main force, upwards of 12,000men, have gone to Rio Frio, where he is preparing for another engagement. –The latter place is said to be a naturally strong point, and can be made to offer strong resistance, but if Cerro Gerdo could not resist the brigade of Gen. Twiggs, what position can avail the Mexican chieftain?

“The train looked for the past few days has arrived, together with Capts. Walker and Ruft with their commands. The army here will move four miles on the Perote road to-morrow evening, and on Sunday take up its line of the march. No stop will be made at Perote. If we should not halt at Puebla, to hear the result of some more propositions of peace from the American government, you may soon expect to receive my letters dated at capital of the Republic.”

JALAPA, 11 o’clock, A.M., May 21, 1847

Eds. Delta: -The “diligence” is about leaving –I write to give you the latest up to departure. The Mexicans have a report here, which is credited by the Americans generally, that Herrera is elected President of Mexico, and that he is disposed to treat for peace. The “diligence” from Puebla is looked for momentarily, which will give us the correct position of affairs at the Capital. –If it should arrive in time to overtake the line towards Vera Cruz, I will send an express to overhaul it. The reason assigned by the Mexicans for Herrera being willing to make peace with us is that he desires to prevent our taking possession of the Capital of the Republic, which he says will be the inevitable result if the Mexicans do not come to terms. Shall we be delayed by soothing promises and friendly professions, or shall we march on, conquering and to conquer? I hope the word will be “Onward!” and not wait until they have placed the Capital in a proper state of defense, and then bid us defiance. “Delays are dangerous,” and may cause us to lost many gallant officers and soldiers. Herrera, no doubt, is favorably disposed; but can he control the factions? Once in possession of the City of Mexico we can treat on what terms we please.

The Army is under marching orders for tomorrow evening at 3 o’clock. Gen. Twiggs’ column will moue at that hour, if no unforeseen circumstances intervene. Nothing further from Gens. Worth and Quitman, except that they were resting from the fatigues of the march in Puebla.

Gen. Shields had an attack of pleurisy two nights ago, but is recovering from the effect of it, and also his wound, He expects to be able to leave for the United States about the 10th of next month.

Capt. Walker is encamped with his recruits close to the town. It was generally supposed he would be arrested for the course he pursued in reference to a guerilla party he came in contact with. But I understand his course is approved of. The Alcalde of Santa Fe, who had been harboring the bandit, and in whose possession the property and clothing of the murdered dragoons were found, had to share the same fate as those who committed the murder. Served him right.

JALAPA, May 21, 12o’clock.

Eds. Delta –The Diligence has arrived from Puebla, but nothing official had arrived from the capital previous to its departure. The passengers state that it was current at that place Herrera had been elected President. I received a letter from Puebla, of which the following is an extract:

“We entered this place on the 15th inst. The of the men, and have killed two. We were attacked in Amasoc by Santa Anna, with about 1500 cavalry –he lost 3 killed and 7 wounded. –The old codger took a fir of leaving for Mexico, (illegible).

I have seen another letter, from an intelligent source, to a gentleman in this place, which says that Santa Anna retreated from Puebla to San Martin, and subsequently left for the city of Mexico, also that we are to be met on the road, somewhere, with 10,000 men, under one General, whose name I don not recollect, and 4000 under Minon. So mote if be –the more the better. No doubt buy the time we meet them, their force will be augmented to double the number. We also learn that murders and robberies are being committed on the road daily, both by horsemen and footmen. (illegible).

Our correspondent at Vera Cruz, under date of the 22d inst., writes us as follows –just as the Palmetto was leaving:

“One hundred and twenty Quartermaster’s mules, loaded with four and pork, on their road to rendezvous at Santa Fe, were attacked late last evening, three miles from here. The muleteers were fired upon, but I cannot learn whether any were killed. Most of the muleteers have just returned and report that the entire train was captured. This is no rumor. I have facts from the Quartermaster here.”

THE PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENTS. –We learn from the American Star, published at Jalapa, that a part of the 1st and the whole of the 2d Regiments of Pennsylvania Volunteers will remain at Jalapa, and with the 3d Artillery form the garrison of that town under Lieut. Col. Childs.

June 4, 1847, REv64i10p2c2, Later from the Brazos

The brig Henry, Capt. Cole arrived last night from the Brazos, having left there on the 20th May, (says the New Orleans Delta.) By this arrival we have dates from Matamoras to the 19th, and from Monterey to the 9th May. There is no news of any importance of Gen. Taylor’s column. The Monterey and Matamoras papers are principally filled with extracts taken from the New Orleans papers. We clean from the Matamoras Flag, of the 19th inst., the following items:

Carabajal still keeps himself in the vicinity of (illegible) is about sixty miles from there, on the San Fernando road. The force under his command is small –not exceeding fifty men –but sufficient to plunder all treading parties coming in or going out from Matamoras.

Capt. (illegible) has already been made in our columns, died from the effects of his wounds on the 17th inst. Capt M. was a partner and not the Clerk of Mr. Sinclair, as previously stated. The assassin has been placed in close confinement.

CAUGHT A TARTAR. –Between Camargo and Mier, a short time ago, three Mexicans were waylaying the road to rob a Mexican merchant of Matamoras, who they knew was coming down from Mier with a large amount of money in his possession. The merchant had three men with (illegible) the spot where the robbers had posed themselves that three Texan Rangers, who had been out on a scout, struck into the road a short distance ahead of him, pursuing their way down to Camargo. –It was after dark, and the robbers mistook the Rangers for the merchant’s party. They ordered them to halt and deliver, and the Rangers did halt and deliver, but they delivered bullets instead of money, and left not a robber to carry off his load –all were killed, and the merchant passed down in safety.

The mule train which left Matamoras about the 12th inst. For Camargo, under an escort of Massachusetts Volunteers, commanded my Capt. Walsh, reached there in safety. The report about their being attacked, and the mules stampeding turned out to be incorrect.

The 9th, 11th, 12th, 14th and 15th Regiments of Infantry, and the Regiment of Voltiguers, had been ordered to Gen. Scott. The 10th, 13th, and 16th Regiments of Infantry and the 3d Dragoons, had been ordered to join General Taylor.

It was reported in Matamoras that Lieutenant Colonet Randolph, of the Virginia Regiment, had, with a portion of his command, captured, on the 5th instant, 40 of Canales’ men, at China.

The 1st Mississippi Regiment under Colonel Davis, was to have left Cerralvo on the 20th May, for the month of the Rio Grande. Colonel Davis was fast recovering from his wounds.

The health of General Taylor’s army was generally good. The smallpox, which at one time created considerable alarm among the troops and the Mexican inhabitants in Saltillo, had nearly disappeared.

The remains of Lieutenant R. L. Moore, of the 1st Mississippi Regiment, who was killed at the battle of Buena Vista, were brought over from the Brazos on bard the brig Henry, under the charge of Colonel C. E. Smeads and J. E. Tappen.

We make the following extracts from Kendall’s letters at Jalapa, in an Extra Picayune:

JALAPA, Mexico, May 20, 1847

There is no mistake that General Scott’s proclamation which went directly home to every reflecting Mexican, is doing a great deal of good.

We are still without farther positive news of General Worth, and it is now almost certain that his dispatches are cut off. He would hardly enter so rich and populous a city as is Puebla without sending an official account of it to General Scott –at least such is the impression.

The Mexicans here have news from the city of Mexico, which we cannot get hold of, their own couriers doubtless running regularly. One of the men told me last night that fifteen battalions of the National Guard have been thoroughly organized at the capital, that fortifications are already in process of construction at or near Rio Frio, that the hells have been run up into cannon, and that the owners of an iron foundry at the city of Mexico, Englishmen, have been compelled to cast balls on the promise of remuneration hereafter. Understand, distinctly, that I get all this from a Mexican, and that it must be taken with allowances; but that there is now a prospect of another fight, and a hard one, is considered certain my many. To my thinking, it will depend much upon the result of he election of President, news of which has not as yet reached the Americans here. If Herrera had been chosen, and there certainly was a party in his favor, it may be put down as a guaranty that peace measures will prevail. On the other hand, if Santa Anna had been elected, or a friend of his, the struggle may be protracted, and another stand made this side of the capital. It is now certain that Santa Anna was not at the city of Mexico to control the late election in person, although his approach with an armed force may have had some effect upon the States of Puebla and Mexico.

The four individuals I spike of yesterday as having been guilty of robbery, received a portion of their sentence last evening and the rest this morning. A most disgraceful figure did they cut, marching through the street with their heads shaved, the word ‘robber’ pinned upon their backs, and a band of music playing the “Rogue’s March” immediately in their rear. Their names were Henry Reed, Hugh Duane, and Benj. Potter, of the 4th Artillery, and the D. F. Revalon, of the 2d Pennsylvania Volunteers. The latter was found guilty of horse stealing; the three former of breaking twice into a house of the same Mexican, and the threats and violence robbing him of everything he possessed. Hard and degrading as was their punishment, everyone says it was deserved.

June 4, 1847, REv64i10p2c4, News from the Army

In another column we give some very interesting intelligence from the Delta. We extract a few additional particulars from the Picayune. –We deeply lament the death of Capt. Stevens T. Mason. He was brave and generous and beloved by all.

The reported election of Herrera (the friend of peace) as President of Mexico (Gen. Scott, in his late Proclamation refers to him as the former “virtuous and patriotic President,”) the flight of Santa Anna from Puebla, and the capture of that populous and wealthy city by generals Worth and Quitman, form new elements of calculation as to the probabilities of peace of continued war.

We take great pleasure in recording the capture of a party of guerillas to the number of 40, but L. Col. Randolph of the Virginia Regiment. We are glad that our “boys” have had a little “chance.”

Gen. Worth entered Puebla on the afternoon of the 15th, after a short skirmish with a party of lancers sent out to delay his advance.

Santa Anna was in the city at the moment, but at once left, and pushed on towards the Capital.

It was reported that Gen. Valencia was between Puebla and the capital at the head of fourteen thousand men to resist our further advance but this is doubtful.

The result of the presidential election was not known. Santa Anna, Elloriaga and Herrera were candidates among others.

Santa Anna is said to have had a considerable force with him when he passed through Puebla –variously estimated form 1,500 to 10,000. It is shrewdly suspected that he intends to use his force to maintain his personal position and secure the Presidency.

Capt. Mayo, of the navy, Governor of Alvarado, started on the 13th May from Talascoya. –The town surrendered to him without resistance. On his return he was fired upon and Passed Midshipman Prigle and five seamen were badly wounded.

D. Barton, Surgeon U.S.A. has been appointed President of the Board of Health at Vera Cruz.

A party of guerillas has been surprised and taken close to Vera Cruz –fifteen in number. We have not room for particulars, but it is not yet mentioned that they have been hung.

Col. Edmondson, Aid to Gen. Scott, Major Dunlap, U.S.A., D. Tuomy, U.S.A., and B. Floyd, U.S.N., are among the passengers on the Palmetto.

Gen. Shields continues to improve slowly –Capt. Mason, of the Rifles, we are pained to learn, died on the 15th.

The U.S. sloop-of-war St. Mary’s, John L. Saunders, esq., commander, anchored in Hamton Roads on Monday night, 21 days from the Gulf of Mexico. She has done good service in the campaign. She brings as trophies of war, thirty pieces of cannon captured at Vera Cruz –ranging from 6 to 32-pounders. The most of them are brass, and from their inscriptions must be very similar to the beautiful guns in our Armory Yard. They were made in France, Spain and a few in England. The Norfolk Beacon hopes that they will be deposited at Fort Monroe.

The Union says: Capt. Sands, late of the U. States steamer Vixen, cruising in the Gulf of Mexico, arrived in town today with the dispatches from Commodore Perry for the Navy Department. He brings with him a number of flags taken from the enemy at Tuspan –also those of the Truxton which were recaptured. Capt. S. is also in charge of some beautiful brass ordnance taken from the castle of San Juan de Ulloa, brought as trophies to be put at the disposal of the government. They are now on board the U. S. ship St. Mary’s arrived at Norfolk on Monday last.

June 4, 1847, REv64i10p4c1, Late from General Scott’s Army

Movements of Santa Anna upon Puebla-Gen. Scott still at Jalapa –Health of Gen. Shields and Gen. P. F. Smith –Arrival of Mr. Trist.

By the arrival of the schr. Eleanor Stevens, Captain Hall, from Vera Cruz, whence she sailed on the 15th May, we have letters from Jalapa to the 14th May, -three days later than our previous advices, (says the N. O. Picayune.)

The movement of Santa Anna upon Puebla is mentioned in Mr. Kendall’s letter below. –Hopes are entertained that Gen. Worth may be so fortunate as to encounter him. The probable motives of Santa Anna are conjectured by Mr. K. Gen. Worth left Perote for Puebla on the 10th with his own and Gen. Quitman’s divisions. He was expected to enter Puebla on Sunday, the 16th. IT is supposed the authorities of the town will come out to meet him and escort him in.

All will be glad to learn that Gen. Shields is mending, though slowly, and that Gen. P. F. Smith has reported for duty.

Gen. Scott is still detained at Jalapa. The reasons for his detention are mentioned by Mr. Kendall. It will also be seen by his letter that Mr. Trist has arrived at the general’s head-quarters.

The last number of the Star informs us that rumors were right on the 12th May, that the troops at Orizaba had pronounced against Santa Anna, and made him prisoner. The Star is incredulous, and Mr. K.’s letter of the 14th does not confirm the news.

Col. Childs is govenor of Jalapa, and will remain there with 2,000 picked troops when Gen. Scott moves on to Puebla. The city of Jalapa is entirely quiet and orderly. No rows or disturbances have occurred there.

We have a paper printed at Puebla on the 9th May. It announces positively that Gen. Taylor had left Saltillo and marched wither upon Zacatecas or San Luis Potosi. One report says with 4,000 men upon the former State, and 6,000 on the latter. Would that he had the force to do so.

The Yankee, or “foreign legion,” organized by Santa Anna from deserters from our armies, has been disbanded and ordered out of the city. Their immorality and insubordination are assigned for this proceeding. Their manners, the Mexicans say, are not at all adapted to their society.

A letter from Durango, dated the 26th of April, states positively that Col. Doniphan’s forces had fallen back upon Chihuahua, instead of advancing upon Durango. We think that there can be no doubt of this fact, and consequently that Col. Doniphan has not been defeated. The insurrection in New Mexico is assigned as the cause of his return.

[Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune.]

JALAPA, MEXICO, May 14, 1847

For two or three days there has hardly been an item of news worth recording –not even a rumor of the least movement; but last evening and this morning reports have come in which are entitled to some little show of importance.

It is now confidently asserted that Santa Anna has moved from Orizaba, and in the direction of Puebla and the city of Mexico. The administrador de las diligencias –general stage agent I suppose he might be called in the vernacular –left yesterday for the capital on business for the line, but this morning he returned with more speed that he went. He reports having met at Cerro de Leon, near Perote, with a force of seventy armed Mexicans, whose appearance he did not at all like. From stragglers he learned that Santa Anna, with a large force, and passed on toward Puebla; that he roads were filled with robbers and brigands, and that it would not be prudent for him to go on –so the administrador de las diligencias returned without effecting the object of his mission.

Last night an intelligent Spaniard informed me that he had seen two letters from Orizaba, one dated the 6th and the other the 7th inst. ON the first day the letter stated that the first brigade or division of the Santa Anna’s army started en route for Puebla, and on the 7th the other division marched in the same direction. His entire force was put down at 2,500, the most of them indifferently armed and under little or no discipline.

It Santa Anna has moved towards the capital, and there certainly is good reason to believe that he has, his intentions are doubtless to control the election for President, which takes place tomorrow. He cannot certainly have the temerity to even think of attacking Gen. Worth, whose division could put to light 10,000 of the best Mexican troops that ever bore arms; so that the conviction is irresistible that he intends having a hand in the coming election. One would naturally think that, after his many disgraceful reverses, he would either attempt to leave the country, or else hide himself in an obscure part of it; but the cowardly tyrant loves lower and place too well, and will cling to them as long as there is a dollar, a musket, and an open road, on which to run, left in the Republic.

Mr. Downie, sutler of the 2d Pennsylvania Regiment, arrived here yesterday. It may be recollected that he had a large sum of money stolen from him at Vera Cruz by a Mexican, a short time since, that he pursued the rascal to Cordova, and that he succeeded in recovering the most of his money. So far, so good; but the worst of it has yet to be told. Mr. D. came out with the permission of the Alcalde and authorities of Vera Cruz in search of the robber of his money, found him, and succeeded, as is said above, in recovering the most of his treasure; but just at this moment a worse robber got hold of him in the shape of Santa Anna; poor D. was cast into prison as a spy, all his money again taken from him, and the only way by which he could obtain his liberty was to acknowledge himself as a spy in writing! This Santa Anna insisted upon as an excuse for robbing him of his money; but, on the other hand, Downie insisted as well in putting a protest at the bottom of his confession, stating that all he had said above was false! The way in which Downie now speaks of Santa Anna is anything but complimentary.

The long wagon train is now coming into the city from Vera Cruz, and has met with no opposition on the way. There are between three and four hundred wagons, and between eleven and twelve hundred pack mules in the train –quite a long string, you would think, were you to see them all together. Capt. Grayson, the stirring and most popular commissary, is along with the train, and I am pleased to learn is going on towards certain halls named after the elder Montezuma.

The foreigners in the city of Mexico area all extremely anxious for the arrival of Gen. Scott. It is said that a heavy sum has already been subscribed for a grand Fourth of July dinner –one individual, an Irishman, having put down his name for no less than $800. The war has been most disastrous to all the foreigners, breaking up the business of many entirely. The only advantage it has been to any has been the depreciation if has caused in the value of real estate. Houses in the city of Mexico, belonging to the church, and which have been sold under the hammer, have been bought in by the English and other merchants at prices far below their real value.

You will doubtless learn with pleasure, as will doubtless his numerous friends in New Orleans, that Gen. P. F. Smith has again reported for duty. For no less than a month he was unable to put his foot to the ground, to such a degree was his ankle inflamed. I am also happy in being able to state that Gen. Shields is still mending, although slowly. The saving of his life may be put down almost as a miracle. I saw him but a sort time after he received his dreadful wound, and no one then thought that he could live even twenty-four hours.

Gen. Scott’s proclamations, which I sent off to you two or three nights since buy an express rider, has been read here by all the Mexicans, and in a large majority of cases with excellent effect. It is a most able document, and goes home to the feelings of the people. By this time it has been circulated at Puebla and the city of Mexico, and will doubtless turn the minds, at least of the honest and reflecting, towards peace.

I have been much amused at reading accounts in some of our papers at home of the road between Vera Cruz and the city of Mexico. One writer, who “talks like a book,” says that there is a stream ten miles from the frontier city which is crossed in scows! We did not come that road. Again, the same writer says that the Puente National is a wooden bridge! Wooden! Whew! It is the best imitation of stone I have ever seen, and as durable as the rock of ages at that.

Mr. Trist arrived here this morning from Vera Cruz. His business I do not know, but I suppose he goes on with the army. Gen. Scott, owing to the non-arrival of all the train, will not be able to move for two of three days to come. –Capt. Walker, with his Rifles, is on the way up, guarding another smaller train. I trust there may be wagons enough to carry on the little baggage our officers now possess. For want of sufficient transportation heretofore they have been compelled to leave carpet bags here, trunks there an boxes elsewhere, until nearly everything has been lost. The Government most certainly should make allowances for sacrifices which have been unavoidable on the part of its officers. Yours, &c.,

G. W. K.

P.S. With not a little trouble and expense I have been enabled to procure the very latest dates from the city of Mexico, and also from Puebla. You will see that the freedom of the press has been suspended, but not until the editors had lied most lustily about us miserable Yankees. The letter about Gen. Scott’s destroying Encerro, and offering a reward for Santa Anna, it would puzzle the father of lies to beat. On the contrary, a safeguard was placed upon the house of Santa Anna, and not a stone of it has been moved.

The report that Santa Anna has gone towards the capital receives additional confirmation. –We hear nothing of Gen. Worth, but every one hopes he has fallen in with Santa Anna.

A Mexican officer, Capt. Velasquez, died yesterday from a wound received at Cerro Gordo, and was buried with military honors. Lieut. Shelby Johnson, of the 4th Illinois volunteers, also died yesterday, and was buried with appropriate ceremonies. Gen. Scott and staff, with many other officers of our army, attended both funerals.

A work has been thrown up near this place which completely commands the city. It was constructed under the superintendent of Capt. Beauregard, a native of Louisiana, who enjoys a high reputation in the army.

June 4, 1847, REv64i10p4c3, Captain Tuttwall

We find in the N. Orleans Delta, the following interesting letter from the fallarit commander of the famous “Mosquito Fleet,” which has cone so much execution in the Gulf of Mexico. It is but just to Com. Conner, that the public should be made acquainted with the sentiments of his brave and experienced brother officers in regard to his character and conduct. The Delta most properly remarks:

“Certainly the dissatisfaction expressed by a propel, justly fold of the renown of our noble Navy, at the difficulties and disasters encountered by our squadron in the early part of the war, ought to give way to admiration of the magnificent debarkation of our troops at Vera Cruz, so skillfully effected under the direction of Com. Conner. Many of the arrangements in regard to the investment and bombardment of the city and castle were also made by Com. Conner, who, from the same morbid sensitiveness and pride to which we have referred, readily gave up to Com. Perry the command of the squadron, at a time when he might have been justified by the rules of the service in retaining it until the capitulation of Vera Cruz had been effected.”

Who Capt. Tattnall is, the country is well informed by his brilliant and untiring services in the Gulf. We subjoin a very neat outline of his late achievements from the Delta. On reading his letter, we were reminded of an anecdote related to us by a gallant naval officer, who was himself the present at the bombardment of Vera Cruz. The fierce little Spitfire was in the lead of the “mosquito fleet” in attacking San Juan, and, amidst the showers of bullets fromt eh Castle which fell around the vessel without wounding any one, Tattnall strode the deck with marked, impatience, and, with a vehemence of manner, cried out, “Will no one get killed or wounded? There is no honor to be won otherwise. Will no body be killed?” He himself afterwards was wounded in the wrist at Tuxpan; his wished were gratified and the “honor,” already secured by his previous conduct, heightened by the peculiar means which he himself had so empathetically indicated. Not satisfied, however, with the distinction he had won, but anxious to enlarge his contracted field of operations, he obtained leave to be detached form the Spitfire and to join General Quitman’s force on land. We regret that his wound will prevent him from expanding the “honor” won upon the sea:

“Of Capt. Tattnall’s incessant and successful exertions to sustain the high reputation of the service, of which he is a bright ornament, we cannot adequately express the admiration and gratitude we feel. From the commencement of the blockade he has planned and executed the carious difficult and perilous enterprises on the dangerous reel, and against the well-defended towns of the Mexican coast, which have excited so much admiration, and contributed so much to the success of our occupation of the towns in the Terra Caliente. On the gallant  he has led every attack, constituting on all the occasions the advanced-guard of the squadron. At the bombardment of Vera Cruz, he commanded the fleet of small vessels, which approached within a few hundred yards of the Castle of San Juan de Ulua, and opened up on the is famous fortification, sustaining a constant fire from its two hundred guns. At the last achievement of our Navy in the attack of Tuxpan, the Spitfire again led the attack, and was exposed to a heavy fire from a concealed fort, by which several of our brave officers were wounded –among them the gallant Captain himself received a wound in the arm, from which he is now suffering. The necessity of returning to this country to improve his health and heal his wound, withdraws Capt. Tatnall from the scene of warlike operations just as he was preparing to join Gen. Scott in his marc to Mexico.”

June 8, 1847, REv64i11p2c1, General Taylor and the battle of Buena Vista

–We are the authorized to say, (says the New Orleans Bulletin,) that General Taylor never used the expression, which has obtained such general currency through the public press, that “if there had been only regulars in the battle of Buena Vista he would probably have lost the day, as the Mississippi volunteers were whipped three times without knowing it.” This he considers is doing great injustice to the regular army.

This letter, under which we make the above statement, continues, and says “so far from entertaining such a sentiment, the General lamented nothing more strongly than his entire want of regular infantry, as a brigade, or even a strong battalion would have enabled him to carry the enemy/s artillery, and to have entirely destroyed his army.”

We are further authorized to deny the report, that the officers next in rank, were opposed to giving battle, which is entirely untrue, and it calculated to injure those officers if allowed to circulate uncontradicted.

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p1c7, Operations of the Gulf Squad

[Correspondence of the N. Orleans Picayune.]

U.S. FRIGATE RARITAN, off Tabasco, May 16.

Gentlemen –We expect the Raritan will leave Anton Lizardo, bound for Boston, about the 1st of June. She will take home some of the older officers of the squadron, who have been jaded by long service, and also the sick from the different vessels. I am happy to say that these are not numerous.

An American flag is now planted at Frontera, at the mouth of the Tobasco river, and it is supposed that a custom house will soon be established there. The city of Tobasco, seventy miles up the river, is still in possession of the Mexicans, who have occupied a point about seven miles below, called the “Devil’s Turn,” with a force of at least one, and some say tow thousand men, indifferently provided with small arms and muskets, but having a commanding battery of three 24-pounders.” I don not know that Com. Perry will deem it advisable to attack Tobasco, inasmuch as we now hold the mouth of the river and sixty miles of navigation. For my own part, I can see no reason for such a proceeding, although I should be very glad of a fight. The navy had had too little to do in that line for its own interest.

Capt. Van Brunt is at present discharging the functions of Governor, by order of Com. Perry.

Com. Perry arrived here in the Mississippi yesterday, accompanied by the Vixen and Scorpion steamers. He soon afterwards got under way with the Scorpion, and proceeded to Laguna and Sisal. It is said that Capt. Mackenzie is to be charged with some negotiations with the Government of Yucatan.

Goatzacoalcos has been taken, or rather occupied in consequence of surrender.

In case we have a fight here, I will give you the particulars.

P.S. May 19. –The commodore returned to this anchorage last evening, and will leave for Vera Cruz this evening.

The steamers Vixen, Scorpion, Mississippi, McLane and the sloops Decatur, John Adams, Albany and Germantown and frigate Raritan are now assembled here.”

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p1c7, The Mexican Pirates

THE MEXICAN PIRATES. –The Princeton to be sent to the Mediterranean. –The President has issued orders directing the steamship of war “Princeton” to be go ready for sea, to proceed to the Mediterranean, in quest of the Mexican privateer “Unico,” and any other vessels that may be insulting our flag there. The matter was formally laid before the President on Monday morning my Mr. Buchanan, and his action thereon was prompt and decisive. The Princeton is to be made ready to sail on or about the 15th of the present month. –[Baltimore Sun.

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p2c1, Important from Mexico

We received yesterday a copy of El Republicano from the city of Mexico, wit a requenst fo ran exchange, (says the Mobile Herald.) It is dated the 16th of May.

In this number of El Republicano we find an important document which a friend translates for us as follows. None of the New Orleans papers contain any allusion to it:

Official letter of his Excellency, the General in Chief, (Santa Anna) accompanying some intercepted documents of the enemy

Puebla, May 13, 1847.

ARMY OF OPERATIONS. –Excellent Sir: -The commandant of the flying revenue guard of tobacco of Orizaba, the Colonel D. Juan N. Caraveo, whom I left with his command near the National Road, between Perote and Nopalucan, to observe the movements of the enemy, and to harass him when the opportunity might offer, has remitted to me the accompanying documents which were taken from the enemy’s mail which left Jalapa for Col. Worth’s camp.

Among them you will find the General Scott’s proclamation of the Mexican nation, which from its style appears to have been written originally in Spanish, and not translated from English.

This proclamation of Scott’s is written with the most refined hypocrisy and with the most infamous perfidy. It is the greatest insult yet offered to the Mexican people, whom it has attempted to lull (a quien sepretende adormecer) to make it the victim of the ambition of that nation which is the enemy of our race, when, in another place, it feels no embarrassment in proclaiming by the press and in official documents, that it carries on against us a war of conquest and that this war must be made at the cost of the blood and treasure of the unfortunate country.

Your Excellency will note in one of the accompanying intercepted letters, that Scott, the Inspector General of the United States Army, considers the above proclamation well adapted to aid the views of the invaders.

You will observe, that this letter harmonizes with others which have been lately published in this capital, and which with reason have been regarded by all well disposed Mexicans as more prejudicial for the venom (ponzona) which they conceal than the loss of a battle.

But in the midst of the malevolence (encona) which General Scott shows he has against me, he does me too much honor when he says that they had been deceived as to my real intentions, and that on account of this mistake his Government permitted me to pass to my country. Indeed, most Excellent Sir, the United States did deceive when they dreamed that I was capable of betraying my country. Before this should happen I would prefer to be consumed by fire and my ashes should be scattered that not a single atom be left.

Would to God the Mexicans would open their eyes to discover the poison in the golden chalice that the perfidious Scott proffers them, and that (illegible) of universal indignation against the invaders of our soil. Let a war be made against these without period, that when we may no longer be able, because Providence may have decreed the subjugations of this unfortunate country, there may remain to our children or grand children, when the wrath of the Omnipotent shall have passed, the noble work of revenging the outrages committed by the republic of the United States on (illegible)

God and Liberty!

To his Excellency the Minister of War and Marine.

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p2c6, The Mexican tariff

The manufacturing class seem determined to regulate the tariff for Mexico, as well as for our own country, to suit their particular interests. –These people and their paid advocates seem to act as though the country belonged to them, and all the other interests were but to support a home government and conquer foreign ones for their advantage. Not satisfied with upwards of 30 years protection at home, ranging from 30 to 200 percent., they now claim the exclusive right to supply all Mexico. What do these manufacturers contribute to support this government? Not one cent. They receive millions in tribute, and pay nothing. The higher the revenue, the greater their profits –and they unanimously refused to pay anything on tea and coffee to support the war, because to that extent they would have been compelled to contribute with others to that object.

When with the money of others, we have got possession of Mexico, and mean to make them pay part of the expense, these men reproach the Secretary of the Treasury, because foreign goods are admitted also. Modesty unparalleled! If then millions of dollars are to be paid by Mexicans in the price of their goods, these gentlemen claim it, though they have never paid one cent towards the war! Nor is that all: for, were they to have the exclusive right, the demand for Mexico and the United States together would be so great that these American goods would be enhanced 25 to 50 percent in value, and our own citizens, after paying for the war, would be made to pay the manufacturers extra price for all their domestic articles. These modest gentlemen own the whole country, excepting only their stipendiary, and are to incur no other expense.

Did Great Britain make discriminating duties when she conquered China? Is such conduct compatible with the independence of any country? Did we make war with Mexico in order to exclude others and to sell our goods to them? But the hue and cry is up from Vera Cruz to the Aroostock –and Mr. Walker is denounced because his Mexican Tariff is intended to obtain money from Mexico, and not to benefit a few thousand people in the United States who have refused to pay in any shape towards the war.



June 8, 1847, REv64i11p4c7, June 8, 1847, From General Taylor’s Army


The following “orders,” issued by Gen. Taylor, have been transmitted by him to the War Department. In laying them before our readers, [says then Union] we hardly deem it necessary to allude to the pitiful falsehoods circulated by the Federal press, to the effect that the administration had neglected to notice in suitable terms the glorious achievement of American arms at Buena Vista. A calumny so foolish and so mean, must needs recoil upon the heads of its authors.

Camp near Montery, May6, 1847.

[ORDERS No. 46]

Under the instructions of the Secretary of War, the commanding general had the gratification to publish to the troops of his command the following communication, received by him from the War Department:

“WAR DEPARTMENT, April 3, 1847.

“Sir: Your communications of the 24th and 25th of February, and the 1st of March, announcing the brilliant success of the troops under your command at Buena Vista, against the forces of the enemy vastly superior in numbers, have been laid before the President; and I am instructed to convey to you his high appreciation of the distinguished services rendered to the country by yourself, and the officers and soldiers of your command on that occasion.

“The victory achieved at Buena Vista, while it adds new glory to our arms, and furnishes new proofs of the valor and brave daring of our officers and soldiers, will excite the admiration and call forth the gratitude of the nation.

“The single fact that five thousand of our troops, nearly all volunteers, who, yielding to the impulse of patriotism, had rallied to their country’s standard for a temporary service, were brought into conflict with an army of twenty thousand, mostly veteran soldiers, and only withstood and repulsed the assaults of this numerous hose, led by their most experienced General, but, in a protracted battle of two days, won a glorious victory, is the most indubitable evidence of the consummate skill and gallant conduct of our officers, and the devoted heroism of the troops under their command, It will ever be a proud distinction to have been in the memorable battle of Buena Vista.

“ The general joy which the intelligence of this success of our arms has spread through the land, is mingled with regret that it has been obtained at so great a price –that so many heroic men have fallen in that sanguinary conflict. They died in the intrepid discharge of a patriotic duty, and will be honored and lamented by a grateful nation.

“You will cause this communication to be published to the troops under your command.

“I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

“Secretary of War.”

By order of Major General Taylor:
W. W. S. Bliss,
Assistant Adjust General.

Camp near Monterey, May 8, 1847

[ORDERS No 47]

The commanding general has the satisfaction of announcing to the troops of his command at other decisive victory achieved by the American forces under Mahor General Scott, on the 18th of April, and Cerro Gordo, in the State of Vera Cruz. The Mexican army; under the immediate orders of Gen. Santa Anna, President of the Republic, is known to have been entirely routed with the loss of all its artillery and munitions of war.

The army of occupation will hail with joy this brilliant success of the Americans arms.

By order of Maj. Gen. Taylor
Assistant Adjust General.


June 11, 1847, REv64i12p3c1, To Arms

YOUNG MEN who wish to serve their country, can have an opportunity of so doing by calling at the Military Hall, and enrolling their names in the Volunteer Company now being informed in this city. It is hoped that this Company will be filled immediately, as only a few men are wanted to enable us to go into quarters. Richmond, June 11-6t

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p4c1, Very Late from the City of Mexico

By the way of Tampico, we are placed in possession of a file of El Republicano from the city of Mexico down to and including the 19th of May –eleven days later than our previous advises.

The election of President for Mexico was to have taken place of the 15th of May. As the election was made by the Legislatures of the different States, it is even yet quite too soon to know the result, which is likely to disappoint all expectations. In the State of Mexico, Angel Trias, the Governor of Chihuahua, received the vote. Upon the first ballot Trias received 9 votes, Gen. Alvarez 7, Gen. Almonte 2, and Senor D. Melchor Ocampo 1.  Upon proceeding to elect between Trias and Alvarez, the former received 10 votes and the latter 9.

In the State of Queretaro there was a tie between Senor Almonte, and Senor D. J. Joaquin Herrera. Lots were cast between the two, and the chances favored Senor Herrera, who thus secured the cote of that State. If we recollect aright, this is not the ex-President.

The State of Puebla gave its vote of Senor D. Melchor Ocampo. The particulars of the coting are not given. Some time will elapse before we shall have the result of the election.

The Republicano of the 19th announces that Gen. Santa Anna had left the command of the army of the East to assume the duties of President of the Republic. He was to make his entry into the capital the evening of the 19th. He had issued a manifesto to the nation, but we regret that we have no copy of it. It was to be published in El Republicano on the 20th, which is a day later than we have received.

We have two letters from the valorous General, giving an account of his military operations. The first is dated May 9th, and in it he tells the Secretary of War that since his arrival at Orizava he had been organizing guerrilla parties, both infantry and cavalry, in the vicinity of Orizava, of Cordova and Vera Cruz; that he had collected the scattered remains of his Cerro Gordo forces; improved the brigade from Oajaca under General Leon; reinforced and remounted a cavalry force, which he had stationed at San Andreas; and lastly, fitted for service seven pieces of artillery, which are at Orizava and Cordova. The result of all these labors is, according to him, that guerrilla parties are already at work between Jalapa and Vera Cruz; three battalions, organized with 1,470 men of those dispersed at Cerro Gordo; more than 200 horses collected; a quantity of infantry equipment prepared; and, finally, 4,500 men, with seven pieces of artillery, put in movement, who would enter Puebla on the 12th May.

He tells the Secretary that he had left in command in the tierra caliente Colonel Cenobio; in the district of Cordova, D. Tomas Marin, who commanded at Alvarado when Com. Conner attacked it; in Huatuxco, General Hernandez; and in Orizava General Teran. He announces that he himself was on his march to Puebla, compelled to that course by his extreme destitution. He has only had 25,000 dollars to do all he has done, and thinks he could easily have ten or twelve thousand men under arms if the Government would give him means.

If this letter shows some energy and spirit, the second letter is replete with evidence of a contemptible, braggart soul. He would then prepare the way for his entry into the city of Mexico like a hero and conqueror. To enable the reader to verify this, we annex a translation of the letter, written on the 15th May, from San Martin Tesmelucan, seven Mexican leagues beyond Puebla, towards Mexico. The town of Amozoc, so often mentioned in it, is four leagues this side of Puebla:

Headquarters of the General-in-Chief,
At San Martin, Tesmelucan, May 15, 1847.

His Excellency, the Minister of War: -I communicated to your Excellency, in my dispatch of the day before yesterday, at 9 o’clock, P.M., that the enemy would pas the night at Amozoc, and that I was preparing to establish myself yesterday in this place, with the troops under my command. The infantry and artillery marched in reality for this place, but I retained the cavalry, with the intention of surprising a convoy of about 200 wagons, which was proceeding under a very feeble guard to join the first (illegible) of the enemy’s army, and also of challenging the enemy, to induce him to march forth from Amozoe to a convenient ground for giving battle. The convoy to which I refer passed the night at Nopalncan, and I calculated that, although it might start early, I would meet it on this side of Acajete, at a point where the ground would be favorable for the maneuvering of cavalry; but no doubt the smallness of his force induced the commander, from motives of precaution, to start at midnight, so that, at half-past 8 o’clock in the morning, (the hour at which I was flanking Amozoc in order to gain the public road,) the convoy was already very near to the village, and in a narrow lane, covered on both sides by trees, which protected it against the attack of my troops. The enemy, fearing, notwithstanding, that the convoy might be captured, sent immediately a force of 1,000 infantry, with six pieces of cannon, to its assistance. The troops immediately opened a fire on my column, which fearlessly continued its march within one league of Amozoc, at which point I determined to countermarch to Puebla, where I arrived at half-past 4 o’clock in the afternoon, in the best order.

The whole population of this beautiful city was in motion at the entrance of my division, and gave signs of the most ardent enthusiasm. I could hardly walk from being surrounded by thousands of citizens, who were hurrahing for independence and for the Republic, and giving utterance to their hatred of our invaders. In these moments my heart was agitated my different feelings as I looked upon an enthusiastic people calling upon me for arms to defend themselves, giving the most signal proof of their love for liberty of their country, and as I reflected upon the responsibility of those who having the means had neglected to take advantage of the good dispositions of these people. The only want in this city, your Excellency, was proper men to move in the defense of the national cause.

Resuming the thread of my military report, I will inform your Excellency that, although our guide having missed the road, brought us within grape shot distance of the village of Amozoc, we completely flanked this village, showing the enemy by this bold movement the contempt in which we held him. He appeared, however, determined not to leave his stronghold after having saved his convoy, and both myself and my officers rode off with the conviction that the enemy dared not accept our challenge in the open field.

The loss we have deplore in this feat of arms is three soldiers killed and wounded, and four horses killed.

Although I was aware that the enemy was to move very early on Puebla, I ordered the division of cavalry to pass the night in the city, and at daybreak this morning it commenced its march for this place, where I also arrived this morning.

May it please your Excellency to submit this report to his Excellency the President Substitute, and to receive the assurances of my consideration and esteem. God and Liberty!


His Excellency the MINISTER OF WAR.

El Republicano of the 19th announces that Gen. Bravo has proposed to the Supreme Government that the American prisoners should be sent off “successively and with due security” to Tampico to be released, inasmuch as Mexican prisoners taken at the Angostura and Cerro Gordo had been released without condition. This is the first mention of those unfortunate prisoners which we recollect to have seen in the Mexican papers.

The Republicano is again endeavoring to arouse the fears of the Mexicans against the machinations of a monarchical party. It copies, with this view, a long letter from Paris published in a Madrid journal, indicating that monarchy is the sole salvation for Mexico. The Republicano intimates that the agents of such a party are still secretly at work in Mexico, and that some traces of their operations have lately been discovered in Puebla.

The same number of this paper announces that Congress had completed its work of forming a constitution, and congratulates the country upon the termination of the great work. The constitution is described as not so much a novelty and an innovation as a modification and improvement of the old constitution of 1824.

In the same paper of the 18th, it is announced that a new opprobrium was about to fall on their unhappy country, in consequence of a dissolution of Congress which some extreme partisans of the Pures section were determined to force on. Congress was compelled to adjourn on the 17th for want of a quorum, four members having purposely withdrawn to bring about this result. –There were twelve deputies pledged, according to the Republicano, to pursue a like course, to percent there being a sufficient number of members present to promulgate the new constitution, which had been adopted by a large majority. Rather than submit to the indignity of being thus rendered powerless, it was said that the majority of Congress had resolved to dissolve and publish a manifesto to the nation. How this affair was settled the papers do not tell us, but the disgraceful dissension in the chief legislative assembly of the nation shows the country in no state to resist a foreign foe.

The Mexicans says Gen. Worth entered Puebla with 5000 infantry, 200 cavalry and a train of 400 wagons; and that Gen. Scott left Jalapa for the same destination with 2000 men and a considerable train of artillery.

Before entering Puebla, General Worth addressed a note dated the 12th to the municipal authorities of the city, announcing to them his intention of entering on the 15th and taking military possession. Should no opposition be intended, he desired an immediate conference with the authorities, to take measures in concert for the security of persons and property. At the same time he promised that that their religion should be respected in all its forms and observances, and that he would support the civil authorities in administration of the laws.

The authorities replied by offering to refer the letter to Santa Anna. This General Worth refused. Santa Anna punished the prefect of the city for the course he took in the business, one little worthy of a Mexican, it is said. We presume he thought it better that General Worth should enter quietly, and that the citizens should be protected, rather than make a futile sham resistance.

Senores Gutierrez and Iriarte have resigned the portfolios of War and Justice. The former is succeeded by General Alcorta; the latter by D. Luis de la Rosa. Senor Baranda remains Minister of Foreign Affairs.

A new State has been created, to be called Guerrero, after the general of that name. The assent of the States of Mexico, Puebla and Michoacan, from whose territory it is formed, is necessary to the completion of the project. Acapulco is within the limits of the new State.

Our Pacific squadron is busy upon the western ports of Mexico. On the 28th of April a squadron of six or eight vessels was of Mazatlan, and a thousand men were disembark to take the town. Letters from Mazatlan say they were making their every preparation for defense, but if the decent is made in a greet force as is represented, they can make no defense of much account. Other accounts say that the port of San Blas, too, was menaced by our squadron, and that it was the purpose of the Americans to land and take the town.

The Mexicans believe that the property seized by the Gens. Urrea and Romero, on the route from Camargo to Monterey was worth over $200,000 but in the hands of their commissioners it brought less that $20,000. The peculation is denounced as especially reprehensible, as the troops who seized the booty are represented as suffering extreme privations.

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p4c2, Prospects of a Speedy Peace

PROSPECTS OF A SPEEDY PEACE. –The most important item of news by James L. Day, (says the New Orleans Times,) is the prospect of a speedy peace, which really seems from what is announced as having lately transpired in the interior of Mexico, to be not divest of something like probability. On the 24th April, intelligence reached Vera Cruz from the Capital, that General Herrera had been elected President on the 15th May and that the cause of his success over his competitors was the desire, generally felt by the thinking portion of the Mexican population, to open negotiations with the United States, for a renewal of friendly relations. It was stated, also, that the new President would not be hampered with any restrictions in his efforts to make peace. The only drawback on this agreeable intelligence is, that it does not come in an official form, although almost universal credence is given to it in Vera Cruz; and men’s minds are becoming more and more soothed, as the real character of the Americans becomes known to the people in the Interior, and particularly in the populous cities. General Worth’s visit to the Bishop at Puebla, has wrought immensely in favor of the invaders; while the scrupulous honesty, and high feeling of honor displayed by all ranks of the army, with a few inconsiderable exceptions, in their intercourse with the inhabitants of the large towns, have quite undeceived their expectations, which counted on cruelty and rapacity, as our distinguishing characteristics. We shall impatiently wait for the next arrival, which must realize or dissipate this pleasant vision of peace. One fact, however, we gather from these advises, which is, that the tumult of passion into which the Mexican population were thrown, by the dispersion of Santa Anna’s army at Cerro Gordo, has considerably subsided. There is nothing yet said of the progress, or the issue of Mr. Trist’s mission.

[Correspondence of the N. O. Commercial Times.]

VERA CRUZ, Friday Evening, May 21, ’47

The Palmetto did not go, as I expected her to do, and I may consequently get another scrawl on board before she puts off in the morning. I avail myself of the chance to say, that the details of the news from Puebla and Jalapa, are even more interesting than was the resume which I today give you. Very few of the people left the city, and the interchange of courtesies between the citizens and our officers has been marked with an unexpected degree of cordiality. The early visit of Gen. Worth to the Bishop had a good effect in all quarters; and the orderly bearing of the troops, and the gentlemanly qualities of the officers, naturally increased the good will thus generated. General Scott was to move forward on the 20th –yesterday. Santa Anna himself led the troops which were to attack the baggage and provision train of our army, but it is said he had only five hundred, instead of a thousand men with him – all guerrillas. There was no vulnerable point in flank or rear to be observed, and he took the prudent part of withdrawing without firing a musket. It is hard to tell what Santa Anna’s position is at this moment. All accounts agree in representing him as without the confidence of any considerable party, while by a large number –say by a large party –he is denounced in turn as a traitor, a coward, and, at least, a humbug. He certainly does not wish to bring matters to a crisis, or he would have returned to the capital, ere this, and demanded his seat –a seat which, in my opinion, he will never again occupy.

May 22. –I have a few minutes, before the Palmetto leaves, to say that the diligence is in from Jalapa with further news from Puebla, none of especial interest, except so far as connected with affairs at the Capital. For this part of it, I am indebted to the gentlemanly and able Prussian Counsel, who has a letter from a high source in Puebla, teeming with hopes of an early peace. Santa Anna and Anaya being equally unavailable as President, in point of success, a new appointment is to be made at an early date. The general voice calls upon Herrera, the President deposed by Parades, and it is supposed he will accept the nomination this accorded. In that event, there is but little doubt of his election.. I am told that Santa Anna has rushed to Mexico to defeat this movement, but it is believed that he has no longer the power to prevent it. It is also believed that Herrera has the power, and the moral courage to carry the object through. God grand that these suppositions are correct!

May 24. –We this morning have agreeable intelligence from the Capital, which, though not quite so authentic as I could wish, is so strongly supported by probabilities, and so well conforms to the public expectations, that it obtains general credence. The election for President is said to have taken place on the 15th instant, and Herrera, the former incumbent of the chair, was again chosen, it is also said that he is not hampered with restrictions in regard to the policy to be pursued towards the United States, but on the contrary has been selected with a view to negotiation. If this be really true, peace is at hand. I only fear that our terms will be too hard for them. –He certainly would never entertain the proposition of fixing the twenty-sixth degree of latitude as the Northern boundary of his country, and I am pretty sure that our Government will not seriously advance such a condition.

The steamer New Orleans arrived this morning, followed within a few hours by the ship Sophia Walker, both filled with troops. This looks more like doing business, and proves the Adjustant General and the editor of the Union to have been more nearly correct than I gave them credit for being. But in order to meet their promises, we have yet to receive within the coming month, nearly ten thousand troops. Who believes that half that number will reach Vera Cruz before the 1st of August? I do not.

The troops not arrived, will proceed at once with a train, for the field of operations, and I suppose will continue their march directly to Puebla, which is now the headquarters of General Scott

Since I commenced writing a most disagreeable report has reached me, which I have now confirmed, beyond question. The Jalapa stage has been beset, the passengers ill-treated, if not murdered, the driver beaten nearly to death, and the carriage, luggage, mails, etc., burned. The driver has just arrived in town, and reports the details of the affair as far as his fright, and the treatment would allow him to observe them, but is strangely ignorant, or confused upon the points of the greatest interest. The attack was made near la Riconada, a few miles beyond the National bridge. The ruffians engaged in the affair were rancheros, in all probability acting without authority, and perhaps indeed, they are only common robbers. It is thought that none of the passengers have been killed, but of this there is not certainty. If they were released, some of them will probably be in town tomorrow.

June 11, 1847, REv64i12p4c5, News from Mexico

We lay before our readers copious extracts from the New Orleans papers. On one point, the election of President, the reports in the New Orleans Times and Picayune conflict –the former being confident of the election of Herrera, the peace candidate –and the latter, upon data which look to us more authentic, leading us to believe that the result will not be known for some time, and that the Herrera spoken of I not the President who was willing to receive our Minister of Peace, and who superceded buy Parades. As to the prospects of peace, our readers may judge as well as ourselves, from the elements before them. They are not as bright, however, as we had been led to expect.

We are deeply pained at the report in the Picayune, of bloody and fatal duel between the two lieutenants of the Virginia Regiment. Mahan, the only one named, was third Lieutenant of Capt. Bankhead’s Caroline Company, and was from the city of Philadelphia, which furnished a large proportion of said company. –Captain Bankhead, we learn, was promoted to the post of one of Gen. Scott’s aides; and 1st Lieutenant Garnett, (of Westmoreland,) and 2d Lieutenant Coleman, (of Caroline,) being on the sick list, 3d Lieutenant Mahan was in command of the company. These facts have been narrated to us, and may furnish a clue to the desperate and lamentable combat. On the streets yesterday, we heard the name of several officers of the Virginia Regiment mentioned as the other Lieutenant killed whose name is not given –but being vague rumors, we think it improper to chronicle them.

The New Orleans Courier reviews the address of the Tennessee officers, impugning the conduct of General Pillow and his utter want of military skill at the battle of Cerro Gordo, and imputing to him an untrue statement made to General Scott. We have room but for the following extract:

“We are told that General Pillow informed General Scott that he had reconnoitered the enemy’s position, and was sure it was defended by only one or two guns. Well, every work of this disclosure to General Scott was true. General Pillow did reconnoiter the enemy’s work, and he found it weak, as he reported it to be. But by some means or other, (perhaps by a deserter,) the enemy was apprised of General Pillow’s reconnaissance, of his report to the commanding general, and of the intention to assault the batteries. This information was conveyed in the night of the 17th –the enemy immediately set to work, added five or six guns to the batteries, marched upwards of two thousand men to sustain them, and placed strong detachments of infantry, with some light pieces of cannon concealed on the flank of the route by which our troops were expected to advance. We are told this fact is well understood in the army; if it came to the knowledge of the officers who signed this address to the public against the Brigadier General, they ought to have mentioned it.

These officers say that General Pillow was not at the head of the regiment when it advanced –that he neither led nor followed it. Who has asserted that he did lead or follow the regiment in its advance? Surely the General himself asserts so such thing –nor, to out knowledge, have any of his friends made such an assertion. But we know it to be true –that when the General was wounded he was very near the right of the regiment: This information has come to us from a gallant officer who was on the ground, and an eyewitness of what took place. Why was not this fact stated in the Address of the officers to the Public? This address to the public, from the officers of the 2d Tennessee regiment of volunteers has bot been provoked by anything said or done by General Pillow. ON the contrary, in his official letter, he bestows high applause upon the regiment and its officers for the steady and gallant manner in which they bore themselves in the attack. If any part of the General’s conduct deserves censure –and if the intimations of this address are well grounded, he is unfit for his station –if he deserves censure, it would be more proper in a military point of view, and more consonant to usage, to have preferred charges against him to the Commander-in-Chief, in order that his conduct might have been investigated and the real truth brought to light. It is a serious matter to throw before the world such intimations as these against a General officer, whose “personal courage and gallant bearing in action” are acknowledged by his accusers. We await the reply of Gen. Pillow, in full confidence that he will rebut every item of accusation, that has been alleged against him.

June 15, 1847, REv64i13p1c3, Spanish Opinions on Mexican War

In the total absence of news from any quarter, we lay before our readers a striking extract from El Heraldo of Madrid, of the 26th April. We find it in the N. O. Delta, which describes its speculations as the “ideas of an intelligent Spaniard, upon the probable fate of an offshoot of his once powerful and still proud race. The editor for gospel of English and Mexican accounts of the battle of Buena Vista.”

This article is particularly interesting, in that while it grossly misrepresents our government as aiming at “nothing less than the destruction of Mexican nationality” and our people as inclined to appropriate the church property of Mexico without ceremony, it renders a forced and a proud tribute to the resistless energies of our free people. Our progress, which the Spanish organ seems to regard with so much horror as to invoke the arm of European monarchies, is not the fruit of blood or violence, but of the genial influence of liberal institutions, gradually melting away the prejudices and ignorance of the nations of the earth, both in the new and old world. What may be the fate of Mexico, we shall not pretend to investigate –but all we ask of her at present is a just respect for our rights. Our desire is to see her establish an enlightened, liberal Republican form of Government, to assist us in keeping off the encroachments of the Old-World monarchists –And, whatever partisans may say of the origin of the war, it cannot reasonably be denied that it will essentially benefit Mexico, in liberalizing and civilizing her people by the influence of American example. The acquisitions of territory we have already made have been based upon the highest principles of law and morality –and to the powers of Europe, should they dare to interfere with the exercise of our lawful privileges! The article of El Heraldo shows the mighty place our young nation holds in the eyes of the world:

“The latest news from Mexico announces a triumph of the arms of the republic, which would be gratifying to us as Spaniards, as united to the people of that country by so many ties and so many traditions in common, if we thought it could decide, in favor of Mexico, the present desperate struggle between the Spanish and Anglo-Saxon races. But unfortunately it is not so. We see that after prolonged disasters, after infinite defeats, operating in a country the thinness of whose population makes war most difficult, the Mexicans found it necessary to unite the flower of their army, in number fourfold superior to that of the Anglo-Americans, to achieve a triumph exceedingly doubtful, attended with losses which rendered any new operations impossible.

“This victory, it is true, has somewhat re-animated the spirit of the country so far as least as a nation whose people are not homogeneous, are susceptible of being re-animated; but in exchange for this advantage, it has deeply wounded the pride of the Anglo-Americans, and if they determine to employ all their resources, the conquest of Mexico is inevitable.

“Let it be considered that the Mexican troops have been obligated to make a Herculean effort to gather a few trophies from one of the divisions of the enemy –that this effort is almost a defeat, as it has left them exhausted –and that there yet remain in the country three or four divisions of the enemy, against which nothing can be opposed –and it must be confessed that this victory of Santa Anna will only serve to precipitate the feeble nationality of Mexico, down the declivity which leads to the precipice.

“For ourselves, we believe that Mexico is already virtually blotted out of the lest of independent nations. What can be expected of a nation, distracted by revolutions and contests for ephemeral power, when the enemy is at its fates, and that no common enemy, but one which aims at nothing less that the destruction of its nationality? –What can we expect of a nation, where the clergy –the richest Catholic clergy in the world –refuse the smallest sacrifice in favor of the country, and prefer the precarious possession of the worldly goods to the salvation of the land?

“The army without resources, even without food –the rickety politicians of the capital conspiring to overthrow the established order of things –the clergy occupied in secreting their valuables, and in exciting the fanatical opposition of the people against the sale of their property, without considering whether the Anglo-American will not appropriate it with less ceremony –the only fortification of the coast threatened by a formidable squadron – a great part of the country occupied by an army highly-disciplined, composed of men whose energy is proverbial, and abundantly supplied with every kind of munitions: what can result from all this? We look upon the consequences as inevitable. Enthusiasm will be re-awakened in the United States. An irresistible torrent of volunteers will inundate Mexico. And it will not be long before the Eagle of the Union will light in triumph upon the ancient capital of Montezuma.

“We, as Spaniards, cannot be but lament this result. The last remnants of the magnificent work of Hernan Cortes are about to disappear, and one of the most brilliant pages in our history will be bound, so to speak, in the volume of the stranger. Sorrowful effects of revolutions! Of demagogical tendencies prematurely ingrated on a nation without stamina to support the effects of an unholy ambition! Thirty years of independence have not sufficed to make the Mexicans a nation, notwithstanding they have held in their hands the richest elements that Providence ever placed within reach of the human family. And why? –Because they have strayed from the proper path; because they desired to form a republic with the materials fit only for a monarchy; because they concerted, by a simple decree, the ignorant and oppressed Indians, the dregs of the population, ignorant until then even of the language of their lords, into free citizens, possessing all the rights which a free nation could give. We now behold, though too late, the unavoidable evils which this error drew after it.

“And now, is it not permitted to ask what the nations of Europe think of the indefinite extension which the American Union is acquiring, and which it carries forward with as much safety as rapidity, sometimes by arms, sometimes by money, sometimes by emigration, without ever appearing to consider the morality of the means which it employs? Will they permit it to absorb, successively, the whole continent of America, and so form a nation by the side of which the most powerful states of Europe would appear as ridiculous pigmies? Will they consent that it shall consolidate its rich conquests, and make them the base of operations from which to invade in succession the states of Central America, where are to be found some of the most magnificent harbors in the world? Will they permit it, without obstruction, to reach the Isthmus of Panama –its golden dream –and thus yield to it one of the principal keys to the commerce of the globe?

“Time alone can answer these questions; but the history of the past affords us but little comfort for the future. Within this century the Union has acquired, successively, the Floridas, Louisiana, and Texas, and it is now about to acquire the Californias and some of the richest provinces of Mexico. Who shall fix limits to the power of the active race which peoples it? Let it once extend to Panama, and its might will be irresistible. It will hold the dominion of the seas; it will monopolize the commerce of the whole earth. And when the English language is spoken on all the shores of the Mexican Gulf, what human power will be sufficient to prevent the Island of Cuba and the English Antilles from falling by their own movement, and impulses of irresistible attraction, into the arms open to receive them?”

June 15, 1847, REv64i13p2c1, Later from Mexico

The steamship New Orleans, Captain Wright, has arrived from Vera Cruz, having left there on the 1st June. She touched on the 4th at the Brazos.

Gen. Shields is doing well, we are most happy to hear, and was shortly expected at Vera Cruz.

General Scott left Jalapa on the 23d May for Puebla, at the head of nearly 6,000 troops. We have the following brief note:

PUEBLA, MEXICO, May 29, 1847:

The division of General Twiggs entered this city today, all well. There were rumors in the morning that Generals Bustamente and Leon were advancing to attack General Scott with an immense force, but so far we have heard nothing confirming the reports. Almost everyone thinks that the Americans are to have another grand battle, but where no one can divine.

The diligencia does not run between this and the city of Mexico, and so far I have found it impossible to lay hands upon any papers.

No one as yet knows what General Scott’s intentions are as regards his future movements, yet small as his force is, many think he will advance upon the capital. We shall know in a day of two.

G. W. K.

The news from the city of Mexico by this arrival is most important. Our intelligent correspondent from Vera Cruz has furnished us with the annexed extracts from letters written at Mexico, and from the best sources of information. The resignation of Santa Anna is an important event in the history of the war:

Extract of a letter dated:

“CITY OF MEXICO, May 29, 1847.

“From here I have nothing worthy of notice to communicate except that Santa Anna yesterday resigned the presidency, but it is not known yet whether Congress will admit of it. –He was induced to take that course from the opposition he meets in his views of carrying on the defense of the city, and from some defamatory writings which appeared in the public papers against his past conduct. It is generally expected that the Americans will be here about the 15th of next month, and, considering the state of things in the capital, I may say that they will meet with but slight resistance on the part of this government.”

Through the same channel we have received the following brief extract from another letter of the same date:

“Last week Santa Anna commenced fortifying Guadalupe, Penon and Mexicalzingo, near the suburbs of the city; but unusual disapprobation was the result, and hence his reason for offering his resignation. It is supposed it will be accepted, and that Herrera will receive the nomination. There are only about 3,000 troops in the city.”

We have an exciting rumor from Puebla, mentioned in letters from Vera Cruz, that the citizens of Puebla had risen upon Gen. Worth, and cut off six or seven hundred of his men. The rumor was in every man’s mouth at Vera Cruz and much credence given to it. We are happy to say that our correspondent in Vera Cruz puts little faith in the rumors.

[Correspondence of the New Orleans Picayune]
VERA CRUZ, May 23, 1847.

Gentlemen: After several days of anxiety and suspense, occasioned by the capture of the diligence by a band of guerrillas, and the well-knows dangerous state of the road, another train has arrived at last from Jalapa bringing us news from the army and the events that have occurred on the road during the last six days, the most important of which is the murder of Col. Sowers, and seven of his escort of eight dragoons, and Lieut. McDonald, of the Rifle Regiment.

Col. S arrived here about a week ago with dispatches from Washington to Gen. Scott. He left this city last Saturday for Jalapa, and was murdered three miles beyond the National bridge. From all appearances, the party must have been an ambush very near the road, and by a well directed volley brought them all to the ground at once, without giving them the slightest opportunity for resistance. Thus it is again that dispatches, probably of no little importance, have fallen into the hands of the enemy, and perhaps may be used to good purpose against us. The bodies of three of the party were found neat the road, partially covered with sand, and the others had been dragged into the chaparral. One American house was found shot near the place where the party was assassinated.

A gentleman from the city of Mexico, who was one of the American prisoners captured by Urrea between Camargo and Monterey, came down with the train, having been liberated by the English Minister, he having claimed British protection. He reports all the American officers that were prisoners of parole.

A wagon master by the name of Parker and a quartermaster’s clerk by the name of Lathrop, both captured on the road from Camargo to Monterey, and who were supposed to have been killed, were in prison in Mexico.

The diligence, the capture of which has cause so much excitement, it appears, was robbed on its (illegible) was injured not that the vehicle was partially destroyed and plundered of every thing if contained.

Gen. Shields was doing well and may be expected here on his way home in the course of ten days.

Strong suspicious were entertained at Jalapa of an attempt to retake the place, but Col. Childs is always wide awake for anything of that kind, and will do then up brown if the attempt is made.

Some Mexicans also came down yesterday from Jalapa, having been robbed on the toad of everything they had of value; but the highwaymen showed their generosity and kindness to the unfortunate afterwards, by returning them twenty-five cents each to pay their expenses to his place.

The force of the (illegible) etc., on the road, is estimated at 500 men, disposed of as follows 300 men near the road, and 100 on each side of it, ranging at a sufficient distance to prevent small parties from taking the by paths.

Gen. Scott left Jalapa from Puebla on the 23d inst., at the head of about 6,000 men.

I cannot hear of any later news than what has been forwarded to you, from Gen. Worth’s column at Puebla.

The train which came down was escorted by about sixty men, mostly discharged soldiers and some of the wounded at Cerro Gordo, in charge of Capt. Whiting. They saw frequently on the route men on the heights, and in the distance men on the lookout.

As for local news I have none to give you. –The rainy season has, it is thought, fully commenced, as we have had a sample of it during the last three days.

I have seen a private letter from Jalapa, which states that Col. Lawrence, bearer of dispatches, and one of his escort, were killed on the road, but no doubt the writer was mistaken in the name, and that the rumor emanated from the murder of Col. Sowers.

We regret to say that Maj. R. Hammond, Paymaster U. S. Army, died on board the New Orleans, at sea, on the 2d inst., on his passage from Vera Cruz.

June 15, 1847, REv64i13p2c1, Later from the Army of General Taylor

By the steamship New Orleans (says the N. Orleans Picayune,) we have later dates from the Rio Grande and the army of Gen. Taylor. The letter of our correspondent below announces the arrival of a portion of Col. Doniphan’s command at Saltillo, after a short encounter with a body of hostile Indians.

We have a copy of the Matamoras Flag of the 2d inst. The individual found murdered below Reynosa, as before mentioned by us, turns out to have been a private in Capt. Paul’s company of Massachusetts volunteers. A company of Massachusetts men, under Capt. Walsh, escorting a train to Carmargo, passed the spot a few days since, and identified and buried the body. –Capt. W. demanded of some Mexicans residing neat the scene of murder to produce the murders or he would burn down their ranches. The threat had the desired effect, and three incorrigible scoundrels were handed over to him –one of whom was killed in endeavoring to make his escape, an the other tow are imprisoned at Reynosa. The clothes of the murdered man were upon the Mexican who was killed.

From the Flag we learn that Lieut. Col. Abbott, with four companies of Massachusetts volunteers, escorting a wagon train and a number of artillery horses, took up the line of march for Cerralvo on Saturday, the 29th ult Col. Wright, with the remaining six companies, was to proceed by boat to aCarmargo, thence to Monterey, as soon as transportation could be had.

The troops remaining at Matamoras after the departure of the Massachusetts Regiment will be three companies of the 3d Dragoons –Hagan’s, Butler’s and Merrick’s. These dragoons companies are not yet furnished with horses, and it is uncertain when they will be mounted –probably (says the Flag) not until they are called into active service, without affording an opportunity to drill. We copy the following from the Flag:

Murder. –A Mexican, Joseph Maria Lara, a carpenter by trade, who has a shop near the lower end of Connercial street, was found about ten o’clock on Saturday last lying dead on the floor of his house, having been stabbed in the breast. It has not yet been ascertained by whose (illegible) he was killed. His wife represents that she left him in the house in conversation with a (illegible), and when she returned he was found as described. Circumstances tend to a belief that she committed or instigated the murder herself, and we understand that she has been imprisoned until the matter can undergo investigation.

Col. Curtis, of the 3d Ohio Regiment, has received the appointment of Assistant Adjutant General to Gen. Wool.

The Matamoras Flag of the 20th May records the following:

STEAMBOAT DISASTER –The steamer Lama, Captain Ferguson, on the upward trop to Camargo, collapsed a (illegible) on Saturday last, in consequence of which she is detained a few miles below Reynosa. No one was injured, and a new boiler having been procured, Captain Ferguson expects to have her in trim again in a few days. The Lama was under Government charter, and freighted with army stores.

The steamer Gazelle, also under Government charter, bound up the river with stores, sank on Monday last about sixty miles above here. Boat a total loss, the current having broken her up, and swept off cabin and hull.

The Sabine, Captain Sterrit, freighted with private merchandise –her first trip up the river –struck a snag on Tuesday last, about thirty miles below Reynosa, and was run into shallow water, where she sand. The principal part of her cargo was saved without injury, and the boast, it is said, will soon again be afloat.

The steamer Big Hatchee lies high and dry between here and the mouth of the river, having grounded during the late rise, and the river receded from her. A rise of four feet will pout her again in her element.

At the election of officers in the Massachusetts regiment, Lieut. Col. Wright was chosen colonel; Maj. Abbott, lieutenant colonel; and Capt. Webster chosen major.

June 15, 1847, REv64i13p2c3, General Scott’s Proclamation

The Union publishes an authentic copy of Gen. Scott’s proclamation to the Mexican people. –Having already laid before our readers the same remarkable document, translated from the Spanish, we deem it unnecessary to copy the official paper, which, though more polished in form and perfect in context, gives no better idea of the views and arguments of the author than the translated copy. In relation to this paper the Union says:

“There are not many parts of it which do not meet with our cordial approval, and on these we do not now propose to make any comments. –With some few qualifications, we unhesitatingly pronounce it an able and patriotic paper, credible to its author –General Scott –and well calculated to produce favorable impressions upon the Mexican people. That such is its true character, is evinced by the fact that it has drawn forth the bitter invectives of Santa Anna and then editors of the National Intelligencer. Gen. Scott has many friends among the Whig party and we do not doubt they will at once step forth and vindicate him from his allied assailants –General Santa Anna and the National Intelligencer.

“We publish, along with the proclamation, Santa Anna’s letter in reply to it, and we refer our readers to the comments of the National Intelligencer of today on the same subject. We must excuse ourselves for not inserting the Intelligencer’s article, on account of its length –eight columns –not having room for it.”

H. M. Brackenridge, Esg., a distinguished Whig of Pittsburgh, has written several eloquent letters in vindication of the present way, and the rights and honor of the nation. Unlike his party, he takes the side of his own country, and speaks out boldly like a patriot. We regret that we have not room for his last beautiful letter. We are constrained to confine ourselves to a short extract:

“The address of General Scott, to the Mexicans, dates at Jalapa, is a document which does him honor, and at the same time does no more than justice to the American character. It breathes the most noble and chivalrous sentiments, and is distinguished by an elevated and magnanimous tone of morals. We behold an American army invading a foreign country in the course of a war, defeating the armies of the enemy, taking their towns, not only without committing a single act of violence on the defenseless, but scrupulously regardful, in the minutest particular, of individual immunity, excepting in cases purely accidental, or unavoidably consequent on military operations. The moment the battle is fought, and the victory won, our soldiers are seen rendering the most touching offices of humanity to the wounded enemy, as if they had been comrades. How different from the Mexican practice of killing the wounded and stripping the dead! Such is the mildness and humanity of the American victors, that their thousands of prisoners feel themselves at once in as perfect security as if they were in the midst of their own people. Their wants are liberally supplied, the little boy and his pet lamb, and the little girl and her pet dove, are spoken to with kind and soothing words, by those who just before were fighting with armed men, and with the fierceness of lions. It is not any wonder that such traits should excite admiration, or that the multitude of captives, who have been set free, have been forbidden by their own despotic rulers to enter the cities, on account of what they are in the habit of relating, not only of the courage and prowess of the Yankees, but still more of their strange and unaccountable humanity and generosity.

“In the cities occupied by the American troops order is immediately restored, and measures taken to command the most perfect security to the inhabitants, man, woman and child. Scarcely a day has passed by, when all classes, excepting the assassin and plunderer, feels a degree to security hitherto unknown. No one is molested in his house, no one fears to go forth into the streets, while their places of worship are held sacred, -Everything is as safe as in one of our own peaceful towns. This certainly is to divest grim-vi-saged war of its worst terrors. Gen. Morales, who had seen the conduct of our army after the taking of Vera Cruz, advised the people of Jalapa to remain quiet at their homes, and look upon the Americans as their best protectors, and for this he has been denounced by the military anarchists of the country as a traitor. Notwithstanding the slanders of the war party in Mexico, a party interested in making the war interminable, there is little doubt that the inhabitants of Puebla and the capital will hail the arrival of the Yankees, as that of deliverers, from the cut-throats and robbers, brought to the surface buy the fermentation and disorganization of their own society. One mighty effort will shorten the war, and, even, save expense. If there be no central government in Mexico capable of forming treaties, we must raise up and treat with separate States and confederacies, taking care to secure sufficient guaranties for their fulfillment. We often see the expression, ‘Stop the war –stop the war.’ It is for Mexico to stop the war; she can do it at any moment, but it is not in our power. We may submit, we may renounce all our demands, we many leave all matters unsettled and consent to remain, no in a state of doubtful peace, but unavoidable and unending warfare, consequent on having no definite settlement of differences, or regulation of intercourse. Two nations in this situation are always at war, because always in collision. Suppose we withdraw our armies, is there any rational man who can suppose that, in thus implicitly confiding in Mexico, we can obtain a treaty of peace, or that she will renounce her pretension to the Sabine as her boundary? One of her very last pretensions, is a claim for indemnity for the loss of Texas, and all expenses of the war in that country since the year 1836! If we should lose the grasp we now have, she would laugh us to scorn, and treat us with contempt.”

June 15, 1847, REv64i13p4c2, Later from Vera Cruz

The steamship Fashion, Capt. Ivy, (says the N. Orleans Delta, June 4,) arrived at this port yesterday from Vera Cruz, having left there on Sunday forenoon, the 30th ult.

Verbally we learn that the Mexicans were busy fortifying the pass at Rio Frio, between Puebla and the City of Mexico.

Gen. Scott, with the rear of the army, was to have left Jalapa on the 29th ult., and would arrive at Puebla on the 4th inst., where it is presumed he will await the arrival of the reinforcements being forwarded to him, before he advances farther.

We have heard a rumor that Herrera has been elected President, but cannot trace t to a reliable source, and we think the result of the election could scarcely be known at the capital so soon.

From the American Eagle we learn that the diligence which left Vera Cruz for Jalapa on the 22d ult., without passengers, but with three trunks filled with very fine dry goods, was stopped two miles beyond the National Bridge and robbed, and then burnt and destroyed. The driver and postillion who accompanied it were released and made their way to Jalapa. The diligence which should have come into Vera Cruz on the 24th ult., only came down to where the other had been destroyed, and at once returned. This, it is feared, will put an end to the use of diligences on the road. The robbery was no doubt the work of Mexican banditti. We come now to a more atrocious act by the same ruffians. We copy the facts from the Vera Cruz Eagle of the 29th:

“HORRID. –It is with pain mingled with a desire for vengeance that we undertake to relate another massacre of our countrymen in the most cruel and brutal manner. In our paper of last Saturday (only one week) we announced the fact that Col. Sowers was in this city as a bearer of dispatches to Gen. Scott, and today we are called upon to inform the public of his horrid death –not with his enemy in front to oppose him, but cowardly shot by those who dared to show themselves.

“It appears that he left this city on Saturday last with an escort of five men and Lieut. McDonnell of Capt. Wheat’s company, expecting to find the captain at Santa Fe, or at the most a very short distance the other side. They arrived at Santa Fe and lodged there during the night, finding that Capt. Wheat had left: in the morning, anxious to push forward although it was ascertained that Capt. W. was some thirty miles ahead) with an addition of two more to the escort Col. Sowers set out for Jalapa. The next that we know of this little party is buy the arrival of one of the men, who returned and reported its surprise and destruction. In consequent of the falsity of the greater number of similar stories, Col. Wilson, our Governor, had the man arrested as a deserter. Thus matters stood until yesterday, when developments were made by an arrival from Jalapa –the first that has reached us for a week –tending to confirm our worst fears.

“We conversed yesterday with a gentleman who arrived in the morning, and he informs us that at a point about two miles on the other side of Puente National, he saw the ruins of the diligence, underneath which was a human body stripped, with the exception of a part of drawers, and mutilated in the most beastly manner. This is supposed to be the body of Col. Sowers. Near him lay another perfectly naked and likewise dreadfully mangled. Our informant was assured that five other bodies lay in some thick chaparral a short distance from the road. Now, the number of killed, with the man who escaped, exactly corresponds with that of the party which accompanied the unfortunate Col. Sowers, and leaves no doubt in out mind of its destruction.”

Our readers will recollect a party of Mexican robbers recently captured near Vera Cruz by a party of amateurs, under Col. Banks. Ten of them have been tried for robbing, secreting arms and ammunition, &c. Five have been acquitted and five convicted. The latter were sentenced to four and a half months’ work upon the public streets and thoroughfares in chains. Tow more yet it remained to be tried. We hope this example may be salutary.

The Eagle informs us, that on the 28th a party of six Mexicans, coming into Vera Cruz from Santa Fe, were attacked by some of their own countrymen, and robbed of all they had about them.

The ship Zenobia arrived at Vera Cruz from New York on the 28th May, having on board 193 troops, principally of the 4th and 5th Infantry, under command of Captain J. H. Whippie, of the 5th, 1st Lieutenant H. Price of the 4th Infantry, and 2d Lieutenant J. W. Lendrum of the 3d Infantry. Fourteen of the men were recruits for several regiments.

We note the (illegible) to Vera Cruz. They have published instructions to the unacclaimated, full of good sense.

June 15, 1847, REv64i13p4c3, Conditions of Peace

The Whigs will find fault with the Administration, whatever it may do. At one time they hurled the most bitter anthems on the President, because, as they wantonly alleged, his design was to push this “war of conquest” and ruthlessly to annex the whole of Mexico to out Union. Beaten from this position, and compelled by facts too stubborn to be overcome, to admit that the Administration is willing to close a peace with Mexico upon terms which a large majority of the American people regard as most liberal and magnanimous on our part, they change their tone, and argue that, had the same spirit of moderation been evinced by the Administration, this bloody and unnecessary war would have been avoided, and the heavy loss of American blood and treasure been averted. Yesterday’s Whig quotes the following passages from the leading article in the Democratic (illegible) upon “the State of the Country,” and remarked, that if the writer “correctly delineates the policy and purposes of the Administration, we must contess that the terms upon which it is willing to make peace with Mexico, though not at all to out liking, are less harsh and exacting than, from intimations proceeding from other high sources, we had preciously supposed.” We, of course, do not attach very great importance to the correctness of the writer’s expositions, but are willing, for the present, to assume them to be authentic:

“We believe, in the first place, that the administration is willing to make to Mexico every possible concession in point of form, and to allow the defeated party in the war to prescribe its own rule of diplomatic etiquette in settling the preliminaries of peace. It has, for this purpose, clothed Gen. Scott, the commander-in-chief of the American army, with power to treat with the authorities he may find in Mexico, and sent Mr. Trist, the second officer in the State Department, down to aid and instruct him in carrying out the views of the President. Nay, should the Mexicans desire, or consider it a special mark of attention, Mr. Buchanan, the distinguished Secretary of State, will himself go down and negotiate in the city of the Aztecs.

“As to the cession of territory demanded of the Mexicans, the administration will not claim it as a forfeit, but offer to pay for it, so as to acquire it by purchase. We want a clear title to it; and the administration considers purchase the very best of all titles.

“The expense of the war we will not claim from the Mexicans, and the indemnity which she owes our citizens will be assumed by the government of the United States. We shall then claim no money of Mexico in any shape, and are willing to accept land in payment of our just demands.

“As to the territory to be ceded or sold to us by Mexico, we are of opinion that it will no comprise more than Upper California and New Mexico, and that our government will not insist, as a condition of peace, on the right of way across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec; but rather make this a subject for subsequent friendly negotiations between the two sister republics.”

As to the first proposition, the Whig asks “if Mr. Polk is now willing to permit Mexico to ‘prescribe her own rule of diplomatic etiquette,’ for example, at this time, why was he so indignant at her refusal to permit him to prescribe that rule, when he sent her, in the person of Mr. Slidell, an Envoy Exiraordinary and Minister Plenipolintiary, to negotiate upon all the subjects in dispute between the two countries, instead of the Commissioner, to adjust the question of boundary, whom alone she had agreed to receive?”

The official documents expressly contradict the position here taken by the Whig. As soon as the resolutions annexing Texas were passed by Congress, Almonte, the Mexican Minister at Washington, demanded his passports, declaring that the action of our Government would justify war. The Administration, however, resolved upon doing every thing to conciliate Mexico and terminate the difficulty amicably, instructed Mr. Black, the American Consul at the City of Mexico, “to ascertain from the Mexican Government whether they would receive an Envoy from the United States, entrusted with full power to adjust all the questions between the two Government, though Mr. Pena y Pena, agreed to “receive a Minister from the United States in the Capital of Mexico, with full power from his Government to settle the dispute in a peaceable manner.” Mr. Slidell was sent as such Envoy; but, on arriving at the City of Mexico, was objected to by the Secretary of State. Two weeks afterwards, his mission was annulled by an official vote from the Mexican Secretary, requiring him to produce special powers, from the settlement of the Texas question alone. This gross violation of an express agreement was, no doubt, attributable to the public excitement raised against President Herrera for wishing, as it was alleged, to bargain away the Mexican territory, embraced in Texas. The fact is, a few days after, the Government of Herrera was overthrown, and General Paredes, a military usurper, succeeded to power, pledging himself to recover Texas by force. Mr. Slidell, who had retired to Jalapa, repeated the proffer of peace to the new Mexican Secretary of State, Mr. Castillo y Lanzas, stating that the President was sincerely desirous of preserving peace between the two countries. A few days after Mr. Slidell (illegible) rejected, his passports were sent to him, and he returned to the United States.

Is it not evident that the objection to Mr. Slidell, as a full Minister, was a mere quibble to disguise a gross violation of an express agreement, and that, in the excited state of the public mind on account of the Annexation of Texas which led to the overthrow of Herrera, no change of policy in our diplomatic intercourse would have induced the Mexican rulers to enter upon a negotiation, even of the boundary question alone? Paredes was hoisted into power, pledged to wrest the whole of Texas from the “Northern invaders,” and he would not therefore listen to any 0proposition, however “conciliatory or complying.” This is demonstrated by his orders to the commanding General on the Rio Grande, before he could have possible heard of the march of General Taylor from Corpus Christi, to cross the river and take “the initiative” in making hostilities. His cry was for war, and not for peace –and any argument that the war was brought on by our Government stickling for diplomatic etiquette, is refuted by history.

In reply to the Whig’s assertion, we contend that the President has, from the first clash of arms, been ready and willing to make peace with Mexico. We shall not now go into the question of the march of our army to the Rio Grande. It is enough to know, that the war was recognized by Congress as the act of Mexico, and the President was fully provided with men and money to prosecute it vigorously. Not a work was then raised against the pursuit of the insolent foe into his own territory, to punish the murders of our citizens, and other wrongs inflicted upon us. The cry of “lawless invasion,” “was of conquest,” was not then heard. With the full acquiescence of the nation, the army crossed the Rio Grande. It is enough to know, that the war was recognized by Congress as the act of Mexico, and the President was fully provided with men and money to prosecute it vigorously. Not a word was then raised against the pursuit of the insolent foe into his own territory, to punish the murders of our citizens, and other wrongs inflicted upon us. The cry of “lawless invasion,” “war of conquest,” was not then heard. With the full acquiescence of the nation, the army crossed the Rio Grande and victory after victory received the applause of our whole people. Still the President was not neglectful of the great object we had in view, the establishment of a permanent and honorable peace. Proffers of negotiation were again made, in the midst of our triumphs, but they were again rejected with scorn. Could the President have done more to effect a pacific settlement of the difficulty or, rather, was he not imperatively required, by the action of Congress and the people, to push on the war, so as to weaken and humble Mexico, and compel her to listen to a negotiation of peace? That this desirable end has not been attained, is not the fault of the President nor our gallant officers and men –but is mainly attributable to the factious partisan course of Whig presses and politicians, whose assaults upon their own Government are eagerly caught up by the war party in Mexico, as conveying sympathy for their blind and infatuated perseverance in hostilities. The Administration, we have no doubt, is now, and ever has been, willing to make peace on fair, equitable and liberal terms. What more can the country, or even the Whig party, demand?

The Whig attempts to show up the inconsistency of the proposition attributed to the President, viz: to obtain Mexican territory, not by conquest but my purchase and asks, “why conquer it first, in order to buy it afterwards?” How does the Whig know that the purchase of territory was not embraced in Mr. Slidell’s mission, which was so insultingly rejected, under the influence of the war spirit? And is it not a matter of record, that in the summer of 1846 the President by special message called upon Congress for a certain amount to assist in arranging the terms of peace with Mexico; and that at the last session of Congress, after we had “conquered” a large portion of Mecico, a sum of money for the same purpose was placed at the President’s disposal by Congress? The attempt, then, of the Whig to present this matter of “purchase” as a new question, is not sustained by facts.

We shall not undertake to discuss the propriety of the Whig’s parallel between our course to wards Mexico and “the partition of Poland and the extinction of its nation existence, by then usurping triumvirate of Russia, Austria and Prussia.” It is sufficient to chronicle such assertions as indicative of how far party spirit will blind the judgement. To use the language of the Whig, we believe that the Administration did “exhaust every effort to effect its object by peaceable means, before it unsheathed the sword,” and that since the sword has been drawn, it has left untried no plan, consistent with the honor and interests of the nation, to bring the war to a close.

We do not profess, however, to be acquainted with the designs of the Administration in regard to the conditions of peace. All that we ask is indemnification for the past and security for the future. We would put away every notion of annexing Mexico to the United States, as has been most wantonly charged upon the Administration by the Whigs; nor would we do anything to denationalize that Republic, which we yet hope to see, under the influence of our free institutions, acquiring stability and strength, and acting as a barrier against the progress of monarchical principles. To secure the object we have in view, however, it may be necessary for us to hold the country to levy duties sufficient to pay the expenses of our armies of occupation, and to protect the peace party, who may be willing to organize their Government on sound principles and consummate a solid and honorable peace with us. Money she has none, and we must therefore take a reasonable portion of her territory, of no real value to Mexico, as a moderate equivalent for the sacrifice of life and the heavy expense which has been forced upon us. –It is our policy, as it should be the aim of our Government, to see established in Mexico a literal, permanent civil government, with whom we may cultivate a friendly and generous intercourse in trade and commerce, -exchanging with one another the blessings with which Nature has endowed each country. In a word, we fully sanction the following views of the N. Y. Globe:

“The original declaration of war against us by Mexico, without any justifiable cause, has been punished by a series of victories, which has placed that country at our disposal; another movement directed by a proper force, will give us possession of her capital, she is in every point of view a beaten, conquered and humiliated nation; and what adds to her humiliation, she has brought into the field tour to one against us, and yet she has been vanquished in every flight; she has not gained a single victory, or achieved a single exploit, but with characteristic obstinacy, she insists upon a farther prosecution of the war. We have gained all that we hoped for in defending ourselves against these aggressions, and now we have an example to set to Mexico and to the world, an example of reason, of moderation, of forbearance. We conquer not for occupation, but for defense. We conquer for peace not for territory, and beyond our just claims to a safe boundary reaching to the Pacific, it is not our interest or our desire to occupy any more territory owned by Mexico.”

June 18, 1847, REv64i14p1c7, Important to Discharged Soldiers

IMPORTANT TO DISCHARGED SOLDIERS. –By an act of the last Congress, approved 2d March, 1847, (says the New Orleans Delta,) $500,000 was appropriated to provide for the comfort of discharged soldiers, who may be landed at New Orleans, or other places within the United States, so disabled by disease or by wounds received in the service, as to be unable to proceed to their homes. This sum is to be applied under the direction of the Secretary of War. On the 20th of May Gov. Johnson addressed a communication to Gen. Brooke, calling his attention to the wise and humane provisions of this act of Congress, and inquiring whether, under the direction of the Secretary of War, he had been empowered to apply any portion of the sum appropriated at this point, and what arrangements, if any, had been made for carrying into effect the provisions of that act. Gen. Brooke, with his usual promptness, immediately wrote to the authorities at Washington on the subject, which was as promptly responded to in the following letter from Adjutant General Jones:

Washington, May 28, 1847.

General: Your letter of the 20th, on the subject of discharge volunteers who are sick and in want, has been received, and I have the pleasure to inform you that the fund appropriated buy Congress for their relief (500,000 dollars) is now available. Your requisition on the (illegible) at New Orleans for any funds that you may think necessary to be placed in the hand of Assistant Surgeon McCormick, in fulfillment of the object of the law at New Orleans, will be promptly met. I am, General,

Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
[Signed,]R. JONES, Adjutant General.

To Brig. General GEORGE M. BROOKE,
Commanding Western Division,
New Orleans, Louisiana.

June 18, 1847, REv64i14p2c1, From Mexico

The following is the dispatch from Gen. Santa Anna to which allusion was made in our last paper:

Ayolta, May 18, 1847.

From the moment that I arrived at this place, I learned with deep regret, through channels worthy of all confidence, that my approach to the capital with the Army of the East had spread the greatest alarm among its inhabitants, caused by the idea that it was intended to defend the city within its own walls, as also by the agitation of party interest, which putting party passions in motion, appear in this instance to have made common cause with the enemies of honor and of the independence of the nation. Alarmed by this intelligence, which, if left to its natural course, would not only rob me of the only property remaining to me in this world –my honor –but would also decidedly endanger the sacred cause which we defend, I have thought it to be my duty to suspend my march, in order to render an account to the Supreme Government of my conduct and intentions, trusting that the loyalty and candor with which I shall explain them will prevent the last and most fatal calamity which could in our present position befall our country, “distrust and discord among those who are called upon to save it.”

When I commenced the march to this city it was in obedience to a resolution adopted by the Committee of War, of which I informed your Excellency in my dispatch of the day before yesterday, in which it was determined that the salvation of the capital was not only necessary and advantageous for the ulterior operations of the war, but might be sufficient to bring it to a happy and honorable conclusion. Although fully convinced of the utility of this measure, I had notwithstanding, resolved to submit the same question, on my arrival at the capital, to another and more numerous meeting, presided over by the older general in the army, determined to respect its decision and even to resign my military power, which I also manifested to your Excellency in my above named dispatch. Such were my designs, in which I protest most solemnly not a thought of personal aggrandizement or ambition had a part. The nation has seen that since my return to the Republic I have passed my time in the fild without thinking of the supreme power, until a majority of the Representatives of the nation urged me to put an end to the civil war which was destroying the heart of the nation.

Not even this complete self-denial, nor the numerous and severe sacrifices to which I have submitted, have been sufficient to destroy old prejudices. Calumny and suspicion have added fresh wormwood to the already bitter cup of my life, and under what circumstances? At a moment when I was leading to the defense of the capital an army drawn from its ruins, and when I asked of my country no other favor than to be allowed to die in its defense. Although this unexpected and undeserved return ought to absolve me from all engagements, furnishing me an opportunity to escape with honor from the extremely difficult position in which I find myself placed, yet I will not voluntarily take such a step, nor shall it ever be said that the man to whom the nation entrusted her salvation did not have the recourse to every sacrifice, including his self-love and even outward appearances, before he retreated from before the enemy, and that if ever this should happen it will be due to invincible obstacles; and finally because he had been repudiated by his countrymen.

As in my person are at this moment united two kinds of representations, both supreme –one military and the other political –which especially claim the fulfillment of peculiar duties, it is necessary that I should satisfy both. I will do so as clearly and succinctly as the straitened position in which I am placed will admit. The first requires that I should state freely and explicitly my opinion respecting the military operations under my charge and these re, that the war must be continued until we shall have obtained ample justice from our unjust aggressors; and that, to arrive at this result, it is necessary to save the capital should be occupied without resistance, the spirit of the people will be broken, and the complete submission of the country will be inevitable.

My duty as the first magistrate of the nation, at present shamefully censured and suspected by unjust and artful detractors, requires that I should remove a pretext invented by perfidy and pusillanimity in order to neutralize the generous efforts which the good citizens are disposed to make for the salvation of its independence and honor. In order to (illegible) it is (illegible) to which I have previously alluded, and of which I now repeat the following two points: First, to carry on the war on the basis before indicated, and, secondly, to (illegible) the salvation of the capital as indispensable. Being determined to admit any compromise on either of these points, I communicate the same to your Excellency, that you may impart the same to his Excellency, the President, and, should he decide against me, you will at once tender my resignation as commander-in-chief and first magistrate of the Republic, and forward my passports to retire to wherever may be most convenient for me.

It might happen, that although there may be an obsolete conformity with my ideas, it may be thought that I would be an obstacle to carrying them into due effect. I have already stated that these circumstances would be very propitious for me to escape from the critical position in which I am faced in an easy and honorable manner by a prompt dismissal from service, but I have too high an opinion of my duty. I know the obligation I contracted with the nation when I was placed at its head, and when it confided to me its precious defense. I shall never betray this trust, and a voluntary separation from the affair would make me believe myself guilty of a dishonorable desertion. My country finds me at her side, and I am determined to fulfil the mission that has been confided to me to the very last extremity, and my dearest interests and my very existence are staked on the altar of liberty and independence of my country. But as I wish to hear and to respect the sound opinion of the nation, I should with that the Supreme Government, speaking to me loyally and with candor, should make known whether I should separate myself from the trusts that have been confided to me, and I will not hesitate a moment in relinquishing them. In that case I shall have given way to respectable voices, and not to the calculations of individual interests or factions. I shall retire, tranquilly making this last sacrifice, which is that of my own opinion, and renouncing the satisfaction of spilling my blood for my country, and standing by her in the moments of her affliction. Senores Don Manuel Barande, Don Ignacio Trigueros and Don Jose Fernando Ramirez, who are here on a friendly visit, are commissioned to be my interpreters near the Supreme Government, and I have requested them to enlarge upon these ideas, as they have listened to them from my lips.

May it please your Excellency to communicate this note to his Excellency, the President, requesting him to favor me with an answer in the shortest delay possible, to enable me to form any ulterior determination. God and Liberty!


To his Excellency the MINISTER OF WAR.

To this letter the following reply was immediately made by the Government through the Minster of War:

Mexico, May 19, 1847.


June 18, 1847, REv64i14p4c1, Prospects of Peace

The intelligence in the N. O. papers is of a contradictory character, in relation to the election of President. The Bulletin says that Herrera had been elected President, and the clergy were in favor of peace; and that Herrera would immediately make a public declaration to that effect. –The same paper says that a late letter from an officer in Gen. Scott’s army and whose situation was highly favorable for obtaining correct information, states that peace would shortly be made:

“The news, on the whole, we think, in favorable as regards peace, or at least of a disposition on the part of the enemy to make it, if the terms should be admissible.”

On the other hand, it is stated positively, that the enemy were actively engaged in fortifying the Rio Frio Pass.

The N. O. National has the following article on the same subject. We trust that its expectations may be as well founded as its reasoning is sound:

“We have had the pleasure of conversing with one of out gallant officers, just returned from the seat of war, and we have reason to believe that the prospect of peace with Mexico is not altogether chimerical. –The British residents of Mexico begin to speak of such a thing as necessary, and they no doubt represent the feelings of their government; and the British nation, having great interests to look after in Mexico, can exert influence that will greatly facilitate a peace, if it choose to do so. Before the taking of Vera Cruz, the British residents of that city were very incredulous about our conquering Mexico. The battles of Buena Vista and Cerro Gordo have forced them to acknowledge the thing as done, and they now speak of the Mexican nation as no longer competent to carry on a civilized warfare.

“Again, the most intelligent native citizens of Vera Cruz and Jalapa, and the intervening country, agree that the war should no longer be carried on. They acknowledge that the Mexican arms cannot prevail; that the resources of the people are exhausted. The people are hourly becoming reconciled to the Americans. The destruction of the enormous tariffs, and annoying tolls upon the roads, has facilitated internal commerce, and destroyed the monopolies that every where weighed down the laboring classes.

“Lastly, the clergy of Jalapa, among whom are many of the most intelligent in Mexico, openly avow their desire for peace. They have learned that we are not making war upon religion, but upon the military despots that have reduced Mexico to its present degradation; of course their sentiments will have an extended influence.

“Although our reasons for expecting peace may appear at first-sight somewhat superficial, still we find more substance on which to ground a hope that the war is nearer at an end that has heretofore been presented to us.”

June 22, 1847, REv64i15p1c2, The President and Santa Anna

Not long since we took occasion to review some of the prominent scenes in the military life of Santa Anna, and to show that, as a General, his career has been marked by nothing but cowardice, unmilitary conduct and defeat. We further contend that if Mexico had empowered the President to select a General to lead her to battle, he could not have chosen one who, with the resources at his disposal, would have met such inglorious defeats from our gallant and skilful officers and troops. The Whig thinks we have underrated the ability as well as bravery of the Mexican Ex-President, and quotes the opinion of Colonel Baker, of Illinois, who has returned home, and is reported to have said :that Santa Anna is a great man, and that no other Mexican could control the population of that country, raise armies, and inspire then with courage to fight the N. Americans, equal to himself.”

“And such, (says the National Intelligencer,) so far as it has been expressed, appears to be the opinion of all our people who have been in Mexico.”

These opinions, certainly, ought not to outweigh the stubborn facts with which the country is familiar, Santa Anna, we admit, is a man of talents and ready pen; his beautiful and glowing pronunciamentos are worthy of the days of Roman virtue and self-devotion; though he has, on every occasion, with marked hypocrisy and cowardice, falsified his heroic words. But that he has not the qualities to excite a popular enthusiasm, or the skill or courage to lead armies on the field, his ceaseless defeats and pusillanimous flights have thoroughly convinced us.

We, too, can quote the weighty opinions of others in defense of our position. We find the following article in the New Orleans Commercial Times:

“GEN. MINON. –This officer, whom Santa Anna denounced for a want of skill and courage an Buena Vista, has published in the Republicano a regulation of the charge brought against him –He declares that he assertion by Santa, of the want of provisions and water in the army, is a falsehood. He states that he himself had cattle to the number of 600 head, besides maize and flour, of which he apprised Santa Anna. He further asserts that the latter’s retreat was unjustifiable; that the manner of if was still more so –moving off in the darkness of the night, and leaving hundreds of his poor wounded soldiers to their fate on the field –more like a fugitive hiding from his enemy, than a general retiring to recruit his forces. It was to prevent these facts from being made public, that he, Gen. Minon, was persecuted, imprisoned and denied communication with his friends. Truth will but, it appears, and Santa Anna will shrink into a pigmy, by and by, from the inflated dimensions he gave himself, as the Napoleon of the West.”

A writer in the Union, who has been in Mexico, presents the following strong and interesting facts and sound views in regards to the return of Santa Anna to Mexico. The extract is long, but it is marked with a calm and patriotic spirit, which gives it much weight. History and observation satisfy us of the correctness of the views we have formed of the character and ability of Santa Anna; and until we see reason to change our opinion, we shall continue to believe that the return of Santa Anna has been (illegible) country’s cause, instead of a fatal and reasonable movement, as the Whigs allege:

Hoping and believing that my countrymen, whatever their alliance of party, can as patriots look upon national measures independent of the one-sided views presented by partisan presses, I venture to lay before them a few facts and observations in relation to a prominent incident in the Mexican war. I allude to the consent of the government to the admission of Gen. Santa Anna into Mexico. There is no act for which the President has been more censured and ridiculed; yet there is none in the conduct of the war which could have shown a more correct estimate of Mexican character, or of the military character of Gen. Santa Anna himself. The results have in many respects, if not in all, justified that estimate.

To those whose lot has been cast in Mexico, it is often amusing, and sometimes painful, to witness among our own people the false reasoning, based upon false impressions, applied to the Mexican population, institutions, and officers. –It is natural. We reason from those of our own country to theirs; and it is difficult for a citizen of this Union to imagine, or to understand when laid before him, the degradation of Mexico; and in making up a Mexican hero, he would never take into account the vices which are essential to the character. None have proofread so much by these difficulties of judgement as Gen. Santa Anna, who has, with us, been gratuitously endowed with the character of a gallant, if not that of a chivalric, chief; whereas, at home, he is known as a chief from his pre-eminence in the national vices, and for years the inconstancy of his courage has been the subject of popular talk. From the battle of Talome, at which he was defeated, (I think in 1832,) down to the present time, he has never, even among his own people, gained a battle, excepting when he has been enabled to purchase a part of the opposing army. Going before more recent events, we know the result of San Jacinto, and we know his conduct when captured there; we also know the fate of the last battle of his contest with Paredes, after which he fled his country. Then why is he a military chief? Because, as such he is a leader of a horde of banditti, which, receiving no pay from a government having no revenue, is necessarily thrown upon robbery for the means of support. –By such of the Mexican people as are not in some way connected with the military, he is detested; and is, perhaps, the only politician who, in the event of a decided overthrow at home, runs the risk of loosing his life. Nothing could exceed the enthusiasm of hate by which he was forced to fly his country at the time of his late exile. Happening at the time to be in one of the remote provinces, I saw people running to each other’s houses with congratulations at his overthrow, and exulting in the hope that he would yet be caught and shot. They repeated doggerel rhymes, in which the “one-legged scoundrel” was his most flattering epithet. Now whom did the admission of Santa Anna expel from the country? General Paredes. H fled, not from the Mexican people, but from Santa Anna, whom he knew better than did the unfortunate officer over whose name I write. A more gallant spirit than that of Paredes never existed. He is too brave a man to be long a Mexican leader. Plunging into the hottest of the fight himself, he gives his followers no excuse for retreating. His small person is now covered with scars of desperate wounds, and of one of his arms but a fragment remains. Single-handed, he has had then energy and courage to quell the mutiny of a Mexican garrison. His wife, equally brave with himself, has been by his side in some of his most desperate fights. Although it is not probable that the general result would have been changed, fighting Mexicans with Paredes, of even his wife at their head, would have been a very different thing to fighting them under that “very best General” whom the President had the INDISCRETION to give them. It is pretty certain Paredes never would have set the example of flight at Buena Vista or Cerrro Gordo. Nothing but revolution, dissension and defeat, has followed the advent of General Santa Anna.

Although the acts of the administration, as those of all human beings, nay be assailed for erroneous judgement, doubts of the integrity of motive of the clearness of judgement which prompts the censure must arise in the minds of all independent citizens, when they see suggested, as a motive of policy, a want of patriotism among the chief officers of the republic. To this allegation every honest man’s heart involuntarily gives the lie. No citizen, appealing to his own bosom, can believe that the President of the United States and the members of his cabinet desire the defeat and disgrace of their country. On the contrary, he must feel that, as citizens and men, they are, equally with any alive to its interests and to its successes in our present contest with an ever vicious and faithless neighbor; while, as the agents of its policy, they have an additional interest in all that concerns its glory and renown. Yet do we daily see hostility to the success of the war charged upon the administration. Such charges are too much for the credulity of the most violent, though honest opponent of the administration, and are evidences of the spirit and judgement with which the administration is measured.



June 22, 1847, REv64i15p2c1, From the Army of General Scott

From the New Orleans Picayune, Extra June 14.


The steamship Telegraph, Capt. Auld, arrived Sunday evening having left Vera Cruz on the 4th inst., Tampico on the 7th and Brazos Santiago on the 9th inst.

The Telegraph brought over the following passengers from the Brazos:

Brig. Gen. Jos. Lane; Capts. Low, McCauslain, McGlaughlin, Chapman, D. Moore, F. H. Ford; Lieuts. Geo. W. McCook, Frenner, Dan, Burket, Boyd, A. Grulde, Jas. Cantren, Wm. Smith, B. J. Croparoit, A. Higgins, H. Miller, Wm. Porter, E. J. Hooker, R. F. Riddle, Baldwin, J.. Goldod, J. A. Stephens, W. D. Lidball, J. McIlvain; Serg. B. Stein; Sutler John N. Booth –all of the 3d Ohio Regiment. Capt. Wm. Ford, Dr L. A. Haugh –3d Indiana Regiment. Dr. D. S. Lane –2d Indiana Regiment. Capt. A. Wilson –1st Indiana Regiment. Major Wm. Gilpin, Lieuts. S. S. Church, P. Garrison –1st Illinois Regiment. Captain A. Overton –2d Mississippi Regiment. Geo. Haywood, H. G. Hunt –Cccommissary Department. Adj’s Thos. McManna and E. Botolin; Capt. Haselep –Quartermaster’s Department. Capt. J. Gregg, Lieut. J. Triste –Gen. Wool’s Division. S. M. Bernard, G. W. Walking, E. Williams, W. E. Aisquish, O. D. Egan, J.H. Schmiensky, E. C. Botz, E. H. Relinzo, A. J. Campbell, R. Yeates, and 500 volunteers and teamsters, under command of Lieut. Geo. W. McCook.

[Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune.]
JALAPA, Mexico, May 22, 1847.

It seems that the affair with Santa Anna’s lancers took place at Amosoque, a small place about three leagues this side of Puebla. The number of the enemy was variously estimated at from 1500 to 2000. They charged up within cannon range with great apparent resolution, so much so that a regular movement was made to receive them; them all scampering off as fast as their animals would carry them, leaving ten men and seven horses dead on the field.

The better classes at Puebla appear well enough disposed towards the Americans, although they perhaps do not altogether like the idea that a force of 3000 men should enter a city of near 100,000 souls, and without resistance. The lower orders –the ladrones and leperos, with which Puebla abounds –are evidently but ill disposed towards us.  One of Gen. Worth’s men has already been assassinated, but fortunately the murders were immediately arrested. On the alcades telling Gen. W. that according to their laws, a year and a half would elapse before the case of the assassins could be settled in the courts of Puebla, he was informed that an American tribunal would render them full of justice in a day and a half! The miscreants are now where they never will commit another murder.

It is said that supplies of all kinds can be readily obtained at Puebla. The wheat crop has just ripened and is now most abundant.

The news now is that the Mexicans have abandoned the idea of fortifying at the Rio Frio, but intend constructing a line of works at El Penol, a position about nine miles this side of the city of Mexico. Perhaps they only intend this as a show of resistance, for the sake of saving their credit; again, they may hope to raise men enough to give a regular battle to the Americans. They can collect nothing, however, but an undisciplined rabble, and these our regulars can disperse like a chaff. The more they have ti contend with of (illegible) the quicker a (illegible) be created among them.

Santa Anna, after the dispersion of his cavalry, did not stop even at San Martin or Rio Frio, but kept on with all speed to the city of Mexico. Our knowledge of the state of affairs at the capital, since Santa Anna’s arrival, is limited, but it was currently reported at Puebla on Wednesday last, that on the previous day the two parties –the Polkas and the Puros –were fighting like cats and dogs. Some new revolution has without doubt broken out, but the leaders are at present unknown.

Gen. Scott’s last proclamation has been generally circulated at Puebla, and it is said with most excellent effect. No less than three editions of it had been printed, and still the inhabitants were calling for more. The demand for it alone would show that its effects have been salutary. The numberless horde of military drones and all the employees and hangers-on of the Government, are doubtless doing all they can to put down its circulation and deaden its influence upon the masses; but they cannot keep it out of the hands of the middle and better class of citizens, the laborious and thinking artisans, nor prevent them from perusing and pondering upon its contents.

In a letter I sent you yesterday by the diligencia I believe that I states that Gen. Valencia was coming out with 14,000 men to meet the Americans. The report is that of this number 4000 are Pintos, or Indians of the South under Gen. Alvares. They are called Pintos from the fact that after they come to manhood their faces, from some cause or other which I have not heard explained, become spotted –yellow and red. They are of little account as soldiers, and it is probable that Valencia’s men, if he has the number given him by rumor, are nothing but raw recruits. If they stop to be fired at once they will not do it a second time.

There is much speculation in the army as to what is to be the result –as to what is to be the winding up of this war with Mexico. I can see no other result than the subjugation of the country entirely, -or at least in bringing it under the protection of the United States. As a nation, Mexico is blotted out of the list; the candle of her independence is burnt down to the socket. If left to herself she would in a few months, from her utter inability to govern herself, be torn and divided by intestine commotion. No protection whatever could be given either to life or property; there are no men in the country who could make headway against the torrent of abuses that would at once creep into every department; there is no money or means with which to establish a new and stable government. What then is she to do? This is a question for wise heads to answer. Too utterly helpless to be left to herself, I repeat that the better plan would be to take her at once under our protection. Let some honest and well-meaning man –there may be a few of them left –let someone of them be chosen or selected as President, and give him the assistance of a few thousand men to keep down revolutions, and awe the hungry horde of leeches, who have so long preyed upon the country. If they raised a grito or pronunciamento, put them down by the bayonet; pronunciamentos would soon become unfashionable if the precious blood for those who started them was brought in jeopardy. Give but one of their revolutions a tragic turn –they have been costly farces heretofore –and the people would soon become sick of them.

These remarks have been hastily thrown together, but they may possibly be as good as any speculations that can be offered. He who thinks that a lasting and beneficial peace can be made with Mexico, or believes that the American troops are soon to be withdrawn, is someone who has not bee over the country; he starts in his belief from false premises, and judges a race of people by the ordinary rules which govern human nature, while it is notoriously a fact that they have long since thrown all ordinary rules at defiance.  The Chinese, when they painted hideous faces upon their walls to frighten off the English invaders, were not a whit behind these people when they get up their tremendous proclamations, and flatter themselves into the belief that what they say in them is all true –that they really area a great people, and able to contend with those whom they profess to despise. Yours,

G. W. K.


June 22, 1847, REv64i15p2c1, From the Army of General Taylor

From the Brazos, by the arrival of the Telegraph, our news is later.

From the Flag of the 7th inst., we learn that Col. Doniphan, with a portion of his command, passed down the Rio Grande on the 5th inst. The Flag thus speaks of them:

The unshorn beards and goat and deer skin clothes of many of them reminded us of descriptions we have read of the inhabitants of some of the countries of the Russian Empire. They stopped in town a couple of hours. Col. Doniphan is a stout, rough-featured, good-natured-looking sort of a man. He brought along with him Clark’s battery, and ten pieces of cannon captured at Sacramento. The sick, &c, forty or fifty wagons, with several hundred mules, were turned over to the quartermaster.

A private belonging to this command fell off the steamboat on the 5th inst., and was drowned.

Capt. Rice Garland’s company of Rangers has been dismissed at Matamoras, some difficulty about mustering them into the service having occurred.

The Massachusetts volunteer put in prison for killing a man who refused him whisky, has made his escape. One of his companions has killed a woman in Matamoras for the same offence. The Flag loudly denounces these outrages.

A private in the 1st Indiana Regiment is also denounced for a brutal assault upon a Mr. Stip, an aged French silversmith, with whom he had a slight difficulty.

Brig. Gen. Hopping has arrived at Matamoras, and occupies Gen. Cushing’s former quarters there. By Lieut. Tidball, of the 3d Ohio Regiment, the editors of the Flag learn that a short time since a party of about one hundred Camanches, in all the panoply of war came suddenly across a small party of volunteers, who were chopping wood in a neighborhood of Parras. Instead of a fight, as was naturally expected, the Indians gave tokens of peace, and stated that the game they were after were Mexicans. They partially escorted the volunteers into town, to whom they seemed much attached. Lieut. T. is on his way home.

[Special Correspondence of the Picayune]
SALTILLO, MEXICO, May 21, 1847.

A short time after my last letter closed the town was thrown into a fever of excitement by the arrival of Gen. Wool’s camp of two Mexican officers from San Luis Potosi, charged with dispatches for Gen. Taylor. They professed to be ignorant of their contents, but to believe that they had come from the city of Mexico and contained the intelligence that an armistice had been granted, and that negotiations for peace were under discussion between Gen. Scott and Santa Anna. Ecstatic was the joy of many who are “in for the war” and pine for the day when they shall rejoin their friends and families. The dispatches were immediately forwarded to Gen. Taylor by Lieut. Franklin, and the Mexican officers treated with the most marked courtesy by our officers at this post. They professed ignorance of the character of the dispatches, but believed that they above was their purport. Singular to say, this idea was generally believed; for myself, I have so little confidence in anything Mexican that I believed it to be a paper from the Department of San Luis –a remonstrance against the advance of Gen. Taylor, or something of that character. Private letters received from San Luis by citizens here, brought by the Mexican officers, announce that the inhabitants were in a state of excitement from the expected approach of our army from this quarter, which was looked for by the 28th inst. The dispatches arrived here on Tuesday and were immediately forwarded, and the protracted absence of the bearer, Lieut. Franklin tended to excite the curiosity felt to be apprised of their contents.

About 1 o’clock today he returned. And lo! The bubble burst! The important dispatch was a communication from the Governor of San Luis Potosi, announcing that he had heard of the intended approach of the American army, and begging to inquire whether it was the intention of the commanding general to conduct the war according to the usages of civilized nations, of according to the manner adopted by the Camanches. What reply Gen. Taylor will make to a question and communication of so insulting a character I cannot say, but I am told his usually even temper was considerably ruffled upon reading it, and he is said to have remarked that he should think the Mexicans had become pretty well acquainted with (illegible) conducting war before this. If they have not it is certainly no his fault, for he has tried hard enough to beat it into them. There is no doubt that we shall march upon San Luis at a very early period, as soon as a sufficient number of troops arrive from below, and from San Luis to the city of Mexico. A communication received from Gen. Scott by Gen. Taylor a few days ago, giving a brief account of the battle neat Jalapa, directs Gen. T. to move at once, or as early as possible, from San Luis, where he expected the letter would reach him, to the city of Mexico. So that Gen. Taylor will not probably remain any time at San Luis, unless he receives orders there, but leaving garrison for the lace, will proceed with the residue of his command to the city of Mexico. The command will probably never retrace its steps this way, as there will be no occasion for it. I have, therefore, a fair prospect of “reveling in the halls of the Montezumas,” as well as some other people, as if I live through the campaign and return via Vera Cruz, I shall have seen quite as much of the country as I care about.

Speaking of health, Saltillo appears to be a very healthy place, and the temperature is really delightful. The mornings, evenings and nights are cool, and a good breeze prevails through the day, rendering the atmosphere pleasant and agreeable in the shade –in the sun I confess it is hot. And yet there is now a great deal of sickness among the Mexicans mostly children, and the number of funerals of the latter are really quite alarming.

Col. Doniphan with the residue of his command arrived at camp this morning and reported to Gen. Wool. It is thought that this artillery companies under Capt. Weightman, attached to this command, will consent to remain during the war, but I hardly think such will be the case. –The regiment is under orders to march on Sunday, the 23d, for the Brazos, there to be discharged. The two Illinois regiments will march from here on the 30th or 31st inst., and the Arkansas cavalry on the 1st June. The two Indiana regiments, 2nd and 3rd, will proceed on Monday. The troops then of the old stock, will all be gone, except Ben McCulloch’s company of Texan Rangers, now commanded by Lieut. Tobin, and not a company will go on to San Luis, except the artillery batteries, that have been in any of the hard fights with Gen. Taylor. Well, let us hope that the new regiments will stand up to their work quit as well as the old, and if an opportunity occurs, distinguish themselves as their predecessors have done. We cannot doubt them. It is scarcely probable that there will be any resistance, at San Luis, yet the Mexicans may make a stout one. An order has just been received from Gen. Wool, by the two Mexican officers who brought the despatchers from San Luis, to report to him tomorrow morning, at 8 o’clock, for an answer to their despatches.

June 22, 1847, REv64i15p2c2, Important from Mexico City

We have received by the way of Tampico, (illegible) the Capital as late as the 29th of May. This is a week later than the papers received last week by the Oregon, and full as late as the private advices from the Capital.

Santa Anna’s letter of resignation, which we gave on Friday last, is published in the papers of the 29th May, but we know nothing of the action taken by Congress on the subject. We find also a long manifesto addressed to the nation by him a few days earlier, which we have not time to translate before the mail goes, if it be work a translation.

In the city of Mexico everything is manifestly in a state of confusion, and almost unlicensed anarchy. General Bravo has resigned not only his command of General-in-Chief, but also his commission of general of division. General Rincon is said to have done the same thing. More of the causes in our next.

It is true that General Almonte is under arrest though the causes of his imprisonment are not avowed. He is confined in Santiago Tlaltelolco.

The death of General Scott was for several days reported in the city of Mexico, and generally credited. The error was discovered, however, prior to the latest dates.

Gen. Ampudia has been directed to wait further orders at Cuernavaca. What suspicious thing he has done or contemplated, we are not informed.

Gen. Valencia and Gen. Salas were ordered to leave the city of Mexico on the 24th ult., for the city of San Luis Potosi, to take command of the army of the North.

The accounts we find in the Mexican papers of the disaffection in Zacatecas confirm those we published a few days since. The official paper of the State publishes wrong representations made against Santa Anna and in favor the Americans-Gen. Scott’s manifesto among the latter. The latter document is also given in all the papers of the capital.

Gen. Arista has refused to resume his military functions until his conduct should be investigated by a military tribunal. He demands that his trial may take place at once, in order that he may take part in the defense of the country.

The Legislature of Durango voted for Seno D. Francisco Elloriaga for President. Upon the first ballot, Elloriaga received eight votes, and Santa Anna six. Elloriaga was the former Governor of the State, and it will be recollected ran Santa Anna hard for the Provisional Presidency, in the last election by Congress.

The Sate of Tamaulipas has voted for General Almonte for the Presidency and Zacatecas for Senor Jose Maria Lafragua.

The Legislature of Oajaca, (which has been denounced by the revolutionary party in that State, voted for General Herrera. The new Legislature voted for General Santa Anna for President.

If this last vote be allowed to General Herrera, the result of the election so far will stand thus: General Herrera 4 votes, Angel Trias 3 votes, Senor Ocampo 1 vote, Senor Elloriaga 1 vote, General Almonte 1 vote, and Senor Lafragua 1 vote. Give the vote of Oajaca to General Santa Anna, and you have the seventh candidate for the unenviable station of the President of Mexico.

June 22, 1847, REv64i15p2c2, Latest from Vera Cruz

By the arrival of the steamship Fanny at New Orleans, on the 21st, the editors of the Delta have received Vera Cruz papers to 5th of June. The following items are copied from the Vera Cruz Eagle of the 5th June:

We regret to say that it is not in our power to congratulate our citizens upon their good health: it pains us to say that there appears to be some increase in the number and virulence of cases of fever, and we feel it a duty to add our own to the warnings of the Board of Health. Avoid exposure to the rays of the sun between the hours of 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.; and when overheated and suffering profuse perspiration, be cautious, in your anxiety to be cool quickly, not to seek a strong current of cold air, thereby checking the perspiration, and compelling Nature to suspend an amusement she seems much to delight in –this vexes her so much that she usually relapses into more of less fever.

A very large train leaves his place this morning for Puebla, under the special command of Col. McIntosh. It carries out a mail, (the first, we believe, for nearly a month,) and Major A. G. Bennett, Paymaster, in charge of about three hundred thousand dollars. This train is escorted by a large force of soldiery, composed of companies F. of the 4th Infantry; B, of the 5th Inf. G of the 7th Inf.; I and K, of the 15thInt.; and D, G and K. of the 3rd Dragoons-in all about 800 men.

The steamship Mary Kingsland reached this port yesterday, having left New Orleans on the 30th. She brings 458 teamsters, 113 horses, and Lieut. Scott, 11th Infantry; W. Hammond, G. W. Armstrong, and L. Gill, as cabin passengers.

The thermometer has ranged between the degrees of 87 and 92, day and night, for the last ten days in this city. In the sun, it has been as high as 130 degrees, yet it appears to be much warmer than indicated.

The steamship Massachusetts, Capt. Wood arrived at this port on Thursday last, with a detachment of the Voltigeur Regiment, consisting of 292 men and 13 officers, as follows: Col. T. P. Andrews, commanding : Dr. Tyler, Surgeon.-Company B. 71 men –Capt. Oscar E. Edwards; 1st Lieut. John Blakey: 2nd Lieut. James R. May. Company E, 109 men-Capt. James S. Blair; 1st Lieut. W. S. Walker, 2nd Lieuts. Geo. R. Kiger and Wasington Terrett. Company 11, 77 men-Capt. Moses J Barnard; 1st Lieut. Jas. Tilton; 2nd Lieuts. Theodore D. Cochran and W. I Mattin. Also Maj. Bennett, Paymaster, U.S.A .; Capt, Montgomery, Quartermaster; Dr. Shields and Mr. Foster, and a detachment of company A, 35 men, 2nd Lieut. Charles F. Vernon, commanding.

SANTA ANNA - - The Clergy, and the Capital- We find in the Patria of yesterday,(says the N.O. Times) a very interesting letter from the city of Mexico, dated the 22nd ult. The writer says that everything was in the greatest state of confusion at the Metropolis. The men at the head of the Government knew not what was to be done, nor in whom to confide. Santa Anna, in an evil hour for his own popularity, persecuted an evil hour for his own popularity, persecuted a Minon; the latter who does not seem to be a man who will be trodden upon with impunity, wrote a defense of himself, which was published in the Republicano of the 16th and 17th. Ult. We gave a summary of Minon’s countercharges against Santa Anna, in the Commercial Times of the 11th inst. Their evident truth forcibly struck the minds of all, and on the Dictator’s arrival on the 19th, the leperos, or mob of the metropolis, assailed him with the foulest epithets. “Death to the traitor, who has sold us to the Yankis!” was shouted on all sides; and he was most ignominiously pelted with stories, by the very population that had formerly almost idolized him. The writer says he (Santa Anna) had taken his precautions, which enabled him to avoid a misfortune, which would have proved a blessing the hapless Mexican Republic. By the (illeg.) being killed by the infuriated leperos. Santa Anna escaped their vengeance, and shut himself up in his palace, the guard at which had to be considerably reinforced to prevent a successful attack. There he remained up the date of the letter secluded from all.-It was this unpopularity, no doubt, which led to his tendering his resignation of the Presidency- the place had suddenly become too hot to hold him.

THE PRESIDENCY.- The writer of this letter says that it is confidently believed in the metropolis that Gen. Herrera will be elected President, and that he will forthwith open negotiations with the Yankis.

June 22, 1847, REv64i15p2c3, Letter from Mexico, The duel

The following letter appears in the Philadelphia Ledger.

CHINA, MEXICO, MAY 21st, 1847

My Dear Sir- An express is just starting for Camargo, and I avail myself of it to communicate to you, as a friend of Lieutenant Mahan, the information which will probably reach you before this, of the fatal meeting between him and Lieut. Munford, of the same regiment. I was present on the ground as the friend of Lieut. Mahan, and a more honorable meeting never took place.- They fought with muskets-advancing as they chose, they fired when within thirty yards of each other, both falling seriously wounded. Lt. Munford cannot survive, whilst Lieut. Mahan, although he received three several balls, is not considered mortally wounded, and is doing very well. A statement of the whole affair will appear in a short time, prepared by myself, and signed by all the parties on the field. I have only time to add that Lieut. Mahan has acted with a firmness and resolution which do him great credit, and his friends have nothing to fear , either for his character of for his life, as he is doing very well. They met on the 20th inst. At 6 p.m.

Break this sad news to his family, and assure them that he shall receive every attention in my power to bestow; that he wants for nothing, and so long as he is with us shall not. He is now in my quarters, and my 1st lieutenant being a physician, every advantage is taken of any favorable symptom. Tender to his family and friends my assurances of sincere sympathy, and also of my determination to allow him to want for nothing which can add to his comfort or conduce to his speedy recovery. Do not allow any misstatement of this affair to become public, but, if necessary, show my letter to contradict them. By the first opportunity, I will write to his father, and forward to him and to you a statement of the whole affair, from which you will discern that Lieut. Mahan ha only acted as a gentleman, and as a man of honor is compelled to act when placed in such trying circumstances. He does no suffer any great deal of pain, and the Lieut. apprehends nothing very serious.

In great haste, your obliged friend.

June 22, 1847, REv64i15p4c1, Important from Mexico

Santa Anna’s letter of resignation.

The schooner Zenobia, Captain Brown, arrived yesterday from Vera Cruz, whence she sailed on the 3rd June. The steamer Telegraph was to sail from Vera Cruz I two of three days.

By this arrival a copy of the American Eagle of the 2nd June was received in town, and through the kindness of a friend we have obtained the use of it. It contains Santa Anna’s letter of resignation, which we give below, as translated by the editors of that paper. Congress had not acted upon it at last accounts.

The Eagle says that this resignation was followed up by that of General Bravo, as Vice President. There is probably some confusion in this. As we understand it, the Vice Presidency was abolished to get rid of Gomez Farias, and has not been re-established. General Bravo, was recently in command at Puebla, and yet more recently was at the head of what is called the “Army of the Centre.” He may have resigned this post.

The Eagle says that the election for President will take place on the 15th June, By this we presume is meant that the votes will then be officially counted, and the result declared. We have no further returns by this arrival, but the Eagle thinks Generals Herrera will be President.

General Scott reached Puebla on the 28th May, the day before General Twiggs arrived there. Everything was quiet in the city, our soldiers and the inhabitants being apparently on the best terms.

A small reconnoitering party of our troops had been met some twenty miles beyong Puebla, -They had encountered no enemy so far. The Mexicans are erecting works a short distance this side of the capital, but the Eagle treats them as unimportant and no likely to be completed.

The Eagle gives it as a report that Gen. Almonte is a prisoner, on an accusation of holding correspondence with General Scott.

Benj. Thomas, sergeant major of the 1st Infantry, died on Sunday, the 30th ult., in Vera Cruz, and was buried on Monday morning with military honors. The sergeant was a valuable officer, say the Eagle, and his demise was regretted by all who knew him.

It has been ascertained that only one man was killed with Col. Sowers. The imprudence of the colonel in venturing ahead of his party cost these two lives.

The report we have of the health of Tampico is very unfavorable. Many cases of yellow fever had

Occurred and they were on the increase. It is said, though we hope this is an exaggeration, that on the morning of the 2nd inst. Only one sergeant and two men out of Company E, Louisiana Volunteers, reported themselves for duty, the rest being sick.

A naval expedition against Tabasco, under then commodore in person, was talked of at Vera Cruz as about to start at once. The following vessels were mentioned as likely to compose it: The frigate Raritan , sloop of war John Adams, ship Germantown, the (i